American Legation, Tangier

Last updated
American Legation
Museo del Antiguo Legado Estadounidense, Tanger, Marruecos, 2015-12-11, DD 44-46 HDR.JPG
Courtyard of the Legation
Location Tangier, Morocco
Coordinates 35°47′02″N5°48′38″W / 35.78398°N 5.81068°W / 35.78398; -5.81068 Coordinates: 35°47′02″N5°48′38″W / 35.78398°N 5.81068°W / 35.78398; -5.81068
Built1821
Architectural style Moorish architecture
NRHP reference No. 81000703
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJanuary 8, 1981 [1]
Designated NHLDecember 17, 1982 [2]

The Tangier American Legation (Arabic : المفوضية الأميركية في طنجة; French : Légation américaine de Tanger) is a building in the medina of Tangier, Morocco. The first American public property outside the United States, [3] it commemorates the historic cultural and diplomatic relations between the United States and the Kingdom of Morocco. It is now officially called the Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies, and is a cultural center, museum, and a research library, concentrating on Arabic language studies.

Contents

The legation was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on January 8, 1981. U.S. Secretary of the Interior James G. Watt subsequently designated it a National Historic Landmark on December 17, 1982. It is the only listing or designation in a foreign country, excluding those in countries that grew out of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The building has been listed on the U.S. Secretary of State's Register of Culturally Significant Property, a listing of State Department properties around the world that have particular cultural or historical significance.

Diplomatic history

The legation is an elaborate Moorish-style building of stuccoed masonry. This complex structure contains the two-story mud and stone building presented to the United States in 1821 by Sultan Moulay Suliman. The first property acquired abroad by the United States government, it housed the United States Legation and Consulate for 140 years, the longest period any building abroad has been occupied as a United States diplomatic post. It is symbolic of the 1786 Moroccan–American Treaty of Friendship, which is still in force today. The complex expanded over the years as the surrounding houses were bought up. During World War II it served as headquarters for United States intelligence agents.

After the move to Rabat as the diplomatic capital in 1956, when the country gained its independence, the Legation was abandoned as a diplomatic building. Over the years the United States government proceeded to use it as consul offices and Peace Corps offices, among other things. In time it became neglected and threatened with demolition.[ citation needed ]

Present

In 1976 a group of American citizens established a public, non-profit organization to save the Old American Legation (as it is known locally). Today the Tangier American Legation Museum Society rents the structure, which is still owned by the United States government.

The Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies (TALIM) is a museum and cultural center for the study of Morocco and Morocco–United States relations, and it has many paintings by Marguerite McBey and other artists. In 2010, TALIM expanded the original Paul Bowles room to The Paul Bowles Wing, three rooms devoted to the expatriate writer and composer Paul Bowles. In 1999, the Legation received its initial donation of furniture, photographs and documents for the original Paul Bowles Room compiled by Gloria Kirby, a permanent resident of Tangier and friend of Bowles. [4] The museum also has a research library and conference room. TALIM's community outreach programs include Arabic literacy courses for women living in the Tangier medina. John Davison is the current museum director.

Related Research Articles

Rabat Capital of Morocco

Rabat is the capital city of Morocco and the country's seventh largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million. It is also the capital city of the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra administrative region. Rabat is located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg, opposite Salé, the city's main commuter town.

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Tangier City in and capital of Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima, Morocco

Tangier is a city in northwestern Morocco. It is on the Maghreb coast at the western entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Spartel. The town is the capital of the Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima region, as well as the Tangier-Assilah prefecture of Morocco.

National Historic Landmark Formal designation assigned by the U.S. federal government to historic buildings and sites in the U.S. and its territories

A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Only some 2,500 (~3%) of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places are recognized as National Historic Landmarks.

Mulay Slimane or Suleiman was the Sultan of Morocco from 1792 to 1822. Suleiman was one of five sons of Mohammed III who fought a civil war for control of the kingdom. Slimane emerged victorious in 1795, and the country remained largely passive for the subsequent decades of his rule. He was a member of the Alaouite dynasty.

Mohammed ben Abdallah Sultan of Morocco

Sidi Mohammed ben Abdellahal-Khatib, known as Mohammed III, born on 1710 in Fes and died on 1790 in Meknes, was Sultan of Morocco from 1757 to 1790 as a member of the Alaouite dynasty. He was the governor of Marrakesh around 1750. He was also briefly sultan in 1748. He rebuilt many cities after the earthquake of 1755, including Mogador, Casablanca, and Rabat, and Abdallah Laroui described him as "the architect of modern Morocco." He is notable for having been the leader of one of the first nations to recognize American independence in his alliance with Luis de Unzaga 'le Conciliateur' through correspondence and Unzaga's secret intelligence service and led by his brothers-in-law Antonio and Matías de Gálvez from the Canary Islands. He was the son of Abdallah ben Ismail.

The culture of Morocco represents and is shaped by a confluence of influences throughout history. This sphere may include, among others, the fields of personal or collective behaviors, language, customs, knowledge, beliefs, arts, legislation, gastronomy, music, poetry, architecture, etc. ... While Morocco started to be stably predominantly Sunni Muslim starting from 9th-10th century AD, in the Almoravids empire period, a very significant old Jewish population had contributed to the shaping of Moroccan culture. In antiquity, starting from the second century A.D and up to the seventh, a rural Donatist Christianity was present, along an urban still-in-the-making Roman Catholicism. All of the cultural super strata tend to rely on a multi millennial aboriginal Amazigh substratum still strongly present and dates back to prehistoric times.

Embassy of the United States, Tokyo Diplomatic mission of the United States to Japan

The Embassy of the United States in Tokyo represents the United States in Tokyo, Japan. Along with consulates in Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, and Naha, the Embassy provides assistance to American citizens and residents who live in Japan and issues visas to Japanese nationals, and legal residents in Japan who wish to visit or immigrate to the United States.

Asilah Place in Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima, Morocco

Asilah is a fortified town on the northwest tip of the Atlantic coast of Morocco, about 31 km (19 mi) south of Tangier. Its ramparts and gateworks remain fully intact.

Mohamed Choukri, born on July 15, 1935 and died on November 15, 2003, was a Moroccan author and novelist who is best known for his internationally acclaimed autobiography For Bread Alone, which was described by the American playwright Tennessee Williams as "A true document of human desperation, shattering in its impact".

French Legation, Texas United States historic place

The French Legation is a historic legation building in eastern Austin, Texas, built in 1841 to represent the French government in the new Republic of Texas.

Register of Culturally Significant Property

The Secretary of State's Register of Culturally Significant Property(Secretary’s Register) was founded in 2000 as a White House Millennium Project. It is an honorific listing of important architecture and properties overseas that figure prominently in the international heritage of the United States. These historic places include chanceries, residences, office buildings, a museum, a cemetery, and a guest house. The properties are either owned or leased by the U.S. Department of State at the time of designation.

Outline of Morocco Overview of and topical guide to Morocco

Morocco- sovereign country located in western North Africa. Morocco has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. It has international borders with Algeria to the east, Spain to the north, and a disputed border with Western Sahara to the south.

Tourism in Morocco is well developed, maintaining a strong tourist industry focused on the country's coast, culture, and history. One of the most important people who helped develop a new technique to bring more tourists to Morocco is a 1998 birth student called ,he’s from fkih ben saleh beni mellal. He was one of the people who created the sahara deserts commercials in first place so people outside Morocco can visit this wonderful place. And now on Morocco has been one of the most politically stable countries in North Africa, which has allowed tourism to develop. The Moroccan government created a Ministry of Tourism in 1985. Tourism is considered one of the main foreign exchange sources in Morocco and since 2013 it had the highest number of arrivals out of the countries in Africa. In 2018, 12.3 million tourists were reported to have visited Morocco.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Pasadena, California Wikipedia list article

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Pasadena, California.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Tangier, Morocco.

Old Korean Legation Museum Former Korean legation, now museum, in the United States

The Old Korean Legation Museum is a historic house museum located at 15 Logan Circle NW in the Logan Circle neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Built in 1877 as a residence for military officer and politician Seth Ledyard Phelps, the house served as the legation for the Joseon kingdom followed by the Korean Empire from 1889 to 1905 when Japan took control of Korea's government. The building was sold in 1910 for $10 and later served as a recreation center for African Americans, trade union hall, and private residence.

References

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  2. "American Legation". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
  3. "Ambassador and Mrs. Fischer at the American Legation building in the medina of Tangier, Morocco". U.S. Embassy Rabat. U.S. Embassy & Consulate in Morocco. 2020-12-02. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  4. "PAUL BOWLES WING: Tangier American Legation (TALIM)". www.paulbowles.org. Retrieved 2019-03-27.