|Born||November 6, 1875 |
|Died||October 24, 1929 |
|Children||Amadeu Amaral Júnior |
Amadeu Amaral (full name Amadeu Ataliba Arruda Amaral Leite Penteado) was a Brazilian poet, folklorist, philologist and essayist. He was born in Capivari on November 6, 1875, and died in São Paulo on October 24, 1929.
He spent his early years in Capivari and moved to São Paulo at the age of 11. He became a journalist, working at Correio Paulistano and O Estado de Sao Paulo. In 1922 he moved to Rio for a new role at Gazeta de Notícias. From Rio, he sent a regular column "Bilhes do Rio" to O Estado de Sao Paulo. Returning to São Paulo, he held positions in public administration.
Amaral was largely self-taught, as he did not complete his secondary education. He dedicated himself to folk studies and to the study of regional dialects. In Brazil, he was the first to study a regional dialect scientifically. Dialect caipira, published in 1920, was a study of the language of the São Paulo caipira in the Paraíba River valley area, analyzing its forms and scrutinizing its vocabulary. His poetry is classified as "post-Parnassian", and was praised by peers such as Guilherme de Almeida.
He was the second occupant of Chair 15 of the Brazilian Academy. He was elected on August 7, 1919, in succession to Olavo Bilac, and received by academic Carlos Magalhães de Azeredo on November 14, 1919.
São Paulo is one of the 26 states of the Federative Republic of Brazil and is named after Saint Paul of Tarsus. As the richest Brazilian state and a major industrial complex, often dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state, which has 21.9% of the Brazilian population, is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo also has the second-highest Human Development Index (HDI) and GDP per capita, the fourth-lowest infant mortality rate, the third-highest life expectancy, and the third-lowest rate of illiteracy among the federative units of Brazil, being by far, the safest state in the country. The homicide rate is 3.8 per 100 thousand as of 2018, almost 1/4 of the Brazilian rate. São Paulo alone has a bigger economy than Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia combined. The economy of São Paulo state is the most developed in Brazil. São Paulo is also the world's twenty-eighth-most populous sub-national entity and the most populous sub-national entity in the Americas.
Brazilian Portuguese is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language native to Brazil and the most influential form of Portuguese worldwide. It is spoken by almost all of the 200 million inhabitants of Brazil and spoken widely across the Brazilian diaspora, today consisting of about two million Brazilians who have emigrated to other countries.
Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral was a Brazilian painter, draftswoman and translator. She is considered one of the leading Latin American modernist artists, and is regarded as the painter who best achieved Brazilian aspirations for nationalistic expression in a modern style. As a member of the Grupo dos Cinco, she is also considered a major influence in the modern art movement in Brazil, alongside Anita Malfatti, Menotti Del Picchia, Mário de Andrade, and Oswald de Andrade. Tarsila was instrumental in the formation of the aesthetic movement, Antropofagia (1928–1929); she was in fact the one with her celebrated painting, Abaporu (1928), who inspired Oswald de Andrade's famous Manifesto Antropófago.
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Anderson Conrado also known as Amaral is a Brazilian footballer who played as a defender in the Portuguese Primeira Liga with C.F. Os Belenenses.
'Pé-de-Moleque' is a traditional candy from Brazil. It is made of peanuts and jaggery or molasses. The candy is prepared by mixing roasted, peeled peanuts with melted brown sugar, with or without the addition of macerated peanuts as well. The mixture is gently stirred over low heat until it gets close to crystallizing. Then the mixture is placed on a plain stone or metal surface in pieces similar in size to cookies. This traditional preparation results in soft, irregularly-shaped sweets of a dark brown color. Softness results from the incorporation of peanut oil.
The Capivari River is a river of São Paulo state in southeastern Brazil. It flows into the Represa Capivara, which drains by the (different) Capivara River into the Paranapanema.
Ivan Vilela is a Brazilian composer, arranger, researcher, teacher and viola caipira player. Ivan Vilela is currently a professor at the ECA - School of Communication and Arts of the University of São Paulo. He is the director of the Orquestra Filarmônica de Violas, a Brazilian orchestra composed by Brazilian violas. Ivan Vilela is one of the main ten-string guitarists (viola) nowadays. With a special style and very developed technique, he has more than 15 albums recorded, solo or with different groups, and was nominated for and awarded several prestigious prizes in Brazil.
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Yolanda Léderer Mohalyi was a painter and designer who worked with woodcuts, mosaics, stained glass and murals as well as more usual materials. Her early work was figurative, but she increasingly moved towards abstract expressionism. With artists such as Waldemar da Costa and Cicero Dias, she opened the way for abstraction in Latin American art.