Andria

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Andria
Città di Andria
Castel del Monte BW 2016-10-14 12-26-11 r.jpg
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Coat of arms
Location of Andria
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Andria
Location of Andria in Italy
Italy Apulia location map.svg
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Andria
Andria (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°13′N16°18′E / 41.217°N 16.300°E / 41.217; 16.300 Coordinates: 41°13′N16°18′E / 41.217°N 16.300°E / 41.217; 16.300
Country Italy
Region Apulia
Province Barletta-Andria-Trani (BT)
Frazioni Castel del Monte, Montegrosso, Troianelli
Area
[1]
  Total402.89 km2 (155.56 sq mi)
Elevation
151 m (495 ft)
Population
 (31 March 2018) [2]
  Total99,784
  Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Andriesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
76123
Dialing code 0883
Patron saint Richard of Andria
Saint dayApril 4
Website Official website

Andria (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈandrja] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and comune in Apulia (southern Italy). It is an agricultural and service center, producing wine, olives and almonds. It is the fourth-largest municipality in the Apulia region (behind Bari, Taranto, and Foggia) and the largest municipality of the Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani. [3] It is known for the 13th-century Castel del Monte.

Contents

Geography

The city is located in the area of the Murgia and lies at a distance of 10 km (6.21 mi) from Barletta and the Adriatic coast. Its municipality, the 16th per area in Italy, [4] borders with Barletta, Canosa di Puglia, Corato, Minervino Murge, Ruvo di Puglia, Spinazzola and Trani.

History

Andria Cathedral. Cattedrale0558 1 copia.jpg
Andria Cathedral.

Different theories exist about the origins of Andria. In 915 it is mentioned as a "casale" ("hamlet") depending from Trani; it acquired the status of city around 1046, when the Norman count Peter enlarged and fortified the settlements in the area (including also Barletta, Corato and Bisceglie).

In the 14th century, under the Angevins, Andria became seat of a Duchy. In 1350 it was besieged by German and Lombard mercenaries of the Hungarian army, and in 1370 by the troops of Queen Joan I of Naples. In 1431 the ruler of Andria Francesco II Del Balzo found the mortal remains of Saint Richard of Andria, the current patron saint, and instituted the Fair of Andria (23–30 April). In 1487 the city was acquired by the Aragonese, the Duchy passing to the future King Frederick IV of Naples. Later (1552), it was sold by the Spanish to Fabrizio Carafa, for the sum of 100,000 ducats.

The Carafas ruled the city until 1799, when the French troops captured it after a long siege. After the Bourbon restoration, Andria was a protagonist of the Risorgimento and, after the unification of Italy, the brigandage era.

Main sights

Porta Sant'Andrea. Porta santandrea andria.jpg
Porta Sant'Andrea.
The 13th-century church of Sant'Agostino. Portale Sant'Agostino Andria.JPG
The 13th-century church of Sant'Agostino.
Torre dell'orologio. Torre dell'orologio Andria.JPG
Torre dell'orologio.

Andria was a favorite residence of Emperor Frederick II, who built the imposing 13th-century Castel del Monte about 15 km south of the city center; it is one of the most famous Italian castles, and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. [5]

Other sights include:

Government

Transportation

Andria is connected by the A14 National Motorway, and the SP 231 provincial road connecting it to Bari and Foggia.

Andria has a railway station in the Bari–Barletta railway, part of the Ferrovie del Nord Barese network managed by Ferrotramviaria. The nearest Trenitalia-FS (Italian national railroads) station is that of Barletta, 10 kilometres (6 miles) from Andria. On 12 July 2016, a head-on collision between two passenger trains occurred on the line south of Andria. At least 23 people were killed and dozens more injured. [6]

The nearest airport is that of Bari, 45 kilometres (28 miles) away.

Sport

The most popular sport in town is football and the main team is Fidelis Andria. Its home stadium is Stadio Degli Ulivi.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

International relations

Andria is twinned with:

Related Research Articles

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Castel del Monte may refer to:

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Andria Cathedral church building in Andria, Italy

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<i>La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno</i> Italian newspaper

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Andria railway station railway station in Italy

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Andria–Corato train collision July 2016 train crash in Italy

The Andria–Corato train collision happened late in the morning of 12 July 2016 when two regional passenger trains on a single-track section of the Bari–Barletta railway collided head-on between the towns of Andria and Corato in the Apulia region of southern Italy. Twenty-three people were killed and 54 injured. The stretch of track is operated by regional rail company Ferrotramviaria.

Flag of Apulia flag

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. Source: Istat 2010
  3. "Adesso è ufficiale: Andria è la sede legale della sesta provincia". AndriaLive.it. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  4. List of first 100 Italian municipalities per area (on it.wiki)
  5. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Castel del Monte". whc.UNESCO.org. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  6. "Italy train crash: 'Twelve killed' near Bari". BBC News Online. Retrieved 12 July 2016.