Photographic portrait (before March 1900)
|Born||May 17, 1870|
|Died||May 15, 1948|
|Known for||Landscape paintings and etchings|
|Spouse(s)||Marie-Thérèse Le Liepvre|
André Eugène Dauchez (17 May 1870 - 15 May 1948), born in Paris, was a French painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, draughtsman and illustrator known for landscapes, waterscapes and seascapes.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. The final work is also called a painting.
A pastel is an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. The pigments used in pastels are the same as those used to produce all colored art media, including oil paints; the binder is of a neutral hue and low saturation. The color effect of pastels is closer to the natural dry pigments than that of any other process.
Born in a family of lawyers, André Dauchez showed early predispositions for graphic arts. His early influence was the works of Gustave Doré.
Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist, and sculptor who worked primarily with wood engraving.
While pursuing his studies, he was encouraged in the way of art by his mother, who found Gaston Rodriguez, an artist-engraver who from 1885 to 1887 taught and educated the young man's ability to see and transcribe only the essential.
André Dauchez never abandoned this mode of expression, handling with dexterity the technique of etching. In 1887, his teacher allowed him to present his work after a painting by Eugène Isabey at the Salon des Artistes français. It was the first success for the young man of seventeen who received the encouragements of his peers. Between the years 1887 and 1893 André Dauchez continued working on etching and painting and further studied with Luc-Olivier Merson and at the Académie Julian.
Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal. In modern manufacturing, other chemicals may be used on other types of material. As a method of printmaking, it is, along with engraving, the most important technique for old master prints, and remains in wide use today. In a number of modern variants such as microfabrication etching and photochemical milling it is a crucial technique in much modern technology, including circuit boards.
Eugène Louis Gabriel Isabey was a French painter, lithographer and watercolorist in the Romantic style.
Luc-Olivier Merson was a French academic painter and illustrator also known for his postage stamp and currency designs.
The influence that nourished the engraved works of André Dauchez was Rembrandt's work. André Dauchez had led a comprehensive study of the master and learned the art of light and the importance of values of white and black in a landscape rendering.
He also studied Dutch landscape painter of the seventeenth century Jacob van Ruisdael, as well as some of his contemporaries and friends like Georges Gobo, Raoul André Ulmann, Albert Decaris, Charles Jouas , Pierre-Louis Moreau.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch draughtsman, painter and printmaker. An innovative and prolific master in three media, he is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art and the most important in Dutch art history. Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, Rembrandt's works depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes as well as animal studies. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres. Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer of Delft, Rembrandt was also an avid art collector and dealer.
Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael was a Dutch painter, draughtsman, and etcher. He is generally considered the pre-eminent landscape painter of the Dutch Golden Age, a period of great wealth and cultural achievement when Dutch painting became highly popular.
Albert Decaris was a French artist, engraver, painter and Olympic Gold Medallist.
When his sister married artist Lucien Simon, Dauchez was introduced to a circle of other artists like Émile-René Ménard, Edmond Aman-Jean, Charles Cottet, George Desvallières, Maurice Denis and above all discovered coastal Brittany and Cornouaille, the bay of Douarnenez, Belle-Île-en-Mer, Bénodet, the river Odet and the charm of the area. Dauchez was seduced by the lines and force of the landscape. From then on, he will dedicate his work to transcribe the many faces of the Finistère' Cornwall which inspired his best pieces.
Lucien Joseph Simon was a French painter and teacher born in Paris.
Émile-René Ménard (1862–1930) was a French painter born in Paris. From early childhood he was immersed in an artistic environment: Corot, Millet and the Barbizon painters frequented his family home, familiarizing him thus with both landscape and antique subjects.
Edmond François Aman-Jean was a French symbolist painter, who co-founded the Salon des Tuileries in 1923.
Art critic André Chevrillon in Drogues et Peintures , Paris, 1940, describes the work of André Dauchez as an "expressive and faithful portrait of Brittany". From the end of 1893, and for over half a century André Dauchez will find an inexhaustible source of inspiration in the landscapes of the Cornish coast: heath, dunes, villages, fishermen, estuaries and coves lined with pine trees, edges of coastline and rivers, rocks at low tide, open landscapes are his favorite motifs. He was an outdoor painter who described the effects on his soul of trees, stones, water and light. André Dauchez' works often present a cluster of trees, a trail, or a body of water, while in the background fades the rest of the composition with contrasts of light and shadow giving intensity to his work in a composition in which one feels life vibrating, transcribing the different effects of shade, sun or wind that alter the appearance of a landscape.
Brittany is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation. It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as if it were a separate nation under the crown.
Dauchez' talent lies in landscape drawing allied to a subtle artistic sensibility.
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Charles Cottet (1863–1925), French painter, was born at Le Puy-en-Velay and died in Paris. A famed post-impressionist, Cottet is known for his dark, evocative painting of rural Brittany and seascapes. He led a school of painters known as the Bande noire or 'Nubians' group, and was friends with such artists as Auguste Rodin.
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Henry Moret was a French Impressionist painter. He was one of the artists who associated with Paul Gauguin at Pont-Aven in Brittany. He is best known for his involvement in the Pont-Aven artist colony and his richly colored landscapes of coastal Brittany.
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