Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer

Last updated

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer
Bundesministerin a. D.
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer 2 par Claude Truong-Ngoc janvier 2015.jpg
Karrenbauer in 2015
Leader of the Christian Democratic Union
In office
7 December 2018   22 January 2021

Minister of Defence, 2019–2021

Minister of Defence Karrenbauer and U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin on 13 April 2021 210413-D-XI929-1044 (51113937659).jpg
Minister of Defence Karrenbauer and U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin on 13 April 2021

When Ursula von der Leyen was elected President of the European Commission in July 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer succeeded her as Federal Minister of Defence in the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel. [31] [32] This was the first time that she held a position in the federal government. [33]

For the 2021 elections, Kramp-Karrenbauer was later elected to lead the CDU campaign in Saarland. [34] Shortly after having been elected, she announced her decision to step down from the parliament and instead make room for Markus Uhl who had failed to secure a seat. [35]

International crises

In November 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer stated that in the disputed territory of the Nagorno-Karabakh, "the first real drone war in human history has just been conducted between Azerbaijan and Armenia, with devastating consequences for the losing side." [36]

In April 2021, Kramp-Karrenbauer accused Russia of taking provocative actions with its troop buildup in Crimea and along its western border, while rejecting Russia's claim that it was responding to a massive NATO-led military exercise called Defender-Europe 21, one of the largest NATO-led military exercises in Europe in decades, which began in March 2021. [37] [38] [39]

In mid-2021, Kramp-Karrenbauer oversaw the German miliary's withdrawal from Afghanistan after almost two decades. [40] In July 2021, she sent the frigate Bayern off on a seven-month voyage that will take it to Australia, Japan, South Korea and Vietnam, making it the first German warship to pass through the South China Sea since 2002. [41]

Armed forces

During her time in office, Kramp-Karrenbauer publicly apologized to soldiers who for decades faced discrimination, discharge or convictions on the basis of their sexual orientation. In 2021, she successfully introduced legislation to rehabilitate those soldiers. [42]

In 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer disbanded a company of the Special Forces Command (KSK) after police seized weapons and ammunition during a raid on the property of a KSK soldier. She later resisted calls for KSK to be disbanded altogether and instead pushed through the unit's reform. [43]

In June 2021, Kramp-Karrenbauer recalled 30 German soldiers from service at the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence in Lithuania, with ringleaders facing immediate dismissal, after an article in Der Spiegel accused them of making racist and anti-Semitic remarks and of sexual violence. [44]

Also in 2021, Kramp-Karrenbauer opened the Bundeswehr's first-ever Air and Space Operations Centre (ASOC) in Uedem, expanding Germany's existing space situation center into the new structure. [45]

Popularity

Approval ratings of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in Saarland state and federal politics AKK-Approval.svg
Approval ratings of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in Saarland state and federal politics

During Kramp-Karrenbauer's tenure as Minister-President of Saarland, she had constantly high approval ratings in the low to mid-70's among her constituents. She was the most popular politician in Saarland according to Infratest dimap from November 2010 until her departure as Minister-President. Kramp-Karrenbauer was considered one of the most popular state government leaders nationwide. [46]

When entering federal politics, Kramp-Karrenbauer had a positive net approval rating from her election as CDU General Secretary in February 2018 until March 2019, just shortly after having been elected as Leader of the Christian Democratic Union. Her nationwide popularity peaked in January 2019, when she had a net approval of +17% and was seen as second-most popular politician overall. [47] There was then a sharp decline in her popularity following gaffes and electoral defeats for the Christian Democrats in several elections. As of February 2020, she is one of the least popular German politicians. [48] [49]

Political positions

Domestic policies

Kramp-Karrenbauer speaking at the 2014 CDU conference Kramp-Karrenbauer CDU Parteitag 2014 by Olaf Kosinsky-15.jpg
Kramp-Karrenbauer speaking at the 2014 CDU conference
Manfred Weber, Kramp-Karrenbauer and Ursula von der Leyen in April 2019 Manfred Weber, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and Ursula von der Leyen.jpg
Manfred Weber, Kramp-Karrenbauer and Ursula von der Leyen in April 2019

Kramp-Karrenbauer is perceived as a moderate [50] or centrist Christian Democrat. [51] She has been described as socially conservative, but on the CDU's left wing in economic policy. [52] She is regarded as more conservative than Angela Merkel. [53] Nevertheless, in the German press, her often used nickname during her party leadership was "Mini-Merkel", reflecting both her size and her political views.

Kramp-Karrenbauer opposes same sex marriage, having compared it to incest and polygamy. [54] However, when the Mayor of Hamburg Olaf Scholz submitted a motion for a mandatory gender quota for supervisory boards to the Bundesrat in 2012, Kramp-Karrenbauer joined the state governments controlled by the Social Democrats (the SPD), voting in favour of the draft legislation; in doing so, she supported an initiative opposed by Merkel and state governments controlled by the CDU. [55]

Amid her party's campaign for the 2013 federal elections, Kramp-Karrenbauer suggested Germany return to a top income tax rate of more than 53%, setting off a fierce debate in her party. In her view, Merkel's predecessor Gerhard Schröder had gone too far in reducing the top rate from 53% to 42% in the 1990s. [56] In May 2014, she was among leading members of Merkel's CDU who called for reductions to offset fiscal drag—the automatic increases in the tax-take that occur as inflation and income growth push wage-earners further into their marginal higher tax-bracket. [57]

When the Federal Constitutional Court ruled in favour of tax equality for same-sex couples in 2013, Kramp-Karrenbauer voiced her concerns about also granting full adoption rights for same-sex couples, stating: "The traditional family unit is the core of not only Germany but all nations". [58] In 2015, she caused a public controversy by arguing that "if we open up [the definition of marriage] to become a long-term responsible partnership between two adults, then other demands can't be ruled out, such as a marriage between close relatives or between more than two people".

For the 2021 national elections, Kramp-Karrenbauer endorsed Armin Laschet as the Christian Democrats' joint candidate to succeed Chancellor Angela Merkel. [59]

Foreign policy

Kramp-Karrenbauer with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in 2019 Secretary Pompeo Meets with Defense Minister Kramp-Karrenbauer (49032822847) (cropped).jpg
Kramp-Karrenbauer with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in 2019

Kramp-Karrenbauer criticised the German-supported Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline that would allow Germany to effectively double the amount of gas it imports from Russia, saying that Nord Stream 2 "is not just an economic project but a political one". [60] In January 2019, U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell sent letters to German companies involved in the construction of Nord Stream 2, threatening CAATSA sanctions. [61] In response, Kramp-Karrenbauer stated that "the American ambassador operates in a, shall I say, somewhat unusual diplomatic manner." [62]

Kramp-Karrenbauer has supported arms exports to Saudi Arabia, which has been waging war in Yemen and was condemned for massive human rights violations. Kramp-Karrenbauer accused the Social Democrats (SPD) of jeopardising German industry and jobs, [63] saying that, with Germany's ban on arms exports to Saudi Arabia, "Germany is not very credible at the moment" in European security and defence policy and was "making common European projects practically impossible". [64]

In late 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer proposed that the European Union should try again to reach a trade agreement with the United States after the elections. [65]

In October 2021, Kramp-Karrenbauer had talked about the possibility of deploying nuclear arms against Russia. [66]

Migrants and refugees

Kramp-Karrenbauer supports stricter immigration policies. [67] Kramp-Karrenbauer supported Angela Merkel's refugee policies and her decision to let migrants into Germany in 2015–2016, many fleeing wars in the Middle East, but demanded more toughness in some cases. [68] At the beginning of 2016, she declared herself against a unilateral closure of German borders, since she feared a break-up of the European Union. In December 2017, Kramp-Karrenbauer remarked: "Bei unbegleiteten Minderjährigen sollte eine verbindliche Altersprüfung eingeführt werden." (A mandatory age investigation should be initiated for all unaccompanied minors.) She said refugees may often provide a false age in order to be treated as youths rather than adult asylum-seekers. She added, "Jemand, der seine Identität verschleiert oder Papiere vernichtet hat, muss mit harten Konsequenzen rechnen." (Anyone who conceals their identity or has destroyed papers must face harsh consequences.) According to her, data sources like mobile phones should be checked, in order to establish a person's identity. Furthermore, instead of carrying out deportations with commercial airplanes, she said it may be necessary to use their separate aircraft. [69] She demanded in November 2018 that after expulsion offenders must be refused re-entry for life, not only to Germany but also throughout the Schengen area, and cited the 2018 gang rape in Freiburg as an example. [70]

Personal life

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is a Roman Catholic. [8] She is married to Helmut Karrenbauer, a retired mining engineer, with whom she has three children, born in 1988, 1991 and 1998; they live in the city of Püttlingen. [8] [71] Kramp-Karrenbauer is an avid reader [72] and speaks French. [73]

Other activities

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christian Democratic Union of Germany</span> Centre-right political party in Germany

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany is a Christian-democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany. It is the major catch-all party of the centre-right in German politics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herbert Reul</span> German politician

Herbert Reul is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as State Minister for Internal Affairs in the government of successive Ministers-President Armin Laschet (2017–2021) and Hendrik Wüst. He previously served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Altmaier</span> German lawyer and politician

Peter Altmaier is a German lawyer and CDU politician who served as Acting Minister of Finance from 2017 to 2018 and as Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy from 2018 to 2021. He previously served as Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety from May 2012 to December 2013 and Head of the German Chancellery and as Federal Minister for Special Affairs from December 2013 to March 2018. Altmaier is widely seen as one of Chancellor Angela Merkel's most trusted advisors and advocates for her more centrist wing of the CDU. He is known for his "compromising style" and was described in 2017 as "the most powerful man in Berlin".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nadine Schön</span> German politician

Nadine Schön is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as a member of the German Parliament since 2009, representing the constituency of St. Wendel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Volker Bouffier</span> German politician

Volker Bouffier is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who served as Minister President of the German state of Hessen from 31 August 2010 to 31 May 2022. From 1 November 2014 until 31 October 2015 he was President of the Bundesrat and ex officio deputy to the President of Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reiner Haseloff</span> German politician

Reiner Haseloff is a German politician who serves as the Minister President of Saxony-Anhalt. On 9 October 2020, he was elected President of the Bundesrat. His one-year term started on 1 November 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jens Spahn</span> German politician

Jens Georg Spahn is a German politician who served as Federal Minister of Health in the fourth cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel from 2018 to 2021. A member of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), he has been the member of the lower house of the federal parliament, the Bundestag, for Steinfurt I – Borken I since 2002.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Beyer (politician)</span> German politician

Peter Beyer is a German lawyer and politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been a member of the German Bundestag since 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2017 Saarland state election</span>

The 2017 Saarland state election was held on 26 March 2017 to elect the members of the Landtag of Saarland. The incumbent grand coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and Social Democratic Party (SPD) led by Minister-President Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer was returned with an increased majority.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Strobl</span> German politician

Thomas Strobl is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as Deputy Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg since 2016.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 German federal election</span> General election for the 20th German Bundestag

Federal elections were held in Germany on 26 September 2021 to elect the members of the 20th Bundestag. State elections in Berlin and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern were also held. Incumbent chancellor Angela Merkel, first elected in 2005, chose not to run again, marking the first time that an incumbent Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany has not sought re-election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Annette Widmann-Mauz</span> German politician

Annette Widmann-Mauz is a German politician of the Christian Democrats who has been serving as a member of the German Bundestag since 1998, representing the electoral district of Tübingen. In addition to her work in parliament, she served as Parliamentary State Secretary in Chancellor Angela Merkel's second and third cabinet from 2009 until 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tobias Hans</span> German politician

Tobias Hans is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who served as Minister-President of Saarland from 2018 to 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Christian Democratic Union of Germany leadership election</span> Election in Germany

The 2018 Christian Democratic Union leadership election took place during the party's 31st Congress in Hamburg at the Messehallen convention center on 7–8 December following Angela Merkel's decision in October 2018 not to stand for party leader at the 2018 party conference following the party's bad performance in the 2018 Hessian state election and the party's consistently low numbers in national polls.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">January 2021 Christian Democratic Union of Germany leadership election</span> Election in Germany

The January 2021 Christian Democratic Union leadership election took place on 15–16 January 2021 at the party's 33rd Congress to elect the leader of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andreas Nick</span> German politician

Andreas Nick is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who served as a member of the Bundestag from the state of Rhineland-Palatinate from 2013 until 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Rachel</span> German politician

Thomas Walther Rachel is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as a member of the Bundestag from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia since 1994. From 2005 until 2021, he also served as Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Education and Research in the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sabine Weiss (politician)</span> German politician

Sabine Katharina Weiss is a German lawyer and politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as a member of the Bundestag from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia since 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elisabeth Winkelmeier-Becker</span> German politician

Elisabeth Winkelmeier-Becker is a German lawyer and politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who has been serving as a member of the Bundestag from Rhein-Sieg-Kreis I in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia since 2005.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hans cabinet</span> State government of Saarland

The Hans cabinet was the state government of Saarland between 2018 and 2022, sworn in on 1 March 2018 after Tobias Hans was elected as Minister-President of Saarland by the members of the Landtag of Saarland. It was the 28th Cabinet of Saarland.

References

  1. "Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer". Geschichte der CDU (in German). 8 August 1966. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  2. Angela Merkel Starts Grooming Successors, and One Stands Out Archived 21 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine , The New York Times .
  3. "Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer: Favourite to replace Merkel stands down". BBC News. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  4. "Pragmatic governor Laschet elected to lead Merkel's party". Associated Press. 16 January 2021.
  5. Saarland. "Ministerpräsident – Saarland.de". www.saarland.de. Archived from the original on 30 October 2017.
  6. EURACTIV Network (25 October 2021). "Germans clash over nuclear deterrence against Russia". www.euractiv.com. Archived from the original on 25 October 2021. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  7. Reuters (9 October 2021). "Merkel allies quit German parliament to allow conservatives to rebuild". Reuters . Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 Michelle Martin (26 February 2018), Unassuming "Mini-Merkel" in pole position to succeed German chancellor Reuters .
  9. 1 2 Guy Chazan (21 February 2018), ‘Mini-Merkel’ moves up to Germany’s political big league Financial Times .
  10. 1 2 Siobhán Dowling (25 January 2011), Letter from Berlin: Germany's New Generation of Female Political Leaders Der Spiegel .
  11. 1 2 Anthony Czuczka and Brian Parkin (16 April 2012), Merkel Seen Turning to Euro Bond-Backing SPD to Win in 2013 Bloomberg News .
  12. Anthony Czuczka and Brian Parkin (26 March 2012), Merkel’s Party Wins Saarland State in Show of Crisis Backing Bloomberg News .
  13. Paul Carrel and Hakan Erdem (26 March 2017), Merkel's conservatives win Saarland vote in boost for national campaign Reuters .
  14. Holl, Thomas. "Zweisprachigkeit im Saarland: Kramp-Karrenbauers Frankreich-Coup". Faz.net. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2018 via www.faz.net.
  15. Kolb, Barbara Galaktionow, Sebastian Gierke, Matthias; Peters, Benedikt (26 February 2018). "Kramp-Karrenbauer mit großer Mehrheit zur CDU-Generalsekretärin gewählt" via Sueddeutsche.de.
  16. Patrick Donahue and Arne Delfs (19 February 2018), Merkel Sets Up Potential Successor With Key Party Appointment Bloomberg News.
  17. Chazan, Guy (7 November 2018). "Merkel's favoured successor declares new chapter". Financial Times .
  18. "Angela Merkel says she will not seek re-election as German Chancellor". CNN International. 29 October 2018.
  19. Eddy, Melissa (6 December 2018). "Who Will Replace Angela Merkel as German Conservatives' Leader?". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  20. "Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer ist neue Vorsitzende der CDU" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 7 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  21. "Merkel's choice elected ruling party leader". BBC News. 7 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  22. Lohse, Eckart; Wyssuwa, Matthias; Demmin. "Politischer Aschermittwoch: Der Gegenangriff der AKK". Frankfurter Allgemeine Magazin (in German). ISSN   0174-4909. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  23. "German YouTuber shakes up mainstream politics with viral video". www.thelocal.de. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  24. "Die Frage stellt sich mit Blick auf Meinungsmache: Was sind eigentlich die Regeln?". stern.de (in German). 27 May 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  25. "Merkel Decides Her Chosen Successor Isn't Up to the Job". 20 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  26. dpa. "Diskussion um AKK: Laschet: CDU hat mehrere Kandidaten mit Kanzlerformat". NOZ. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  27. "Pressure mounts on Merkel's heir apparent before state elections". The Guardian . 29 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  28. "Germany's Far-Right Is Creeping Ever Closer to Power". Foreign Policy . 28 August 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  29. "Favourite to replace Merkel stands down". BBC News . 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  30. "Backroom bravado: Who will succeed Angela Merkel". The German Times. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  31. Guy Chazan (July 16, 2019), Kramp-Karrenbauer appointed German defence minister  Financial Times .
  32. Jon Henley (July 17, 2019), Merkel protege AKK given defence job seen as poisoned chalice  The Guardian .
  33. Guy Chazan (July 16, 2019), Kramp-Karrenbauer appointed German defence minister Financial Times .
  34. Kandidaten für Berlin: Kramp-Karrenbauer führt das „Team Saarland“ der CDU in die Bundestagswahl Saarbrücker Zeitung , June 19, 2021.
  35. Paul Dallison (October 9, 2021), Altmaier, Kramp-Karrenbauer to step down from German parliament Politico Europe .
  36. "Second Keynote Speech by German Federal Minister of Defence". Federal Ministry of Defence . 19 November 2020.
  37. "Germany Says Russia Seeking To 'Provoke' With Troop Buildup At Ukraine's Border". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 14 April 2021.
  38. "Massive, Army-led NATO exercise Defender Europe kicks off". Army Times . 15 March 2021.
  39. "Ukraine: purpose of upcoming Defender Europe 2021 exercise is to practice for war with Russia". UAWire. 4 April 2021.
  40. Sabine Siebold (June 29, 2021), German military completes withdrawal from Afghanistan  Reuters .
  41. Sabine Siebold (August 2, 2021), German warship heads for South China Sea amid tension with Beijing Reuters .
  42. German lawmakers back compensation for gay soldiers  Reuters , May 21, 2021.
  43. Sabine Siebold (June 15, 2021), German special forces unit to survive far-right scandal Reuters , May 21, 2021.
  44. Alexander Ratz and Thomas Escritt (June 16, 2021), German soldiers dismissed over Hitler birthday song Reuters .
  45. Sabine Siebold (July 13, 2021), New German space command to tackle Russian, Chinese threat, overcrowding  Reuters .
  46. "Umfragen Kandidaten im Vergleich". tagesschau. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  47. "ARD-DeutschlandTREND Januar 2019" (PDF). tagesschau. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  48. "Kramp-Karrenbauer so unbeliebt wie nie". tagesschau. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  49. "Union verliert, Zugewinn für Linke". ZDF. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  50. Bennhold, Katrin; Eddy, Melissa (7 December 2018). "Merkel's Party Picks Successor in Her Image: Wry, Moderate and a Woman". The New York Times.
  51. "Angela Merkel's CDU successor: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer – DW – 07.12.2018". DW.COM.
  52. Emma Anderson (6 December 2018). "How Merkel's successor could change the political landscape (or not)". Politico. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  53. Sturm, Daniel Friedrich (8 December 2018). "USA: Für viele Amerikaner ist Merkel schon Geschichte". Die Welt. Retrieved 9 December 2018 via www.welt.de.
  54. "State leader equates gay marriage with incest". www.thelocal.de. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  55. Markus Dettmer, Peter Müller and René Pfister (23 April 2013), Rebel in the Ranks: Gutsy Minister Gives Glimpse of Life After Merkel Der Spiegel .
  56. Noah Barkin (24 March 2013), Merkel ally backs double-digit hike in top tax rate Reuters .
  57. Stefan Wagstyl (8 May 2014), Angela Merkel sees no ‘room for manoeuvre’ on tax cuts Financial Times .
  58. Melanie Amann, Dietmar Hipp and Peter Müller (11 June 2013), Vater and Vater: Gay Adoption Debate Flusters Conservatives Archived 30 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine Der Spiegel .
  59. Florian Gathmann, Kevin Hagen, Christoph Hickmann and Veit Medick (April 20, 2021), Erzwungene Abstimmung im CDU-Vorstand: Laschets Gewaltakt Der Spiegel .
  60. "Frontrunners to succeed Merkel raise questions over Russian pipeline". Financial Times. 3 December 2018.
  61. "US threatens sanctions over Russia-Germany gas pipeline". The Local. 13 January 2019.
  62. Patrick Donahue (14 January 2019). "Merkel Ally Pushes Back on Trump Envoy's Russian Pipeline Threat". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  63. "German conservative leader takes aim at SPD over Saudi arms embargo: media". Reuters. 28 February 2019.
  64. "Arms war in Berlin triggers tensions with France". The Irish Times. 28 March 2019.
  65. Sabine Siebold (October 30, 2020), Germany suggests new EU trade talks with U.S. after elections Reuters .
  66. "Germans clash over nuclear deterrence against Russia". Euractiv. 25 October 2021.
  67. Nachrichten, n-tv. "Migration darf nicht unser Hartz IV werden". n-tv.de. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  68. "Merkel gives pivotal job to conservative Catholic, sparking succession talk". Handelsblatt . 19 February 2018. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  69. "Kramp-Karrenbauer will härteren Umgang mit Asylbewerbern". Die Welt . 25 December 2017.
  70. "Kandidatin Kramp-Karrenbauer mit harter Linie gegen straffällige Asylbewerber". Berliner Zeitung . 8 November 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  71. "Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer | CDU Saar". Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  72. Leon Mangasarian (23 May 2013), German SPD Seen by Merkel Party Leader Turning to Left Bloomberg News .
  73. Leon Mangasarian (23 May 2013), Strained Franco-German Ties Worry Merkel Party Saarland Premier Bloomberg News .
  74. Advisory Council Archived 30 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine Munich Security Conference.
  75. Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer bleibt Präsidentin des Deutschen Volkshochschul-Verbandes German Adult Education Association (DVV), press release of May 8, 2019.
  76. Board of Trustees European Foundation for the Speyer Cathedral.
  77. WM-Kuratorium unter Vorsitz von Dr. Thomas Bach Archived 2 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine FIFA, press release of 30 September 2008.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer at Wikimedia Commons