Anatoly Larkin

Last updated
Anatoly Larkin
Born(1932-10-14)October 14, 1932
DiedAugust 4, 2005(2005-08-04) (aged 72)
Nationality Russian (1932–2005)
American (2003–2005)
Alma mater Moscow Institute for Physical Engineering
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Institutions Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy in Moscow
L.D.Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Doctoral advisor Arkady Migdal

Anatoly Ivanovich Larkin (Russian : Анатолий Иванович Ларкин; October 14, 1932 – August 4, 2005) was a Russian theoretical physicist, universally recognised as a leader in theory of condensed matter, and who was also a celebrated teacher of several generations of theorists. [1]


Born in a small town of Kolomna in Moscow region, Larkin went on to receive his education at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. He worked on his PhD on the properties of plasmas under the supervision of A.B.Migdal and later received the degree of Doctor of Science (1965) for studies of superconductivity.

Research at the I.V. Kurchatov Institute in Moscow (1957–66) was followed by nearly 40 years of work at the L.D.Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Chernogolovka, Moscow region, where he moved in 1966. During 1970–1991, he was also a Professor of Moscow State University. Since 1995, Larkin was a Professor of Physics at the University of Minnesota and a member of William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute. [2]

The list of his publications (233 entries) consists of papers on condensed matter theory, theory of elementary particles, and nuclei and plasmas. [3] Citation index of publications by A. Larkin exceeds 14,000.

The dominant part of his work is devoted to superconductivity, magnetism, ferro-electricity, properties of metals, semiconductors and dielectrics. He pioneered the concept of spontaneous symmetry breaking in the physics of elementary particles, [4] discovered collective pinning of magnetic flux in superconductors, [5] predicted paraconductivity [6] and effects of fluctuations on properties of superconductors, [7] made essential contributions to the theory of weak localization, [8] as well as developed the concept of the Ehrenfest time [9] and its effect on phenomena of quantum chaos.

A.I. Larkin was the famous teacher of a large number of actively working theorists. His students and collaborators are teaching and conducting research in Russia, USA, Great Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Israel and other countries.

He died suddenly at 6pm on August 4, 2005 in Aspen, Colorado, where he was attending a physics workshop.

See also

Honors and Prizes

Selected publications


  1. Anatoly Larkin, world-renowned physicist, dies: News Releases: UMNnews: U of M
  2. William I. Fine Institute Homepage
  3. A.A. Vedenov, A.I. Larkin, Equation of state of plasma, Sov. Phys. JETP 9, 806-821 (1959)
  4. V.G. Vaks, A.I. Larkin, On the application of the methods of superconductivity theory to the problem of the masses of elementary particles, Sov. Phys. JETP 13, 192-193 (1961)
  5. A.I. Larkin, Effect of inhomogeneities on the structure of the mixed state of superconductors, Sov. Phys. JETP 31(4), 784 (1970)
  6. L.G. Aslamazov, A.I. Larkin, Effect of Fluctuations on the Properties of a Superconductor Above the Critical Temperature, Sov. Phys. Solid State, 10(4), 875-880 (1968)
  7. A. Larkin, A. Varlamov, Theory of fluctuations in superconductors, Oxford University Press, 2005, xviii, 412 pp. ISBN   0-19-852815-9 [International Series of Monographs on Physics 127]
  8. S. Hikami, A.I. Larkin, Y. Nagaoka, Spin-Orbit Interaction and Magnetoresistance in the Two Dimensional Random System, Prog. Theor. Phys., 63(2), 707-710 (1980)
  9. I.L. Aleiner, A.I. Larkin, Role of divergence of classical trajectories in quantum chaos, Phys. Rev. E 55 (2), R1243-R1246 (1997)
  10. 1 2 Efetov, Konstantin B.; Khmelnitskii, David E.; Ovchinnikov, Yuri N.; Wiegmann, Paul B. (April 2006). "Obituary: Anatoly Ivanovich Larkin". Physics Today. 59 (4): 88–89. Bibcode:2006PhT....59d..88E. doi: 10.1063/1.2207057 .
  11. Ларкин Анатолий Иванович (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences . Retrieved 25 March 2012.

Related Research Articles

Superconductivity Electrical conductivity with exactly zero resistance

Superconductivity is a set of physical properties observed in certain materials where electrical resistance vanishes and magnetic flux fields are expelled from the material. Any material exhibiting these properties is a superconductor. Unlike an ordinary metallic conductor, whose resistance decreases gradually as its temperature is lowered even down to near absolute zero, a superconductor has a characteristic critical temperature below which the resistance drops abruptly to zero. An electric current through a loop of superconducting wire can persist indefinitely with no power source.

History of superconductivity

Superconductivity is the phenomenon of certain materials exhibiting zero electrical resistance and the expulsion of magnetic fields below a characteristic temperature. The history of superconductivity began with Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes's discovery of superconductivity in mercury in 1911. Since then, many other superconducting materials have been discovered and the theory of superconductivity has been developed. These subjects remain active areas of study in the field of condensed matter physics.

In quantum field theory, the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model is a complicated effective theory of nucleons and mesons constructed from interacting Dirac fermions with chiral symmetry, paralleling the construction of Cooper pairs from electrons in the BCS theory of superconductivity. The "complicatedness" of the theory has become more natural as it is now seen as a low-energy approximation of the still more basic theory of quantum chromodynamics, which does not work perturbatively at low energies.

Type-II superconductor Superconductor characterized by the formation of magnetic vortices in an applied magnetic field

In superconductivity, a type-II superconductor is a superconductor that exhibits an intermediate phase of mixed ordinary and superconducting properties at intermediate temperature and fields above the superconducting phases. It also features the formation of magnetic field vortices with an applied external magnetic field. This occurs above a certain critical field strength Hc1. The vortex density increases with increasing field strength. At a higher critical field Hc2, superconductivity is destroyed. Type-II superconductors do not exhibit a complete Meissner effect.

Alexander Kuzemsky

Alexander Leonidovich Kuzemsky is a Russian theoretical physicist.

Igor Mikhailovich Ternov was a Russian theoretical physicist, known for discovery of new quantum effects in microscopic particle motion such as Dynamic Character of the Electron Anomalous Magnetic Moment, the Effect of Radiative Polarization of Electrons and Positrons in a Magnetic Field, and Quantum Fluctuations of Electron Trajectories in Accelerators.

Arseny Alexandrovich Sokolov was a Russian theoretical physicist known for the development of synchrotron radiation theory.

Alexey Andreevich Anselm

Alexey Andreevich Anselm was a Russian theoretical physicist, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, professor, director (1992–1994) of the B.P. Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI), member of: the Russian and American Physical Society, the executive committee of the Nuclear Physics Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the editorial board of the Russian journal “Yadernaya Fizika”.

In quantum computing, and more specifically in superconducting quantum computing, the phase qubit is a superconducting device based on the superconductor–insulator–superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction, designed to operate as a quantum bit, or qubit.

Heavy fermion superconductors are a type of unconventional superconductor.

The Fulde–Ferrell–Larkin–Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase can arise in a superconductor in large magnetic field. Among its characteristics are Cooper pairs with nonzero total momentum and a spatially non-uniform order parameter, leading to normal conducting areas in the superconductor.

Macroscopic quantum phenomena are processes showing quantum behavior at the macroscopic scale, rather than at the atomic scale where quantum effects are prevalent. The best-known examples of macroscopic quantum phenomena are superfluidity and superconductivity; other examples include the quantum Hall effect, giant magnetoresistance and topological order. Since 2000 there has been extensive experimental work on quantum gases, particularly Bose–Einstein condensates.

Solomon Isaakovich Pekar, a Soviet theoretical physicist, born in Kiev, Ukraine. He was a full Member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and is known for his fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics, especially for introducing and advancing the concept of polaron as a charge carrier in solids.

Nikolai Borisovich Kopnin was a Russian physicist specializing in superconductivity.

Vsevolod Feliksovich Gantmakher, a prominent Russian experimental physicist of Jewish origin, was born in Moscow as son of Felix Gantmacher, a prominent mathematician. He was a full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and is known for his fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics especially for the Gantmakher effect and Gantmakher–Kaner oscillations.

Antonio Barone

Antonio Barone was an Italian physicist. He was Emeritus Professor of the Federico II University of Naples and Director of the CNR Cybernetics Institute in Arco Felice (Naples), Italy. He is best known for his work on superconductivity and Josephson effect.

Vadim L'vovich Berezinskii was a Soviet physicist. He was born in Kyiv, graduated from Moscow State University in 1959, and worked in Moscow and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics. He is famous for having identified the role played by topological defects in the low-temperature phase of two-dimensional systems with a continuous symmetry. His work led to the discovery of the Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless transition, for which John M. Kosterlitz and David J. Thouless were awarded the Nobel Prize in 2016. He also developed a technique for treating electrons in one-dimensional disordered systems and provided first consistent proof of one-dimensional localization. and predicted negative-gap superconductivity.

Andrey Varlamov Italian physicist of Ukrainian origin (born 1954)

Andrey A. Varlamov is an Italian physicist of Ukrainian origin. He is a principal investigator at the Institute of Superconductors, Oxides and Other Innovative Materials and Devices (SPIN-CNR) in Rome, Italy.

Boris Kochelaev Soviet and Russian physicist

Boris Ivanovich Kochelaev is a Soviet and Russian physicist, professor, Doktor Nauk.

Alexey Okulov

Alexey Okulov is a Soviet and Russian physicist, the author of pioneering works in laser physics and theoretical physics.