|46th Governor of South Carolina|
December 1, 1816 –December 1, 1818
|Lieutenant||John A. Cuthbert|
|Preceded by||David Rogerson Williams|
|Succeeded by||John Geddes|
Edgefield County,South Carolina
|Died||June 24,1838 58) (aged|
Mary Willing Nelson
|Alma mater||College of New Jersey|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
Andrew Pickens Jr. (December 13,1779 –June 24,1838) was an American soldier and politician. He served as the 46th Governor of South Carolina from 1816 until 1818.
Pickens was the son of well-known American Revolutionary general Andrew Pickens (1739–1817),and Rebecca Floride Pickens (nee Colhoun). He was born on his father's plantation on the Savannah River in Horse Creek Valley in Edgefield County,South Carolina.
He was a maternal cousin of fellow South Carolina politician John C. Calhoun. He was also a paternal cousin of Calhoun's wife Floride.
Pickens attended Brown University,graduating in 1801.He served as a lieutenant-colonel in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812. After the war,he established a plantation,"Oatlands",in Edgefield County,and took up the practice of law. He also established a residence,"Halcyon Grove",in the village of Edgefield,and married Susannah Smith Wilkinson.
On December 5,1816,the South Carolina General Assembly elected Pickens as governor by secret ballot. Pickens championed the construction of roads and canals by government,a policy called internal improvements. During his administration,South Carolina began an internal improvements program. The price of cotton rose to the highest point reached in South Carolina during the antebellum period. The city of Charleston was struck with a disastrous yellow fever epidemic. After leaving office,Pickens moved to Alabama and helped negotiate a treaty with the Creek Indians of Georgia. For a period of time around 1829,he lived in Augusta. Growing up living by Indians,he had a very tight bond with them.
Pickens died June 24,1838,in Pontotoc,Mississippi,and was interred at Old Stone Church Cemetery in Clemson,South Carolina.
His son,Francis Wilkinson Pickens (1805–1869) was a U.S. Representative and the Governor of South Carolina when the state seceded from the Union in 1860.
Clemson is a city in Pickens and Anderson counties in the U.S. state of South Carolina. Clemson is home to Clemson University; in 2015, the Princeton Review cited the town of Clemson as ranking #1 in the United States for "town-and-gown" relations with its resident university. The population of the city was 13,905 at the 2010 census.
Andrew Pickens was a militia leader in the American Revolution. A slave-owner, he developed his Hopewell plantation on the east side of the Keowee River across from the Cherokee town of Isunigu (Seneca) in western South Carolina. He was elected as a member of the United States House of Representatives from western South Carolina. Several treaties with the Cherokee were negotiated and signed at his plantation of Hopewell.
Thomas Green Clemson was an American politician and statesman, serving as an ambassador and United States Superintendent of Agriculture. He served in the Confederate Army and founded Clemson University in South Carolina. Historians have called Clemson "a quintessential nineteenth-century Renaissance man."
George McDuffie was the 55th Governor of South Carolina and a member of the United States Senate.
Pierce Mason Butler was an American soldier and statesman who served as the 56th Governor of South Carolina from 1836 to 1838. He was killed while serving as colonel of the Palmetto Regiment at the Battle of Churubusco, during the Mexican–American War.
Milledge Luke Bonham was an American politician and Congressman. He was later the 70th Governor of South Carolina from 1862 until 1864, and a Confederate General during the American Civil War.
Francis Wilkinson Pickens was a political Democrat and Governor of South Carolina when that state became the first to secede from the United States.
Matthew Calbraith Butler was a Confederate combatant, an American military commander and attorney and politician from South Carolina. He served as a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, postbellum three-term United States Senator, and a major general in the United States Army during the Spanish–American War.
Floride Bonneau Calhoun was the wife of U.S. politician John C. Calhoun. She is best known for her leading role in the Petticoat affair, which occurred during her husband's service as vice president of the United States. In that role, Mrs. Calhoun led the wives of other Cabinet members in ostracizing Peggy Eaton, the wife of Secretary of War John Eaton, whom they considered a woman of low morals. The affair helped damage relations between John C. Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson, and effectively ended any legitimate chance of Calhoun becoming president of the United States.
John Ewing Colhoun was a United States Senator and lawyer from South Carolina.
Patrick Calhoun was the grandson of John C. Calhoun and Floride Calhoun, and the great-grandson of his namesake Patrick Calhoun. He is best known as a railroad baron of the late 19th century, and as the founder of Euclid Heights, Ohio.
John Peter Richardson II was the 59th Governor of South Carolina from 1840 to 1842.
Fort Hill, also known as the John C. Calhoun Mansion and Library, is a National Historic Landmark on the Clemson University campus in Clemson, South Carolina. The house is significant as the home of John C. Calhoun, the 7th Vice President of the United States, from 1825 to 1850. It is now a museum and library maintained in his memory.
Old Stone Church is a church building built in 1802. When it was constructed, it was in the Pendleton District, South Carolina. When Pendleton District was divided in 1826, the church was in Pickens District. When Pickens District was split in 1868, it was in Oconee County, South Carolina. In 1968, this section of Oconee County was annexed back to Pickens County. The church is about midway between the centers of Pendleton and Clemson. It is now in the city limits of Clemson.
The Clariosophic Society, also known as ΜΣΦ, is a literary society founded in 1806 at the University of South Carolina, then known as South Carolina College, as a result of the splitting in two of the Philomathic Society, which had been formed within weeks of the opening of the college in 1805 and included virtually all students. At what was called the Synapian Convention held in February, 1806, the members of Philomathic voted to split into two separate societies, one of which became known as Clariosophic, while the other society became known as Euphradian. Two blood brothers picked the members for the new groups in a manner similar to choosing up sides for an impromptu baseball game. John Goodwin became the first president of Clariosophic. Other early presidents include Stephen Elliott, Hugh S. Legaré. George McDuffie and Richard I. Manning. The Society was reactivated in 2013.
Lucy Petway Holcombe Pickens was a 19th-century American socialite of Tennessee and Texas, known during and after her lifetime as the "Queen of the Confederacy". She was also a First Lady of South Carolina. Described as "beautiful, brilliant, and captivating" by her male contemporaries, she helped shape the stereotype of the "Southern belle." Born into a planter's family, she moved with them to Marshall, Texas, the seat of Harrison County, at age 16.
Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson was the daughter of John C. Calhoun and Floride Calhoun, and the wife of Thomas Green Clemson, the founder of Clemson University.
Ezekiel Pickens was an American lawyer and politician; he served as the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina from 1802 to 1804.
Cane Brake was a plantation home in Saluda, South Carolina, an historic property of Thomas Green Clemson of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, after whom Clemson University is named.
LeRoy Franklin Youmans was a lawyer, state representative, officer in a mounted riflemen unit of the Confederate Army, U.S. Attorney, South Carolina Attorney General, and state supreme court judge who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. He was born in Beaufort County, South Carolina. He graduated from South Carolina University in 1852.