Angalifu

Last updated

Angalifu
Northern White Rhinoceros Angalifu.jpg
Angalifu in his enclosure at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park
Species Northern white rhinoceros
SexMale
Bornc.1970 [1]
Died (aged 44) [1]
San Diego Zoo Safari Park
Resting placeUnknown
Known forWas one of two known males of his subspecies left in the world [2]

Angalifu (pronounced "ang-uh-LEEF-oo"; [3] c. 1970 – December 14, 2014) was a captive northern white rhinoceros held at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. At the time of his death, he was one of six living northern white rhinoceroses in the world, one of two living males in the world, and the only male on the American continents. He was outlived by male Sudan and females Najin and Fatu. [2]

Contents

Angalifu was born in the wild circa 1970 before being caught and sent to the Khartoum Zoo in Khartoum, Sudan. In 1990, he was transferred on loan to the San Diego Zoo Safari Park, where he lived until his death by natural causes on December 14, 2014, at age 44. [1] [4]

Background

The northern white rhinoceros is one of the two subspecies of the white rhinoceros. Formerly found in several countries in East and Central Africa south of the Sahara, it is considered Critically Endangered. In 2009, Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic sent the four rhinoceroses capable of breeding out of their herd of six to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia County, Kenya, Africa. The move was to induce breeding habits in a more natural habitat for the animals, as mating had not occurred in the Czech Republic. [5] On October 20, 2014, one of the males named Suni died at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy, leaving only six northern white rhinoceros left in the world and only three at the Conservancy. Of the three left at the Conservancy, Sudan was the only male left in the world until his death in Kenya on 19 March 2018, making Angalifu one of only two males in the world when he was alive. [2]

San Diego Zoo Safari Park

At the San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Angalifu roamed freely in a 213 acre habitat that is made to look like the African savanna. He was accompanied by Nola, an elderly female of the same species, who later lived in a different part of the park in the South Africa field habitat and who is now deceased as of November 2015. Angalifu lived in the Central Africa field habitat. [6] Jane Kennedy was the lead keeper for both Angalifu and Nola. [7]

Breeding attempts

Unsuccessful attempts had been made at breeding Angalifu. Nola, his counterpart at the zoo, was found to be too old to mate. Specialists then obtained sperm from Angalifu to send to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy reserve where four adults were held (two being females), but those attempts at insemination failed. It was suspected that Angalifu was "too old" to reproduce. [8] [9]

Death

Angalifu died from old age on December 14, 2014. [1] [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Diego Zoo Safari Park</span> Zoo in San Diego County, California

The San Diego Zoo Safari Park is a zoo in the San Pasqual Valley area of San Diego, California, near Escondido. The park houses more than 3,000 animals representing over 300 species. It also includes a botanical garden with more than one million plants representing over 3,700 species. The park houses a large array of wild and endangered animals from every continent, except Antarctica. Located in a semi-arid climate, the area is noted for its year-round feeling of an African environment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Diego Zoo</span> Zoo in San Diego, California

The San Diego Zoo is a zoo in San Diego, California, housing over 12,000 animals of more than 680 species and subspecies on 100 acres (40 ha) of Balboa Park. The zoo is the most visited in the United States. Travelers have cited it as one of the best zoos in the world. The zoo was a pioneer in the concept of open-air, cage-less exhibits that recreate natural animal habitats. It sits on land leased from the City of San Diego.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Black rhinoceros</span> Species of mammal

The black rhinoceros, black rhino or hook-lipped rhinoceros is a species of rhinoceros, native to eastern Africa and southern Africa, including Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Although the species is referred to as black, its colours vary from brown to grey. It is the only extant species of the genus Diceros.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Midlands Safari Park</span> Safari park in Worcestershire, England

West Midlands Safari Park is a safari park located in Bewdley in Worcestershire, England. It was opened under the name of West Midland Safari Park in Spring 1973.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">White rhinoceros</span> Largest rhinoceros species

The white rhinoceros, white rhino or square-lipped rhinoceros is the largest extant species of rhinoceros. It has a wide mouth used for grazing and is the most social of all rhino species. The white rhinoceros consists of two subspecies: the southern white rhinoceros, with an estimated 16,803 wild-living animals, and the much rarer northern white rhinoceros. The northern subspecies has very few remaining individuals, with only two confirmed left in 2018. Sudan, the world's last known male northern white rhinoceros, died in Kenya on 19 March 2018 at age 45.

Port Lympne Hotel & Reserve near the town of Hythe in Kent, England is set in 600 acres (2.4 km2) and incorporates the historic Port Lympne Mansion, and landscaped gardens designed by architect Sir Herbert Baker, for Sir Philip Sassoon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Akagera National Park</span> National park in Rwanda

Akagera National Park is a protected area in eastern Rwanda covering 1,122 km2 (433 sq mi) along the international border with Tanzania. It was founded in 1934 and includes savannah, montane and swamp habitats. The park is named for the Kagera River which flows along its eastern boundary feeding into Lake Ihema and several smaller lakes. The complex system of lakes and linking papyrus swamps makes up over a third of the park, which is the largest protected wetland in Eastern-Central Africa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Birmingham Zoo</span> Zoo in Birmingham, Alabama, United States

The Birmingham Zoo is a zoological park that opened in 1955 in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.

A rare species is a group of organisms that are very uncommon, scarce, or infrequently encountered. This designation may be applied to either a plant or animal taxon, and is distinct from the term endangered or threatened. Designation of a rare species may be made by an official body, such as a national government, state, or province. The term more commonly appears without reference to specific criteria. The International Union for Conservation of Nature does not normally make such designations, but may use the term in scientific discussion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monarto Safari Park</span> Open-range zoo in South Australia


Monarto Safari Park, formerly known as Monarto Zoological Park and Monarto Zoo, is a 1,500-hectare (3,700-acre) open-range zoo located in South Australia administered by the Royal Zoological Society of South Australia. By area, Monarto Safari Park is the largest zoo in Australia. It is located at Monarto, approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Adelaide's centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Somali wild ass</span> Subspecies of African wild ass

The Somali wild ass is a subspecies of the African wild ass.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Safari Park Dvůr Králové</span> Zoo in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, Czech Republic

Safari Park Dvůr Králové, known as Dvůr Králové Zoo until 2018, is a 72-hectare (180-acre) zoo located in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, Czech Republic. It is the second largest zoo in the country, showcasing a large open "safari" section. One of its most significant missions is to protect endangered and threatened wildlife species.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern white rhinoceros</span> Subspecies of white rhinoceros

The northern white rhinoceros or northern white rhino is one of two subspecies of the white rhinoceros. This subspecies is a grazer in grasslands and savanna woodlands. Formerly found in several countries in East and Central Africa south of the Sahara, since 19 March 2018, there are only two known rhinos of this subspecies left, named Najin and Fatu, both of which are female; barring the existence of unknown or misclassified male northern white rhinos elsewhere in Africa, this makes the subspecies functionally extinct. The two female rhinos belong to the Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic but live in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya where they are protected by armed guards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blair Drummond Safari Park</span> Zoo in Scotland

Blair Drummond Safari Park is a family visitor attraction located near Stirling in Scotland. It opened to the public on 15 May 1970 and is home to over 350 animals, many of which roam freely or are kept in large enclosures in the 120-acre (49 ha) estate. The Safari Park is open from mid March until the end of December each year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">International Rhino Foundation</span> Texas-based charity

The International Rhino Foundation (IRF) is a Texas-based charity focused on the conservation of the five species of rhinoceros which include the White Rhinoceros and Black Rhinoceros of Africa, and the Indian Rhinoceros, Javan Rhinoceros and Sumatran Rhinoceros of Asia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ol Pejeta Conservancy</span> Not-for-profit wildlife conservancy in Central Kenyas Laikipia County

The Ol Pejeta Conservancy is a 360 km2 (140 sq mi) not-for-profit wildlife conservancy in Central Kenya's Laikipia County. It is situated on the equator west of Nanyuki, between the foothills of the Aberdares and Mount Kenya. The Ol Pejeta Conservancy works to conserve wildlife, provide a sanctuary for great apes, and generate income through wildlife tourism and complementary enterprises for re-investment in conservation and community development.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bull (rhinoceros)</span>

Bull was an individual male southern white rhinoceros and a famous conservation success story for his species. Southern white rhinos were thought to be extinct in the late 1800s until a small herd was discovered. Since then, rhinos like Bull have been part of various international breeding programs. As a result, their population is now close to 20,000, classifying them as Near Threatened and making them the only species of rhinoceros that is not endangered.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern white rhinoceros</span> Subspecies of rhinoceros

The southern white rhinoceros or southern white rhino is one of the two subspecies of the white rhinoceros. It is the most common and widespread subspecies of rhinoceros.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nola (rhinoceros)</span> Northern white rhinoceros (1974–2015)

Nola was a northern white rhinoceros who lived at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park near Escondido, California, United States. At her death, she was one of only four of her subspecies overall. She was outlived by male Sudan and females Najin and Fatu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sudan (rhinoceros)</span> Last known male northern white rhinoceros (1973–2018)

Sudan was a captive northern white rhinoceros that lived at the Safari Park Dvůr Králové in the Czech Republic from 1975 to 2009 and the rest of his life at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya. At the time of his death, he was one of only three living northern white rhinoceroses in the world, and the last known male of his subspecies. Sudan was euthanised on 19 March 2018, after suffering from "age-related complications".

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Public Relations, San Diego Zoo (December 14, 2014) Elderly Northern White Rhino Passes Away at San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
  2. 1 2 3 "ENDANGERED SPECIES Rare White Rhino Dies, Breed Close to Extinction". Discovery News. October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  3. Taylor, Beth (May 14, 1995). "Go On A Safe Safari At Wild Animal Park". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  4. 1 2 "Rare northern white rhino dies in US". BBC News. December 15, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  5. "Northern White Rhinos". Ol Pejeta Conservancy. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  6. Waters, Rob (June 9, 2010). "Animal Cloning: The Next Phase". Business Week. Archived from the original on May 18, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  7. Kennedy, Jane (June 2, 2014). "An Extra Treat for Nola". San Diego Zoo. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  8. "The Northern White Rhino Project". Back to Africa. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  9. Kolbert, Elizabeth (October 2013). "Building the Ark". National Geographic. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014.