Angus MacLean

Last updated
The Honourable
John Angus MacLean
PC, OC, DFC
JAngusMacLean.jpg
25th Premier of Prince Edward Island
In office
May 3, 1979 November 17, 1981
Monarch Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor Gordon L. Bennett
Joseph Aubin Doiron
Preceded by W. Bennett Campbell
Succeeded by James Lee
MLA (Assemblyman) for 4th Queens
In office
November 8, 1976 September 27, 1982
Preceded by Vernon MacIntyre
Succeeded by Wilbur MacDonald
Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island
In office
September 25, 1976 November 7, 1981
Preceded by Lloyd MacPhail (interim)
Succeeded by James Lee
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Malpeque
In office
June 25, 1968 October 20, 1976
Preceded by district created
Succeeded by Don Wood
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Queen's
In office
June 25, 1951 June 25, 1968
Preceded by James Lester Douglas
Succeeded by district abolished
Personal details
BornJohn Angus MacLean
(1914-05-15)May 15, 1914
Lewes, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Died February 15, 2000(2000-02-15) (aged 85)
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Political party Progressive Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island
Spouse(s)
Gwendolyn Esther Burwash(m. 1952)
Children 4
Alma mater Mount Allison University
University of British Columbia
Occupation Farmer
Profession Politician
Cabinet

Federal:
Ministers of Fisheries (1957–1963)
Postmaster General (acting) (1962–1963)

Provincial:
Minister Responsible for Cultural Affairs (1979–1980)

John Angus MacLean, PC OC DFC (May 15, 1914 February 15, 2000) was a politician and farmer in Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Queens Privy Council for Canada

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada, sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs. Responsible government, though, requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to almost always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet: a committee within the Privy Council composed usually of elected Members of Parliament. Those summoned to the QPC are appointed for life by the governor general as directed by the Prime Minister of Canada, meaning that the group is composed predominantly of former cabinet ministers, with some others having been inducted as an honorary gesture. Those in the council are accorded the use of an honorific style and post-nominal letters, as well as various signifiers of precedence.

Order of Canada order

The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit, which is the personal gift of Canada's monarch.

Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom) military decoration of the United Kingdom

The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers, and since 1993 to other ranks, of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".

He was an alumnus of both Mount Allison University and the University of British Columbia with degrees in science. MacLean left farming to enlist in the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II, serving from 1939–1947 and achieving the rank of Wing Commander.

Mount Allison University university

Mount Allison University is a primarily undergraduate Canadian liberal arts and science university located in Sackville, New Brunswick. It has been ranked the top undergraduate university in the country 20 times in the past 28 years by Maclean's magazine, a record unmatched by any other university. With a 17:1 student-to-faculty ratio, the average first-year class size is 65 and upper-year classes average 14 students.

University of British Columbia public research university in British Columbia, Canada

The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia. Established in 1908, UBC is British Columbia's oldest university. The university is ranked among the top 20 public universities worldwide and among the top three in Canada. With an annual research budget of $600 million, UBC funds over 8,000 projects a year.

Royal Canadian Air Force Air warfare branch of Canadas military

The Royal Canadian Air Force is the air force of Canada. Its role is to "provide the Canadian Forces with relevant, responsive and effective airpower". The RCAF is one of three environmental commands within the unified Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2013, the Royal Canadian Air Force consists of 14,500 Regular Force and 2,600 Primary Reserve personnel, supported by 2,500 civilians, and operates 258 manned aircraft and 9 unmanned aerial vehicles. Lieutenant-General Al Meinzinger is the current Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force and Chief of the Air Force Staff.

MacLean's bomber was shot down, and he evaded capture in Nazi-occupied Europe with the help of the Belgian escape-line Comète with Andrée De Jongh.

National Socialism, more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

MacLean returned to Prince Edward Island after the war, and ran for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative Party of Canada candidate, but was defeated in the 1945 and 1949 federal elections.

House of Commons of Canada lower house of the Parliament of Canada

The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

Progressive Conservative Party of Canada former Canadian political party

The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a federal political party in Canada.

He was first elected to Parliament in a 1951 by-election and held his seat continuously until he left federal politics in 1976. MacLean served in the cabinet of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker as Minister of Fisheries from 1957 until the government's defeat in the 1963 election.

Parliament of Canada the federal legislative branch of Canada

The Parliament of Canada is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital. The body consists of the Canadian monarch, represented by a viceroy, the Governor General; an upper house, the Senate; and a lower house, the House of Commons. Each element has its own officers and organization. By constitutional convention, the House of Commons is dominant, with the Senate and monarch rarely opposing its will. The Senate reviews legislation from a less partisan standpoint and the monarch or viceroy provides royal assent to make bills into law.

The Cabinet of Canada is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada. Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; as of November 2015 there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.

Prime Minister of Canada head of government for Canada

The Prime Minister of Canada is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2015 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life.

In 1976, MacLean was persuaded to leave federal politics and take the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island which had languished in opposition for a decade. [1] On 8 November 1976, MacLean was elected to the provincial legislature in a by-election. [2] MacLean led the party to victory in 1979, [3] and formed a government that emphasized rural community life, banned new shopping malls and instituted a Royal Commission to examine land use and sprawl. His government cancelled the province's participation in the Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station in New Brunswick.

Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island political party in Prince Edward Island, Canada

The Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island is one of two major political parties on Prince Edward Island. It and its rival, the Liberals have alternated in power since responsible government was granted in 1851.

Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station power station

Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station is a nuclear power station located 2 km northeast of Point Lepreau, New Brunswick, Canada. The facility was constructed between 1975-1983 by NB Power, the provincially owned public utility.

On 17 August 1981, MacLean announced his intention to resign as premier upon the election of a new party leader. [4] MacLean retired as premier on 17 November 1981, [5] when James Lee was sworn-in as his successor and did not run in the 1982 provincial election. He returned to the family farm that he redeveloped for low-intensity blueberry farming. A respected steward of the land and of rural communities, MacLean was a committed Presbyterian of Scottish descent. In 1991, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.

He died in Charlottetown on February 15, 2000. [6]

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References

  1. "MacLean quits after 25 years". The Globe and Mail. 25 October 1976.
  2. "Tories capture 3 of 4 seats in PEI voting". The Globe and Mail. 9 November 1976.
  3. "PEI Tory win costs Liberals last province". The Globe and Mail. 24 April 1979.
  4. "PEI leader since '79, MacLean announces plans to step down". The Globe and Mail. 18 August 1981.
  5. "James Lee sworn in as Premier of PEI". The Globe and Mail. 18 November 1981.
  6. "Former premier Angus MacLean dies". CBC News. 15 February 2000. Retrieved 2014-09-23.