Amboise

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Amboise
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Amboise, street near the castle
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Coat of arms
Location of Amboise
Amboise
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Amboise
Centre-Val de Loire region location map.svg
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Amboise
Coordinates: 47°24′15″N0°58′48″E / 47.4042°N 00.98°E / 47.4042; 00.98 Coordinates: 47°24′15″N0°58′48″E / 47.4042°N 00.98°E / 47.4042; 00.98
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Loches
Canton Amboise
Intercommunality Val d'Amboise
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Christian Guyon
Area
1
40.65 km2 (15.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
12,610
  Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37003 /37400
Elevation52–127 m (171–417 ft)
(avg. 58 m or 190 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Amboise ( US: /ɒ̃ˈbwɑːz/ ; [2] French:  [ɑ̃bwaz] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It lies on the banks of the Loire River, 27 kilometres (17 mi) east of Tours. Today a small market town, it was once home of the French royal court. The town of Amboise is also only about 18 kilometres (11 mi) away from the historic Château de Chenonceau, situated on the Cher River near the small village of Chenonceaux.

Contents

Population

Sights

The city is famous for the Clos Lucé manor house where Leonardo da Vinci lived (and ultimately died) at the invitation of King Francis I of France, whose Château d'Amboise, which dominates the town, is located just 500 m (1,640 feet) away. The narrow streets contain some good examples of timbered housing.

Just outside the city is the Pagode de Chanteloup, a 44 m (144.4 feet) tall Chinese Pagoda built in 1775 by the Duke of Choiseul. The Pagoda is seven levels high, with each level slightly smaller than the last one. An interior staircase to reach all levels is open to the public.

The Musée de la Poste (in the Hôtel Joyeuse) is a museum tracing the history of the postal delivery service.

A 20th-century fountain by Max Ernst stands in front of the market place.

History

Timber-framed houses in Amboise Amboise colombage.jpg
Timber-framed houses in Amboise

Clovis I (c. 466–511) and the Visigoths signed a peace treaty of alliance with the Arvernians in 503, which assisted him in his defeat of the Visigothic kingdom in the Battle of Vouillé in 507.

Joan of Arc passed through in 1429 on her way to Orleans to the Battle of Patay.

Château du Clos Lucé was the residence of Leonardo da Vinci between 1516 and his death in 1519. Leonardo died in the arms of King Francis I, [3] and he was buried in a crypt near the Château d'Amboise. The house has lost some of its original parts, but it still stands today containing a museum of Leonardo's work and inventions, and has a beautiful view of the Loire River.

The Amboise conspiracy was the conspiracy of Condé and the Huguenots in 1560 against Francis II, Catherine de' Medici, and the Guises.

The Château at Amboise was home to Mary Stewart, Queen of Scots, for much of her early life, being raised there at the French court of Henry II. She arrived in France from Scotland in 1548, aged six, via the French king's favourite palace at Saint Germain en Laye near Paris, and remained in France until 1561, when she returned to her homeland - sailing up the Firth of Forth to Edinburgh on 15 August that year.

The Edict of Amboise (1563) conceded the free exercise of worship to the Protestants.

Burial site of Leonardo da Vinci 82222253-SLD-001-0067.jpg
Burial site of Leonardo da Vinci

Here was born in 1743 Louis Claude de Saint-Martin, French philosopher, known as Le Philosophe Inconnu (d. 1803).

Abd el Kader Ibn Mouhi Ad-Din (c. 1807–83) was imprisoned at the Château d'Amboise.

During 2019, the 500th anniversary of Da Vinci's death, Amboise held many events celebrating the master's life and his work completed in the town. [4] The number of visitors to Château du Clos Lucé, for example, was estimated as 500,000 in 2019, a 30% increase over the typical annual number. [5]

On the banks of the Loire River Amboise Loire Panorama - July 2011.jpg
On the banks of the Loire River

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Amboise is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

Chenonceaux Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Chenonceaux is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Touraine Place in France

Touraine is one of the traditional provinces of France. Its capital was Tours. During the political reorganization of French territory in 1790, Touraine was divided between the departments of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Indre and Vienne.

Loire Valley French World Heritage Site

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Château dAmboise Franch château

The Château d'Amboise is a château in Amboise, located in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley in France. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel. The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished, but some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls. It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1840. The Château d'Amboise is situated at an elevation of 81 meters.

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Clos Lucé castle

The Château du Clos Lucé, formerly called Manoir du Cloux, is a large château located in the center of Amboise, in the department of Indre-et-Loire, in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. It is located in the natural Val de Loire region. Built by Hugues d'Amboise in 1471, the palace has known several famous owners such as the French king Charles VIII and Leonardo da Vinci. Clos Lucé is 500 metres from the royal Château d'Amboise, to which it is connected by an underground passageway.

Château de la Bourdaisière castle in France

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Châteaux of the Loire Valley Historic grand residences in a part of France

The Châteaux of the Loire Valley are part of the architectural heritage of the historic towns of Amboise, Angers, Blois, Chinon, Montsoreau, Nantes, Orléans, Saumur, and Tours along the Loire River in France. They illustrate Renaissance ideals of design in France.

French Renaissance

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Chanteloup may refer to several communes in France:

Pacello da Mercogliano was a designer of gardens and hydraulic engineer, who is documented as working for Charles VIII at Amboise with the responsibility of bringing water from the Loire up to the garden parterres laid out to one side of the château. He was assisting the architect-engineer Fra Giocondo, who had translated Frontinus's essay on the ancient aqueducts of Rome, De aquis urbae Romanae. After Charles VIII's death in 1498, both men continued to be employed by Louis XII at Blois, whence he had removed the court.

The year 1516 in art involved some significant events and new works.

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Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire is a commune in the department of Indre-et-Loire in central France.

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Richelieu is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Lucé may refer to the following places in France:

Château de La Celle-Guenand

Under the Ancien Régime in France this château was the seat of the Barony of La Celle-Guenand. The estate encompassed what is today, the commune of La Celle-Guenand in the Indre-et-Loire départment in the Centre-Val de Loire Region of France. Château de La Celle-Guenand is listed as a Monument historique since 11 June 1943 by the French Ministry of Culture. Château de La Celle-Guenand is situated at an altitude of 100 meters.

Touraine-Amboise

Touraine-Amboise is an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) for in the Loire Valley wine region in France. It is situated within the wider Touraine AOC wine appellation. It is produced by ten communes bordering both sides of the River Loire. To their west lies the town of Amboise with its famous royal château. Since its separation from the Touraine AOC in 1954, it has constituted an AOC in its own right. Annual production stands at 9,000 hectolitres of wine, spread between red, rosé, and still white wines. Effervescent wines are also produced within this AOC's boundaries, but they are not entitled to use the Touraine-Amboise appellation, belonging instead to the Touraine appellation.

Leonardos self-propelled cart

Leonardo's self-propelled cart is an invention designed by Leonardo da Vinci, considered the ancestor of the modern automobile.

Château de Chanteloup former French château near Ambois

The Château de Chanteloup was an imposing 18th-century French château with elaborate gardens, compared by some contemporaries to Versailles. It was located in the Loire Valley on the south bank of the River Loire, downstream from the town of Amboise and about 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi) southwest of the royal Château d'Amboise. From 1761 to 1785 Chanteloup belonged to King Louis XV's prime minister, the Duke of Choiseul. The château was mostly demolished in 1823, but some features of the park remain, notably the Pagoda of Chanteloup, a significant tourist attraction.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. "Amboise". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt . Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. http://www.lascarpublishing.com/leonardo/
  4. https://www.amboise-valdeloire.co.uk/destination-amboise/leonardo-da-vinci/amboise-celebrates-da-vincis-500th-anniversary/
  5. "500 Years After Leonardo Da Vinci's Death, France Celebrates His Life And Work". NPR. 29 November 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019.