Aniwa Island

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Aniwa
Tannamap.png
Map of Tanna and Aniwa, with Aniwa at the top right
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Aniwa
Location in Vanuatu
Coordinates: 19°15′10″S169°35′59″E / 19.25278°S 169.59972°E / -19.25278; 169.59972 Coordinates: 19°15′10″S169°35′59″E / 19.25278°S 169.59972°E / -19.25278; 169.59972
Country Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu
Province Tafea Province
Area
  Total8 km2 (3 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (2009)
  Total341
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+11 (VUT)

Aniwa is a small island in the southernmost province of Tafea, Vanuatu. [2]

Contents

As a coral island (a raised coral atoll), it rises a mere 42 m above sea level. In the northwest is Itcharo (Tiaro) lagoon, which is open to the sea. The nearest large island is Tanna, about 24 km to the southwest.

Population

Like the nearby West Futuna, it is a Polynesian outlier, and thus its inhabitants originally came from Samoa, and the Wallis and Futuna group instead of the Melanesians of other nearby islands, although there has been much intermarriage with Tanna over the generations. The language of both islands is Futunan, in the Futunic branch of Nuclear Polynesian languages, though the dialects between the two islands are distinct. Population is about 350 [3] in five distinct villages:

  1. Itamotou
  2. Imalé
  3. Isavaï
  4. Ikaokao
  5. Namsafoura

The main village is Ikaokao, located in the centre of the south of the island, followed by Isavai in the islands' centre. The John Frum cargo cult exists in Ikaokao, and is unaffected by the touristic involvement that has modified the cult in Tanna.

Transportation

The island is served by Aniwa Airport, an air strip in the north with flights from Port Vila twice a week.

Anchorage is challenging in 20m on the west coast of the island, identifiable by a white square painted onto the coral face. Shipping of goods or passengers is by either the monthly interisland shipping service or the numerous small outboard motor boats operated by individuals. [4]

A road accessible to vehicles links almost all parts of the island.

Related Research Articles

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Melanesia is a subregion of Oceania extending from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Tonga.

Polynesian languages Language family

The Polynesian languages form a language family spoken in geographical Polynesia and on a patchwork of outliers from south central Micronesia to small islands off the northeast of the larger islands of the southeast Solomon Islands and sprinkled through Vanuatu. Linguistic taxonomists classify them as a subgroup of the much larger and more varied Austronesian family, belonging to the Oceanic branch of that family.

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Polynesians form an ethnolinguistic group of closely related people who are native to Polynesia, an expansive region of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean. They trace their early prehistoric origins to Island Southeast Asia and form part of the larger Austronesian ethnolinguistic group with an Urheimat in Taiwan. They speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family.

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Tanna is an island in Tafea Province of Vanuatu.

The Samoic–Outlier languages, also known as Samoic languages, are a purported group of Polynesian languages, encompassing the Polynesian languages of Samoa, Tuvalu, American Samoa, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna, and Polynesian outlier languages in New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, and the Federated States of Micronesia. The name "Samoic-Outlier" recognizes Sāmoan.

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Futuna-Aniwa is a language spoken in the Tafea Province of Vanuatu on the outlier islands of Futuna and Aniwa. The language has approximately 1,500 speakers. It is a Polynesian language, part of the Austronesian language family.

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Approximately 83% of the population of Vanuatu is Christian. An estimated 32% is Presbyterian, 13% Roman Catholic, 13% Anglican, and 11% Seventh-day Adventist. Groups that together constitute 14% include the Church of Christ 3.8%, United Pentecostal Church UPCIV Assemblies of God, and other Christian denominations.

Culture of Vanuatu

This article presents an overview of the culture of Vanuatu.

References

  1. "Vanuatu". Haos Blong Volkeno. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. UNEP Islands Directory
  3. 2009 Census Summary release final Archived 2013-12-21 at the Wayback Machine - Government of Vanuatu
  4. Aniwa Drought Assessment, National Disaster Management Office 2013 via http://phtpacific.org Archived 2015-05-13 at the Wayback Machine