Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk

Last updated

Anne de Mowbray
Duchess of York; Duchess of Norfolk
The Marriage Of Richard Of Shrewsbury, Duke Of York, To Lady Anne Mowbray.jpg
The marriage of Lady Anne Mowbray with Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, by James Northcote
Duchess of Norfolk
Predecessor John Mowbray, 4th Duke, 7th Earl
Born10 December 1472
Framlingham Castle, Suffolk
Diedc. 19 November 1481 (aged 8)
Greenwich, London
Burial
Spouse
House York (by marriage)[ citation needed ]
Father John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk
Mother Elizabeth Talbot

Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, later Duchess of York and Duchess of Norfolk (10 December 1472 – c. 19 November 1481) was the child bride of Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, one of the Princes in the Tower. She died at the age of eight.

Contents

Heiress

She was born at Framlingham Castle in Suffolk, the only (surviving) child of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth Talbot. Her maternal grandparents were John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp. The death of her father in 1476 left Anne a wealthy heiress.

Marriage

On 15 January 1478, aged 5, she was married in St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, to Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, the 4-year-old younger son of King Edward IV and his queen, Elizabeth Woodville.[ citation needed ] [1]

Death and heirs

Anne died at Greenwich in London, nearly two years before her husband disappeared into the Tower of London with his older brother, Edward V. Upon her death, her heirs normally would have been her cousins, William, Viscount Berkeley and John, Lord Howard, but by an act of Parliament in January 1483 the rights were given to her husband Richard, with reversion to his descendants, and, failing that, to the descendants of his father Edward IV. [2]

Burial

Anne was buried in a lead coffin in the Chapel of St. Erasmus of Formia in Westminster Abbey. [3] When that chapel was demolished in about 1502 to make way for the Henry VII Lady Chapel, Anne's coffin was moved to a vault under the Abbey of the Minoresses of St. Clare without Aldgate, run by nuns of the Order of Poor Clares Franciscans. Her coffin eventually disappeared.

In December 1964, construction workers in Stepney accidentally dug into the vault and found Anne's coffin. It was opened, and her remains were analysed by scientists and then entombed in Westminster Abbey in May 1965. [4] Her red hair was still on her skull and her shroud still wrapped around her. Westminster Abbey is the presumed resting place of her husband, Richard Duke of York, and his brother Edward V, in the Henry VII Chapel.

Family

Ancestors

Family tree

Notes

  1. Watson, Bruce; White, William (2016). Contributions by Barney Sloane, Dorothy M Thorn and Geoffrey Wheeler. "ANNE MOWBRAY, DUCHESS OF YORK: A 15th-CENTURY CHILD BURIAL FROM THE ABBEY OF ST CLARE, IN THE LONDON BOROUGH OF TOWER HAMLETS" (PDF). Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 2. London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 67: 229. ISBN   978-0-903290-72-2.
  2. Ross, Charles (1997). Edward IV (second ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 248. ISBN   0-300-07372-0. OCLC   38886953.
  3. "Anne Mowbray, Duchess of York". Westminster Abbey. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  4. "Anne Mowbray, Duchess of York". Retrieved on 3 March 2017.

Related Research Articles

Edward V of England 15th-century King of England and one of the Princes in the Tower

Edward V was de jure King of England and Lord of Ireland from 9 April to 26 June 1483. He succeeded his father, Edward IV, upon the latter's death. Edward V was never crowned, and his brief reign was dominated by the influence of his uncle and Lord Protector, the Duke of Gloucester, who deposed him to reign as King Richard III; this was confirmed by the Act entitled Titulus Regius, which denounced any further claims through his father's heirs.

Elizabeth Woodville 15th-century Queen consort of England

Elizabeth Woodville was Queen of England from her marriage to King Edward IV on 1 May 1464 until Edward was deposed on 3 October 1470, and again from Edward's resumption of the throne on 11 April 1471 until his death on 9 April 1483.

Anne Neville English queen

Anne Neville was Queen of England as the wife of King Richard III. She was the younger of the two daughters and co-heiresses of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. Before her marriage to Richard, she had been Princess of Wales as the wife of Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, the only son and heir apparent of King Henry VI.

Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland 14th/15th-century English noble

Joan Beaufort, was the youngest of the four legitimised children and only daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, by his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford. She married Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and in her widowhood became a powerful landowner in the North of England.

Duke of Norfolk Dukedom in the Peerage of England

The Duke of Norfolk is the premier duke in the peerage of England, and also, as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl. The Duke of Norfolk is, moreover, the Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England. The seat of the Duke of Norfolk is Arundel Castle in Sussex, although the title refers to the county of Norfolk. The current duke is Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk. The dukes have historically been Roman Catholic, a state of affairs known as recusancy in England.

Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York Duke of York

Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, was the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury. Richard and his older brother, who briefly reigned as King Edward V of England, mysteriously disappeared shortly after Richard III became king in 1483.

Howard family

The House of Howard is an English noble house founded by John Howard, who was created Duke of Norfolk by King Richard III of England in 1483. However, John was also the eldest grandson of the 1st Duke of the first creation. The Howards have been part of the peerage since the 15th century and remain both the Premier Dukes and Earls of the Realm in the Peerage of England, acting as Earl Marshal of England. After the English Reformation, many Howards remained steadfast in their Catholic faith as the most high-profile recusant family; two members, Philip Howard, 13th Earl of Arundel, and William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford, are regarded as martyrs: a saint and a blessed respectively.

Henry VII Chapel

The Henry VII Lady Chapel, now more often known just as the Henry VII Chapel, is a large Lady chapel at the far eastern end of Westminster Abbey, paid for by the will of King Henry VII. It is separated from the rest of the abbey by brass gates and a flight of stairs.

Margaret Beauchamp, Countess of Shrewsbury

Margaret Beauchamp was the eldest daughter of Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and his first wife Elizabeth de Berkeley. As the eldest child of a family without male issue, Margaret was expected to inherit from her father until her stepmother Isabel le Despenser gave him a son.

Anne of York (daughter of Edward IV) Countess of Surrey (by courtesy)

Anne of York was born in the Palace of Westminster, London, as the fifth daughter of King Edward IV of England and his wife, Elizabeth Woodville. She was First Lady of the Bedchamber to the queen in 1487–1494.

St Stephens Chapel

St Stephen's Chapel, sometimes called the Royal Chapel of St Stephen, was a chapel in the old Palace of Westminster which served as the chamber of the House of Commons of England and that of Great Britain from 1547 to 1834. It was largely destroyed in the fire of 1834, but the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft in the crypt survived.

Margaret of York was a namesake niece of Margaret of York, Duchess of Burgundy. She was the fifth child and fourth daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville.

Duchess of Norfolk is a title held by the wife of the Duke of Norfolk in the Peerage of England. The Duke of Norfolk is the premier duke in the peerage of England, and also, as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl. The first creation was in 1397.

Events from the 1460s in England.

Events from the 1470s in England.

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey

Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey was an English heiress and lady-in-waiting to two queens. She became the first wife of Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey.

Honouring individuals with burials and memorials in Westminster Abbey has a long tradition.

St Georges Chapel, Windsor Castle Royal chapel in Windsor, England

St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England is a castle chapel built in the late-medieval Perpendicular Gothic style. It is both a Royal Peculiar and the Chapel of the Order of the Garter. St George's Chapel was founded in the 14th century by King Edward III and extensively enlarged in the late 15th century. It is located in the Lower Ward of the castle. The castle has belonged to the monarchy for almost 1000 years and it is a principal residence of Queen Elizabeth II. The chapel has been the scene of many royal services, weddings and burials — in the 19th century, St George's Chapel and the nearby Frogmore Gardens superseded Westminster Abbey as the chosen burial place for the British royal family.

Elizabeth Talbot, Duchess of Norfolk

Elizabeth de Mowbray, Duchess of Norfolk was a daughter of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp.

Anne Hastings, Countess of Shrewsbury

Anne Hastings, Countess of Shrewsbury was an English noblewoman who served as a lady-in-waiting to Queen consort Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England. Anne was the first wife of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom she had 11 children. Her maternal half-sister was Cecily Bonville, Baroness Harington and Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in late 15th-century England, making Anne the half-great-great-aunt of Jane Grey.

References

Sources

Political offices
Preceded by Earl Marshal
with Richard from 1478;
Sir Thomas Grey acting as deputy 1476–1483

1476–1481
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Countess of Norfolk
suo jure

3rd creation
1476–1481
Extinct
(or abeyant?)
Baroness Mowbray
suo jure

1476–1481
In abeyance
Title next held by
John Howard
Baroness Segrave
suo jure

1476–1481