Annemasse

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Annemasse

Anemâsse  (Arpitan)
Mairie Annemasse.jpg
Annemasse Town Hall
Flag of Annemasse.png
Flag
Blason ville fr Annemasse (Haute-Savoie).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Annemasse
Annemasse
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Annemasse
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
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Annemasse
Coordinates: 46°11′45″N6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364 Coordinates: 46°11′45″N6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Saint-Julien-en-Genevois
Canton Annemasse
Intercommunality Annemasse – Les Voirons
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Christian Dupessay (PS)
Area
1
4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
36,250
  Density7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
74012 /74100
Elevation399–504 m (1,309–1,654 ft)
(avg. 433 m or 1,421 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Annemasse (French pronunciation:  [anmas] ; Arpitan: Anemâsse) is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Eastern France. Even though it covers a relatively small territory (4.98 km2 or 1.92 sq mi), it is Haute-Savoie's second most populous commune after the prefecture Annecy, with 36,250 residents as of 2018. [2]

Contents

Annemasse is part of the Grand Genève (Greater Geneva), a transborder agglomeration between France and Switzerland, which encompasses the developed areas on the southwestern shore of Lake Geneva. It lies near the Swiss border, approximately 8 km (5 mi) east of Geneva. Its railway station is served by TGV, RegioExpress, Léman Express and TER Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes trains.

Etymology

The origin of the name Annemasse is uncertain. It could come from an Allobroges tribe; [3] it could be derived from the Gallic name Adnamatius; [4] it could be a reference to the Roman city of Annamatia in Pannonia (current-day Hungary). [5] In ancient Roman times, Annemasse, a vicus , was known as Namascae.

Geography

Annemasse (red) in Haute-Savoie 74012-Annemasse - Localisation.png
Annemasse (red) in Haute-Savoie

Annemasse is part of the metropolitan area of Geneva. It is located 2 km (1.2 mi) southeast of the Swiss border and 45 km (27.9 mi) north of Annecy, the prefecture of Haute-Savoie. The city is surrounded by the Voirons (alt. 1,450 m) to the east and the Salève (alt. 1,300 m) and the Arve River to the west.

Climate

The climate is temperate with influences from the Bornes Massif and Lake Geneva. The coldest months are January and February; the hottest are July and August. [6] There is an annual average of 80 days with below zero temperatures. The minimum average is -1 °C and the maximum average is 26 °C. The annual rainfall is 975.7 mm with 118 rainy days a year.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 515    
1800 615+2.57%
1806 616+0.03%
1822 776+1.45%
1838 1,049+1.90%
1848 1,047−0.02%
1858 1,045−0.02%
1861 1,124+2.46%
1866 1,203+1.37%
1872 1,143−0.85%
1876 1,221+1.66%
1881 1,521+4.49%
1886 1,996+5.59%
1891 2,380+3.58%
1896 2,460+0.66%
1901 2,811+2.70%
1906 3,052+1.66%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 3,334+1.78%
1921 4,208+2.36%
1926 6,009+7.39%
1931 7,092+3.37%
1936 8,018+2.48%
1946 8,831+0.97%
1954 10,209+1.83%
1962 13,814+3.85%
1968 17,166+3.69%
1975 23,384+4.51%
1982 26,204+1.64%
1990 27,669+0.68%
1999 27,253−0.17%
2007 29,540+1.01%
2012 33,166+2.34%
2017 35,712+1.49%
Source: EHESS [7] and INSEE (1968–2017) [8]

Politics

Mayor Christian Dupessey, 2009 Christian Dupessey.jpg
Mayor Christian Dupessey, 2009

The urban area of Annemasse, the agglomeration community of Annemasse – Les Voirons, which consists of twelve communes, is the second largest agglomeration in the Haute-Savoie department in terms of population, after the Grand Annecy (Greater Annecy).

Robert Borrel of the Socialist Party (PS) held the mayorship in Annemasse from 1977 to 2008. Fellow party member Christian Dupessay was elected to succeed him following his retirement in 2008. Dupessay was reelected in 2014 and 2020.

Economy

The main activity is commerce: due to the current foreign exchange situation, many Swiss residents come to Annemasse to purchase food and other commodities. A large proportion of the population work in Geneva, where the salaries are higher than in France. [9]

Annemasse has 1,898 company locations on its territory, a large share of it being shops and services. The three main companies operating in Annemasse are Parker Hannifin (turnover: €134 million), Siegwerk (€107 million) and Géant Casino Annemasse (€17 million, enlarged in 2003).

Transport

Satellite map with Annemasse Aerodrome on the right 74012-Annemasse-Orthophoto.png
Satellite map with Annemasse Aerodrome on the right

Annemasse is an important crossroad. It is the last exit of the French motorway A40 before the border and is thus well connected with the other cities of the region. It is also connected to Annecy via motorway A41.

Local transport is done with 6 bus lines by the TP2A company (Transports publics de l'Agglomération d'Annemasse). A tram is connected to the Swiss border.

Annemasse has had a railway station since 1880. It is the second most important station of the department with 2,000 passengers a day. To encourage mobility, the CEVA project will extend the existing rail connection between Annemasse and Gare de Cornavin through Genève Eaux-Vives.

Annemasse also has a small airport for small tourist and business planes.

Education

Kindergartens
Primary schools
Secondary schools
High secondary schools
Other school

Religion

Annemasse has several religious places. There are two Roman Catholic churches (Saint-André and Saint-Joseph), one synagogue, two Muslim religious organisations, as well as several Protestant churches.

Servetus Monument

The Michael Servetus Monument in Annemasse, by Clothilde Roch Michael Servetus in prison, statue by C. Roch Wellcome L0006357.jpg
The Michael Servetus Monument in Annemasse, by Clothilde Roch

In 1903, 350 years after the dissident Michael Servetus was executed in Geneva at the instigation of John Calvin, a committee was formed to erect a monument in Servetus' honour - led by a French Senator, Auguste Dide, an author of a book on heretics and revolutionaries. The committee commissioned a local Geneva sculptor, Clothilde Roch, to do a statue showing a suffering Servetus. The work was three years in the making and was finished in 1907. However, supporters of Calvin were still strong in Geneva, and the statue was rejected.

The committee then offered the statue to the neighboring Annemasse, which in 1908 placed it in front of the city hall, with the following inscriptions:

“The arrest of Servetus in Geneva, where he did neither publish nor dogmatize, hence he was not subject to its laws, has to be considered as a barbaric act and an insult to the Right of Nations.” Voltaire

"I beg you, shorten please these deliberations. It is clear that Calvin for his pleasure wishes to make me rot in this prison. The lice eat me alive. My clothes are torn and I have nothing for a change, nor shirt, only a worn out vest.” Servetus, 1553

In 1942, the pro-Nazi Vichy Government took down the statue, as it was a celebration of freedom of conscience, and melted it. In 1960, having found the original molds, Annemasse had it recast and returned the statue to its previous place. [10]

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Annemasse is twinned with: [11]

Friendship pacts

Annemasse has friendly relations with: [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

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CEVA rail Railway line from Geneva, Switzerland to Annemasse, France

CEVA (Cornavin‒Eaux-Vives‒Annemasse) is an orbital rail line designed to connect the main railway station of Geneva, Switzerland on the north of Lake Geneva with the Gare d'Annemasse in Annemasse, France, to the south of Lake Geneva. The link allows through running between the main Swiss rail network and the until then isolated line east of Annemasse in Haute-Savoie, which was served until 2013 by French SNCF services. A new station was constructed on the route at Gare des Eaux-Vives and the line between this station and the border was replaced with a double track line in tunnel. Track already existed as far as Stade de Genève station; the full route opened on 15 December 2019 to Léman Express and RegioExpress services.

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The agglomeration community Annemasse – Les Voirons is an intercommunal structure located in Haute-Savoie, France. It consists of the town Annemasse and 11 neighbouring communes. It is located at the Swiss border, east of Geneva, between the mountains Salève and Voirons.

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  3. Gilbert Künzi, Lieux-dits entre Dranse et Arve : Chablais savoyard et Faucigny, Éditions Cabédita, 1997, 201 p. ISBN   978-2-88295-203-5
  4. Henry Suter, « Annemasse » [archive], « Noms de lieux de Suisse romande, Savoie et environs » - henrysuter.ch, 2000-2009 (updated 18 décembre 2009)
  5. Pierre Broise, « Antiquités gallo-romaine en Faucigny », Bulletin, no XVIII, 1986, p. 249
  6. Étude d'impact — État initial de l'environnement, dossier de réalisation, « Climatologie d'Annemasse », February 2008.
  7. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Annemasse, EHESS. (in French)
  8. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  9. Groupement transfrontalier européen
  10. Goldstone, Nancy Bazelon; Goldstone, Lawrence (2003). Out of the Flames: The Remarkable Story of a Fearless Scholar, a Fatal Heresy, and One of the Rarest Books in the World. New York: Broadway. ISBN   0-7679-0837-6.pp. 313-316
  11. 1 2 "Jumelage et Pactes d'amitié". annemasse.fr (in French). Annemasse. Retrieved 2021-04-21.