Antoaneta Stefanova

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Antoaneta Stefanova
Stefanowa antoaneta 20081119 olympiade dresden.jpg
Country Bulgaria
Born (1979-04-19) 19 April 1979 (age 39)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Title Grandmaster (2002)
Women's World Champion 2004–2006
FIDE rating 2490 (May 2018)
Peak rating 2560 (January 2003)
Peak ranking No. 2 woman (January 2003)

Antoaneta Stefanova (Bulgarian : Антоанета Стефанова; born 19 April 1979) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and Women's World Champion from 2004 to 2006. She has represented Bulgaria in the Chess Olympiad in 2000 and the Women's Chess Olympiad since 1992.

Bulgarian language South Slavic language

Bulgarian, is an Indo-European language and a member of the Southern branch of the Slavic language family.

Chess Strategy board game

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to be derived from the Indian game chaturanga some time before the 7th century. Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi. Chess reached Europe by the 9th century, due to the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. The pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century with the introduction of "Mad Queen Chess"; the modern rules were standardized in the 19th century.

Grandmaster (GM) is a title awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE. Apart from World Champion, Grandmaster is the highest title a chess player can attain.

Contents

Early life and career

Stefanova was born in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. When she was four years old, she received chess lessons from her father, Andon Stefanov, a designing artist.

Sofia Capital and largest city of Bulgaria

Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria. The city is at the foot of Vitosha Mountain in the western part of the country. Being in the centre of the Balkan peninsula, it is midway between the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea, and closest to the Aegean Sea.

In 1989, Stefanova won the Girls U10 section at the World Youth Chess Festival in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico. In 1992, she played, at the age of 13, in her first Chess Olympiad in Manila, Philippines. [1] In the same year she became European under-14 girls' champion at the European Youth Chess Championship in Rimavská Sobota. Stefanova won the Bulgarian women's championship in 1995.

World Youth Chess Championship Wikimedia list article

The World Youth Chess Championship is a chess competition for girls and boys under the age of 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18. Twelve world champions are crowned every year.

Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States

Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.

Manila Capital / Highly Urbanized City in National Capital Region, Philippines

Manila, officially the City of Manila, is the capital of the Philippines. It is the most densely populated city proper in the world. It was the first chartered city by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901 and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the "Revised Charter of the City of Manila" on June 18, 1949.

She tied for fourth place in the 4th Hawaii International Chess Tournament in 1997 scoring 7 points out of 10 games. Thanks to this result Stefanova achieved her first norm for the title Grandmaster. [2] In January 1998, her FIDE rating broke into the top ten of women worldwide. [3] She played in the open section at the 2000 Chess Olympiad. [4] In 2001, Stefanova tied for first place ( finishing second on countback) in the 19th Andorra Open. [5]

Hawaii State of the United States of America

Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959. Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania, the only U.S. state located outside North America, and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean.

A norm in chess is a high level of performance in a chess tournament. Several norms are one of the requirements to receive a title such as Grandmaster from FIDE.

FIDE international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world

The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition. It is usually referred to as FIDE, its French acronym.

In June 2002, she won the 3rd European Individual Women's Championship in Varna. [6] Stefanova was awarded the title of Grandmaster at the FIDE Presidential Board meeting in Doha in July 2002. [7] At the end of July 2002, she won the Wismilak International Chess Tournament, a category 8 (average rating 2446) round-robin tournament in Surabaya, Indonesia, scoring 9½/11 points with a performance rating of 2750. [8] [9]

European Individual Chess Championship

The European Individual Chess Championship is a chess tournament organised by the European Chess Union. It was established in 2000 and has since then taken place on a yearly basis. Apart from determining the European champions, another object of this tournament is to determine a number of players who qualify for the FIDE World Cup and the knockout Women's World Championship.

Varna Place in Bulgaria

Varna is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Situated strategically in the Gulf of Varna, the city has been a major economic, social and cultural centre for almost three millennia. Varna, historically known as Odessos, grew from a Thracian seaside settlement to a major seaport on the Black Sea.

Doha City in Ad-Dawhah, Qatar

Doha is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar. Doha has a population of 1,850,000 in the city proper with the population close to 2.4 million. The city is located on the coast of the Persian Gulf in the east of the country. It is Qatar's fastest growing city, with over 80% of the nation's population living in Doha or its surrounding suburbs, and it is also the economic centre of the country.

She participated in the 2004 Corus B tournament in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands: she scored 6/13 points with a rating performance of 2537, placing ninth out of fourteen participants. [10] Stefanova became the tenth Women's World Chess Champion in June 2004 by winning a 64-player knockout tournament held in Elista, Kalmykia, under the auspices of FIDE. [11]

Tata Steel Chess Tournament Chess tournament

The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands. It was called the Hoogovens tournament from its creation in 1938 until the sponsor Koninklijke Hoogovens merged with British Steel to form the Corus Group in 1999, after which the tournament was called the Corus chess tournament. Corus Group became Tata Steel Europe in 2007. Despite the name changes, the series is numbered sequentially from its Hoogovens beginnings; the 2011 event was referred to as the 73rd Tata Steel Chess Tournament.

Wijk aan Zee Town in North Holland, Netherlands

Wijk aan Zee is a small town on the coast of the North Sea in the municipality of Beverwijk in the province of North Holland of the Netherlands. The prestigious Tata Steel Chess Tournament takes place there every year.

The Women's World Chess Championship 2004 took place from May 21 to June 4, 2004 in Elista, Russia. It was won by Antoaneta Stefanova, who beat Ekaterina Kovalevskaya in the final by 2½ to ½.

In 2008, she won the North Urals Cup in Krasnoturinsk, Russia, [12] and the women's individual rapid tournament of the 2008 World Mind Sports Games in Beijing. In 2012, Stefanova won the Women's World Rapid Chess Championship. [13] She was the runner-up in the Women's World Chess Championship 2012, losing to Anna Ushenina in the final on the tie-break. In 2017, Stefanova won two gold medals at the IMSA Elite Mind Games in Huai'an, China, in the women's rapid chess event and the women's blitz chess event. [14]

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References

  1. Antoaneta Stefanova - Women's Chess Olympiads OlimpBase
  2. Crowther, Mark (28 April 1997). "TWIC 129: Fourth Hawaii International Chess Tournament 1997". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  3. January 1998 Women's rating list OlimpBase
  4. 34th Chess Olympiad 2000 Open: Bulgaria team composition Chess-Results
  5. Crowther, Mark (9 July 2001). "TWIC 348: Andorra Open". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  6. 3rd European Individual Women's Chess Championship Varna, Bulgaria Chess-Results
  7. Schipkov, Boris. "FIDE News". Chess Siberia. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  8. Crowther, Mark (29 July 2002). "TWIC 403: Wismilak International". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  9. "Wismilak International, Surabaya 2002". IndonesiaBase. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  10. "Standings of grandmaster group B". Tata Steel Chess. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  11. "Antoaneta Stefanova new Women's World Champion". chessbase.com. 6 May 2004.
  12. "North Urals R7: Stefanova wins, followed by Ushenina, Sebag". ChessBase. 2008-08-03. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  13. "Antoaneta Stefanova is Women World Rapid Champion". Chessdom. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  14. "IMSA Elite Mind Games 2017 | The Week in Chess". theweekinchess.com. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
Preceded by
Zhu Chen
Women's World Chess Champion
20042006
Succeeded by
Xu Yuhua