Anaplasmataceae

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Anaplasmataceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Anaplasmataceae

Philip, 1957 [1]
Genera

Anaplasma
Ehrlichia
Neorickettsia
Wolbachia

The Anaplasmataceae are a Proteobacteria family [2] that includes genera Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia , and Wolbachia .

Proteobacteria phylum of Gram-negative bacteria

Proteobacteria is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales and many other notable genera. Others are free-living (non-parasitic) and include many of the bacteria responsible for nitrogen fixation.

Anaplasma is a genus of bacteria of the alphaproteobacterial order Rickettsiales, family Anaplasmataceae.

Ehrlichia is a genus of Rickettsiales bacteria that are transmitted to vertebrates by ticks. These bacteria cause the disease ehrlichiosis, which is considered zoonotic, because the main reservoirs for the disease are animals.

Schematic ribosomal RNA phylogeny of Alphaproteobacteria
   Magnetococcidae   

  Magnetococcus marinus

   Caulobacteridae   

  Rhodospirillales, Sphingomonadales,
  Rhodobacteraceae, Rhizobiales, etc.

The Rhodospirillales are an order of Proteobacteria, with two families: the Acetobacteraceae and the Rhodospirillaceae.

The Rhodobacteraceae are a family of proteobacteria in the order Rhodobacterales within the alpha subgroup. Like all proteobacteria, they are gram-negative. It contains chemoorganotrophs and photoheterotrophs bacteria. Many occur in aquatic habitats.

Rhizobiales order of bacteria

The Rhizobiales are an order of Gram-negative Alphaproteobacteria.

  Holosporales

   Rickettsidae   
   Pelagibacterales   
   Pelagibacteraceae   

  Pelagibacter

  Subgroups Ib, II, IIIa, IIIb, IV and V

  Proto-mitochondria

   Anaplasmataceae   

  Ehrlichia

  Anaplasma

  Wolbachia

  Neorickettsia

   Midichloriaceae   

  Midichloria

   Rickettsiaceae   

  Rickettsia

  Orientia

The cladogram of Rickettsidae has been inferred by Ferla et al. [3] from the comparison of 16S + 23S ribosomal RNA sequences.

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Anaplasma bovis is a Gram-negative bacterium.

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References

  1. "Family Anaplasmataceae". bacterio.net.
  2. Garrity, George (2005). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. Springer. ISBN   0-387-24145-0.
  3. Ferla MP, Thrash JC, Giovannoni SJ, Patrick WM (2013). "New rRNA gene-based phylogenies of the Alphaproteobacteria provide perspective on major groups, mitochondrial ancestry and phylogenetic instability". PLOS One. 8 (12): e83383. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083383. PMC   3859672 . PMID   24349502.