Annecy

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Annecy

È(n)neci  (Arpitan)
Annecy vue du mont Veyrier.jpg
Panoramic sight of Annecy and Lake Annecy.
Flag of Annecy.gif
Flag
Blason d'Annecy.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Annecy
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Annecy
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
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Annecy
Coordinates: 45°54′58″N6°07′59″E / 45.916°N 6.133°E / 45.916; 6.133 Coordinates: 45°54′58″N6°07′59″E / 45.916°N 6.133°E / 45.916; 6.133
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Annecy
Canton Annecy-1, Annecy-2, Annecy-le-Vieux and Seynod
Intercommunality CA Grand Annecy
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Luc Rigaut (UDI)
Area
1
66.94 km2 (25.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
126,924
  Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Annécien/Annécienne
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
74010 /74000
Dialling codes 0450
Elevation396–1,153 m (1,299–3,783 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Annecy ( US: /ˌænəˈs,ɑːnˈs/ AN-ə-SEE, ahn-SEE, [2] [3] French:  [ansi] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Arpitan : Èneci or Ènneci) is the largest city of Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It lies on the northern tip of Lake Annecy, 35 kilometers (22 mi) south of Geneva.

Contents

Nicknamed the "Pearl of French Alps" in Raoul Blanchard's monograph describing its location between lake and mountains, the city controls the northern entrance to the lake gorge. Due to a lack of available building land between the lake and the protected Semnoz mountain, its population remained stagnant, around 50,000 inhabitants, since 1950. However, the 2017 merger with several ex-communes extended the city population to 124,401 inhabitants, and 203,078 for its urban area, placing Annecy 6th in the region, behind Annemasse, which has 292,000 inhabitants.

Switching from counts of Geneva's dwelling in the 13th century, to counts of Savoy's in the 14th century, the city became Savoy's capital in 1434 during the Genevois-Nemours prerogative until 1659. Its role increased in 1536, during the Calvinist Reformation in Geneva, while the bishop took refuge in Annecy. Saint Francis de Sales gave Annecy its advanced Catholic citadel role known as Counter-Reformation. The annexation of Savoy merged the city to France in 1860.

Sometimes called "Venice of the Alps", this idyllic and touristic representation comes from the three canals and the Thiou river lying through the old city and whose initial role was to protect the city and to empower its handicrafts. The city experienced an industrial development in the 19th century with silk manufacturing. Some of its industrial legacy remains today with the headquarters of NTN-SNR bearings, Salomon, Entremont and Dassault Aviation.

From the end of the 19th century, Annecy developed tourism around its lake summer facilities, winter resorts proximity and cultural attraction with its castle renovation and fine art museum opening in 1956 and the Animated Film Festival since 1960, hosted in Bonlieu's cultural Center. The municipal environmental policy managed to keep 40.3% of green spaces and the city and was awarded the "Golden Flower" in 2015, given to the nine most-flowered French cities. Its educational area is growing since the University of Savoy establishment in 1973.

Geography

The Fier forms part of the commune's northwestern border. The surrounding mountains are Mont Veyrier, Semnoz, Tournette, and Parmelan.

Annecy street scene 2019 Annecy Street scene 2019.jpg
Annecy street scene 2019

History

The Hotel de Ville (Town Hall) Annecy Town Hall.jpg
The Hôtel de Ville (Town Hall)
Map of Annecy in 1914, French edition Annecy.jpg
Map of Annecy in 1914, French edition

Le vieil Annecy ("Old Annecy"), (not to be confused with Annecy-le-Vieux, another border town), was a settlement from the time of the Romans. [4] Annecy was the court of the counts of Geneva [4] or Genevois from the 10th century. [5] It passed to the counts of Savoy in 1401. [5] In 1444, it became the regional capital of the provinces of Genevois, Faucigny, and Beaufortain. With the advance of Calvinism, Annecy became a center for the Counter-Reformation, the old Bishopric of Geneva being transferred to it in 1535. [5] Francis of Sales was born in Sales, France in 1567 and served as bishop of Annecy from 1602 to 1622; [5] his relics are preserved in the cathedral. [4] During the French Revolution, the Savoy region was conquered by France. Annecy became attached to the department of Mont Blanc, whose capital was Chambéry. [6] The Catholic diocese was suppressed in 1801.[ citation needed ] After the Bourbon Restoration in 1815, Annecy was returned to the King of Sardinia and the Catholic diocese restored in 1822.[ citation needed ] When Savoy was annexed to France in 1860 with the Treaty of Turin, it became the capital of the new department of Haute-Savoie. Annecy was the site of the second round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) talks in 1949. In 2012, a multiple murder occurred in the Annecy area. [7]

A panoramic image from the southern bank of Le Thiou in the town centre as of July 2018. Annecy Panorama.jpg
A panoramic image from the southern bank of Le Thiou in the town centre as of July 2018.

The new municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger with the former communes of Annecy-le-Vieux, Cran-Gevrier, Meythet, Pringy and Seynod. [8]

Administration

Annecy is part of four cantons (Annecy-1, Annecy-2, Annecy-le-Vieux and Seynod) and it is the Prefecture of Haute-Savoie.

Since 2017, Annecy has consisted of six delegate cities: Annecy; Annecy-le-Vieux; Cran-Gevrier; Meythet; Pringy; and Seynod. Local government consists of a city council with 202 members. The number of members in each commune delegate depends upon its population. The Mayor is Jean-Luc Rigaut (UDI) since 2007.

The intercommunality of Annecy, Grand Annecy Agglomération , includes 34 municipalities.

Climate

Annecy has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) in spite of its relatively far inland position. Influenced by its elevation, summers are rather moderate on average, although they can be highly variable with extreme heat spikes. Winters see occasional freezing temperatures, but most often stays in the single-digits during daytime with frequent cold rain. Air frosts are normal during the night and snowfall is not uncommon. Overall, winters are colder than in Chambéry.

Climate data for Annecy, Haute-Savoie - Alt : 458m
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
23.5
(74.3)
27.4
(81.3)
32.6
(90.7)
35.1
(95.2)
37.2
(99.0)
38.5
(101.3)
30.0
(86.0)
26.5
(79.7)
22.1
(71.8)
19.9
(67.8)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F)5.4
(41.7)
7.6
(45.7)
12.0
(53.6)
15.6
(60.1)
20.5
(68.9)
24.0
(75.2)
26.1
(79.0)
25.7
(78.3)
20.7
(69.3)
16.0
(60.8)
9.5
(49.1)
5.6
(42.1)
15.7
(60.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)1.9
(35.4)
3.3
(37.9)
6.8
(44.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.0
(59.0)
18.3
(64.9)
20.2
(68.4)
19.9
(67.8)
15.6
(60.1)
11.6
(52.9)
5.9
(42.6)
2.5
(36.5)
10.9
(51.7)
Average low °C (°F)−1.6
(29.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.6
(34.9)
4.7
(40.5)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.3
(57.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.4
(50.7)
7.2
(45.0)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F)−23.0
(−9.4)
−15.5
(4.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.0
(33.8)
3.0
(37.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.0
(23.0)
−11.5
(11.3)
−16.0
(3.2)
−23.0
(−9.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)91.2
(3.59)
82.2
(3.24)
94.6
(3.72)
102.8
(4.05)
105.1
(4.14)
90.0
(3.54)
100.8
(3.97)
114.8
(4.52)
123.3
(4.85)
118.0
(4.65)
116.8
(4.60)
109.9
(4.33)
1,249.5
(49.2)
Average precipitation days119101012910109111211124
Mean monthly sunshine hours 9311717219622426227724219213883702,066
Source: Météo France - Period 1981-2010 - Temperatures extremes 1970-2015.

Culture

Annecy has hosted the Annecy International Animated Film Festival since 1960 and the Rencontres Internationales d'Annecy Cinéma & Architecture since 1999.

Sport

On 23 July 2009, Annecy played host to Stage 18 of the Tour de France, as the start/finish point for an individual time trial around Lake Annecy. It will be the start town for stage 10 of the 2018 Tour de France on 17 July 2018.

Annecy launched a bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games but lost to Pyeongchang. [9] If they had been chosen, Annecy would have been the fourth French city to host the Winter Olympic Games, after Chamonix (1924), Grenoble (1968), and Albertville (1992).

Ligue 1 former team Évian Thonon Gaillard F.C. played their home matches in Annecy. The club was founded in 2007, they grew up to reach Ligue 1, and stayed for three years in the division, thanks to their emblematic trainer Pascal Dupraz.

The Annecy basin is one of the world's leading locations for the sport of paragliding, an activity of some economic importance to the region. [10] The area regularly hosts major competitions, most recently a leg of the Paragliding World Cup in 2012. [11] Due to its proximity with the lake and the mountains, Annecy is also popular for watersports (sailing, rowing, wakeboarding, water skiing) and wintersports (alpine skiing, snowboarding, Nordic skiing). Le Semnoz, a relatively small ski resort is 35 minutes away from Annecy. Other bigger ski resorts, La Clusaz and Le Grand Bornand, are only 40 minutes away. Annecy is also very popular among trail runners and many races are organized year round, such as the World Trail Running Championships in 2015. [12]

Main sights

The Palais de l'Isle and Thiou river Annecy-palais2.jpg
The Palais de l'Isle and Thiou river

Education

Population

Population change (See database)
179318001806182218381848185818611866
4,4405,1305,4675,7248,2528,54710,3749,37011,554
187218761881188618911896190119061911
11,58110,97611,33411,81711,94712,89413,61114,35115,622
192119261931193619461954196219681975
15,00417,23320,28923,29326,72233,11443,25554,48453,262
1982199019992008-----
49,96549,64450,34850,115-----

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006) · [13]

Population Over Time

  
 
 
 
0
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1800
 
1820
 
1840
 
1860
 
1880
 
1900
 
1920
 
1940
 
1960
 
1980
 
2000
 
Sources - database Cassini of EHESS and Insee See database

Research organisations

Economy

Logo of the City of Annecy Logo annecy.svg
Logo of the City of Annecy

In the 19th century, the primary manufactures were linen and cotton goods, glass, cutlery, earthenware, and leather. [4] The area also carried on linen bleaching and iron mining. [4] By the First World War, it was connected by rail to Aix-les-Bains and there were factories for linen and cotton goods, felt hats, and paper, as well as a "celebrated" bell foundry at Annecy-le-Vieux. [5]

Companies located in and around Annecy include:

Transport

The Gare d'Annecy railway station offers connections with Lyon, Geneva, Paris, Grenoble and several regional destinations.

Annecy – Haute-Savoie – Mont Blanc Airport currently used for private air transport only.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Annecy is twinned with:

Associations

Together with other Alpine towns Annecy engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Annecy is also Alpine Town of the Year 2012.

Personalities

People with relationship to the city

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau (painted portrait).jpg
Jean-Jacques Rousseau

See also

Notes

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. "Annecy". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. "Annecy". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 EB (1878).
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 EB (1911).
  6. Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 437-438, accessed in Gallica 23 May 2017 (in French)
  7. "France shootings: Three victims shot in head". BBC News Online. BBC. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  8. "Arrêté du 14 juillet 2016 portant création d'une commune nouvelle" (in French).
  9. From Paula Hancocks, CNN. "South Korean city to host 2018 Winter Olympics". CNN.com. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  10. Paragliding in the Annecy Basin (PDF) (in French), DRDJS Rhone Alpes, archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2010, retrieved 30 October 2011
  11. World Cup France Talloires 2012 , retrieved 15 August 2014
  12. Record participation for 2015 IAU Trail World Championships| News | iaaf.org
  13. Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee.
  14. "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.

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References