Anthony, Duke of Brabant

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Anthony, Duke of Brabant
Antoine de Bourgogne2.jpg
A bust of Anthony in the Château de Versailles
BornAugust 1384
Died25 October 1415(1415-10-25) (aged 31)
Agincourt
Noble family Valois-Burgundy-Brabant
Spouse(s) Jeanne of Saint-Pol
Elisabeth of Görlitz
Father Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Margaret III of Flanders
AR Gros or 1/2 Botdrager, struck in Leuven under Anthony, Duke of Brabant. Hertog van Brabant Limburg Anton van Bourgondie - AR Groot - 1-2 Botdrager Leuven.jpg
AR Gros or ½ Botdrager, struck in Leuven under Anthony, Duke of Brabant.

Anthony, Duke of Brabant, also known as Antoine de Brabant, Antoine de Bourgogne and Anthony of Burgundy (August 1384 25 October 1415), was Count of Rethel (1402–1406), Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1406–1415), and Co-Duke of Luxemburg (1411-1415). He was killed at the battle of Agincourt.

Contents

Biography

Anthony was the son of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, and brother of John the Fearless. [1] When his grandaunt Joanna died childless in 1406, Anthony inherited the Duchy of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg, thus becoming the first Brabantian ruler of the House of Valois.

The Duke of Brabant arrived late to the Battle of Agincourt, and in his eagerness to reach the field, he dressed in improvised armour and wore a surcoat made from a trumpeter's flag. He fought valiantly but was captured by some English archers. He was executed along with the rest of the prisoners ordered by Henry V of England, the English being unaware of his high status and ransom value. [2]

The execution was carried out as the much smaller English force found itself stretched to its limits, guarding prisoners with the battle still not won. A counterattack on the King's baggage train (guarded only by women and children) is thought to have driven King Henry to the decision, thinking he was being attacked from the rear and some chroniclers have given Brabant's belated charge as this very cause, adding to the Duke's chivalric but tragic final story (see "Agincourt", J. Barker 2005). Subsequently the executions stopped immediately when the attack was seen to falter.

Marriages and family

He married at Arras on 21 February 1402 Jeanne of Saint-Pol (d. 1407), daughter of Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol. [3] They had two children:

He married again at Brussels, on 16 July 1409, Elisabeth of Görlitz, duchess of Luxembourg [4] (November 1390 8 August 1451), daughter of John, Duke of Görlitz. They had two children:

He also had two illegitimate daughters.

Ancestry

See also

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References

  1. Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries under Burgundian rule, 1369-1530, (University Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 30-31.
  2. The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations, ed. Anne Curry, (The Boydell Press, 2000), 174.
  3. Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, (The Boydell Press, 2009), 90.
  4. Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, 90.


Anthony, Duke of Brabant
Cadet branch of the House of Valois
Born: August 1384 Died: 25 October 1415
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Margaret and Philip I
Count of Rethel
1402–1407
Succeeded by
Philip II
Preceded by
Joanna
Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg
1406–1415
Succeeded by
John IV
Preceded by
Jobst
Duke of Luxemburg
1411–1415
With: Elisabeth I
Succeeded by
Elisabeth I