Andar District

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اندړ ولسوالۍ
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Location within Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°19′21″N68°26′33″E / 33.32250°N 68.44250°E / 33.32250; 68.44250 Coordinates: 33°19′21″N68°26′33″E / 33.32250°N 68.44250°E / 33.32250; 68.44250
Country Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Ghazni Province
 (2009) [1]

Andar (Pashto : اندړ ولسوالۍ) is one of the eastern districts of Ghazni Province in Afghanistan. [2] The population has been estimated at 88,300, all Pashtun. The district center is Miray while the other main town is Andar. The district is named after the Andar Ghilji tribe of the Pashtuns. The district also contains the town of Sardeh Band on its edge near the border with Paktika Province.


The main source of income in the district is agriculture, which has been seriously affected by drought. Most roads are bad and unpaved. The main highway between Ghazni city and Paktika province is paved, though damaged from attacks. There is 1 clinic, 1 hospital, 17 primary schools and 1 high school. [2]

The district contains a large water reservoir, created by the Sardeh Band Dam located near the border of Andar and Paktika.

The district has been controlled by the Taliban since October 2018. [3]

Notable people

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Ghazni Province Province of Afghanistan

Ghazni is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in eastern Afghanistan. The province contains 19 districts, encompassing over a thousand villages and roughly 1.3 million people, making it the 5th most populous province. The city of Ghazni serves as the capital. It lies on the important Kabul–Kandahar Highway, and has historically functioned as an important trade center. The Ghazni Airport is located next to the city of Ghazni and provides limited domestic flights to Afghanistan's capital, Kabul.

Paktika Province Province of Afghanistan

Paktika is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. Forming part of the larger Loya Paktia region, Paktika has a population of about 413,800, mostly ethnic Pashtuns. The town of Sharana serves as the provincial capital, while the most populous city is Urgun.

The Kharoti are a Pashtun tribe of Ghilji origin, originating in the central part of Paktika Province, Afghanistan, but can be also found in other parts of the country. The Kharoti settled in Kharotabad in Quetta, British India around 1945.

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Zurmat District District in Paktia, Afghanistan

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Loya Paktia

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The Andar are a Ghilji Pashtun sub-tribe. The Andar occupy nearly the whole of the extensive district of Shalgar south of Ghazni The Andar were traditionally known for their skill in the construction and maintenance of large karez. More concentrated in Ghazni Province, they have also a significant presence in Paktia. During the 19th century they joined in the Ghilji revolt and many were summarily sent into internal exile. Somewhat inexplicably, they allied themselves for a time with the Harakat-i Islami, originally a Shia faction, during the anti-Soviet campaign. In fact, there were two Mujaheddin parties named Harakat-i Islami Afghanistan, while one was a Shi'ite faction, the other and far more significant party was originally a 'united front' of mainly Hezb-i Islami and Jamiat-i Islami, that collapsed after only a few months, leaving behind a significant party that was in many ways a precursor to the present day Taliban movement. A majority of the Andar tribe were affiliated with this 'Harakt-i Islami' and it is notable that the leader of this united front and later party, Mawlawi Mohammad Nabi Mohammadi was Andar by tribe. Similarly, the senior Mawlawi Mansoor was Andar too. Mansoor's son Saifurrahman Mansoor was later an important figure and military leader in the Taliban movement.

Sardeh Band Dam Dam in Andar District, Ghazni, Afghanistan

The Sardeh Band Dam is located near Sardeh Band town, in the eastern part of Andar District of Ghazni Province of Afghanistan. It was constructed in 1967 by the Soviet Union and Afghanistan during the reign of Mohammed Zahir Shah prior to the Soviet–Afghan War. The dam provided irrigation water for more than 67,000 jeribs of land after completion. Currently only 2,000 jeribs of land is under cultivation. Maximum capacity of the reservoir is 259 million cubic meters of water, and the reservoir holds about 164 million gallons at present.

Sardeh Band Town in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

Sardeh Band or Sardeband is a town located on the eastern edge of Andar District, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan, near the border with Paktika Province. The town is located near the Sardeh Band Dam. The Sardeh Band Airport is located in the town.


  1. "Afghanistan Election Data". National Democratic Institute. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  2. 1 2 "District Profile" (PDF). UNHCR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 October 2005. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  3. "One Land, Two Rules (7): Delivering public services in insurgency-affected Andar district in Ghazni province". Afghanistan Analysts Network - English. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2020.