Amrit Kumar Bohara

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Amrit Kumar Bohara (Nepali : अमृतकुमार बोहरा), born April 27, 1948, [1] is a leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) (CPN(UML)). He is a member of the Standing Committee of the party [2] and was its acting General Secretary. [3]

Nepali language pene ficial language of Nepal

Nepali, known by the endonym Khas Kura also known as Gorkhali or Parbatiya, is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the official status gained language of India. It is spoken mainly in Nepal and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan. In India, Nepali is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution as an Indian language, with official status in the state of Sikkim, and spoken in Northeast Indian states such as Assam and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district. It is also spoken in Burma and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit influence. However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.

Bohara was released in early May 2005 along with his colleague, CPN(UML) General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal, after being detained for several months on King Gyanendra's orders. [4]

Madhav Kumar Nepal Nepalese politician

Madhav Kumar Nepal is a Nepalese politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from May 25, 2009 to February 6, 2011. Nepal announced his resignation as prime minister on June 30, 2010. He was previously the General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal for 15 years. He is also one of the only Prime Ministers in the world whose name features the name of his country, i.e., Nepal.

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008 and is also known as Nepal's last Hindu king. As a child, he was also briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, went into exile in India with the rest of his family. His second reign had begun due to the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre.

Bohara was the top candidate of CPN(UML) in the proportional representation list for the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election. [5] Following the election, in which the CPN(UML) was defeated, Madhav Kumar Nepal resigned as General Secretary and Bohara became acting General Secretary. [3]

Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result - not just a plurality, or a bare majority. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts, as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, the implementations of PR that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats.

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References

  1. K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 460.
  2. Standing Committee Members Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine .
  3. 1 2 "CPN-UML to withdraw from Nepali government", Xinhua (People's Daily Online), April 14, 2008.
  4. "Communist leader freed in Nepal", BBC News, May 2, 2005.
  5. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
2008
Succeeded by
Jhala Nath Khanal