António Mascarenhas Monteiro

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António Mascarenhas Monteiro
Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro VOA.png
2nd President of Cape Verde
In office
22 March 1991 22 March 2001
Prime Minister Pedro Pires
Carlos Veiga
Gualberto do Rosário
Preceded by Aristides Pereira
Succeeded by Pedro Pires
Personal details
António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro

(1944-02-16)16 February 1944
Ribeira da Barca, Portuguese Overseas Province of Cabo Verde
Died16 September 2016(2016-09-16) (aged 72)
Praia, Cabo Verde
Political party Movement for Democracy
Spouse(s) Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro (?–2009; her death)
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven

António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro (Portuguese pronunciation:  [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu mɐnuˈɛl mɐʃkɐˈɾeɲɐʒ ˈɡomɨʒ mõˈtejɾu] ; 16 February 1944 – 16 September 2016) was the first democratically elected President of Cape Verde from 22 March 1991 to 22 March 2001. [1]


Early life and education

Born in Ribeira da Barca in 1944, Monteiro went to university in Belgium and graduated with his law degree from the Catholic University of Leuven.

Political career

During the PAICV's single-party government, Monteiro served in various high level positions. He was the Secretary-General of the National Assembly from 1977 to 1980 and President of the Supreme Court of Justice from 1980 to 1990. [2]

Presidency of Cape Verde

Affiliated with the Movement for Democracy, he was the first president elected in a multi-party election in the country, defeating Aristides Pereira in the February 1991 presidential election. [3]

On February 1995, he awarded one of the archipelago's greatest writer during the colonial era Eugénio Tavares the Medal of the Ordem do Vulcão. [4]

He was re-elected without opposition in 1996, receiving 80% of the vote. After serving two five year terms, he stepped down in 2001; in the 2001 election, Movement for Democracy candidate Carlos Veiga, who had served as Prime Minister under Monteiro, was defeated by Pedro Pires of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).

East Timor controversy

On 19 September 2006, it was announced that Monteiro would succeed Sukehiro Hasegawa as head of the United Nations mission in East Timor. [5] The appointment was criticized in East Timor, partly because Monteiro had a poor knowledge of English. [6] It was reported that Timorese president Xanana Gusmão was among those who expressed their concern about the appointment.

On 25 September, Monteiro announced that he had changed his mind and would not be accepting the position. He told journalists that "I told the Deputy Secretary-General that I already knew that there were reservations about my name on the part of parties engaged in East Timor and that I was no longer interested in serving there." He explained that "the functions of a representative of the UN Secretary-General in East Timor are very broad and must be exercised with the goodwill of all parties involved." [7] Therefore, "it is better to stand down now than to create problems later on, especially in view of the complexity of the situation in East Timor." [7]

Memberships and awards


YearCountry Order
1991Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal PRT Order of Liberty - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Collar Order of Liberty [2]
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal SEN Order of the Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross, National Order of the Lion
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Ribbon jose marti.png Order of José Martí

Global Leadership Foundation

Monteiro was a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today’s national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.

Personal life

Monteiro's wife, Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro, known widely as Tuna Mascarenhas, the former First Lady of Cape Verde, died in Praia on September 8, 2009, at the age of 65. [8] He had three children, Gamal, Marisa and Liliana.

Monteiro died after a long illness on 16 September 2016 in Cape Verde at age 72. [9]

Related Research Articles

Politics of Cape Verde

Politics of Cape Verde takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government and the President of the Republic of Cape Verde is the head of state, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the president and the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The constitution, first approved in 1980 and substantially revised in 1992, forms the basis of government organization. It declares that the government is the "organ that defines, leads, and executes the general internal and external policy of the country" and is responsible to the National Assembly.

History of Cape Verde

The recorded history of Cape Verde begins with Portuguese discovery in 1456. Possible early references go back around 2000 years.

Aristides Pereira

Aristides Maria Pereira was a Cape Verdean politician. He was the first President of Cape Verde, serving from 1975 to 1991.

Pedro Pires

Pedro de Verona Rodrigues Pires was the President of Cape Verde from March 2001 to September 2011. Before becoming President, he was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.

José Maria Neves

José Maria Pereira Neves is a Cape Verdean politician who was Prime Minister of Cape Verde from 2001 to 2016. He is a member of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).

Movement for Democracy (Cape Verde) Political party in Cape Verde

The Movement for Democracy is a Christian democratic and liberal party in Cape Verde. Established in 1990, it was the ruling party from 1991 to 2001 and returned to power in the 2016 parliamentary election. Its members are nicknamed "os ventoinhas".

African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde Political party in Cape Verde

The African Party of Independence of Cape Verde is a social democratic political party in Cape Verde. It was formerly a Marxist–Leninist communist party. Its members are nicknamed "os tambarinas" in Portuguese, and they identify themselves with the color yellow.

Eugénio Tavares

Eugénio de Paula Tavares was a Cape Verdean poet. He is known through his famous poems (mornas), mostly written in the Creole of Brava.

Carlos Veiga

Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho Veiga is a Cape Verdean politician. He was Prime Minister of Cape Verde from April 4, 1991 to July 29, 2000.

Santa Catarina, Cape Verde Municipality of Cape Verde

Santa Catarina is a concelho (municipality) of Cape Verde. It is situated in the western part of the island of Santiago. Its seat is the city of Assomada. Its population was 45,920 in 2017 (estimate). Its area is 242.6 km2 (93.7 sq mi).

National Assembly (Cape Verde)

The unicameral National Assembly is the legislative body of the Republic of Cabo Verde.

Cape Verde country off the coast of West Africa

Cape Verde or Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an archipelago and island country in the central Atlantic Ocean, consisting of ten volcanic islands with a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi). These islands lie between 600 to 850 kilometres west of Cap-Vert situated at the westernmost point of continental Africa. The Cape Verde islands form part of the Macaronesia ecoregion, along with the Azores, the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Savage Isles.

2011 Cape Verdean presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Cape Verde on 7 August 2011, with a second round run-off on 21 August. The result was a victory for Jorge Carlos Fonseca of the Movement for Democracy, who received 54% of the vote in the second round.

2016 Cape Verdean presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Cape Verde on 2 October 2016. Incumbent President Jorge Carlos Fonseca of the Movement for Democracy (MpD) was re-elected with 74.08% of the vote.

The following lists events that happened during 1997 in Cape Verde.

The following lists events that happened during 1992 in Cape Verde.

Ordem do Vulcão, also named as the Medal of the 1st Class of Ordem do Vulcão is a national award that is done each year by the President of Cape Verde, it is awarded to the greatest personalities of Cape Verde and non-Cape Verdeans, which contributes to an aggrandizement of the nation. It is the main decoration of the country created after the independence of the nation.

Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro, more popularly known as Tuna Mascarenhas, was a Cape Verdean activist and medical laboratory scientist. She served as the First Lady of Cape Verde from 1991 until 2001 during the tenure of her husband, President António Mascarenhas Monteiro. Mascarenhas also founded the Cape Verdean Children's Foundation to provide services, such as daycare centers, to poor children and their families.


  1. "Cape Verde – Death of former President Antonio Mascarenhas Monteiro (16.09.16) –". Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 1 2 "Global Leadership Foundation | Biography - António Monteiro". Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, pages 113114.
  4. "Condecoração de Eugénio Tavares pelo presidente da Républica de Cabo Verde, Doutor António Mascarenhas Monteiro" [Decoration of Eugénio Tavares by the President of the Republic of Cape Verde, Dr. António Mascarenhas Monteiro] (in Portuguese). Eugénio Tavares Foundation. February 1995.
  5. "History of Antonio Mascarenhas". Archived from the original on 16 September 2008.
  6. "East Timor shock as new UN chief changes his mind - World -". Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  7. 1 2 "Timor UN mission head leaves before he arrives - World -". Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  8. "Tuna Mascarenhas, former first lady, dead at 65". A Semana . 10 September 2009. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 18 September 2016.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. "Breaking: Cape Verde mourns the death of former president Mascarenhas Monteiro" . Retrieved 5 October 2016.
Preceded by
Aristides Pereira
President of Cape Verde
Succeeded by
Pedro Pires