André Muhirwa

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"The Government of Urundi seeks independence, not just autonomy. It wants to be responsible and knows that it can be."

Muhirwa to the United Nations Trusteeship Council, 13 June 1962 [13]

As prime minister, Muhirwa opposed the retention of Belgian troops in Urundi following the colony's independence. [13] He attended ceremonies to mark the independence of the Kingdom of Burundi on 1 July 1962, [14] and subsequently submitted Burundi's request for membership to the United Nations. [15] He also signed the promulgation order for the new Constitution of the Kingdom of Burundi alongside Mwambutsa and Minister of Justice Claver Nuwinkware. [16]

During his tenure, Mwambutsa increasingly involved himself in national politics. [17] In March 1963 Muhirwa ordered the arrest of three Monrovia leaders—including the President of the Legislative Assembly—for allegedly conspiring against the government, but the Mwami intervened and ordered their release. [18] [19] On 1 June, Muhirwa announced his appointment of a new Minister of Public Works. This prompted the Mwami to deny the selection, arguing that the crown was entitled to choose its ministers. [20] On 7 June a motion of no confidence was tabled against his government in the Legislative Assembly for his previous imprisonment of its presiding officer. [21] Faced with growing parliamentary opposition and the monarchy's interventions, Muhirwa gave Mwambutsa his resignation that day. The Mwami appointed Pierre Ngendandumwe as the new Prime Minister. [20] Despite this, Muhirwa retained his position in UPRONA and remained influential in national politics as the leader of the Casablanca group. In 1964 he was made Minister of State in Prime Minister Albin Nyamoya's government. [1]

In 1965 Muhirwa was co-opted into the Senate. [1] Following the failure of a Hutu-led coup attempt later that year, he directed government retaliation against Hutu intellectuals. In 1966 he orchestrated the July coup that crowned Charles Ndizeye as Mwami Ntare V. [22] Following Captain Michel Micombero's coup that November, he was arrested. He was later released and on 28 November 1967 appointed to a sinecure position with the Bujumbura port authority. [23]

In 2001 he co-founded the Parliamentary Monarchist Party (Parti Monarchiste Parlementaire, PMP). [24]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Weinstein 1976, p. 194.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Lemarchand 1970, p. 332.
  3. Carbone 2000, p. 33.
  4. Weinstein 1976, p. 11.
  5. Ghislain 1970, Tableau 2.
  6. "New Premier in Urundi". The New York Times. Reuters. 21 October 1961. p. 7.
  7. Lemarchand 1970, p. 372.
  8. Weinstein 1976, pp. 280–281.
  9. Ghislain 1970, p. 87.
  10. 1 2 Eggers 2006, pp. 95–96.
  11. Lemarchand 1970, p. 351.
  12. Lemarchand 1970, pp. 351–352.
  13. 1 2 Brewer, Sam Pope (14 June 1962). "Urundi Tells U.N. It Wants No Foreign Troops". The New York Times. p. 11.
  14. "Today in History, July 1". Austin-American Statesman. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  15. "Admission to United Nations Asked". Daily Report : Foreign Radio Broadcasts (130). United States Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 5 July 1962. p. I4.
  16. Webster 1964, p. 2.
  17. Lemarchand 1970, p. 363.
  18. Weinstein 1976, p. 12.
  19. McDonald 1969, p. 79.
  20. 1 2 Lemarchand 1970, p. 364.
  21. Carbone 2000, p. 49.
  22. Weinstein 1976, pp. 194–195.
  23. Weinstein 1976, p. 195.
  24. "Burundi: Monarchist party reportedly to be formed". BBC Monitoring Africa – Political. 4 August 2001. ProQuest   450361987

Works cited

André Muhirwa
3rd Prime Minister of Burundi
In office
19 October 1961 7 June 1963
Political offices
Preceded by
Position created
Prime Minister of Burundi
1961–1963
Succeeded by