Amaldus Nielsen

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Amaldus Clarin Nielsen
Amaldus Nielsen by Olaf Isaachsen 1863.png
Portrait by Olaf Isaachsen (1863)
Born(1838-05-23)23 May 1838
Halse, Norway
Died10 December 1932(1932-12-10) (aged 94)
NationalityNorwegian
Education Düsseldorf Academy
Known forPainting
Notable work
Hvalørhei, Skovbillede, Morgen ved Ny-Hellesund
Movement naturalism
AwardsKnight, First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
Amaldus Nielsens Plaza. Amaldus Nielsens plass2.JPG
Amaldus Nielsens Plaza.

Amaldus Clarin Nielsen (23 May 1838 – 10 December 1932) was a Norwegian painter.

Contents

Early life

He was born in Halse as a son of shipmaster and merchant Niels Clemetsen Nielsen (1795–1845) and his wife Andrea Marie Møller (1802–1866). He grew up in Mandal in Vest-Agder county, Norway. He lived most of his childhood and adolescence without a father. He received some tuition from a traveling drawing teacher and traveled to Copenhagen to study in 1854. [1]

Mandal, Norway Municipality in Vest-Agder, Norway

Mandal  is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. Mandal is the southernmost municipality in all of Norway, with the tiny skerry of Pysen being the southernmost point of land in Norway.

Copenhagen Capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and it is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Career

After one year of painting studies in Copenhagen, he enrolled at the Academy of Art in 1855. He failed to progress in the academy's system, but with financial support from his brother and business owner Diderik Cappelen (1856–1935), he studied under Hans Gude at the Düsseldorf Academy [1] from 1857 to 1859. [2] He spent the years 1859 to 1863 travelling over Western and Southern Norway, and spent 1863 to 1864 in Düsseldorf again. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. He then travelled home due to illness, moved to Christiania where he sealed a deal to make paintings that the Christiania Kunstforening would sell at auctions, securing a steady income. He spent the years 1867 to 1868 in Karlsruhe before finally settling at Majorstuen in 1869. [1]

Hans Gude 19th-century Norwegian painter

Hans Fredrik Gude was a Norwegian romanticist painter and is considered along with Johan Christian Dahl to be one of Norway's foremost landscape painters. He has been called a mainstay of Norwegian National Romanticism. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.

Western Norway Region of Norway

Western Norway is the region along the Atlantic coast of southern Norway. It consists of the counties Rogaland, Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane, and Møre og Romsdal. The region has a population of approximately 1.3 million people. The largest city is Bergen and the second-largest is Stavanger. Historically the regions of Agder, Vest-Telemark, Hallingdal, Valdres and northern parts of Gudbrandsdal have been included in Western Norway.

Southern Norway Region of Norway

Southern Norway is the geographical region (landsdel) along the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway. The region is an informal description since it does not have any governmental function. It roughly corresponds to the old petty kingdom of Agder as well as the two present-day counties of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder. The total combined area of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder counties is 16,493 square kilometres (6,368 sq mi). The name is relatively new, having first been used in Norway around 1900.

He painted in the naturalist style, and has been called "Norway's first naturalist painter". [1] Important paintings include Hvalørhei (1874), Skovbillede (1896), Morgen ved Ny-Hellesund (1885, one of several from Ny-Hellesund), Ensomt sted (1901), Fra Bankefjorden (1910) and Kveld på Jæren (1925) [1] [2] Most of his paintings portrayed Western and Southern Norway, [1] but also Østfold. [3]

Ny-Hellesund Village in Southern Norway, Norway

Ny-Hellesund is a village area and outport in Søgne municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. The village area is located on a cluster of three main islands about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the main harbour at Høllen. The three islands are Monsøya, Helgøya, and Kapelløya. The islands formed an outport because they all have good harbors and approach conditions.

Østfold County (fylke) of Norway

Østfold[²œstfɔl](listen) is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden, while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat is Sarpsborg.

He participated almost annually in the Autumn Exhibit between 1883 and 1911, and held notable exhibitions in Christiania Kunstforening (1895, 1906, 1924, 1931), at the 1862 International Exhibition, the Exposition Universelle of 1889 and in Munich in 1913. [1] Eleven of his works are owned by the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. [2] He is also represented in Mandal Kunstforening and Mandal Bymuseum, but is perhaps best known for the collection of about 300 works which was donated to Oslo municipality by Nielsen's heirs in 1933. Since 1994 this collection is on permanent exhibit in the Stenersen Museum. [1] [4] Nielsen was also decorated as a Knight, First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav in 1890. [1] The square Amaldus Nielsens plass, which includes a bust of Nielsen, was named after him.

Høstutstillingen

Høstutstillingen or Statens kunstutstilling is an annual art exhibition in Oslo, Norway. The exhibition is Norway's largest marking of contemporary art and takes place each autumn. It is arranged by Norske Billedkunstnere. The exhibition is set up on the basis of free submission. Den nasjonale jury, which is responsible for the assessment of the submitted work, consists of a technician in each of the techniques painting, sculpture, graphics, drawing, textile, and other techniques.

1862 International Exhibition Worlds Fair held in London

The International of 1862, or Great London Exposition, was a world's fair. It was held from 1 May to 1 November 1862, beside the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society, South Kensington, London, England, on a site that now houses museums including the Natural History Museum and the Science Museum (London).

Exposition Universelle (1889) Worlds Fair held in Paris, France

The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 6 May to 31 October 1889.

Personal life

In October 1868 in Christiania he married Johanne Nicoline Augusta Vangensteen, born 1845 as a daughter of district stipendiary magistrate Ove Bodvar Hussein Vangensteen (1806–1859). The couple had eleven children. Both his wife and three children died in March 1886 from a diphtheria epidemic. After a period of grief, he married Laura Tandberg (1857–1928) in February 1888 in Risør. Nielsen died in December 1932, aged 94, from pneumonia. [1]

Diphtheria infectious disease

Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Signs and symptoms may vary from mild to severe. They usually start two to five days after exposure. Symptoms often come on fairly gradually, beginning with a sore throat and fever. In severe cases, a grey or white patch develops in the throat. This can block the airway and create a barking cough as in croup. The neck may swell in part due to enlarged lymph nodes. A form of diphtheria which involves the skin, eyes, or genitals also exists. Complications may include myocarditis, inflammation of nerves, kidney problems, and bleeding problems due to low levels of platelets. Myocarditis may result in an abnormal heart rate and inflammation of the nerves may result in paralysis.

Risør (town) Town in Southern Norway, Norway

Risør is a town and the administrative centre of Risør municipality in Aust-Agder county, Norway. The town is located along the Skaggerak coast on a peninsula between the entrances to the Søndeledfjorden and the Sandnesfjorden. The town was established in 1723 and so it is one of the oldest towns in Southern Norway. It sits about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of the nearby coastal town of Kragerø and about the same distance northeast of the nearby coastal town of Tvedestrand. The nearest large town to Risør is the town of Arendal, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the southwest. The 2.93-square-kilometre (720-acre) town of Risør has a population (2017) of 4,626 which gives the town a population density of 1,579 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,090/sq mi).

Pneumonia Infection of the lungs

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Furnes, Tone Klev. "Amaldus Nielsen". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Amaldus Nielsen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  3. Hardeng, Geir. "Østfold-natur i eldre bildekunst" (PDF). Natur i Østfold (in Norwegian). 22 (1–2): 99–103. Retrieved 18 December 2009.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. "Stenersen Museum". Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2008.