Anaplasmataceae

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Anaplasmataceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alpha Proteobacteria
Order: Rickettsiales
Family:Anaplasmataceae
Philip, 1957 [1]
Genera

Anaplasma
Ehrlichia
Neorickettsia
Wolbachia

Anaplasmataceae is a Proteobacteria family [2] that includes genera Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia and Wolbachia.

Proteobacteria phylum of Gram-negative bacteria

Proteobacteria is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (non-parasitic) and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation.

Anaplasma is a genus of bacteria of the alphaproteobacterial Order Rickettsiales, Family Anaplasmataceae.

Ehrlichia is a genus of rickettsiales bacteria that is transmitted to vertebrates by ticks. These bacteria cause the Ehrlichiosis infection, which is considered zoonotic, because the main reservoirs for the disease are animals.

Schematic ribosomal RNA phylogeny of Alphaproteobacteria
  Magnetococcidae  

   Magnetococcus marinus



  Caulobacteridae  

   Rhodospirillales, Sphingomonadales,
  Rhodobacteraceae, Rhizobiales, etc.

The Rhodospirillales are an order of Proteobacteria, with two families: the Acetobacteraceae and the Rhodospirillaceae.

The Rhodobacteraceae are a family of proteobacteria in the order Rhodobacterales within the alpha subgroup. Like all proteobacteria, they are gram-negative. It contains chemoorganotrophs and photoheterotrophs bacteria. Many occur in aquatic habitats.

Rhizobiales order of bacteria

The Rhizobiales are an order of Gram-negative Alphaproteobacteria.



   Holosporales



  Rickettsidae  
  Pelagibacterales  
  Pelagibacteraceae  

   Pelagibacter




   Subgroups Ib, II, IIIa, IIIb, IV and V





   Proto-mitochondria



  Anaplasmataceae  



   Ehrlichia



   Anaplasma




   Wolbachia




   Neorickettsia




  Midichloriaceae  

   Midichloria



  Rickettsiaceae  

   Rickettsia



   Orientia








The cladogram of Rickettsidae has been inferred by Ferla et al. [3] from the comparison of 16S + 23S ribosomal RNA sequences.

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Rickettsiales Order of bacteria

The Rickettsiales, informally called rickettsias, are an order of small Alphaproteobacteria that are endosymbionts of eukaryotic cells. Some are notable pathogens, including Rickettsia, which causes a variety of diseases in humans, and Ehrlichia, which causes diseases in livestock. Another genus of well-known Rickettsiales are the Wolbachia, which infect approximately two-thirds of all arthropods and nearly all filarial nematodes. Genetic studies support the endosymbiotic theory according to which mitochondria and related organelles developed from members of this group.

The Ehrlichiaceae are a family of bacteria, included in the order Rickettsiales. The taxonomic position of this family is under discussion. The genera of the family are mostly classified in the family Anaplasmataceae.

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<i>Anaplasma phagocytophilum</i> species of bacterium

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References

  1. "Family Anaplasmataceae". bacterio.net.
  2. Garrity, George (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Springer. ISBN   0-387-24145-0.
  3. Ferla MP, Thrash JC, Giovannoni SJ, Patrick WM (2013). "New rRNA gene-based phylogenies of the Alphaproteobacteria provide perspective on major groups, mitochondrial ancestry and phylogenetic instability". PloS One. 8 (12): e83383. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083383. PMC   3859672 Lock-green.svg. PMID   24349502.