Anna Maria Taigi

Last updated

Blessed Anna Maria Taigi

Anna Maria Gesualda Antonia Taigi in 2012.jpg
Laywoman; Mystic
Born(1769-05-28)28 May 1769
Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Died9 June 1837(1837-06-09) (aged 68)
Rome, Papal States
Resting place San Crisogono, Rome, Italy
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 30 May 1920 by Pope Benedict XV
Feast 9 June
Attributes
  • Sun
  • Bright globe
  • Scapular
  • Trinitarian habit
Patronage
  • Housewives
  • Mothers
  • Victims of verbal abuse
  • Victims of spousal abuse
  • Families
  • Trinitarian tertiaries

Blessed Anna Maria Taigi (29 May 1769 - 9 June 1837), born Anna Maria Giannetti, was an Italian Roman Catholic professed member from the Secular Trinitarians. [1] [2] She married Domenico Taigi, a brash and impulsive individual though devoted to his wife. St. Anna Maria experienced a series of ecstasies during her life and was reported to have heard the voices of God and Jesus Christ on several occasions. She became a Secular Trinitarian after experiencing a sudden religious conversion. That happened in the winter of 1790 at Saint Peter's Basilica when St. Anna Maria came into contact with a range of cardinals and luminaries, which included Vincent Strambi and the bishop Benedict Joseph Flaget. [3] [4]

Contents

The beatification process opened in 1863 under Pope Pius IX after she was titled as a Servant of God and Pope Benedict XV later beatified her in mid-1920. [5]

Life

Childhood and education

Anna Maria Giannetti was born in Siena, Italy on May 29, 1769 as an only child to Luigi Giannetti and Maria Masi. On May 30, 1769, she was baptized in her local parish church as "Anna Maria Gesualda Antonia Giannetti". [3] [4]

Her father served as a pharmacist in a small store in Siena. However, he lost his fortune. In 1774, the family moved to Rome where Luigi found work as a household servant. From 1774 - 1776, St. Anna Maria attended a school, managed by the Filippini Sisters. [1] [3] After graduation, Anna Maria worked as a domestic servant to help provide for her family. While living in Rome, she was nicknamed "Annette". [2] In 1780, she received her Confirmation in the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran and, in 1782, received her First Communion in her parish church of San Francesco di Paola. [6]

Marriage

On January 7, 1789, Anna Maria married the Milanese Domenico Taigi (1761-1850s). Mr. Taigi served as a butler for the noble House of Chigi in the church of San Marcello al Corso. The couple had seven children, three of whom died in infancy. Their children were: [6]

When Sofia was about to be married, her fiancée, Micali, was allowed to frequent the house. For 2 months prior to the marriage, the couple could meet, but only in the presence of her parents. Sofia's son, Camillo, was conscripted into the armed service. When Sofia was widowed, Anna Maria allowed Sofia and her six children to move into her home.

Although Anna Maria's husband, Domenico, could be ill-tempered and caustic, he was devoted to his wife. It was alleged that Anna Maria had an adulterous affair with an older man. [1] [3] After her father died, Anna Maria's mother moved in with the family. In winter 1790, Anna Maria and Domenico visited Saint Peter's Basilica. She was leaning on his arm in an extravagant dress. A large throng saw her bump into the Servite priest, Father Angelo Verandi, in the piazza. Anna Maria went to confession and felt a strong inspiration to renounce her vanities. She cried to the priest: "Father; you have at your feet a great sinner." The priest replied, "Go away; you are not one of my penitents." Finally, the priest relented and allowed Anna Maria to confess. After he absolved her, the priest curtly slammed the confessional slide shut. [2] On another occasion, Anna Maria entered the church of San Andrea della Valle. Before the Crucifix, Anna Maria heard the voice of Jesus Christ, "What is your wish? To follow Jesus poor and naked and stripped of all? Or to follow Him in His triumph and glory? Which do you choose?" Anna Maria replied, "I embrace the cross of my Jesus. I will carry it like Him in pain and ignominy. I await at His hands triumph and glory in the hereafter." [2]

On December 26, 1802, Anna Maria became a professed member of the Secular Trinitarians in the church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane. [1] [4] She frequented hospitals and especially liked to visit and aid patients at San Giacomo of the Incurables. Sister Anna Maria experienced a series of ecstasies and frequent visions in which she foresaw the future. She knew a range of religious individuals, including Cardinal Carlo Maria Pedicini. Their friendship lasted three decades. One evening, Sr. Anna Maria drifted off to sleep with a serene expression on her face. Her eyes drifted upwards, towards Heaven, which alarmed her daughter, Maria, who tearfully proclaimed, "Mamma is dead; Mamma is dead." Her sister, Sofia, corrected Maria, "No! She is praying," but Domenico said to them, "Be quiet! She's asleep. Leave her alone. She had no sleep last night." [2] Before Sr. Anna Maria died, she met with the first Bishop of Louisville Benedict Joseph Flaget. She praised the Bishop and the United States of America. [3] Napoleon's mother, Letizia Ramolino, learned of Sr. Anna Maria and sought her spiritual advice. Some of Sr. Anna Maria's spiritual advisors were Raffaele Natali, the secretary of Pope Pius VII and Vincent Strambi.

Later life

Sr. Anna Maria became acquainted with Cardinal Luigi Ercolani, and Monsignor Mastai who became the future Pope Pius IX. Pope Pius VII often asked Monsignor Strambi how Sr. Anna Maria was doing and would send his blessings to her. Pope Leo XII and the Venerable Giuseppe Bartolomeo Menocchio both held her in high esteem. [6] Sr. Anna Maria composed a prayer to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Cardinal Pedicini took this prayer to Pius VII who, in a rescript on 6 March 1809, granted an indulgence. For 100 days, those who recited it, a plenary indulgence once a month on the usual conditions. Sr. Anna Maria was devoted to the following saints:

Sr. Anna Maria attended the 1825 Jubilee which Pope Leo XII had summoned. She knew of the latter pope's ill health. Before he died, in 1829, she saw the morning sun and prayed for him. St Anna Maria heard a heavenly voice say, "Arise and pray. My Vicar is on the point of coming to render an account to Me." Pope Leo's successor Pope Pius VIII lived in the shadow of ill health. Sr. Anna Maria foresaw his death and prayed for his soul as she did with his predecessor. She had predicted the pontificate of Pius VIII would be a short one.

She successfully foresaw that Cardinal Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari would be elected as Pope Gregory XVI. [6] Before Pius VIII died, Sr. Anna Maria and Monsignor Natali went to San Paolo fuori le Mura. When Cardinal Cappellari arrived, she was in a small chapel which the Monsignor tried to have her vacate for the Cardinal. Sr. Anna Maria would not leave. The Cardinal told the Monsignor not to disturb her so the Monsignor went to kneel elsewhere in reflection. When Sr. Anna Maria emerged, she fixated her eyes on the Cardinal. When the Monsignor asked why she was doing that, she frankly responded, "That is the future pope." [6]

Final year and death

On May 20, 1836, Sr. Anna Maria went to San Paolo fuori le Mura. She had confided in Monsignor Natali this would be her final visit there. Monsignor Natali celebrated Mass with her before reflecting in front of the crucifix. On October 24, 1836, Sr. Anna Maria fell ill. She was confined to her bed and would never rise again. On June 2, 1837, her fever slightly declined but a few days later, her fever rose. On June 5, Sr. Anna Maria bid farewell to those who visited her bedside. On June 8, she received the last rites of Extreme Unction. [6]

Sr. Anna Maria received the Viaticum and the Anointing of the Sick from the local curate. On June 9, 1837, at 4 a.m., she died. Cardinal Pedicini sent a letter at once to Cardinal Carlo Odescalchi to inform him of her death. Sr. Anna Maria's remains were exposed until June 11th in the church of Santa Maria in Via Lata. Monsignor Natali asked for a death mask to be made before her burial. She was buried at Campo Verano where, on the orders of Pope Gregory XVI, her remains were enclosed in a leaden sepulcher with seals affixed to it. Cardinal Odescalchi asked Cardinal Natali to compile all documents so that Monsignor Luquet could publish her biography. Cardinal Pedicini was a frequent visitor to St. Anna Maria's tomb. The Capuchin Cardinal Ludovico Micara always kept an image of her on his person. The Minim priest Venerable Bernardo Clausi said of St. Anna Maria, "If she is not in Heaven, there is no room there for anybody." Vincent Pallotti praised her after she died for her saintliness and life of holiness.

It was learned that St. Anna Maria had wanted to be buried in San Crisogono Rome. [2] So, on August 18, 1865, St. Anna Maria's remains were transferred there. In 1868, her remains were found intact; however, her clothes had decayed and were replaced. In 1920, her remains were found no longer incorrupt.

Beatification

In 1852, in Rome, the beatification opened in an informative process. It concluded sometime later. The spiritual works of St. Anna Maria had to receive approval so that the cause could continue. Theologians could approve her writings which were orthodox in nature. It was an apostolic process which later received validation from the Congregation of Rites. On January 8, 1863, the official start to the cause came under Pope Pius IX. She was titled as a Servant of God.

On August 30, 1904, an antepreparatory congregation met to discuss the cause. On June 27, 1905,a preparatory committee met. On January 30, 1906, a general congregation met. On March 4, 1906, the confirmation of St.Anna Maria's heroic virtue allowed for Pope Pius X to name her as Venerable.

Two of her miracles (required for St. Anna Maria's beatification) were investigated and validated. On July 27, 1909, approval was received by an antepreparatory congregation. On April 5, 1910, approval was received by a preparatory committee. On December 3, 1918, approval was received by a general congregation. On January 6, 1919, Pope Benedict XV approved the two miracles. On May 30, 1920, the Pope presided over St. Anna Maria's beatification in Saint Peter's Basilica.

The current postulator assigned to the cause is Javier Carnerero Peñalver.

A total of 30 witnesses were summoned to testify for the cause. Included were her two daughters as well as many cardinals and bishops. St. Anna Maria's 92 year-old husband, Domenico, testified in favor. His shoulder's were hunched and leaned on a walking stick. [2]

Related Research Articles

Zofia Czeska-Maciejowska was a Polish professed religious and the founder of the Sisters of the Presentation. Czeska was married before a brief period of time before following her call into the religious life.

Vincent Strambi Roman Catholic Bishop

Vincenzo Strambi - in religious Vincenzo Maria di San Paolo - was an Italian Roman Catholic prelate who was a professed member from the Passionists and served as the Bishop of Macerata-Tolentino from 1801 until his resignation in 1823. Strambi became a Passionist despite its founder Saint Paul of the Cross refusing him several times due to Strambi's frail constitution. But he practiced Passionist austerities which continued after his appointment as a bishop that saw him favor his religious habit rather than the usual episcopal garb. He was known for his charitable projects that included the care of the poor and the reduction of diocesan expenditures in order to provide for them; he took special interests in the education and ongoing formation of priests.

Franciszka Siedliska Polish beatified nun

Maria Franciszka Siedliska, also known by her religious name Maria of Jesus the Good Shepherd, was a Polish Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth. In childhood Siedliska was indifferent to her faith but after a local priest had converted her she became aware of a call to the religious life which her parents opposed. However the death of her father in 1870 enabled her to pursue her vocation. In 1873 she decided to found a religious congregation that received the blessing of Pope Pius IX before being established during Advent in 1875. Siedliska expanded her congregation from Rome to her native Poland and elsewhere, including Great Britain, France and the USA where she visited during her extensive travels.

Maria Merkert Superior General of the Congregation of St Elizabeth

Maria Luise Merkert was a German Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-foundress of the Sisters of Saint Elizabeth. Merkert worked to help those in need including the poor and ill and tended to them with her older sister until her sudden death and the death of her other companions - this left Merkert alone to found and maintain her order as its first Superior General from 1859 until her death.

Elisabeth Canori Mora Italian nun

Elisabetta Canori Mora was an Italian Roman Catholic professed member from the Secular Trinitarians. Mora married an abrasive husband who remained unfaithful and abusive to her but at the time of her death secured his repentance - he ended up as a priest. Mora had a range of spiritual experiences in which she heard the voice of God and visions of the Madonna and other saints while also experiencing religious ecstasies during her life.

Giuseppina Gabriela Bonino, also known by her religious name Giuseppina Gabriella of Jesus, was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Suore della Sacra Famiglia di Savigliano. Bonino dedicated her life to the ill and to orphans and did this in drawing upon her own experience in tending to her ailing father and to orphans in her hometown - all this prior to and after the establishment of her religious congregation.

Carmen Salles y Barangueras Spanish Saint, foundress of the Conceptionists Missionaries of the Immaculate Conception of Mary

Saint María del Carmen Sallés y Barangueras – in religious Carmen of Jesus – was a Spanish Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Conceptionist Mission Sisters of Education. Salles is best known for being a strong advocate of both genders being equal and a staunch defender of the rights of women, since she made this the focus of her life from the beginning of her entrance into the religious life.

Maria Teresa of St. Joseph Catholic nun

Maria Teresa of Saint Joseph - Anna Maria Tauscher van den Bosch was a German Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Carmelite Sisters of the Divine Heart of Jesus. Tauscher worked in Cologne and was removed from her position after she converted to Roman Catholicism in 1888 so founded a religious order in the Netherlands upon choosing the Carmelite charism for her life.

Assunta Marchetti Italian nun, co-foundress, blessed

Assunta Marchetti was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the co-founder of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo; she worked in Brazil from 1895 until her death. She has been beatified as a Blessed Mother. Her priest brother Giuseppe is titled as Venerable on the path to sainthood.

Maria Teresa Casini Italian nun (1864-1937)

Blessed Maria Teresa Casini was an Italian nun and was the founder of the Oblate Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The order was devoted to providing care for those around them with an added emphasis on demonstrating the love of Jesus Christ while spreading the message of the Gospel to the public.

Teresa Manganiello was an Italian who became a member of the Secular Franciscan Order. She desired to establish a new religious congregation but died before the idea could come to fruition.

Elena Guerra Italian Roman Catholic nun

Elena Guerra was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Oblates of the Holy Spirit. Guerra dedicated her life to the education of girls and made it the sole focus of her religious life while also making a strong emphasis on devotion to the Holy Spirit. To that end she sent a total of twelve private letters with Pope Leo XIII who held great esteem for Guerra's work to the point he issued three documents on it. Leo XIII renamed Guerra's order further strengthening it though Guerra was forced to resign as the Superior General in August 1906 due to internal friction.

Giuseppe Nascimbeni was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who exercised his pastoral mission in his home of Verona and who also established the Little Sisters of the Holy Family.

Luigi Biraghi Italian presbyter

Luigi Biraghi was an Italian Roman Catholic priest who served in his home of Milan. Biraghi later went on to establish his own religious congregation known as the Sisters of Saint Marcellina.

Carolina Santocanale Italian nun, foundress, blessed

Blessed Carolina Santocanale was an Italian Roman Catholic nun who assumed the name of "Maria of Jesus" and established the Capuchin Sisters of the Immaculata of Lourdes. Santocanale became well known for her treatment of the ill and the poor to whom she devoted her life and work to and was also a member of the Secular Franciscan Order.

Anna Maria Adorni Botti Italian religious

Anna Maria Adorni Botti, born Anna Maria Adorni before her marriage, was an Italian Roman Catholic widow who later became a professed religious in the Handmaids of the Immaculata - an order that she herself established in 1857. Botti's vocation was to the religious life and as a child believed she was destined for the missions and later as a nun of the Order of Friars Minor. After being widowed she did pastoral work in Parma where she established and ran her order until her death.

Caterina Sordini beatified nun from Italy

Blessed Caterina Sordini was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious that established the Sisters of Perpetual Adoration devoted to the Eucharist. She assumed the religious name of "Maria Maddalena of the Incarnation" when she became a member of the Third Order of Saint Francis during her adolescence.

Juana María Condesa Lluch Spanish religious servant (1862-1916)

Juana María Condesa Lluch was a Spanish Roman Catholic professed religious who established the Handmaids of Mary Immaculate in her hometown of Valencia. She was professed into her own order as a nun in 1911.

Enrichetta Alfieri – born Maria Angela Domenica Alfieri – was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and a member of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Jeanne-Antide Thouret.

Maria Velotti - in religious Maria Luigia del Santissimo Sacramento - was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Suore Francescane Adoratrici della Santa Croce and a member in the Third Order of Saint Francis. In her childhood she was raised in two different households after her parents died and she was exposed to the Franciscan charism under her second spiritual director. In 1854 she was professed into the Franciscan Third Order and in 1877 founded her religious order. Velotti also experienced several visions in her life such as visions of Jesus Christ and Francis of Assisi.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Ven. Anna Maria Gesualda Antonia Taigi". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1912. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Blessed Anna Maria Taigi (1769-1837) - Wife, Mother and Mystic". Mystics of the Church. 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Blessed Anne Marie Taigi". Saints SQPN. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "Blessed Anne Marie Taigi". EWTN. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  5. "Blessed Anna Maria Taigi". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Full text of "The life of the Venerable Anna Maria Taigi, the Roman matron"". Archive. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
Attribution