Last updated

Anemâsse  (Arpitan)
Mairie Annemasse.jpg
Annemasse Town Hall
Flag of Annemasse.png
Blason ville fr Annemasse (Haute-Savoie).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Annemasse
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 46°11′45″N6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364 Coordinates: 46°11′45″N6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Saint-Julien-en-Genevois
Canton Annemasse
Intercommunality Annemasse – Les Voirons
  Mayor (20202026) Christian Dupessay (PS)
4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
  Density7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
74012 /74100
Elevation399–504 m (1,309–1,654 ft)
(avg. 433 m or 1,421 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Annemasse (French pronunciation:  [anmas] ; Arpitan: Anemâsse) is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Eastern France. Even though it covers a relatively small territory (4.98 km2 or 1.92 sq mi), it is Haute-Savoie's second most populous commune after the prefecture Annecy, with 36,250 residents as of 2018. [2]


Annemasse is part of the Grand Genève (Greater Geneva), a transborder agglomeration between France and Switzerland, which encompasses the developed areas on the southwestern shore of Lake Geneva. It lies near the Swiss border, approximately 8 km (5 mi) east of Geneva. Its railway station is served by TGV, RegioExpress, Léman Express and TER Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes trains.


The origin of the name Annemasse is uncertain. It could come from an Allobroges tribe; [3] it could be derived from the Gallic name Adnamatius; [4] it could be a reference to the Roman city of Annamatia in Pannonia (current-day Hungary). [5] In ancient Roman times, Annemasse, a vicus , was known as Namascae.


Annemasse (red) in Haute-Savoie 74012-Annemasse - Localisation.png
Annemasse (red) in Haute-Savoie

Annemasse is part of the metropolitan area of Geneva. It is located 2 km (1.2 mi) southeast of the Swiss border and 45 km (27.9 mi) north of Annecy, the prefecture of Haute-Savoie. The city is surrounded by the Voirons (alt. 1,450 m) to the east and the Salève (alt. 1,300 m) and the Arve River to the west.


The climate is temperate with influences from the Bornes Massif and Lake Geneva. The coldest months are January and February; the hottest are July and August. [6] There is an annual average of 80 days with below zero temperatures. The minimum average is -1 °C and the maximum average is 26 °C. The annual rainfall is 975.7 mm with 118 rainy days a year.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 515    
1800 615+2.57%
1806 616+0.03%
1822 776+1.45%
1838 1,049+1.90%
1848 1,047−0.02%
1858 1,045−0.02%
1861 1,124+2.46%
1866 1,203+1.37%
1872 1,143−0.85%
1876 1,221+1.66%
1881 1,521+4.49%
1886 1,996+5.59%
1891 2,380+3.58%
1896 2,460+0.66%
1901 2,811+2.70%
1906 3,052+1.66%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 3,334+1.78%
1921 4,208+2.36%
1926 6,009+7.39%
1931 7,092+3.37%
1936 8,018+2.48%
1946 8,831+0.97%
1954 10,209+1.83%
1962 13,814+3.85%
1968 17,166+3.69%
1975 23,384+4.51%
1982 26,204+1.64%
1990 27,669+0.68%
1999 27,253−0.17%
2007 29,540+1.01%
2012 33,166+2.34%
2017 35,712+1.49%
Source: EHESS [7] and INSEE (1968–2017) [8]


Mayor Christian Dupessey, 2009 Christian Dupessey.jpg
Mayor Christian Dupessey, 2009

The urban area of Annemasse, the agglomeration community of Annemasse – Les Voirons, which consists of twelve communes, is the second largest agglomeration in the Haute-Savoie department in terms of population, after the Grand Annecy (Greater Annecy).

Robert Borrel of the Socialist Party (PS) held the mayorship in Annemasse from 1977 to 2008. Fellow party member Christian Dupessay was elected to succeed him following his retirement in 2008. Dupessay was reelected in 2014 and 2020.


The main activity is commerce: due to the current foreign exchange situation, many Swiss residents come to Annemasse to purchase food and other commodities. A large proportion of the population work in Geneva, where the salaries are higher than in France. [9]

Annemasse has 1,898 company locations on its territory, a large share of it being shops and services. The three main companies operating in Annemasse are Parker Hannifin (turnover: €134 million), Siegwerk (€107 million) and Géant Casino Annemasse (€17 million, enlarged in 2003).


Satellite map with Annemasse Aerodrome on the right 74012-Annemasse-Orthophoto.png
Satellite map with Annemasse Aerodrome on the right

Annemasse is an important crossroad. It is the last exit of the French motorway A40 before the border and is thus well connected with the other cities of the region. It is also connected to Annecy via motorway A41.

Local transport is done with 6 bus lines by the TP2A company (Transports publics de l'Agglomération d'Annemasse). A tram is connected to the Swiss border.

Annemasse has had a railway station since 1880. It is the second most important station of the department with 2,000 passengers a day. To encourage mobility, the CEVA project will extend the existing rail connection between Annemasse and Gare de Cornavin through Genève Eaux-Vives.

Annemasse also has a small airport for small tourist and business planes.


Primary schools
Secondary schools
High secondary schools
Other school


Annemasse has several religious places. There are two Roman Catholic churches (Saint-André and Saint-Joseph), one synagogue, two Muslim religious organisations, as well as several Protestant churches.

Servetus Monument

The Michael Servetus Monument in Annemasse, by Clothilde Roch Michael Servetus in prison, statue by C. Roch Wellcome L0006357.jpg
The Michael Servetus Monument in Annemasse, by Clothilde Roch

In 1903, 350 years after the dissident Michael Servetus was executed in Geneva at the instigation of John Calvin, a committee was formed to erect a monument in Servetus' honour - led by a French Senator, Auguste Dide, an author of a book on heretics and revolutionaries. The committee commissioned a local Geneva sculptor, Clothilde Roch, to do a statue showing a suffering Servetus. The work was three years in the making and was finished in 1907. However, supporters of Calvin were still strong in Geneva, and the statue was rejected.

The committee then offered the statue to the neighboring Annemasse, which in 1908 placed it in front of the city hall, with the following inscriptions:

“The arrest of Servetus in Geneva, where he did neither publish nor dogmatize, hence he was not subject to its laws, has to be considered as a barbaric act and an insult to the Right of Nations.” Voltaire

"I beg you, shorten please these deliberations. It is clear that Calvin for his pleasure wishes to make me rot in this prison. The lice eat me alive. My clothes are torn and I have nothing for a change, nor shirt, only a worn out vest.” Servetus, 1553

In 1942, the pro-Nazi Vichy Government took down the statue, as it was a celebration of freedom of conscience, and melted it. In 1960, having found the original molds, Annemasse had it recast and returned the statue to its previous place. [10]

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Annemasse is twinned with: [11]

Friendship pacts

Annemasse has friendly relations with: [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Haute-Savoie Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Haute-Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy. Its prefecture is Annecy. To the north is Lake Geneva; to the south and southeast are Mont Blanc and the Aravis mountain range.

Faucigny Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Faucigny is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Communes of the Haute-Savoie department

The following is a list of the 279 communes of the French department of Haute-Savoie.

Canton of Geneva Canton of Switzerland

The Canton of Geneva, officially the Republic and Canton of Geneva, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of forty-five municipalities and the seat of the government and parliament is in the City of Geneva.

Annecy Prefecture of Haute-Savoie, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Annecy is the prefecture and largest city of the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. It lies on the northern tip of Lake Annecy, 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Geneva, Switzerland. Nicknamed the "Pearl of French Alps" in Raoul Blanchard's monograph describing its location between lake and mountains, the city controls the northern entrance to the lake gorge. Due to a lack of available building land between the lake and the protected Semnoz mountain, its population has remained stagnant, around 50,000 inhabitants, since 1950. However, the 2017 merger with several ex-communes extended the city population to 126,924 inhabitants and 170,753 for its urban area, placing Annecy seventh in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Ville-la-Grand Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Ville-la-Grand is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. The commune consists of the main town Ville-la-Grand and the small villages Crêt and Marsaz.

Cluses Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Cluses is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France.


The Salève, or Mont Salève, is a mountain of the French Prealps located in the department of Haute-Savoie in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. It is also called the "Balcony of Geneva".

The Arve Valley is an alpine valley located in the French Haute-Savoie department. The namesake of the valley is the river at the bottom: the Arve. The valley as a whole makes up the majority of Faucigny, one of the Natural Regions of France, and one of six that make up the Savoie region.

CEVA rail Railway line from Geneva, Switzerland to Annemasse, France

CEVA (Cornavin‒Eaux-Vives‒Annemasse) is an orbital rail line designed to connect the main railway station of Geneva, Switzerland on the north of Lake Geneva with the Gare d'Annemasse in Annemasse, France, to the south of Lake Geneva. The link allows through running between the main Swiss rail network and the until then isolated line east of Annemasse in Haute-Savoie, which was served until 2013 by French SNCF services. A new station was constructed on the route at Gare des Eaux-Vives and the line between this station and the border was replaced with a double track line in tunnel. Track already existed as far as Stade de Genève station; the full route opened on 15 December 2019 to Léman Express and RegioExpress services.

Monnetier-Mornex Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Monnetier-Mornex is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Vovray-en-Bornes Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Vovray-en-Bornes is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Menthonnex-en-Bornes Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Menthonnex-en-Bornes is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Étrembières Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Étrembières is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

Savigny, Haute-Savoie Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Savigny is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.

The agglomeration community Annemasse – Les Voirons is an intercommunal structure located in Haute-Savoie, France. It consists of the town Annemasse and 11 neighbouring communes. It is located at the Swiss border, east of Geneva, between the mountains Salève and Voirons.

Léman Express Rail network in Greater Geneva including the French departments of Haute-Savoie and Ain

The Léman Express is a commuter rail network for the transborder agglomeration of Grand Genève in west Switzerland and the French Alps.

The Albanais is a small Savoyard region situated between Lake Annecy and Lac du Bourget, at the entrance to the Parc naturel régional du Massif des Bauges. Located in the French departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie, its principal city is Rumilly. The name Albanais comes from the Latin Albinnum, which is derived from the names of the tribes Albii whose presence is attested to in the toponymy of places such as Albens, Alby, and Albigny.

Grand Genève

The Grand Genève is an transborder agglomeration of 209 communes, comprising the metropolitan area of Geneva. It is divided between Switzerland and France. It has 946,000 inhabitants (2015).

Saint-Pierre-en-Faucigny station

Saint-Pierre-en-Faucigny station is a railway station in the commune of Saint-Pierre-en-Faucigny, in the French department of Haute-Savoie. It is located on the standard gauge La Roche-sur-Foron–Saint-Gervais-les-Bains-Le Fayet line of SNCF.


  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  3. Gilbert Künzi, Lieux-dits entre Dranse et Arve : Chablais savoyard et Faucigny, Éditions Cabédita, 1997, 201 p. ISBN   978-2-88295-203-5
  4. Henry Suter, « Annemasse » [archive], « Noms de lieux de Suisse romande, Savoie et environs » -, 2000-2009 (updated 18 décembre 2009)
  5. Pierre Broise, « Antiquités gallo-romaine en Faucigny », Bulletin, no XVIII, 1986, p. 249
  6. Étude d'impact — État initial de l'environnement, dossier de réalisation, « Climatologie d'Annemasse », February 2008.
  7. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Annemasse, EHESS. (in French)
  8. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  9. Groupement transfrontalier européen
  10. Goldstone, Nancy Bazelon; Goldstone, Lawrence (2003). Out of the Flames: The Remarkable Story of a Fearless Scholar, a Fatal Heresy, and One of the Rarest Books in the World. New York: Broadway. ISBN   0-7679-0837-6.pp. 313-316
  11. 1 2 "Jumelage et Pactes d'amitié". (in French). Annemasse. Retrieved 2021-04-21.