André de Lorde

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André de Lorde

André de Latour, comte de Lorde (1869–1942) was a French playwright, the main author of the Grand Guignol plays from 1901 to 1926. His evening career was as a dramatist of terror; during daytimes he worked as a librarian in the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal. He wrote 150 plays, all of them devoted mainly to the exploitation of terror and insanity, and a few novels. For plays the subject matter of which concerned mental illness he sometimes collaborated with psychologist Alfred Binet, the developer of IQ testing.

Grand Guignol theatre in the Pigalle area of Paris

Le Théâtre du Grand-Guignol – known as the Grand Guignol – was a theatre in the Pigalle neighborhood of Paris. From its opening in 1897 until its closing in 1962, it specialised in naturalistic horror shows. Its name is often used as a general term for graphic, amoral horror entertainment, a genre popular from Elizabethan and Jacobean theatre, to today's splatter films.

Bibliothèque de lArsenal

The Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal in Paris has been part of the Bibliothèque nationale de France since 1934.

Alfred Binet French psychologist and inventor of the first usable intelligence test

Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test, the Binet–Simon test. In 1904, the French Ministry of Education asked psychologist Alfred Binet to devise a method that would determine which students did not learn effectively from regular classroom instruction so they could be given remedial work. Along with his collaborator Théodore Simon, Binet published revisions of his test in 1908 and 1911, the last of which appeared just before his death.

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During the 1920s de Lorde was elected "Prince of Fear" (Prince de la Terreur) by his peers.

Filmography

<i>The Lonely Villa</i> 1909 film directed by D. W. Griffith

The Lonely Villa is a 1909 American short silent crime drama film directed by D. W. Griffith. The film stars David Miles, Marion Leonard and Mary Pickford in one of her first film roles. It is based on the 1901 French play Au Telephone by André de Lorde. A print of The Lonely Villa survives and is currently in the public domain.

D. W. Griffith American film director and producer

David Wark Griffith was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques. He is remembered for The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916). The Birth of a Nation made use of advanced camera and narrative techniques, and its popularity set the stage for the dominance of the feature-length film in the United States. The film has sparked significant controversy surrounding racism in the United States, focusing on its negative depiction of black people and the glorification of the Ku Klux Klan. Today, it is both acclaimed for its radical technique and condemned for its inherently racist philosophy. The film was subject to boycotts by the NAACP; screenings caused riots at several theaters and it was censored in many cities, including New York City. Intolerance was an answer to his critics.

The System of Doctor Goudron is a 1913 French short silent horror film directed by Maurice Tourneur and starring Henri Gouget, Henry Roussel and Renée Sylvaire. It was adapted from a grand guignol play by André de Lorde which was itself based on the short story The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether.

Screenwriter

Maurice Tourneur French film director and screenwriter

Maurice Tourneur was a French film director and screenwriter.

Michel Paul Bernheim was a French cinematographer and film director

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