Andenes

Last updated
Andenes
Village
Andenes, Norway 2006.jpg
View of Andenes (seen from Mount Røyken)
Norway Nordland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Andenes
Location in Nordland
Norway location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Andenes
Andenes (Norway)
Coordinates: 69°18′52″N16°07′10″E / 69.3144°N 16.1194°E / 69.3144; 16.1194 Coordinates: 69°18′52″N16°07′10″E / 69.3144°N 16.1194°E / 69.3144; 16.1194
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Nordland
District Vesterålen
Municipality Andøy Municipality
Area
[1]
  Total1.77 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total2,694
  Density1,522/km2 (3,940/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
8480 Andenes
Climate Cfc

Loudspeaker.svg Andenes   is the administrative centre of Andøy Municipality which is located in the Vesterålen district of Nordland county, Norway. The village of Andenes is the northernmost settlement of the island of Andøya (and in Nordland county). To the east is the island of Senja (in Troms county), and to the west the endless horizon of the North Atlantic Ocean. Andenes Lighthouse sits along the harbor and can be seen for long distances. Andøya Airport, Andenes is located just south of the village, off of Norwegian County Road 82.

Contents

The 1.77-square-kilometre (440-acre) village has a population (2018) of 2,694 which gives the village a population density of 1,522 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,940/sq mi). [1]

History

View of the local fishing boats Fishing Boats, Andenes.jpg
View of the local fishing boats
Andenes harbour Andenes-motfyr.JPG
Andenes harbour

Andenes was already an important fishing village during the Iron Age. By the early 1900s, it had become one of the largest fishing ports in Norway.

The municipality of Andenes was established on 1 January 1924 when it was separated from Dverberg municipality. Initially, Andenes had 2,213 residents. On 1 January 1964, Andenes was merged with Dverberg and Bjørnskinn municipalities to create the new municipality of Andøy.

In the early 1980s, the population of the village of Andenes was 3,770, which made it the largest village in Vesterålen. The downsizing of Andøya Air Station and general population centralization in Norway has led to a dramatic decline in inhabitants over the last 20 years.

Tourism has become an important sounce of income for Andenes in recent years. The town's location on the coast by a narrow section of continental shelf has led to the town becoming a major centre for whale watching. [3]

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was Andarnes (from originally Amdarnes). The first element is the genitive case of Ömd (the old name of the island Andøya) and the last element is nes which means "headland". [4]

Air Station

The construction of Andøya Air Station was commissioned in 1952 and funded in large part by NATO. It was to be situated between Haugnes and Andenes. A DC-3 Dakota of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) undertook the first landing on 17 September 1954. The air station however was not fully operative until 15 September 1957.

In 1961, the 333 Squadron was moved from Sola Air Station to Andøya with their Grumman HU-16 Albatross. In 1969, these were replaced by the Lockheed P-3 Orion. In 1989, the Lockheed P-3C Orion replaced the aging P-3Bs. However, two of the newest P-3Bs were converted to P-3Ns and fly missions for the Norwegian Coast Guard. Besides fisheries, Andøya Air Station has been the largest workplace in Andøy since the 1970s.

In the autumn of 2011, an Orion aircraft from Andenes patrolled the Indian Ocean from a forward base in the Seychelles, supported by 44 personnel and contributing 29 patrols of 8–10 hours to NATO's anti-piracy operation. [5] The flights led directly to the arrest of five pirate groups.

Geography

The village lies 300 kilometres (190 mi) north of the Arctic Circle and the midnight sun is visible from May 19 to July 25. The sun is below the horizon from November 25 to January 28.

Climate

Andenes has a climate on the boundary between the subarctic and the subpolar oceanic climates, due to it being extremely mild for its latitude as a result of Gulf Stream influence. Summers are extremely cool due to the moderation, whereas even during the polar night period, daytime highs frequently rise above freezing.

Climate data for Andenes
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)9.0
(48.2)
8.1
(46.6)
9.6
(49.3)
15.1
(59.2)
21.1
(70.0)
26.1
(79.0)
27.6
(81.7)
25.3
(77.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.6
(61.9)
12.5
(54.5)
15.1
(59.2)
27.6
(81.7)
Average high °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
0.6
(33.1)
1.3
(34.3)
4.0
(39.2)
8.1
(46.6)
10.9
(51.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
6.6
(43.9)
3.2
(37.8)
1.6
(34.9)
6.3
(43.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.4
(34.5)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.4
(52.5)
11.2
(52.2)
8.1
(46.6)
4.3
(39.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.9
(39.0)
Average low °C (°F)−4.1
(24.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.0
(37.4)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
8.7
(47.7)
5.6
(42.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F)−19.9
(−3.8)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−13.6
(7.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
0.6
(33.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−14.1
(6.6)
−17.4
(0.7)
−19.9
(−3.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)118.2
(4.65)
102.7
(4.04)
88.4
(3.48)
74.7
(2.94)
59.2
(2.33)
52.5
(2.07)
66.4
(2.61)
75.6
(2.98)
110.9
(4.37)
146.0
(5.75)
107.8
(4.24)
119.1
(4.69)
1,122.1
(44.18)
Source: Météo Climat [6] [7]

Culture

Andenes Church is located in the central part of the village. The local newspaper is named Andøyposten . Andenes hosts the annual "Rock mot Rus" (Rock against drugs) festival, where young people perform their own rock music as well as more known headliner such as Dead by April, Dimmu Borgir, Kvelertak, Turdus Musicus and Torch.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Nordland County of Norway

Nordland is a county in Norway in the Northern Norway region, bordering Troms og Finnmark in the north, Trøndelag in the south, Norrbotten County in Sweden to the east, Västerbotten County to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The county was formerly known as Nordlandene amt. The county administration is in the town of Bodø. The remote Arctic island of Jan Mayen has been administered from Nordland since 1995.

Andøy Municipality in Nordland, Norway

Andøy is the northernmost municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen archipelago. The main island in the municipality is Andøya. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Andenes. Other villages in the municipality include Bjørnskinn, Bleik, Dverberg, Fiskenes, Fornes, Nordmela, Risøyhamn, Skarstein, Å, Åknes, and Åse.

Andøya Air Station

Andøya Air Station is a military air station in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The station is located near the village of Andenes at the northern end of the island of Andøya in the Vesterålen archipelago. The 333 Squadron of the Norwegian air force is based here with P-3C Orions. The squadron is Norway's only surveillance squadron and stands as the airborne defence of northern Norway. Andøya Air Station is designed to handle fighters and should it become necessary, fighter squadrons can be deployed to protect this region. Squadron 333 is the only Norwegian squadron still in operation after its initial deployment.

Hinnøya

Hinnøya is the fourth largest island in Norway. The 2,204.7-square-kilometre (851.2 sq mi) lies just off the western coast of Northern Norway. The island sits on the border of Nordland and Troms og Finnmark counties. The western part of the island is in the district of Vesterålen, the southwestern part is in the Lofoten district, the southeastern part is in the Ofoten district, and the northeastern part is in Troms.

Andøya

Andøya is the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago, situated about 300 kilometres (190 mi) inside the Arctic circle. Andøya is located in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The main population centres on the island include the villages of Andenes, Bleik, and Risøyhamn.

Vesterålen

Vesterålen is a district and archipelago in Nordland county, Norway. It is located just north of the Lofoten district and archipelago and west of the town of Harstad. It is the northernmost part of Nordland county, including the municipalities of Andøy, Bø, Hadsel, Sortland, and Øksnes.

Skarstein Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Skarstein or Skardstein is a village in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The village is located along Norwegian County Road 82 on the northeastern part of the island of Andøya, along the Andfjorden. The village of Andenes lies about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the north, and the village of Fiskenes lies about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the northeast.

Andøya Airport, Andenes

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Bleik Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Bleik is a fishing village in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The village is located on the northwestern part of the island of Andøya, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southwest of the village of Andenes.

Dverberg Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Dverberg is a small village in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located on the east coast of the island of Andøya, along the Andfjorden, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the large village of Andenes. The village of Dverberg is also called Myre. Dverberg Church is a wooden, octagonal church built in 1843, located on the north end of the village.

Fiskenes Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Fiskenes is a village in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The village is located on the northeastern part of the island of Andøya, along the Andfjorden. The village of Andenes lies about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the north, and the village of Skarstein lies about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the south. The population is approximately 50 people.

Å, Andøy Village in Northern Norway, Norway

Å is a village in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The village is located on the east coast of the island of Andøya along the Andfjorden. The village of Dverberg lies about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the north and the village of Åse lies about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the south. Its sign is often replaced due to people stealing it for novelty purposes.

Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry is an automotive ferry service connecting the islands of Andøya and Senja in Norway. Operated by Troms fylkestrafikk, the crossing between the villages of Andenes in Andøy Municipality and Gryllefjord in Senja Municipality takes 1 hour and 40 minutes. The service is only operated from late May until late August, and it has three crossings per day.

Forfjorden

Forfjorden is a fjord on the west side of the island of Hinnøya in the Vesterålen archipelago in Nordland county, Norway. The fjord lies along the border between Sortland Municipality and Andøy Municipality. The Norwegian County Road 82 follows the shoreline around the whole fjord. The coast around the Forfjorden has about 70 inhabitants. The fjord is located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) northeast of the town of Sortland and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) south of Andenes. The name is derived from its surrounding pine forest, as "Furu" and "Forra" translates to pine tree. The 7-kilometre (4.3 mi) long fjord flows to the west and joins the Gavlfjorden along with the Risøysundet and Sortlandssundet straits.

Andenes Lighthouse

Andenes Lighthouse is a coastal lighthouse in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Andenes at the northern end of the island of Andøya in the Vesterålen archipelago. It was established in 1859 and automated in 1978. The lighthouse was listed as a protected site in 1999.

Dverberg Church Church in Nordland, Norway

Dverberg Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Dverberg on the island of Andøya. It is one of the churches for the Andøy parish which is part of the Vesterålen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland. The white, wooden church was built in an octagonal style in 1843 by the architect Christian Heinrich Grosch. The church seats about 230 people.

Andenes Church Church in Nordland, Norway

Andenes Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Andenes on the northern tip of the island of Andøya. It is one of the churches for the Andøy parish which is part of the Vesterålen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland. The white, wooden church was built in a long church style in 1876 by the architect Ingebrigt Julin. The church seats about 400 people.

Andenes (municipality) Former municipality in Nordland, Norway

Andenes  is a former municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The 71-square-kilometre (27 sq mi) municipality existed from 1924 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality included the northern part of the island of Andøya as well as many small surrounding islets and skerries in what is now Andøy Municipality. The administrative centre was the village of Andenes where the Andenes Church is located.

Dverberg (municipality) Former municipality in Nordland, Norway

Dverberg is a former municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality encompassed areas on the island of Andøya in what is now Andøy Municipality. Starting out at about 616 square kilometres (238 sq mi) in 1838, it was reduced in size in 1924. Upon its dissolution in 1964, the municipality was only 279 square kilometres (108 sq mi). The administrative centre was the village of Dverberg where Dverberg Church is located.

Bjørnskinn (municipality) Former municipality in Nordland, Norway

Bjørnskinn is a former municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The 310-square-kilometre (120 sq mi) municipality existed from 1924 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality was centered around the Risøysundet strait. It encompassed the southern part of the island of Andøya and the northern part of the island of Hinnøya in the southern part of what is now Andøy Municipality. The administrative centre was the small village of Bjørnskinn where Bjørnskinn Church is located. The largest village in Bjørnskinn was the village of Risøyhamn.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. "Andenes, Andøy (Nordland)". yr.no . Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  3. Hvalsafari AS. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  4. Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 402.
  5. "Har avslørt fem piratgrupper utenfor Somalia" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten.
  6. "Météo Climat stats for Andeyes". Météo Climat. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  7. "Météo climat stats extreme values for Andeyes". Météo Climat. Retrieved 24 March 2017.