Alvin Saunders Johnson

Last updated
Alvin S. Johnson
Alvin Saunders Johnson bust.jpg
Bust of Alvin Saunders Johnson created by Wesley Wofford in 2014 for the Nebraska Hall of Fame.
Born(1874-12-18)December 18, 1874
DiedJune 7, 1971(1971-06-07) (aged 96)
Academic career
Institution Cornell University
Alma mater University of Nebraska
Columbia University
Edwin R. A. Seligman
John Bates Clark
Frank H. Knight

Alvin Saunders Johnson (December 18, 1874 – June 7, 1971) was an American economist and a co-founder and first director of The New School.



Alvin Johnson was born near Homer, Nebraska. He was educated at the University of Nebraska and Columbia (Ph.D., 1902). Afterwards, he was employed in various positions at Columbia, the University of Nebraska, the University of Texas, the University of Chicago, Stanford, and at Cornell after 1913.

He was assistant editor of the Political Science Quarterly in 1902–06, and editor from 1917 of the New Republic in New York City.

He was a co-founder of The New School in New York in 1918, becoming its director in 1922. Johnson helped to save numerous central European scholars from persecution by the Nazis in the 1930s and 1940s, then brought them to a specially-created division of the New School which became known as the "University in Exile". There, among others, he worked with the antifascist intellectual Max Ascoli. [1] He was also an editor of the massive Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences . He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1942. [2]

He officially retired in December 1945, and died in 1971 in Upper Nyack, New York.

Major publications


He was inducted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame in 2012.


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thorstein Veblen</span> American economist and sociologist (1857–1929)

Thorstein Bunde Veblen was an American economist and sociologist who, during his lifetime, emerged as a well-known critic of capitalism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">J. A. Hobson</span> English economist, social scientist and critic of imperialism (1858–1940)

John Atkinson Hobson was an English economist and social scientist. Hobson is best known for his writing on imperialism, which influenced Vladimir Lenin, and his theory of underconsumption.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Irving Kristol</span> American columnist, journalist, and writer (1920–2009)

Irving Kristol was an American journalist who was dubbed the "godfather of neoconservatism". As a founder, editor, and contributor to various magazines, he played an influential role in the intellectual and political culture of the latter half of the twentieth century. After his death, he was described by The Daily Telegraph as being "perhaps the most consequential public intellectual of the latter half of the century".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jacob Viner</span> Canadian economist

Jacob Viner was a Canadian economist and is considered with Frank Knight and Henry Simons to be one of the "inspiring" mentors of the early Chicago school of economics in the 1930s: he was one of the leading figures of the Chicago faculty. Paul Samuelson named Viner as one of the several "American saints in economics" born after 1860. He was an important figure in the field of political economy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lujo Brentano</span> German economist and social reformer (1844–1931)

Lujo Brentano was an eminent German economist and social reformer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Oskar R. Lange</span> Polish economist and diplomat

Oskar Ryszard Lange was a Polish economist and diplomat. He is best known for advocating the use of market pricing tools in socialist systems and providing a model of market socialism. He responded to the economic calculation problem proposed by Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek by claiming that managers in a centrally-planned economy would be able to monitor supply and demand through increases and declines in inventories of goods, and advocated the nationalization of major industries. During his stay in the United States, Lange was an academic teacher and researcher in mathematical economics. Later in socialist Poland, he was a member of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Stigler</span> American economist (1911–1991)

George Joseph Stigler was an American economist. He was the 1982 laureate in Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and is considered a key leader of the Chicago school of economics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Mirrlees</span> British Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences

Sir James Alexander Mirrlees was a British economist and winner of the 1996 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. He was knighted in the 1997 Birthday Honours.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Baumol</span> American economist (1922–2017)

William Jack Baumol was an American economist. He was a professor of economics at New York University, Academic Director of the Berkley Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, and Professor Emeritus at Princeton University. He was a prolific author of more than eighty books and several hundred journal articles. He is the namesake of the Baumol effect.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fritz Machlup</span> Austrian economist (1902–1983)

Fritz Machlup was an Austrian-American economist who was president of the International Economic Association from 1971 to 1974. He was one of the first economists to examine knowledge as an economic resource, and is credited with popularizing the concept of the information society.

The New School for Social Research (NSSR), previously known as The University in Exile and The New School University, is a graduate-level educational institution that is one of the divisions of The New School in New York City, United States. The university was founded in 1919 as a home for progressive era thinkers. NSSR explores and promotes what they describe as global peace and global justice. It enrolls more than 1,000 students from all regions of the United States and from more than 70 countries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Radin</span> American cultural anthropologist

Paul Radin was an American cultural anthropologist and folklorist of the early twentieth century specializing in Native American languages and cultures. The noted legal scholar Max Radin was his older brother.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Debraj Ray (economist)</span> Indian-American economist (born 1957)

Debraj Ray is an Indian-American economist, who is currently teaching and working at New York University. His research interests focus on development economics and game theory. Ray served as Co-editor of the American Economic Review between 2012 and 2020.

The Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars (1933–1945) assisted scholars who were barred from teaching, persecuted and threatened with imprisonment by the Nazis. The program began in Germany soon after Hitler took power and expanded to include Austria, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Italy. Prof. Philip Schwarz established this committee and sent 40 scientists to Turkey:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Axel Ockenfels</span> German economist

Axel Ockenfels is a German economist. He is professor of economics at the University of Cologne. He also is Director of the Cologne Laboratory of Economic Research, Speaker of the "University of Cologne Excellence Center for Social and Economic Behavior ", and Coordinator of the DFG research unit "Design & Behavior".

Frieda Wunderlich was a German sociologist, economist and politician of the German Democratic Party. She was actively involved in the women's movement fighting for gender equality.

Adolph Lowe was a German sociologist and economist. His best known student was Robert Heilbroner. He was born in Stuttgart and died in Wolfenbüttel.

<i>Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences</i>

The Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences is a specialized fifteen-volume Encyclopedia first published in 1930 and last published in 1967. It was envisaged in the 1920s by scholars working in disciplines which increasingly were coming to be known as "human sciences" or "social sciences". The goal was to create a comprehensive synthesis of the study of human affairs as undertaken by practitioners of all fields involved in such study. The parameters of what would come to be known as "social science" were in many ways initially established and defined by this publication.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alabert Fogarasi</span> Hungarian philosopher (1891–1959)

Alabert Fogarasi, also known as Béla Fogarasi was a Hungarian philosopher and politician.

Hans Speier was a German-American sociologist who worked with the United States Government as a Germany expert both during and after World War II. He also published several books on German politics and culture throughout the middle half of the 20th century.


  1. Camuri, Renato (2009). "Idee in movimento: l'esilio degli intellettuali italiani negli Stati Uniti (1930-1945)". Memoria e Ricerca (31): 55–56.
  2. "APS Member History". Retrieved 2023-04-17.
  3. Archived 2009-06-20 at the Wayback Machine New School Web Site