Andrei Purgin

Last updated
Andrei Purgin
2015-05-09. Den' Pobedy v Donetske 080-1.jpg
Chairman of the People's Soviet of the Donetsk People's Republic
In office
14 November 2014 4 September 2015
Preceded by Vladimir Antyufeyev
Succeeded by Denis Pushilin
Personal details
Born (1972-01-26) 26 January 1972 (age 47)
Donetsk, Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, USSR [1]
NationalityUkrainian
Political party Donetsk Republic

Andrei Yevgenyevich Purgin is a Ukrainian activist, cofounder of the Donetsk Republic organization along with Aleksandr Tsurkan and Oleg Frolov. Until 4 September 2015 he was the Chairman of the People's Soviet of the (disputed) Donetsk People's Republic. [2]

Donetsk Republic (political party) pro-Russian separatist organization

The Donetsk Republic is a pro-Russian separatist political party operating in the Donetsk area of Ukraine. The group's goal is the creation of a "federation of sovereign Donetsk", which would include seven regions of eastern and southern Ukraine. The group was banned in 2007, but this ban was marginal until the 2014 Donbass War. In 2014, it founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government calls a terrorist organization. The party won the Donbass general elections, 2014 with 68.53% of the votes and 68 seats.

Peoples Soviet of the Donetsk Peoples Republic

The People's Council, formerly the Supreme Council, is the legislature of the unrecognised Donetsk People's Republic.

Donetsk Peoples Republic Political entity proclaimed within Donetsk Oblasts borders during the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. Considers itself a self-proclaimed state; designated as a terrorist organisation by the Government of Ukraine.

The Donetsk People's Republic is a declared people's republic and proto-state in the Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine recognized only by the partially recognized South Ossetia and Luhansk People's Republic.

Contents

Biography

Born in Donetsk on 26 January 1972. [3] In 1989 he entered the Donetsk State Technical University. [3] From the early 1990s until the mid-2000s he held about 70 jobs, including trading companies, charitable organizations and the Donetsk circus. [3]

2000s (decade) decade in the 21st century

The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.

On 23 February 2005 (Soviet Army and Navy Day) Purgin participated in a protest of the Union of the Born by Revolution that established a small tent city at the Lenin Square in Donetsk. The protested issued a request consisting of 12 principles that included federalization of Ukraine, official status for the Russian language and other issues promoting the rights of the Russian-speaking population. The Donetsk District Court of Voroshilov Region ordered the tents to be removed. [4]

Defender of the Fatherland Day holiday observed in several former republics of the Soviet Union

Defender of the Fatherland Day ; Kazakh: Отан қорғаушы күні; Tajik: Рӯзи Дорандаи Ватан; Kyrgyz: Мекенди коргоочулардын күнү; Belarusian: Дзень абаронцы Айчыны) is a holiday observed in Russia, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. It is celebrated on 23 February, except in Kazakhstan, where it is celebrated on 7 May.

At the end of 2005 (6 December 2005) Purgin already headed the newly organized movement Donetsk Republic that claimed its heritage from the Soviet puppet state Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic. [3] The organization claimed to fight the "orange plague" of President Viktor Yushchenko. [3] It was marginal. [3]

A puppet state, puppet regime, or puppet government is a state that is de jure independent but is de facto completely dependent upon an outside power. It is nominally sovereign but effectively controlled by a foreign or otherwise alien power, for reasons such as financial interests, economic or military support.

Orange Revolution series of protests and political events that took place in Ukraine from late November 2004 to January 2005

The Orange Revolution was a series of protests and political events that took place in Ukraine from late November 2004 to January 2005, in the immediate aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election, which was claimed to be marred by massive corruption, voter intimidation and direct electoral fraud. Kiev, the Ukrainian capital, was the focal point of the movement's campaign of civil resistance, with thousands of protesters demonstrating daily. Nationwide, the democratic revolution was highlighted by a series of acts of civil disobedience, sit-ins, and general strikes organized by the opposition movement.

Viktor Yushchenko Ukrainian politician who was President of Ukraine

Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko is a Ukrainian politician who was the third President of Ukraine from 23 January 2005 to 25 February 2010.

In the winter of 2013, together with "titushky", Purgin dispersed supporters of Euromaidan in Donetsk; but in the heat of battle titushky beat him. [3]

Titushky mercenary support agents of the Ukrainian police force

Titushky are mercenary agents who supported the Ukrainian police force during the administration of Viktor Yanukovych, often posing as street hooligans with the express purpose of performing illegal acts. Titushki raid is a widely used term in Ukrainian mass media and by the general public to describe street beatings, carjackings and kidnappings by unidentified men in civilian clothes from behind the lines of political rallies. Titushky were employed by the Yanukovych government with having reportedly 200 hryven' to $100 per day in payments. Some of them were also suspected to be illegal formations of combat troops carrying concealed pistols. The one purpose titushky served was the intimidation and dispersal of anti-governmental demonstrations and attacks on participants and representative of the media.

Euromaidan 2013–2014 protests in Ukraine

Euromaidan was a wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on the night of 21 November 2013 with public protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev. The protests were sparked by the Ukrainian government's decision to suspend the signing of an association agreement with the European Union, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union. The scope of the protests soon widened, with calls for the resignation of President Viktor Yanukovych and his government. The protests were fueled by the perception of "widespread government corruption", "abuse of power", and "violation of human rights in Ukraine". Transparency International named President Yanukovych as the top example of corruption in the world. The situation escalated after the violent dispersal of protesters on 30 November, leading to many more protesters joining. The protests led to the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

According to the Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs Purgin was arrested by the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) on 19 March 2014, however, on 22 March 2014 he already was released.[ citation needed ] On 19 April 2014 Purgin was listed on the SBU wanted list for terrorism. [5]

Security Service of Ukraine national intelligence and law enforcement agency of Ukraine

The Security Service of Ukraine or SBU, is Ukraine's law-enforcement authority and main government security agency in the areas of counterintelligence activity and combating terrorism.

In the interview to "Informbyuro" on May 18, 2014 Purgin stated that on March 27, 1994, there was a referendum in Donetsk and Luhansk regions where 90% of population voted for federalization of Ukraine. [6] He also acknowledged that the Donetsk Republic as organization included also National Bolsheviks mainly in Makiivka. [6]

Purgin opposed some of the key points of the February 2015 Minsk II cease-fire agreement. [7]

On 4 September 2015 Purgin was removed from the position of the Chairman of the People's Soviet of the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic for "an attempt to disrupt a meeting of the People's Soviet and present false inflaming information". [2] He was then detained for four days for reasons unknown to him. [7] The new chairman of the Soviet became Denis Pushilin, his deputy. [8] Pushilin denied Purgin's arrest. [9] Observers claimed Purgin's dismissal was part of efforts of the Russian government to bring the Donetsk People's Republic to heel to observe the Minsk II agreement. [7]

Related Research Articles

Donets-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic former country

The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was a self-declared Soviet republic of the Russian SFSR founded on 12 February 1918. It was founded three days after the government of Ukraine signed the treaty with the Germans, which recognised the borders of the Ukrainian People's Republic. The republic was never viewed as a separate entity by anyone except for members of the self proclaimed republic. The whole idea about its autonomous status surged with appearance of Ukrainian political party Donetsk Republic in 2005 and its leader Andrei Purgin.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine Unrest in Ukraine in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement.

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. During the first stage of the unrest, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation after a Russian military intervention, and an internationally criticized Crimean referendum. Protests in Donetsk and Luhansk regions (oblasts) escalated into an armed pro-Russian separatist insurgency. From late 2014, cities outside of the Donbass combat zone, such as Kharkiv, Odessa, Kiev and Mariupol, were struck by bombings that targeted pro-Ukrainian unity organizations. To maintain control over southeastern territories Ukraine's government started "antiterrorist operation" (ATO) sending armed forces to suppress separatists. Armed conflict between Ukraine's government forces and pro-Russian rebels is known as War in Donbass.

Pavel Gubarev Russian politician in Ukraine

Pavel Yuryevich Gubarev, born 10 February 1983 in Sievierodonetsk, is a Ukrainian pro-Russian activist who proclaimed himself the "People's Governor" of the Donetsk Region at the Regional Assembly on 3 March 2014, after separatists seized the building. Gubarev had earlier declared himself leader of the Donbass People's Militia. But since then he has been sidelined by other separatist leaders and was banned from taking part in the 2014 Donbass parliamentary elections. These elections also eliminated the post of "People's Governor". Gubarev was not a major figure in local politics prior to the beginning of the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.

Timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

This is a timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest that has erupted in Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement.

Denis Pushilin Ukrainian activist

Denis Vladimirovich Pushilin is a politician who was the Chairman of the People's Soviet of the Donetsk People's Republic (2015–2018), and therefore, under the draft Constitution adopted in May 2014, the self-declared republic's head of state. On 7 September 2018, Pushilin was appointed acting Head of the DPR; a position which he held until elections on 11 November 2018.

Ekaterina Yurevna Gubareva is a former minister of foreign affairs of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DNR) and wife of Pavel Gubarev.

2014 Donbass status referendums Donetsk and Luhansk status referendums, 2014

Referendums on the status of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, parts of Ukraine that together make up the Donbass region, took place on 11 May 2014 in many towns under the control of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. These referendums sought to legitimise the establishment of the republics, in the context of the rising pro-Russian unrest in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. In addition, a counter-referendum on accession to Dnipropetrovsk Oblast was held in some Ukrainian-controlled parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.

War in Donbass armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine

The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine. From the beginning of March 2014, protests by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, commonly collectively called the "Donbass", in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement. These demonstrations, which followed the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and which were part of a wider group of concurrent pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine, escalated into an armed conflict between the separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, and the Ukrainian government. In the Donetsk People's Republic, from May 2014 until a change of the top leadership in August 2014, some of the top leaders were Russian citizens. According to the Ukrainian government, at the height of the conflict in mid-2014, Russian paramilitaries were reported to make up between 15% to 80% of the combatants.

Luhansk Peoples Republic political entity without international recognition

The Luhansk People's Republic, also known as Lugansk People's Republic, usually abbreviated as LPR or LNR, is a landlocked proto-state in the Donbass region, in eastern Ukraine. Along with the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), the LPR declared independence from Ukraine in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. An armed conflict with Ukraine followed its declaration of independence, during which the LPR and DPR received military and humanitarian assistance from Russia. This conflict is still ongoing as of April 2019. LPR remains unrecognized by any UN member state, including Russia—although Russia recognizes documents issued by the LPR government, such as identity documents, diplomas, birth and marriage certificates and vehicle registration plates.

The Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine is a group of representatives from Ukraine, the Russian Federation, and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe that was formed as means to facilitate a diplomatic resolution to the war in the Donbass region of Ukraine. There are several subgroups.

Volnovakha bus attack

The Volnovakha bus attack was an attack on a highway checkpoint near the village of Buhas outside of the Volnovakha municipality in the Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine on 13 January 2015. It resulted in the deaths of 12 passengers of an intercity bus and injuries to 18 others in the area. The attack was the largest single loss of life since the signing of the Minsk Protocol in September 2014, which attempted to halt the ongoing War in Donbass. The incident has been labeled an "act of terror" by both the Ukrainian authorities as well as the rebels.

Minsk II 12 February 2015 ceasefire agreement for the war in the Donbass region of Ukraine

The Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements, or more commonly Minsk II, was an addendum to the Minsk Protocol intended to alleviate the ongoing war in eastern Ukraine. It was developed at a summit in Minsk on 11 February 2015 by the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany. The talks that led to the deal, overseen by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), were organised in response to the collapse of the Minsk Protocol ceasefire in January–February 2015. The new package of measures is intended to revive the Protocol, which had been agreed to on 5 September 2014.

Donetsk–South Ossetia relations are foreign relations between the Donetsk People's Republic and South Ossetia. Both of them are unrecognized states and disputed territories as the Donetsk People's Republic is considered Ukrainian territory ,whereas South Ossetia is considered as Georgia's territory.

Free Donbass political bloc in Donetsk

Free Donbass is a public movement and political bloc in the Donetsk Oblast fighting for the separation of the region from Ukraine. The bloc includes several parties and movements. The organization was formed in 2014, in the first six months after the proclamation of independence of the Donetsk People's Republic from Ukraine. Satisfying the requirements of the CEC, this party became one of two admitted to participation in the general elections in the Donetsk People's Republic on November 2, 2014. After registration, the party joined in campaigning in the streets with voters, and also on the Internet. The party is a supporter for the Independence of the historical and cultural region of Novorossiya from Ukraine.

Vladimir Makovych Ukrainian politician

Vladimir Ivanovich Makovich - one of the founders of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, Acting Speaker of the Supreme Council of the Donetsk People's Republic.

Alexandr Yevgenevych Ananchenko is a politician of the Donetsk People's Republic, where he has been deputy prime minister since September 2018.

Elections were held on 11 November 2018 by the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. As a result of a war that started in April 2014, these internationally unrecognised entities control parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts in eastern Ukraine, which are together called the Donbass region. They previously held elections in 2014. Voters were asked to elect the Head of the People's Republic of Donetsk and Head of the People's Republic of Luhansk as well as the deputies for two parliaments: The People's Soviet of the Donetsk People's Republic with 100 seats, and the People's Soviet of the Luhansk People's Republic with 50 seats.

References

  1. "Archived copy" Деніс Пушилін: Мажоритарні округи \ Київська область \ Округ №94 [Denis Pushylin: Majority districts \ Kyiv oblast \ District №94] (in Ukrainian). nbnews.com.ua. 2013. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. 1 2 "Спикер народного совета ДНР Андрей Пургин отправлен в отставку". Interfax. 4 September 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (in Russian) Small bio on Politrada
  4. Kurtsanovskaya, A. Union of the Born by Revolution: "Pora" terrorizes Donbas - interview . Novosti Donbassa. 24 March 2005
  5. Profile at the Ministry of Internal Affairs website.
  6. 1 2 Andrei Purgin: we think for the process of gaining political and economical independence of Donbas to be the least difficult. Informbyuro. 18 May 2014
  7. 1 2 3 Ukrainian Separatist Leader Released By Rebels After Four-Day Detention, Radio Free Europe (9 September 2015)
    Ex-rebel chief in eastern Ukraine: ouster due to 'intrigue', Yahoo news (9 September 2015)
    New Ukraine truce: rays of hope and clouds of doubt [ permanent dead link ], AFP news (7 September 2015)
  8. "Пушилин возглавил парламент ДНР". Interfax. 4 September 2015.
  9. Pushilin denies reports of Purgin's arrest Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine , Interfax (7 September 2015)