Anafotia

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Anafotia
village
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Anafotia
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 34°49′26″N33°27′49″E / 34.82389°N 33.46361°E / 34.82389; 33.46361 Coordinates: 34°49′26″N33°27′49″E / 34.82389°N 33.46361°E / 34.82389; 33.46361
CountryFlag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus
District Larnaca District
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total790
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website www.anafotia.org

Anafotia (Greek : Aναφωτιά or Αναφωτία; Turkish : Akkor) is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, west of Larnaca. In 1994, the official name of the village became Anafotida (Aναφωτίδα), following a decision by the then-government of Cyprus to make the names of villages on the island more Greek. However, locally the village is still referred to as Anafotia.

Greek language Language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Turkish language Turkic language mainly spoken and used in Turkey

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, and sometimes known as Turkey Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

Larnaca District district of Republic of Cyprus

Larnaca District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. Its capital is Larnaca. It is bordered on the east by Famagusta District, on the north by Nicosia District and on the west by Limassol District.

The naming of the village, according to The Great Cyprus Encyclopaedia, derived either from the name “Agia Foteini” or “Fotou,” the latter meaning 'light' [2] There is some evidence to suggest the name is derived from the Greek word for light, or fire, fotia, (φωτιά) as the Turkish name for the village, Akkor, translates into English as meaning 'incandescent'.

Anafotia is mainly agricultural, with tomatoes being a dominant crop. The village centre is small, but there are a number of cafes, a branch of the Co-operative Bank and four churches. The original church is dedicated to St Photeine. A new church was begun in the 1930s dedicated to St Dimitrianos. In his 1936 book Historic Cyprus the British colonial officer Rupert Gunnis thought the new church was so badly constructed it 'may well fall down', a prediction that came true twenty years later. [3]

The Co-operative Bank plc is a retail and commercial bank in the United Kingdom, with its headquarters in Balloon Street, Manchester.

Rupert Forbes Gunnis was an English collector and historian of British sculpture. He is best known for his Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660–1851, which "revolutionized the study of British sculpture, providing the foundation for all later studies on the subject".

In his book Strolling around Cyprus: Larnaka, City and District, Giorgos Karouzis wrote: 'While strolling along Anafotia, one mainly gets to see cultivated expanses of land. In particular, the village produces citrus fruit, watermelons, melons, tomatoes and cucumbers. A special place among the cultivations is held by the olive groves and the vineyards. In fact, according to the elderly residents of the village, as Karouzis preserves, the community used to be covered with even more vineyards which occupied large expanses of land. However, apart from cultivated pieces of land, there are also the uncultivated ones which take up 1000 square metres of land.' [4]

During the Greek Cypriot uprising against British rule from 1955 to 1959, which aimed to secure union of Cyprus with the Kingdom of Greece through the process of Enosis, EOKA fighter Michalakis Parides, who was born in Anaphotia, died in a shoot out with British troops in 1958, in the village of Vavla, near Pano Lefkara. A statue of him stands in the centre of Larnaca, outside the Archaeological Museum. [5]

Kingdom of Greece Kingdom in Southern Europe during the 19th and 20th century

The Kingdom of Greece was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers. It was internationally recognised by the Treaty of Constantinople, where it also secured full independence from the Ottoman Empire. This event also marked the birth of the first fully independent Greek state since the fall of the Byzantine Empire to the Ottomans in the mid-15th century.

<i>Enosis</i> Greek irridentism

Enosis is the movement of various Greek communities that live outside Greece, for incorporation of the regions they inhabit into the Greek state. Widely known is the case of the Greek-Cypriots for union of Cyprus into Greece. The idea of enosis is related to the Megali Idea, an irredentist concept of a Greek state which dominated Greek politics following the creation of the modern Greek state in 1830. The Megali Idea was a project which called for the annexation of all ethnic Greek lands, parts of which had participated in the Greek War of Independence in the 1820s but which were unsuccessful and remained under foreign rule.

Pano Lefkara Place in Larnaca District, Cyprus

Pano Lefkara is a village on the island of Cyprus famous for its lace, known as lefkaritika in and silver handicrafts. The village takes its name from the white of its silica and limestone: Lefkara is derived from a combination of the Greek words "lefka" and "ori". It has been listed among "The 30 most beautiful towns in Europe" by the Japanese Association of Travel Agents.

In the 2008 presidential election the village voted overwhelmingly for the right-wing DISY candidate Ioannis Kasoulidis (68 percent), against the Communist Party AKEL candidate Dimitris Christofias (32 percent). [6]

Democratic Rally political party

The Democratic Rally, is a conservative, Christian-democratic political party in Cyprus led by Averof Neofytou. The party was founded on 4 July 1976 by veteran politician Glafcos Clerides. Clerides served as the president of Cyprus from 1993 until 2003.

Ioannis Kasoulidis Cypriot politician

Ioannis Kasoulides is a Cypriot politician, party member of DISY, who has served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus from 1997 until 2003, and again from 2013 to 2018. He was member of the European Parliament from 2004 until 2013. He has held a number of political posts in Cyprus, including member of the House of Representatives of Cyprus from 1991 until 1993, and government spokesman from 1993 until 1997.

Notable people

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References

  1. "C1. POPULATION ENUMERATED BY SEX, AGE, DISTRICT, MUNICIPALITY/COMMUNITY AND QUARTER (1.10.2011)", Population - Place of Residence, 2011, Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2014-04-17, archived from the original on 2014-04-20, retrieved 2014-04-20
  2. The Great Cyprus Encyclopaedia, vol.2, Philokypros Publications, Nicosia 1986
  3. Rupert Gunnis, Historic Cyprus (London: Methuen 1936) 163
  4. Giorgos Karouzis, Strolling around Cyprus: Larnaka, City and District, Nicosia 2001
  5. Michalakis Parides 1933-1958 (Nicosia: Government Printing Office, 2002) p.3
  6. Government of Cyprus Statistical Service Archived 2007-11-02 at the Wayback Machine