Amrit Kumar Bohara

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Amrit Kumar Bohara
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Nationality Nepali
Political party Nepal Communist Party
Communism in Nepal
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Amrit Kumar Bohara (Nepali : अमृतकुमार बोहरा), born April 27, 1948, [1] is a leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) (CPN-UML). He is a member of the Standing Committee of the party [2] and was its acting General Secretary. [3]

Nepali language Official language of Nepal; one of the scheduled languages of India

Nepali, also known as Nepalese, is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Also known by the endonym Khas kura, the language is also called Gorkhali or Parbatiya in some contexts. It is spoken mainly in Nepal and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan. In India, Nepali has official status in the state of Sikkim, and significant number of speakers in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Uttarakhand and West Bengal's Darjeeling district and Kalimpong. It is also spoken in Burma and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit influence. However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.

Bohara was released in early May 2005 along with his colleague, CPN-UML General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal, after being detained for several months on King Gyanendra's orders. [4]

Madhav Kumar Nepal Nepalese politician, former prime minister

Madhav Kumar Nepal is a Nepalese politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from May 25, 2009 to February 6, 2011. Nepal announced his resignation as prime minister on June 30, 2010. He was previously the General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal for 15 years. He is also one of the only Prime Ministers in the world whose name features the name of his country, i.e., Nepal.

Gyanendra of Nepal King of Nepal

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008 and is also known as the world's last Hindu King. As a child, he was briefly king from 1950 to 1951, when his grandfather, Tribhuvan, went into exile in India with the rest of his family. His second reign began after the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre.

Bohara was the top candidate of CPN-UML in the proportional representation list for the April 2008 Constituent Assembly election. [5] Following the election, in which the CPN-UML was defeated, Madhav Kumar Nepal resigned as General Secretary and Bohara became acting General Secretary. [3]

Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party as their favorite, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result—not just a plurality, or a bare majority. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts, as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, the implementations of PR that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats.

2008 Nepalese Constituent Assembly election election

A general election for the Constituent Assembly was held in Nepal on 10 April 2008 after having been postponed from earlier dates of 7 June 2007 and 22 November 2007. The Nepalese Constituent Assembly will draft a new constitution; it will therefore decide, amongst other things, on the issue of federalism. The number of eligible voters was around 17.5 million. The Constituent Assembly will have a term of two years.

See also

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References

  1. K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 460.
  2. Standing Committee Members Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. 1 2 "CPN-UML to withdraw from Nepali government", Xinhua (People's Daily Online), April 14, 2008.
  4. "Communist leader freed in Nepal", BBC News, May 2, 2005.
  5. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2008-10-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
Party political offices
Preceded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
2008
Succeeded by
Jhala Nath Khanal