Anglican Church in Central America

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Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América
Logo IARCA.JPG
PrimateJulio Murray
TerritoryCosta Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Panama
Members35,000

The Anglican Church in Central America (Spanish : Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América) is a province of the Anglican Communion, covering five sees in Central America.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

Anglican Communion International association of churches

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion. Founded in 1867 in London, England, the communion currently has 85 million members within the Church of England and other national and regional churches in full communion. The traditional origins of Anglican doctrines are summarised in the Thirty-nine Articles (1571). The Archbishop of Canterbury in England acts as a focus of unity, recognised as primus inter pares, but does not exercise authority in Anglican provinces outside of the Church of England.

Episcopal see the main administrative seat held by a bishop

An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction.

Contents

History

Four of the five dioceses of the Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de America were founded by the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. Anglicanism was also introduced by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel when England administered two colonies in Central America, British Honduras and Miskitia. In later years, immigrants brought the Anglican Church with them. This first period is often called the time of the chaplaincies. [1]

Anglicanism The practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England

Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

British Honduras UK possession in Central America between 1862 and 1981

British Honduras was a British Crown colony on the east coast of Central America, south of Mexico, from 1862 to 1964, then a self-governing colony, renamed Belize in June 1973, until September 1981, when it gained full independence as Belize. British Honduras was the last continental possession of the United Kingdom in the Americas.

Bishop William C. Frey was consecrated as the first missionary bishop of the Diocese of Guatemala in 1967. [2]

By 2008, the Anglican Church in Central America had voted to consecrate women bishops although none of have been consecrated as of yet. [3] By 2013, the Diocese of El Salvador offered ministries on behalf of and in support of LGBT members. [4]

Julio Murray, bishop of Panama, was elected in April 2018 as primate, [5] he will succeed Sturdie Downs, bishop of Nicaragua in August 2018 when his installation service is expected to take place. Downs was elected in late 2014 to serve a four-year term of office as primate (2015–2019); he succeeded Armando Guerra, bishop of Guatemala (2011–2015), who in turn succeeded Martin Barahona, bishop of El Salvador (2003–2011).

Sturdie Wayman Downs was consecrated as Anglican bishop on 9 February 1985. He is archbishop of the Anglican Church in Central America.

Membership

Today, there are over 35,000 Anglicans out of an estimated population of 30.1 million.

Structure

The polity of the Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América is Episcopalian church governance, which is the same as other Anglican churches. The church maintains a system of geographical parishes organized into dioceses. There are 5 of these, each headed by a bishop:

A parish is a territorial entity in many Christian denominations, constituting a division within a diocese. A parish is under the pastoral care and clerical jurisdiction of a parish priest, who might be assisted by one or more curates, and who operates from a parish church. Historically, a parish often covered the same geographical area as a manor. Its association with the parish church remains paramount.

Diocese Christian district or see under the supervision of a bishop

The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis (διοίκησις) meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop.

Some countries of Central America are part of other Anglican churches:

Worship and liturgy

The Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América embraces three orders of ministry: deacon, priest, and bishop. The Spanish-language version of the Episcopal Church (USA)'s 1979 Book of Common Prayer is used.

Doctrine and practice

The center of the Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América's teaching is the life and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The basic teachings of the church, or catechism, includes:

Ecumenical relations

Unlike many other Anglican churches, the Iglesia Anglicana de la Región Central de América is not a member of the ecumenical World Council of Churches. [6]

Ordination of women

Within the province, the dioceses represent a diversity of opinions on social issues. Regarding gender equality, the province has dioceses, including the Episcopal Church of Costa Rica, that recognize women in ordained ministry. [7] In 2012, the Episcopal Church in Nicaragua ordained two women as priests. [8]

Human sexuality

In 2003, the Primate, or Presiding Bishop, of the Anglican Church in Central America attended the consecration of Bishop Gene Robinson, the first openly gay and partnered bishop in the Anglican Communion. [9] The Diocese of El Salvador formed a ministry for LGBT people in the country. [10] In 2014, the Episcopal Church of Costa Rica, a diocese of the province, has taken steps to welcome LGBT members. [11] Also in 2014, the diocese in El Salvador continued to offer a space for LGBT members to "freely express themselves." [9] The Diocese of Guatemala elected the Rev Silvestre Enrique Romero as bishop coadjutor in 2017. [12] The Rev Romero, prior to being elected bishop, served in The Episcopal Church (US) and offered to bless same-sex unions as priest-in-charge. [13]

See also

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References

  1. Monterroso, Hector; Miller, Duane (June 2017). "Entrevista del Rdmo. Hector Monterroso por el Dr. Duane Miller". Misionologia Global: 1–7. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  2. Miller, Duane Alexander (January 2015). "Entrevissta con Bill Frey, primer obispo de la diocesis Episcopal de Guatemala". Misionologia Global: 1. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  3. "Five hundred priests threaten to leave Anglican church over female bishops". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  4. "La formación de un ministerio para los HBT en El Salvador". Episcopal News Service. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  5. "Anglicans "a people of hope and here to stay" says new Primate-elect of Central America". anglicannews.org. April 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  6. http://www.oikoumene.org/?id=3587 World Council of Churches
  7. "La primada predica en Costa Rica". 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  8. "Dos mujeres sacerdotes en Bluefields". La Prensa. 2012-11-18. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  9. 1 2 "Los anglicanos de El Salvador llevan la delantera en la Iglesia y la sociedad respecto a la plena inclusión de los LGBT". Episcopal News Service. 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  10. "La formación de un ministerio para los HBT en El Salvador". 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  11. "Iglesia de Costa Rica toma pasos para dar la bienvenida a la comunidad LGBTQ". 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
  12. "Silvestre Romero elected bishop coadjutor of Diocese of Guatemala | The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts". www.diomass.org. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
  13. "St. Peter ~ San Pedro". www.stpeterssalem.org. Retrieved 2017-06-12.

Further reading