Ampara District

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Ampara District

அம்பாறை மாவட்டம்
අම්පාර දිස්ත්‍රික්කය
Oluvil.JPG
Paddy field in Oluvil
Ampara district.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 07°05′N81°45′E / 7.083°N 81.750°E / 7.083; 81.750 Coordinates: 07°05′N81°45′E / 7.083°N 81.750°E / 7.083; 81.750
Country Sri Lanka
Province Eastern
CreatedApril 1961
Capital Ampara
Largest City Kalmunai
DS Division
Government
   District Secretary D. M. L. Bandaranayake
   MPs
Area
[1]
  Total4,415 km2 (1,705 sq mi)
  Land4,222 km2 (1,630 sq mi)
  Water193 km2 (75 sq mi)  4.37%
Area rank4th (6.73% of total area)
Population
 (2012 census) [2]
  Total648,057
  Rank14th (3.20% of total pop.)
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Ethnicity
(2012 census) [2]
   Moor 282,484 (43.59%)
   Sinhalese 251,018 (38.73%)
   Sri Lankan Tamil 112,750 (17.40%)
   Burgher 849 (0.13%)
  Other956 (0.15%)
Religion
(2012 census) [3]
   Muslim 282,746 (43.63%)
   Buddhist 250,213 (38.61%)
   Hindu 102,454 (15.81%)
   Christian 12,609 (1.95%)
  Other35 (0.01%)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
Post Codes
32000-32999
Telephone Codes 063, 067
ISO 3166 code LK-52
Vehicle registration EP
Official Languages Tamil, Sinhala
Website Ampara District Secretariat

Ampara District (Tamil : அம்பாறை மாவட்டம், romanized: Ampāṟai Māvaṭṭam; Sinhala : අම්පාර දිස්ත්‍රික්කය, romanized: Ampāra Distrikkaya) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second-level administrative divisions of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary (previously known as a Government Agent) appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Ampara. The district was carved out of the southern part of Batticaloa District in April 1961. [4] [5]

Contents

Geography

Ampara District is located in the south east of Sri Lanka in the Eastern Province. It has an area of 4,415 square kilometres (1,705 sq mi). [1] It is bounded by Batticaloa and Polonnaruwa districts from north, Indian Ocean from east, Hambantota District from south, Badulla and Matale districts from northwest and by the Monaragala District from west and southeast. [4]

The north-western panhandle of Ampara District (Dehiyattakandiya D.S. Division) is separated from the rest of the district and Eastern Province by the Maduru Oya Reservoir.

Demographics

Population

Ampara District's population was 648,057 in 2012. [2] The district is one of the most diverse in Sri Lanka, both ethnically and religiously.

The population of the district, like the rest of the east and north, was affected by the civil war. The war killed an estimated 100,000 people. [6] Several hundred thousand Sinhalese move to west side of the country. Many Sri Lankan Tamils also moved to the relative safety of the capital Colombo. The war also caused many people from all ethnic and religious groups who lived in the district to flee to other parts of Sri Lanka, though most of them have returned to the district since the end of the civil war.

Ethnicity

Population of Ampara District by ethnic group 1963 to 2012 [2] [7]
Year Sri Lankan Moor Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamil Indian Tamil OtherTotal
No.
No.%No.%No.%No.%No.%
1963 Census97,62146.11%61,99629.28%49,18523.23%1,3120.62%1,6180.76%211,732
1971 Census126,36546.35%82,28030.18%60,51922.20%1,7710.65%1,6700.61%272,605
1981 Census161,56841.54%146,94337.78%77,82620.01%1,4110.36%1,2220.31%388,970
2001 Census244,62041.25%236,58339.90%109,18818.41%7150.12%1,8910.32%592,997
2007 Enumeration268,63043.99%228,93837.49%111,94818.33%580.01%1,1450.19%610,719
2012 Census282,48443.59%251,01838.73%112,75017.40%1650.03%1,6400.25%648,057

Religion

Population of Ampara District by religion 1981 to 2012 [3] [8]
Year Muslim Buddhist Hindu Christian [lower-alpha 1] OthersTotal
No.
No.%No.%No.%No.%No.%
1981 Census162,14041.68%145,68737.45%72,80918.72%8,0302.06%3040.08%388,970
2001 Census245,17941.35%235,65239.74%100,21316.90%11,7851.99%1680.03%592,997
2012 Census282,74643.63%250,21338.61%102,45415.81%12,6091.95%350.01%648,057

Politics and government

Administrative units of Ampara District in 2006 Sri Lanka Ampara District.png
Administrative units of Ampara District in 2006

Local government

Ampara District has 20 local authorities of which two are Municipal Councils, one is an Urban Council and the remaining 17 are Divisional Councils (Pradesha Sabhai or Pradeshiya Sabha).

Local AuthorityAreaPopulationRegistered
Electors
(2011)
Elected Members (2011)
UPFA [lower-alpha 2] SLMC UNP TNA OtherTotal
Addalaichchenai Divisional Council94.5043,49925,510270009
Akkaraipattu Divisional Council64.2239,1484,074610007
Akkaraipattu Municipal Council 20,971810009
Alayadivembu Divisional Council129.2026,17515,358200529
Ampara Urban Council 13,523603009
Damana Divisional Council23,899702009
Dehiattakandiya Divisional Council40,09912070221
Irakkamam Divisional Council8,185250007
Kalmunai Municipal Council 22.80100,42768,19831114019
Karaitivu Divisional Council8.6018,43512,044010405
Lahugala Divisional Council5,8614070011
Maha Oya Divisional Council697.8017,80112,6077030010
Namal Oya Divisional Council105.1016,715603009
Navithanveli Divisional Council12,799110417
Nintavur Divisional Council42.9028,24719,124160007
Padiyatalawa Divisional Council11,6867030111
Pottuvil Divisional Council269.0031,99521,398260109
Sammanthurai Divisional Council198.4075,25737,469531009
Thirukkovil Divisional Council212.1229,86018,076101709
Uhana Divisional Council415.0060,07140,6949050115
Total428,290914236257201

Administrative units

Ampara District is divided into 20 Divisional Secretary's Division (DS Divisions), each headed by a Divisional Secretary (previously known as an Assistant Government Agent). The DS Divisions are further sub-divided into 507 Grama Niladhari Divisions (GN Divisions).

DS Division Main TownDivisional Secretary GN
Divisions
Area
(km2)
[9]
Population (2012 Census) [10] Population
Density
(/km2)
Sri Lankan Moors Sinhalese Sri Lankan
Tamil
Burgher OtherTotal
Addalaichchenai Addalaichchenai I. M. Haniffa326238,9482,218942302742,165
Akkaraipattu Akkaraipattu M. Y. Saleem286039,016165357039,223
Alayadivembu AlayadivembuV. Jahadeesan22902222822,0141291822,411
Ampara (Namal Oya) Ampara M. M. S. K. Bandara Mapa2217413343,1771724519343,720
Damana DamanaS. K. Kulathunga Mudali3354213738,3022851738,489
Dehiattakandiya DehiattakandiyaW. G. M.Hemantha Kumara1439410858,94867050559,628
Irakkamam (Eragama) Irakkamam M. M. Nazeer1213,0849383500114,373
Kalmunai (Muslim) Kalmunai M M. Noufal282244,3061246611244,509
Kalmunai (Tamil) Kalmunai K. Lavanathan292,37623126,5644905229,713
Karaitivu Karaitivu S. Jegarajan1776,753139,891123116,781
Lahugala Lahugala L. A. Somarathna1281518,253645018,900
Maha Oya Maha Oya A. M. Wickramarachchi176674220,655152120,715
Navithanveli NavithanveliS. Garan206,39915312,10191018,672
Nintavur NintavurR U. Abdul Jaleel253525,34789692326,329
Padiyathalawa Padiyathalawa K. G. S. Nishantha203798718,091280318,209
Pottuvil Pottuvil M. I. M. Thawfieek2726527,2138816,58137134,749
Sainthamaruthu Sainthamaruthu A. L. Mohamed Saleem17625,3895170125,412
Sammanthurai Sammanthurai A. Mansoor5122953,1142977,1781660,596
Thirukkovil Thirukkovil M. Gopakaretnam22184210025,05512925,187
Uhana Uhana U. P. Indika Anurudda Piyadasa59485758,231321558,276
Total5074,415282,484251,018112,750849956648,057147

Notes

  1. Roman Catholic and Other Christian.
  2. Includes National Congress.

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 "Area of Sri Lanka by province and district" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  3. 1 2 "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  4. 1 2 "Overview". Ampara District Secretariat. Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  5. Mohideen, M. I. M. (27 December 2007). "Sinhalisation of East: A reply to Minister Champika Ranawaka". The Island (Sri Lanka) .
  6. "Up to 100,000 killed in Sri Lanka's civil war: UN". ABC News (Australia). 20 May 2009.
  7. "Special Enumeration 2007, Ampara" (PDF). Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  8. "Population by religion and district, Census 1981, 2001" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
  9. "Land area by province, district and divisional secretariat division" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-13.
  10. "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.