John Angus MacLean
PC, OC, DFC
|25th Premier of Prince Edward Island|
May 3, 1979 –November 17, 1981
|Lieutenant Governor|| Gordon L. Bennett |
Joseph Aubin Doiron
|Preceded by||W. Bennett Campbell|
|Succeeded by||James Lee|
|MLA (Assemblyman) for 4th Queens|
November 8, 1976 –September 27, 1982
|Preceded by||Vernon MacIntyre|
|Succeeded by||Wilbur MacDonald|
|Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island|
September 25, 1976 –November 7, 1981
|Preceded by||Lloyd MacPhail (interim)|
|Succeeded by||James Lee|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament |
June 25, 1968 –October 20, 1976
|Preceded by||district created|
|Succeeded by||Don Wood|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament |
June 25, 1951 –June 25, 1968
|Preceded by||James Lester Douglas|
|Succeeded by||district abolished|
|Born||John Angus MacLean|
May 15, 1914
Lewes, Prince Edward Island, Canada
|Died|| February 15, 2000 85) (aged|
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
|Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island|
Gwendolyn Esther Burwash(m. 1952)
|Alma mater|| Mount Allison University |
University of British Columbia
Minister Responsible for Cultural Affairs (1979–1980)
John Angus MacLean, PC OC DFC (May 15, 1914 – February 15, 2000) was a politician and farmer in Prince Edward Island, Canada.
The Queen's Privy Council for Canada, sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs. Responsible government, though, requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to almost always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet: a committee within the Privy Council composed usually of elected Members of Parliament. Those summoned to the QPC are appointed for life by the governor general as directed by the Prime Minister of Canada, meaning that the group is composed predominantly of former cabinet ministers, with some others having been inducted as an honorary gesture. Those in the council are accorded the use of an honorific style and post-nominal letters, as well as various signifiers of precedence.
The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit, which is the personal gift of Canada's monarch.
The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers, and since 1993 to other ranks, of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".
He was an alumnus of both Mount Allison University and the University of British Columbia with degrees in science. MacLean left farming to enlist in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, serving from 1939–1947 and achieving the rank of Wing Commander.
Mount Allison University is a primarily undergraduate Canadian liberal arts and science university located in Sackville, New Brunswick. It has been ranked the top undergraduate university in the country 20 times in the past 28 years by Maclean's magazine, a record unmatched by any other university. With a 17:1 student-to-faculty ratio, the average first-year class size is 65 and upper-year classes average 14 students.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia. Established in 1908, UBC is British Columbia's oldest university. The university is ranked among the top 20 public universities worldwide and among the top three in Canada. With an annual research budget of $600 million, UBC funds over 8,000 projects a year.
The Royal Canadian Air Force is the air force of Canada. Its role is to "provide the Canadian Forces with relevant, responsive and effective airpower". The RCAF is one of three environmental commands within the unified Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2013, the Royal Canadian Air Force consists of 14,500 Regular Force and 2,600 Primary Reserve personnel, supported by 2,500 civilians, and operates 258 manned aircraft and 9 unmanned aerial vehicles. Lieutenant-General Al Meinzinger is the current Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force and Chief of the Air Force Staff.
MacLean's bomber was shot down, and he evaded capture in Nazi-occupied Europe with the help of the Belgian escape-line Comète with Andrée De Jongh.
National Socialism, more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
MacLean returned to Prince Edward Island after the war, and ran for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative Party of Canada candidate, but was defeated in the 1945 and 1949 federal elections.
The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a federal political party in Canada.
He was first elected to Parliament in a 1951 by-election and held his seat continuously until he left federal politics in 1976. MacLean served in the cabinet of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker as Minister of Fisheries from 1957 until the government's defeat in the 1963 election.
The Parliament of Canada is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital. The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons. Each element has its own officers and organization. By constitutional convention, the House of Commons is dominant, with the Senate and monarch rarely opposing its will. The Senate reviews legislation from a less partisan standpoint and the monarch or viceroy provides royal assent to make bills into law.
The Cabinet of Canada is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada. Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; as of November 2015 there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.
The Prime Minister of Canada is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2015 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life.
In 1976, MacLean was persuaded to leave federal politics and take the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island which had languished in opposition for a decade.On 8 November 1976, MacLean was elected to the provincial legislature in a by-election. MacLean led the party to victory in 1979, and formed a government that emphasized rural community life, banned new shopping malls and instituted a Royal Commission to examine land use and sprawl. His government cancelled the province's participation in the Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station in New Brunswick.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island is one of two major political parties on Prince Edward Island. It and its rival, the Liberals have alternated in power since responsible government was granted in 1851.
Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station is a nuclear power station located 2 km northeast of Point Lepreau, New Brunswick, Canada. The facility was constructed between 1975-1983 by NB Power, the provincially owned public utility.
On 17 August 1981, MacLean announced his intention to resign as premier upon the election of a new party leader.MacLean retired as premier on 17 November 1981, when James Lee was sworn-in as his successor and did not run in the 1982 provincial election. He returned to the family farm that he redeveloped for low-intensity blueberry farming. A respected steward of the land and of rural communities, MacLean was a committed Presbyterian of Scottish descent. In 1991, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.
He died in Charlottetown on February 15, 2000.
The Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta was a provincial centre-right party in the Canadian province of Alberta. The party formed the provincial government, without interruption, from 1971 until the party's defeat in the 2015 provincial election under Premiers Peter Lougheed, Don Getty, Ralph Klein, Ed Stelmach, Alison Redford, Dave Hancock and Jim Prentice. At 44 years, this was the longest unbroken run in government at the provincial or federal level in Canadian history.
The Prince Edward Island Liberal Party is a major political party in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The PEI Liberals are affiliated with the federal Liberal Party of Canada. The party is led by Premier Wade MacLauchlan, a former president of the University of Prince Edward Island.
Patrick George Binns, is a Canadian diplomat who was named Ambassador to Ireland on August 30, 2007; serving in that post until November 19, 2010.
Keith Wayne Milligan was the 29th Premier of Prince Edward Island, serving for seven weeks in the autumn of 1996. He was educated at Inverness District School, O'Leary Regional High School and the University of PEI, where he obtained Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Education degrees. He is married to the former Deborah Foley and they reside in Tyne Valley. They have three children - Charles Christian (Jolene), Olivia (Shawn) and Dustin.
William Bennett Campbell, was a politician and the 24th Premier of Prince Edward Island, Canada.
David Samuel Horne MacDonald, is a Canadian United Church of Canada minister, former politician, and author.
The New Democratic Party of Prince Edward Island is a social-democratic political party in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and a branch of the federal New Democratic Party (NDP).
Robert Watson Joseph Ghiz is a Canadian politician who served as the 31st Premier of Prince Edward Island from 2007 to 2015. He is the son of the 27th Premier, Joe Ghiz. On November 13, 2014 Ghiz announced he would be resigning as Premier in early 2015 as soon as the Liberal Party elected a new leader.
Ian Angus "Ross" Reid, is a Canadian former politician who mostly recently served as the Chief of Staff to Newfoundland and Labrador Premier's Kathy Dunderdale and Tom Marshall. Reid is a former Progressive Conservative member of Parliament who served as the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans and Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency under Prime Minister Kim Campbell.
The 1982 Prince Edward Island general election was held on September 27, 1982.
The 1979 Prince Edward Island general election was held on April 23, 1979.
James Matthew Lee, was the 26th Premier of Prince Edward Island (1981–86). He was the leader of the PEI Progressive Conservative Party from 1981 to 1987.
The politics of Prince Edward Island are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. The capital of the province of Prince Edward Island is Charlottetown, where reside the premier, provincial legislature, lieutenant-governor and cabinet.
The 2007 Prince Edward Island general election was held on May 28, 2007. It elected members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. The incumbent Progressive Conservative government was defeated by the Liberal opposition after holding power for eleven years.
Richard Brown is a Canadian politician.
The 2011 Prince Edward Island general election was held on October 3, 2011.
Allen Roach is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island in the 2011 provincial election. He represents the district of Montague-Kilmuir as a member of the Prince Edward Island Liberal Party.
John A. "Jack" MacIsaac is a Canadian politician. He represented the electoral district of Pictou Centre in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1977 to 1993. He was a member of the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia.
H. Wade MacLauchlan, is a Canadian academic and politician. He is the 32nd and current premier of Prince Edward Island, since February 23, 2015.