Angamaly

Last updated

Angamaly
Ankamaly
St george Basilica church Angamaly.JPG
Nickname: 
Airport City
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Angamaly
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Angamaly
Angamaly (India)
Coordinates: 10°11′46″N76°23′10″E / 10.196°N 76.386°E / 10.196; 76.386
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
City UA Kochi
Elevation
31 m (102 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  Total33,465
Languages
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
683572
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registration KL-63
Sex ratio 0.9689 /
Angamaly Junction angkmaali1.jpg
Angamaly Junction

Angamaly (Aṅkamāli), IPA: [ɐŋgɐmɐːli] is a city located in Ernakulam district in Kerala, India. It is part of the Kochi metropolitan area and is known for the religious history associated with it. [1]

Contents

Overview

It is situated about 30 km (19 mi) north of the city centre, the town lies at the intersection of Main Central Road (MC Road) and National Highway 544. Cochin International Airport is 7 km from the town of Angamaly.

Angamaly Carnival 2012 Angamaly Carnival 2012.JPG
Angamaly Carnival 2012

Angamaly railway station is the fifth busiest in Greater Kochi in terms of passenger footfalls and revenue generated, after Ernakulam Junction railway station, Ernakulam Town railway station, Aluva railway station and Tripunithura railway station.[ citation needed ] There is a proposed railway line from Angamaly to Sabarimala, which will connect the high-ranges with the low land. Progress toward completing the new line is slow as a result of various regional and political issues. The project has, however, obtained a new lease of life after the Government of Kerala agreeing to bear half the cost for the project in January 2021. [2] National Highway 544 connecting Kanyakumari to Salem passes through Angamaly. The NH 17 which connects Kochi and Mumbai is 20 kilometers from Angamaly. Main Central Road (M.C. Road) connecting Central Kerala to Kerala capital serves as an important road connecting many towns in the eastern side of the state.

A proposed New Kochi Bypass project (from Karayamparambu to Nettoor), and Kochi Metro phase 3 being proposed to Angamaly as well as Cochin International Airport. [3] The proposed Kochi Global Industrial Finance and Trade (GIFT) city under the Kochi-Bengaluru National Industrial Corridor is proposed at Ayyampuzha, which is close to Angamaly. [4]

History

Several old coins and other artefacts found from the region tells this area was predominant with Buddhists and Jains. Malayatoor, which is Christian devotional centre, is very near to Angamaly. St. Thomas, the Apostle who was deputed to the region by Jesus Christ came via Angadikadavu in Angamaly using Manjali Thodu to come from Kodungaloor port at AD 58. [5] There is evidence for the churches in the locality built as early as AD 409 and AD 822. [6] It was the headquarters of Mar Abraham, Assyrian-Chaldean Catholic Archbishop of Angamaly and Hind in the, sixteenth century.[ citation needed ]

Originally established as a panchayat in May 1952, Angamaly became a municipality in April 1978 and is also a Legislative Assembly constituency from 1965 in the Ernakulam district. The area is known for the Angamaly police firing in 1959, when police opened fire on protesters who had been demonstrating against Kerala's communist government.[ citation needed ]

Angamaly Police firing

The Angamaly Firing was an incident that took place in Angamaly, Kerala, on 13 June 1959, when police opened fire on protesters who had been demonstrating against Kerala's communist government. Seven people were killed resulting in the intensification of Vimochana Samaram, a protest against the then communist led government. Incidentally, it happened on the 50th birthday of E. M. S. Namboothiripad, the then Chief Minister of Kerala.[ citation needed ]

Places of interest

Mar Hormizd Syro-Malabar Church Angamaly Mar Hormizd Syro-Malabar Church Angamaly.jpg
Mar Hormizd Syro-Malabar Church Angamaly

Location

Demographic Figures

GeneralPopulation33,465
SexMale49%
Female51%
Age< 69%
ReligionChristian71.89%
Hindu27.03%
Muslim0.83%
EducationLiteracy Rate96.47%

[15]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ernakulam district</span> District in Kerala, India

Ernakulam is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala, and takes its name from the eponymous city division in Kochi. It is situated in the central part of the state, spans an area of about 2,924 square kilometres (1,129 sq mi), and is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Its headquarters are located at Kakkanad. The district includes Kochi, also known as the commercial capital of Kerala, which is famous for its ancient churches, Hindu temples, synagogues and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state: Greater Cochin. Ernakulam district yields the highest revenue and the largest number of industries in the state. Ernakulam is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram. The district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syro-Malabar Church</span> Eastern Catholic church

The Syro-Malabar Church, also known as the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, is an Eastern Catholic Church based in Kerala, India. It is a sui iuris (autonomous) particular church in full communion with the Holy See and the worldwide Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches (CCEO). The major archbishop presides over the entire church. The incumbent Major Archbishop is Raphael Thattil, serving since January 2024. The Syro-Malabar Synod of Bishops canonically convoked and presided over by the major archbishop constitutes the supreme authority of the church. The Major Archiepiscopal Curia of the church is based in Kakkanad, Kochi. Syro-Malabar is a prefix reflecting the church's use of the East Syriac Rite liturgy and origins in Malabar. The name has been in usage in official Vatican documents since the nineteenth century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Muvattupuzha</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Muvattupuzha is a town, municipality in the midlands directly to the east of Kochi in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India. It is located about 36 km (22 mi) from downtown Kochi, and is a growing urban centre in central Kerala. The town is also the starting point of the Muvattupuzhayar, which is a confluence formed by three rivers: the Thodupuzhayar, Kaliyar, and Kothayar.

Mundakayam, is a town in Kanjirappally Taluk in the Kottayam District of Kerala. It is the doorway to the high ranges of southern Kerala, and is at the border of Kottayam and Idukki districts. The next nearest town, Kanjirappally, is 14 km (8.7 mi) & Erumely is 12 km from Mundakayam. Mundakayam has rubber plantations, and greenery. The Manimala River runs through Mundakayam. It is located 48 km east of the district headquarters at Kottayam and 148 km from the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The name Mundakayam is said to be derived from the Mundi cranes that used to be seen along the Manimala River banks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perumbavoor</span> Neighbourhood in Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Perumbavoor is a place located at the bank of Periyar in Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a part of the Kochi metropolitan area. It lies in the northeastern tip of the Greater Cochin area and is also the headquarters of Kunnathunad Taluk. Perumbavoor is famed in the state for wood industries and small-scale industries. Ernakulam lies 30 km southwest of Perumbavoor. The town lies between Angamaly and Muvattupuzha on the Main Central Road (MC), which connects Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly through the old Travancore part of Kerala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syro-Malabar Catholic Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam–Angamaly</span> Eastern Catholic archeparchy in Kerala, India

The Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam–Angamaly is the major archeparchy and the see of the Major Archbishop of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church. It has been the major archeparchy since 1992 when the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church was elevated to the status of a major archiepiscopal church with Ernakulam-Angamaly as the primatal see. The major archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly is the main bishop of the jurisdiction, at the same time the head of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church. The eparchies of Kothamangalam and Idukki are the two suffragan eparchies of the major archeparchy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ponkunnam</span> Town in Kerala, India

Ponkunnam is a census town in Kerala, India, part of Kottayam district under Kanjirappally taluk. Ponkunnam literally means golden mountain (ponn = gold, kunn = mountain). Nearby towns are Kanjirappalli, Manimala and Pala. This part of Kerala is famous for its fertile land and rubber plantations. It is at an altitude of 495 ft (151 m) above mean sea level. The town is at the junction of two major roads in Kerala: NH 183 and Main Eastern Highway. The climate is moderate with timely cold breezes and the town is the gateway to the Western Ghats. The town is famous for its volleyball traditions and customs. Almost every year there is an ever-rolling volleyball tournament happening in Ponkunnam Mahatma Gandhi Mini Stadium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Cathedral Basilica, Ernakulam</span> Syr-Malabar Catholic basilica in India

The St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Cathedral Basilica is a cathedral in Ernakulam, Kerala, India. It was founded in 1112, and is also known by the names Nasrani Palli, Anchikaimal Palli or Thekke Palli. The church is the headquarters of the Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly, which is the Primatal See of the Syro-Malabar Church. Currently it’s closed down and under police protection due to dispute between the rebels in the Ernakulam-Angamaly diocese and the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy.

Pukkattupady is a suburb of the City of Kochi, in Ernakulam District, Kerala, India. It is in intersection of major bus route from Aluva Town via F.A.C.T and BPCL to Thrippunithura and Kolenchery via Kizhakkambalam and the routes from Perumbavoor to Ernakulam via NPOL or Edappally.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kodanad</span> Town in Kerala, India

Kodanad is a rural riverside village of Ernakulam district in Kerala, South India. It is 18 km from Angamaly. Kodanad is situated on the south bank of Periyar river, about 42 kilometers east of Kochi. The village is a major tourist destination because it houses an Elephant training center.

Ernakulam refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. Ernakulam is the most urbanised part of Kochi and has lent its name to Ernakulam District.

This is a list of pilgrimage centres in Ernakulam district in Kerala, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syrian churches of Kerala</span>

This article lists the various old and ancient churches that exist among the Saint Thomas Christians in Kerala.

The Angamaly Firing was an incident that took place in Angamaly, Kerala, on 13 June 1959, when police opened fire on protesters who had been demonstrating against Kerala's communist government. Seven people were killed resulting in the intensification of Vimochana Samaram, a protest against the then communist led government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Alencherry</span> Head of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church from 2011 to 2023

George Alencherry is the Major Archbishop Emeritus of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church after serving in the postion from 2011 to 2023. He is also a cardinal of the Catholic Church.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mar Hormizd Syro-Malabar Cathedral, Angamaly</span> Church in Kerala, India

Mar Hormizd Cathedral, locally known as the Eastern Church of Angamaly or the Cathedral Church, is a Syro-Malabar church in Angamaly, India. It was created cathedral in 1577 by Mar Abraham, the last East Syriac Metropolitan to reach Malabar Coast. It is one of the oldest and is historically the most important of the three ancient Syrian churches in Angamaly. It is dedicated to Mar Hormizd, a seventh-century East Syriac saint.

Sabarimala Railway is a proposed 111-kilometre (69 mi)-long railway line in Kerala, India, that will run from Angamaly to Erumeli. It was sanctioned in 1998 by Indian Railways. The line's name comes from the fact that it will provide a railway facility to pilgrims visiting the Sabarimala Temple.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. Mary's Jacobite Soonoro Cathedral, Angamaly</span> Church in Kerala, India

St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Soonoro Cathedral is an ancient Jacobite Syrian church located in Angamaly. Founded in 1564 by Archdeacon Giwargis of Christ, it is one of the most prominent and ancient Syriac Orthodox churches in Kerala. In the seventeenth century it was the residence of Archdeacon Thomas Parambil, who eventually got consecrated as bishop Mar Thoma I. It was initially the seat of the Archdeacon and later the Marthoma methrans, the local heads of the Malankara Church and hence held an important position in the church for several centuries.

References

  1. "HOME". angamaly.org.
  2. Radhakrishnan, S. Anil (6 January 2021). "Kerala to share cost of Sabarimala rail project". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2021 via www.thehindu.com.
  3. Paul, John L. (17 February 2018). "NHAI fixes alignment for proposed Angamaly-Kundannoor NH Bypass". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 14 May 2021 via www.thehindu.com.
  4. "GIFT City to be eco-friendly, without manufacturing unit". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  5. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kodungalur"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 885.
  6. Adrian Hastings (15 August 2000). A World History of Christianity. Wm. B. Eerdmans. p. 149. ISBN   978-0-8028-4875-8.
  7. Fr. Varghese Pathikulangara CMI (2011). Divine Praises in Aramaic Tradition (PDF). Kottayam: Denha Services. p. 48. ISBN   978-93-81207-02-4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 March 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  8. "St.George Basilica Church Angamaly". Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  9. "HOME". angamaly.org. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2023.
  10. The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, for History and large number of photos on Angamaly
  11. Indian Church History Classics, Vol. I, The Nazranies,1998
  12. Kaniamparambil, Chor Episcopos V. Rev. Curian, "The Fame of Angamali Church and Holiness of Mor Kurilos" (Malayalam). Ambattu Mor Kurilos Centenary Souvenir (Ankamaly, India: St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Church), ( published 1991)
  13. "Thirunayathode Sivanarayana Temple - Ernakulam - Book online Pujas, Homam, Sevas, Purohits, Astro services| Pure Prayer". Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2023.
  14. "Kallil Devi Temple | IndiaUnveiled". www.indiaunveiled.in. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2023.
  15. "RESIDENTS". angamaly.org. Archived from the original on 27 September 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2023.