Andrei Eshpai

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Andrei Eshpai
Kompozitor Andrei Iakovlevich Eshpai.jpg
Born(1925-05-15)15 May 1925
Died8 November 2015(2015-11-08) (aged 90)
Era20th century
ChildrenAndrei Andreyevich Eshpai
Parent(s)Yakov Andreyevich Eshpai

Andrei Yakovlevich Eshpai (Russian : Андре́й Я́ковлевич Эшпа́й; 15 May 1925 – 8 November 2015) was an ethnic Mari (Russian and Soviet) composer. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Mari people ethnic group

The Mari are a Finno-Ugric ethnic group, who have traditionally lived along the Volga and Kama rivers in Russia. Almost half of Maris today live in the Mari El republic, with significant populations in the Bashkortostan and Tatarstan republics. In the past, the Mari have also been known as the Cheremisa or the Cheremis people in Russian and the Çirmeş in Tatar.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.



Eshpai was born at Kozmodemyansk, Mari El. [2] A Red Army World War II veteran, he studied piano at Moscow Conservatory from 1948 to 1953 under Vladimir Sofronitsky, and composition under Nikolai Rakov, Nikolai Myaskovsky and Evgeny Golubev. He performed his postgraduate study under Aram Khachaturian from 1953 to 1956. [3]

Kozmodemyansk is the name of several inhabited localities in Russia.

Mari El First-level administrative division of Russia

The Mari El Republic is a federal subject of Russia. It is geographically located in the European Russia region of the country, along the northern bank of the Volga River, and is administratively part of the Volga Federal District. The Mari El Republic has a population of 696,459.

Soviet Army name given to the main part of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union between 1946 and 1992

The Soviet Army is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not fully abolished until 25 December 1993. Until 25 February 1946, it was known as the Red Army, established by decree on 15 (28) January 1918 "to protect the population, territorial integrity and civil liberties in the territory of the Soviet state." The Strategic Missile Troops, Air Defense Forces and Air Forces were part of the Soviet Army in addition to the Ground Forces. The former official name Red Army continued to be used as a nickname by both sides throughout the Cold War.

He was the son of the composer Yakov Andreyevich Eshpai, and the father of the filmmaker Andrei Andreyevich Eshpai. [4]

Andrei Andreyevich Eshpai is a film director, screenwriter and producer of Mari descent.

On 8 November 2015, Eshpai died in Moscow from a stroke at the age of 90. [5]

Principal works

Operetta opera genre

Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.

Libretto text used for an extended musical work

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical. The term libretto is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as the Mass, requiem and sacred cantata, or the story line of a ballet.

Musical theatre work that combines songs, music, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance

Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance. The story and emotional content of a musical – humor, pathos, love, anger – are communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated whole. Although musical theatre overlaps with other theatrical forms like opera and dance, it may be distinguished by the equal importance given to the music as compared with the dialogue, movement and other elements. Since the early 20th century, musical theatre stage works have generally been called, simply, musicals.


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  1. Don Michael Randel (1996). The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music. Harvard University Press. pp. 252–. ISBN   978-0-674-37299-3 . Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  2. Joel Flegler (1995). Fanfare. J. Flegler. p. 167. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  3. Maurice Hinson (1 January 1993). Music for Piano and Orchestra: An Annotated Guide. Indiana University Press. pp. 90–. ISBN   978-0-253-33953-9 . Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. Soviet Film. Sovexportfilm. 1973. p. 36. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  5. Композитор Андрей Эшпай скончался в Москве на 91-м году жизни (in Russian). TASS. 8 November 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  6. "Eshpai Vol3 Concerto flute & Orch etc. [RB]: Classical CD Reviews – July 2003 MusicWeb(UK)" . Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  7. "ANDREI ESHPAI (1925–) Vol. 1 : Classical CD Reviews – Oct 1999" . Retrieved 7 July 2013.