Ankara railway station

Last updated
Ankara
TCDD Taşımacılık high-speed, intercity and commuter rail station
Ankara Train Station.JPG
Ankara railway station
LocationHipodrom Cd., Anafartalar Mah. 06050
Altındağ, Ankara
Turkey
Coordinates 39°56′11″N32°50′38″E / 39.9364°N 32.8438°E / 39.9364; 32.8438 Coordinates: 39°56′11″N32°50′38″E / 39.9364°N 32.8438°E / 39.9364; 32.8438
Owned by Turkish State Railways
Operated by TCDD Taşımacılık
Line(s) Istanbul-Ankara railway
Ankara-Kars railway
Platforms6 (1 side platform, 5 island platforms)
Tracks13
Connections Ankara Metro:
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray at Tandoğan
Bus-logo.svg EGO Bus: 157-3, 202-3, 204, 222, 254, 257, 268, 269, 277, 285, 288, 288-2, 288-6, 352, 354, 354-3, 369, 394, 394-3, 397, 398-3, 404-1, 410-2, 411-2, 415-2, 415-6, 418-2, 461-1, 482-2, 482-6, 522
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
ParkingYes
Disabled accessYes
Architect Şekip Akalın
Architectural style Art Deco
Other information
Station code2503
History
Opened31 December 1892
Rebuilt1937 (Art Deco station)
2014-18 (Platforms)
Electrified1972 (25 kV AC)
Services
Preceding station  TCDD Taşımacılık  Following station
Yüksek Hızlı Tren Terminus
toward  Konya
toward  Istanbul
Ankara Express
toward  Arifiye
Boğaziçi Express
toward  İzmir
Izmir Blue Train
Terminus Eastern Express
toward  Kars
Eastern Express
(Tourist)
Lake Van Express
toward  Tatvan
Southern Express
toward  Kurtalan
toward  Polatlı
Ankara-Polatlı Terminus
toward  Akçaören
Başkentray
toward  Kayaş
Future/Former services
Preceding station  TCDD Taşımacılık  Following station
 Future service 
Terminus Yüksek Hızlı Tren
toward  Sivas
toward  İzmir
Terminus
Preceding station  Turkish State Railways  Following station
 Former service 
toward  Istanbul
Capital Express Terminus
Republic Express
Fatih Express
Anatolian Express

Ankara railway station (Turkish : Ankara Garı) is the main railway station in Ankara, Turkey, and is a major transportation hub within the city. The station is the eastern terminus of the Istanbul-Ankara railway corridor, as well as the easternmost station in Turkey with high-speed rail service. Ankara station is also a hub for YHT high-speed trains, with its own exclusive platforms and concourse. TCDD Taşımacılık also operates intercity train service to Kars, Tatvan and Kurtalan as well as Başkentray commuter rail service.

Contents

Located within the historic Ulus quarter, the station is a landmark of the city. In 2016, a new building was opened above the YHT platforms known as Ankara Tren Garı (ATG). The ATG building serves as a hub for high-speed rail with its own concourse containing information and tickets booths, waiting rooms and a VIP lounge, and is connected to the rest of the station via a skybridge.

History

Ottoman Empire period (1892–1922)

The original builder, the Chemins de Fer Ottomans d'Anatolie (CFOA), was engaged in shipping war materials to the fronts in Palestine and Mesopotamia during World War I. Therefore, between 1914 and 1918 the Ankara station had no passenger service and very little freight service. The CFOA fell under British military control after the war, but the Turkish Nationalists captured Ankara and parts of the CFOA. During the Turkish Independence War, CFOA transported troops from Ankara, as the newly named capital of Turkey, to the front near Eskişehir. [1]

Turkish Republic period (1922–present)

View of 19 May Square and the Ankara Railway Station taken in the 1940s 19 May Square, Ankara Railway Station, Railway Station Club, Building of Directorate General of State Railways, 1940s (16851288402).jpg
View of 19 May Square and the Ankara Railway Station taken in the 1940s

After the Turkish independence war ended, the passenger train services from Istanbul to Ankara resumed. The CFOA, now under Turkish control, finally opened the line to Kayseri and Ankara was no longer the terminus. CFOA was then acquired by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) on June 1, 1927, and Ankara station was placed under TCDD control. [2] In 1927 the Anatolian Express was inaugurated as a premier overnight train from Istanbul to Ankara operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL). [3] The current Art deco building was built in 1937 by Turkish architect Şekip Akalın. As TCDD completed rail lines to other cities, new train services from Ankara such as the 9th of September Express (1939) to Izmir, the Eastern Express (1939) to Kars, and the Southern Express (1944) to Diyarbakır and Kurtalan made Ankara station one of the busiest stations in Turkey. In 1972, the station, along with the track between Sincan and Kayaş, were electrified with 25 kV AC catenary for the Ankara Suburban Railway. In 1993 the Istanbul-Ankara line was fully electrified. In the 1990s TCDD opened a steam museum next to the station. In 2009 a high-speed train service operated from Ankara to Eskişehir.

The 2015 Ankara bombings occurred on 10 October 2015 at 10:04 local time (EEST) in Ankara. Two bombs were detonated outside the entrance of the Ankara Central railway station, killing more than 105 and injuring more than 400 people. [4] [5] The attack is the deadliest of its kind in Turkey's modern history. [6]

A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station 2009 to 2016 Ankara Central Station 2012 04.JPG
A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station 2009 to 2016

Layout

GGround levelExit/entrance, parking, buses
P
Platform level
Platform 1 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 1← Main line and regional trains →
Track 2← Main line and regional trains →
Platform 2 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 3← Main line and regional trains →
Track 4Freight trains
Track 5Freight trains
Track 6 Başkentray toward Sincan
Platform 3 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 7 Başkentray toward Kayaş
Track 8 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya
Platform 4 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 9 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya
Track 10 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya
Platform 5 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 11 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya
Track 12 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya
Platform 6 Wheelchair symbol.svg
Track 13 Yüksek Hızlı Tren toward Istanbul or Konya

One of Turkey's top 50 civil engineering projects

The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Ankara Central Station as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects realized in the first 50 years of the chamber. [7]

Pictures

See also

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References

  1. CFOA History - Trains of Turkey CFOA History
  2. TCDD History -Trains of Turkey TCDD History
  3. The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Steam & Rail - By Colin Garratt and Max Wade-Matthews, page 397
  4. Melvin, Don. "At least 105 killed in twin bombings near train station in Turkey's capital". cnn.com. CNN.
  5. "Ölü Sayısı 105'e Yükseldi" (in Turkish). TTB. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  6. "BBC: Ankara explosions leave more than 80 dead – officials". BBC News. October 10, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  7. The list (in Turkish) Archived 2013-10-31 at the Wayback Machine