André-Joseph Allar

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André-Joseph Allar
Born22 August 1845
Died11 April 1926 (1926-04-12) (aged 80)
Toulon, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
OccupationSculptor
Relatives Gaudensi Allar (brother)

André-Joseph Allar (22 August 1845 – 11 April 1926) [1] was a French sculptor.

Contents

Biography

André-Joseph Allar was born in Toulon on 22 August 1845.

Toulon Prefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Toulon is a city in southern France and a large port on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department.

He became a successful sculptor after training under Antoine Laurent Dantan and Pierre-Jules Cavelier. Allar is best known for his small-scale work and architectural designs with majority of his work situated at the local museum in Toulon, including 'Hercules finding his dead son'. [2] His artworks on Hercules is evidently inspired by the Greek hero, but in particular, the stories that depict the character as a saviour. [3] His architectural features include his works in the Palacio Legislativo Federal with Laurent Marqueste [4] and in the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City. [5] Another one of his famous works is the statue of law displayed on the façade Palace of Justice, Rome. [6]

Antoine Laurent Dantan French sculptor

Antoine Laurent Dantan was a French academic sculptor, known as 'Dantan the Elder' to distinguish him from his slightly younger brother, Jean-Pierre Dantan (1800–1869), who was also a sculptor. He won the Prix de Rome for sculpture in 1828.

Pierre-Jules Cavelier French academic sculptor

Pierre-Jules Cavelier was a French academic sculptor.

Hercules Roman adaptation of the Greek divine hero Heracles

Hercules is a Roman hero and god. He was the Roman equivalent of the Greek divine hero Heracles, who was the son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmene. In classical mythology, Hercules is famous for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures.

In addition to his career as an artist, Allar joined the Legion of Honour as an officer in 1896 and the French Institute in 1905. [2] He won various prizes but most notably the Prix de Rome in 1869 for his sculpture, and later became a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts on 20 May 1905.

The Legion of Honour is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and régimes.

Prix de Rome French scholarship for arts students

The Prix de Rome or Grand Prix de Rome was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, and engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, the Minister of Culture.

Académie des Beaux-Arts French art school

The Académie des Beaux-Arts is a French learned society. It is one of the five academies of the Institut de France. The current President of the Academy (2016) is Érik Desmazières, a noted engraver and watercolorist.

He died in Toulon on 11 April 1926. A street in Marseille has been named in his honor.

Main works

Lisieux Subprefecture and commune in Normandy, France

Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It is the capital of the Pays d'Auge area, which is characterised by valleys and hedged farmland.

Musée dOrsay Art museum, Design/Textile Museum, Historic site in Rue de Lille Paris, France

The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank of the Seine. It is housed in the former Gare d'Orsay, a Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1914, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post-Impressionist masterpieces in the world, by painters including Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin, and Van Gogh. Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum's opening in 1986. It is one of the largest art museums in Europe. Musée d'Orsay had 3.177 million visitors in 2017.

Jules Cantini (1826–1916) was a French sculptor and philanthropist.

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The Jardin du Luxembourg ), also known in English as the Luxembourg Gardens, is located in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, France. It was created beginning in 1612 by Marie de' Medici, the widow of King Henry IV of France, for a new residence she constructed, the Luxembourg Palace. The garden today is owned by the French Senate, which meets in the Palace. It covers 23 hectares and is known for its lawns, tree-lined promenades, flowerbeds, model sailboats on its circular basin, and picturesque Medici Fountain, built in 1620. The name Luxembourg comes from the Latin Mons Lucotitius, the name of the hill where the garden is located.

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References

  1. "André-Joseph Allar". Artnet. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  2. 1 2 "André Joseph Allar". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  3. Caballero, Manuel. Hercules: A hero for all ages. University of Leeds. p. 22. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  4. Marshall, Bill. France and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History. United States of America: ABC-CLIO. p. 29.
  5. María Fernández (2014). Cosmopolitanism in Mexican Visual Culture (First ed.). United States of America: University of Texas Press, Austin. pp. 133, 134.
  6. "Andre Joseph Allar (French 1845-1926). A gilt and patinated bronze allegorical model". Woolley and Wallis. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  7. La mort d'Alceste, Enfant des Abruzzes Site of the musée d'Orsay

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