Anton Arensky

Last updated
Anton Arensky, 1895 Arensky Anton Postcard-1910.jpg
Anton Arensky, 1895

Anton Stepanovich Arensky (Russian : Анто́н Степа́нович Аре́нский; 12 July [ O.S. 30 June] 186125 February [ O.S. 12 February] 1906) was a Russian composer of Romantic classical music, a pianist and a professor of music.

Contents

Biography

Arensky was born in a music-loving, affluent family in Novgorod, Russia. He was musically precocious and had composed a number of songs and piano pieces by the age of nine. With his mother and father, he moved to Saint Petersburg in 1879, after which he studied composition at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.

After graduating from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1882, Arensky became a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. Among his students there were Alexander Scriabin, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Alexander Gretchaninov. [1]

In 1895 Arensky returned to Saint Petersburg as the director of the Imperial Choir, a post for which he had been recommended by Mily Balakirev. He retired from this position in 1901, living off a comfortable pension and spending his remaining time as a pianist, conductor, and composer.

Arensky died of tuberculosis in a sanatorium in Perkjärvi, in what was then the Russian-administered Grand Duchy of Finland, at the age of 44. While very little is known about his private life, Rimsky-Korsakov alleges that drinking and gambling undermined his health. [2] He was buried in the Tikhvin Cemetery.

The Antarctic Arensky Glacier was named after him.

Music

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was the greatest influence on Arensky's musical compositions. Indeed, Rimsky-Korsakov said, "In his youth Arensky did not escape some influence from me; later the influence came from Tchaikovsky. He will quickly be forgotten." The perception that he lacked a distinctive personal style contributed to long-term neglect of his music, though in recent years a large number of his compositions have been recorded. Especially popular are the Variations on a Theme of Tchaikovsky for string orchestra, Op. 35a - arranged from the slow movement of Arensky's 2nd string quartet, and based on one of Tchaikovsky's Songs for Children, Op. 54.

Arensky was perhaps at his best in chamber music, in which genre he wrote two string quartets, two piano trios, and a piano quintet.

Selected works

Opera

Ballet

Orchestral

Chamber

Piano

(for solo piano unless otherwise specified)

Choral

Solo vocal

Arrangements of Arensky's music

Related Research Articles

Reinhold Glière ukrainian soviet composer

Reinhold Moritzevich Glière, was a composer in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, of German and Polish descent.

Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov Russian composer, conductor and teacher

Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ippolitov-Ivanov was a Russian composer, conductor and teacher. His music expanded from the late-Romantic era and into the 20th century era.

Saint Petersburg Conservatory music school in Saint Petersburg

The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory is a music school in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In 2004, the conservatory had around 275 faculty members and 1,400 students.

Anatoly Lyadov Russian composer, teacher and conductor

Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov or Liadov was a Russian composer, teacher and conductor.

Alexander Gretchaninov Russian Romantic composer

Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov was a Russian Romantic composer.

Eduard Nápravník Czech conductor and composer

Eduard Francevič Nápravník was a Czech conductor and composer. Nápravník settled in Russia and is best known for his leading role in Russian musical life as the principal conductor of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg for many decades. In that capacity, he conducted the premieres of many operas by Russian composers, including those by Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov.

Georgy Lvovich Catoire was a Russian composer of French heritage.

Alexander Taneyev Russian composer

Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev was a Russian state official and composer of the late Romantic era, specifically of the nationalist school. Among his better-known works were three string quartets, believed to have been composed between 1898–1900.

Arseny Nikolayevich Koreshchenko was a Russian pianist and composer of classical music, including operas and ballets.

Wilhelm Fitzenhagen German musician

Wilhelm Karl Friedrich Fitzenhagen, was a German cellist, composer and instructor, best known today as the dedicatee of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Variations on a Rococo Theme.

Sergei Vasilenko Russian and Soviet composer

Sergei Nikiforovich Vasilenko was a Russian and Soviet composer and music teacher whose compositions showed a strong tendency towards mysticism.

Witold Maliszewski Polish-Russian composer

Witold Maliszewski was a Polish composer, founder of Odessa Conservatory, and a professor of Warsaw Conservatory.

Vasily Andreyevich Zolotarev, also romanized as Zolotaryov, was a Russian (Soviet) composer, music teacher, and People's Artist of Russia.

Aleksandr Verzhbilovich Russian cellist

Aleksandr Valerianovich Verzhbilovich was a Russian classical cellist of Polish descent.

Alexander (Gustav) Adolfovich Winkler, also Alexandre Adolfovitch Winkler, was a Russian pianist, composer and music educator of German descent.

Nikolai Vasilievich Artsybushev was a Russian jurist, music publisher and promoter, and minor composer. His name is sometimes seen as Artsibushev, Artsybuchev, Artzibushev, Artzybushev, Artchibousheff, Arcybusev, etc.

References

  1. See: List of music students by teacher: A to B#Anton Arensky .
  2. Nikolai A. Rimski-Korsakov, Moei muzikal'noy zhizni, 1844-1906. St. Petersburg 1909 (Translation in French)