Anton Schwarzkopf

Last updated
Anton Schwarzkopf
Born(1924-07-08)July 8, 1924 [1]
DiedJuly 30, 2001(2001-07-30) (aged 77) [1]
NationalityGerman
OccupationPresident, Schwarzkopf Industries GmbH
Years active1954–1995
Known forDesigning roller coasters
Notable work
Revolution, Shockwave, The Mindbender, Olympia Looping, Whizzer, Shuttle Loop

Anton Schwarzkopf (8 July 1924 30 July 2001) was a German engineer of amusement rides, and founder of the Schwarzkopf Industries Company, which built numerous amusement rides and large roller coasters for both amusement parks and traveling funfairs.

Contents

Early years

Anton Schwarzkopf was introduced into the industry with his father's involvement with the design of specialized trailers used to transport circus equipment. Around 1954, the company transitioned into creating amusement rides.

Career

In 1957, Anton Schwarzkopf built his first attraction, the Düsenspirale, a roller coaster that traveled around Germany with funfair showman Löffelhardt. In 1960, he took over his father's company, leading to the creation of his first full scale steel roller coaster, The Wildcat, in 1964. In 1970, the first Jet Star II was built for German showman Rick. This ride was the first of many built by the company to feature an electric spiral lift hill. But 1976, Schwarzkopf, along with ride engineer Werner Stengel, created one of their most ground breaking attractions, the famous Revolution roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain in California, the first steel roller coaster ever fitted with a vertical loop. This led to the looping roller coaster becoming one of Schwarzkopf's signature attractions, with a few notable examples following soon after: King Kobra at Kings Dominion in Virginia in 1977, both the world's first Shuttle Loop and launched roller coaster, Shockwave at Six Flags Over Texas in 1978, Schwarzkopf's first double loop roller coaster, and the Looping Star in Germany, the first traveling looping roller coaster, which also opened in 1978.

Shockwave, Schwarzkopf's first double loop roller coaster. Shockwave coaster sfot.jpg
Shockwave, Schwarzkopf's first double loop roller coaster.

Schwarzkopf Industries grew rapidly with the vast support of various customers praising the company's creations. Throughout the 1970s and notably the 80s, the company became quite a popular name at carnivals, particularly those in Western Europe, producing a number of extremely large transportable rides during this time, including Alpina Bahn in 1983, Dreier Looping (Roughly "Triple Loop" in English) in 1984, Thriller in 1986, and Olympia Looping (Designed by Schwarzkopf but built by BHS) in 1989, all of which premiered in Germany. Outside of Germany, the company was represented by the Intamin firm, and as a result, many older rides credited to Intamin were actually designed and created by Schwarzkopf. Unfortunately, Anton Schwarzkopf's prowess as a businessman was relatively lacking, and his company suffered through several bankruptcies, resulting in the scrapping of many designs and deals with parks. Thriller was the last ride to built by the company before it shut in the mid-late 80's, with portions of the ride being completed by BHS, who, along with Zierer, constructed a few Schwarzkopf designs in the late 80's, including the Bavarian Mountain Railroad roller coasters and the before mentioned Olympia Looping.

Although Schwarzkopf is most famous for roller coasters, the company also produced a number of popular flat rides, including the Bayern Kurve , the Enterprise, and the Monster.

Anton Schwarzkopf retired from the industry in 1995, and died on 30 July 2001, after suffering from Parkinson's disease for many years.

Legacy

There are a number of notable people from the amusement industry who have either worked with or have relations to Anton Schwarzkopf. His brother, Franz Schwarzkopf, was also a ride designer at around the same time as Anton, and designed many staples of the both amusement parks and carnivals alike, such as the Wave Swinger. Anton's son Wieland Schwarzkopf became involved with the industry as well, starting out at Schwarzkopf and later starting his own business in 1984. Wieland's company mostly provided parts and services for his father's rides, but had a few of its own attractions, such as the Sound Factory, a short-lived version of the popular Monster ride with looping cars. Werner Stengel got his start with the Schwarzkopf company and later went on to become one of the most prestigious designers of roller coasters and amusement rides. He was still heavily involved with most of Schwarzkopf's attractions. Hubert Gerstlauer, founder and namesake of Gerstlauer Amuesment Rides GmbH, was an employee of Schwarzkopf before starting his own company in 1982. Gerstlauer's manufacturing is still done at the former Schwarzkopf facility in Münsterhausen, Bavaria.

Despite their age and shrinking numbers, Schwarzkopf rides are still very popular with both guests and operators alike. Many Schwarzkopf attractions have become icons of the parks they are located at, such as Revolution at Six Flags Magic Mountain and Whizzer at Six Flags Great America, both of which have received the American Coaster Enthusiasts "Coaster Landmark" award. Roller coaster enthusiasts often praise Schwarzkopf roller coasters for their smoothness, notable intensity (often thanks to the more circular loop design, which, at certain points, can often exert well over 5, if not sometimes 6, Gs of force on the rider), and overall beauty.

List of roller coasters


As of 2019, Schwarzkopf has built 149 roller coasters around the world. [2]

NameModelParkCountryOpenedStatusRef
JetStar Jet Star Parque de la Ciudad Flag of Argentina.svg ArgentinaUnknownRemoved [3]
Katapulta Katapult Selva Mágica Flag of Mexico.svg MexicoUnknownRemoved [4]
Super 8 Wildcat 54m Fyns Tivoli Flag of Denmark.svg DenmarkUnknownRemoved [5]
Rollercoaster
Formerly Traumlandbahn
Formerly Münchner Bahn
Münchner Bahn Future World
Movie Park Germany
Beekse Bergen
Flag of Thailand.svg ThailandUnknown
1987 to 1991
Removed [6]
[7]
[8]
Jet-Star II Jet Star 2 Wiener Prater Flag of Austria.svg AustriaUnknownRemoved [9]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Six Flags Great Adventure
Canadian National Exhibition
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUnknownRemoved [10]
[11]
Big Bend Speed Racer / Extended Jumbo Jet Six Flags St. Louis
Six Flags Over Texas
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUnknown
1971 to 1979
Removed [12]
[13]
Greased Lightnin'
Formerly Tidal Wave
Shuttle Loop Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
California's Great America
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUnknown
1977 to 2002
Removed [14]
[15]
Runaway Train Alpenblitz II Ocean Beach Amusement Park Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomUnknownRemoved [16]
Alpenblitz Alpenblitz II Gorky Park Flag of Russia.svg RussiaUnknownRemoved [17]
City Jet City Jet / Jet 400 Shaheen's Fun-O-Rama Park Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUnknownRemoved [18]
Jet Star Jet Star Serengeti Park Flag of Germany.svg GermanyUnknownRemoved [19]
City Jet City Jet / Jet 400 All Star Adventures
Gillian's Wonderland Pier
Steel Pier
Flag of the United States.svg United StatesUnknown
1976 to 2004
Unknown
Removed [20]
[21]
[22]
Unknown
Formerly Tornado
Jet Star 2 Beto Carrero World
Playcenter São Paulo
Flag of Brazil.svg BrazilUnknown
1982
Removed [23]
[24]
Düsenspirale Unknown Wiener Prater Flag of Austria.svg Austria1964Removed [25]
Super 8 Wildcat 65m Liseberg Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden1966Removed [26]
WildCat Wildcat 65m Six Flags New England Flag of the United States.svg United States1968Removed [27]
Skovtrolden Unknown Tivoli Gardens Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark1969Removed [28]
Jet Star Jet Star Palisades Amusement Park Flag of the United States.svg United States1969Removed [29]
7 Picos Wildcat 54m Parque de Atracciones de Madrid Flag of Spain.svg Spain1969Removed [30]
Jet Star Jet Star Casino Pier Flag of the United States.svg United States1970Removed [31]
Jet Star City Jet / Jet 400 Drievliet Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands1970Removed [32]
Jet Star Jet Star Parque de Atracciones de Madrid Flag of Spain.svg Spain1970Removed [33]
Wild Cat Wildcat 45m Luna Park Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia1970Removed [34]
Achterbahn Wildcat 65m Spreepark Flag of Germany.svg Germany1970Removed [35]
Jet Star Jet Star Great Adventure Amusement Park Flag of the United States.svg United States1971Removed [36]
Super 8 Wildcat 65m Kölner Tivoli Flag of Germany.svg Germany1971Removed [37]
Wildcat Wildcat 54m Fantasy Island Flag of the United States.svg United States1972Removed [38]
Super Big Gulp Jet Star 2 Playland Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada1972Removed [39]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Great Adventure Amusement Park Flag of the United States.svg United States1973Removed [40]
Schussboomer Wildcat 54m Worlds of Fun Flag of the United States.svg United States1973Removed [41]
Gebirgsbahn
Formerly Bob 1
Formerly Bobbahn 1
Unknown Phantasialand Flag of Germany.svg Germany1975Removed [42]
City Jet City Jet / Jet 400 Morey's Piers Flag of the United States.svg United States1975Removed [43]
Jet 400 City Jet / Jet 400 Jolly Roger at the Pier Flag of the United States.svg United States1975Removed [44]
Whizzer
Formerly Willard's Whizzer
Speed Racer / Extended Jumbo Jet Six Flags Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States1976Operating [45]
Whizzer
Formerly Willard's Whizzer
Speed Racer / Extended Jumbo Jet California's Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States1976Removed [46]
Jet Star 2 Jet Star 2 Lagoon
Riverfront Park
Flag of the United States.svg United States1976
1974
Operating [47]
[48]
Achtbaan Wildcat 45m Bobbejaanland Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium1976Removed [49]
Alpen Blitz Alpenblitz II Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1976Removed [50]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Morey's Piers Flag of the United States.svg United States1976Removed [51]
New Revolution
Formerly Revolution
Formerly La Revolución
Formerly Great American Revolution
Unknown Six Flags Magic Mountain Flag of the United States.svg United States1976Operating [52]
Jet Set Jet Star Funtown Pier Flag of the United States.svg United States1977Removed [53]
SooperDooperLooper Looping Speedracer Hersheypark Flag of the United States.svg United States1977Operating [54]
Grand Canyon Bahn Alpenblitz II Phantasialand Flag of Germany.svg Germany1978Removed [55]
Screamin' Demon Wildcat 54m Poconos' Magic Valley and Winona Five Falls Flag of the United States.svg United States1978Removed [56]
Wild Rider Wildcat 54m Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1978Removed [57]
The Riddler Mindbender Unknown Six Flags Over Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States1978SBNO [58]
Shock Wave Unknown Six Flags Over Texas Flag of the United States.svg United States1978Operating [59]
Montezooma's Revenge Shuttle Loop Knott's Berry Farm Flag of the United States.svg United States1978Operating [60]
City Jet City Jet / Jet 400 Kid's World Flag of the United States.svg United States1978Removed [61]
Wildcat Wildcat 65m Cedar Point Flag of the United States.svg United States1979Removed [62]
Looping Star Looping Star Bobbejaanland Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium1979Removed [63]
Alpenblitz Alpenblitz II Bobbejaanland Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium1979Removed [64]
Shuttle Loop Shuttle Loop Yokohama Dreamland Flag of Japan.svg Japan1979Removed [65]
Achterbahn Wildcat 45m Spreepark Flag of Germany.svg Germany1979Removed [66]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Coney Island
Steeplechase Park
Flag of the United States.svg United States1980
1972 to 1979
Removed [67]
[68]
Jet Star Jet Star Särkänniemi Amusement Park Flag of Finland.svg Finland1980Removed [69]
Shuttle Loop Shuttle Loop Nagashima Spa Land Flag of Japan.svg Japan1980Operating [70]
Katapult Katapult Morey's Piers Flag of the United States.svg United States1980Removed [71]
Nessie Looping Racer Hansa Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany1980Operating [72]
Scorpion Silverarrow Busch Gardens Tampa Flag of the United States.svg United States1980Operating [73]
Jumbo Jet
Formerly Radar
Wildcat 54m Ölands Djur & Nöjespark
Gröna Lund
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden1981
1965 to 1981
Removed [74]
[75]
Oasis Express Unknown Kuwait Entertainment City Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait1981Closed [76]
Double Loop Unknown Kobe Portopialand Flag of Japan.svg Japan1981Removed [77]
Psyké Underground
Formerly Turbine
Formerly Sirocco
Shuttle Loop Walibi Belgium Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium1982Operating [78]
Looping Star Looping Star Nagashima Spa Land Flag of Japan.svg Japan1982Operating [79]
Jet Star II Jet Star 2 Gröna Lund Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden1982Removed [80]
Zyklon City Jet / Jet 400 Gardaland Flag of Italy.svg Italy1982Removed [81]
Wild Cat Wildcat 54m Parque de la Ciudad Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina1982Removed [82]
Aconcagua Unknown Parque de la Ciudad Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina1983Removed [83]
Alpen Blitz Alpenblitz II Parque de la Ciudad Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina1983Removed [84]
Colossus the Fire Dragon Double Looping Lagoon Flag of the United States.svg United States1983Operating [85]
Tig'rr Coaster
Formerly Jet Star
Jet Star Indiana Beach
Holiday Beach
Flag of the United States.svg United States1984
1976 to 1983
Operating [86]
[87]
Wild Cat Wildcat 65m Keansburg Amusement Park Flag of the United States.svg United States1984Removed [88]
Jet Star Unknown Atlas Park Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom1984Removed [89]
Mindbender Unknown Galaxyland Amusement Park Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada1985Operating [90]
Wildcat Wildcat 65m Washington State Fair Flag of the United States.svg United States1985Operating [91]
Silver Bullet
Formerly Looping Star
Looping Star Frontier City
Jolly Roger Amusement Park
State Fair of Texas
Flag of the United States.svg United States1986
1984 to 1985
1980 to 1983
Operating [92]
[93]
[94]
Alpenblitz Alpenblitz II Movie Park Germany Flag of Germany.svg Germany1986Removed [95]
Black Hole Jet Star Avonturenpark Hellendoorn Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands1986Removed [96]
Raptor Attack
Formerly Rat Ride
Wildcat 45m Lightwater Valley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom1987Removed [97]
Lisebergbanan Unknown Liseberg Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden1987Operating [98]
Jetline
Formerly Berg- och Dalbanan
Unknown Gröna Lund Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden1988Operating [99]
Viper
Formerly Jet Scream
Looping Star Six Flags AstroWorld
Six Flags St. Louis
Flag of the United States.svg United States1989
1981 to 1988
Removed [100]
[101]
Golden Loop
Formerly White Lightnin'
Shuttle Loop Gold Reef City
Carowinds
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa1989
1977 to 1988
Operating [102]
[103]
Alpen Blitz Alpenblitz II Playcenter São Paulo Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1989Removed [104]
Shuttle Loop Shuttle Loop Oyama Yuenchi Flag of Japan.svg Japan1990Removed [105]
Turbo Mountain
Formerly Geronimo
Jet Star 2 Adventure World
Luna Park
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia1991
1982 to 1988
Removed [106]
[107]
Speed Bobsleigh
Formerly Jet Star II
Jet Star 2 Nasu Highland Park
Hanshin Park
Flag of Japan.svg Japan1992
1977 to 1979
Removed [108]
[109]
Katapult Katapult Linnanmäki Flag of Finland.svg Finland1992Removed [110]
Lasso Loop
Formerly Katapult
Katapult OK Corral
Parque de Atracciones de Madrid
Splash Zone Water Park
Flag of France.svg France1993
1990 to 1993
1985 to 1989
Removed [111]
[112]
[113]
Montaña Rusa
Formerly Wildcat
Formerly Mountain Express
Wildcat 65m Bosque Mágico
Magic Landing
Six Flags Magic Mountain
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico1993
1984 to 1990
1973 to 1982
Removed [114]
[115]
[116]
Cascabel 2.0
Formerly Cascabel
Formerly Laser Loop
Shuttle Loop La Feria Chapultepec Magico
Kennywood
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico1994
1980 to 1990
Closed [117]
[118]
Coleoz'Arbres
Formerly Jet Star
Jet Star Bagatelle Flag of France.svg France1994Removed [119]
Montanha Russa Wildcat 54m Mirabilandia Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1994Removed [120]
Cannonball Express
Formerly Enigma
Formerly Super Figure Eight
Formerly Jumbo 5
Jumbo V Pleasurewood Hills
Funland Park
Meli Park
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom1995
late 80s to 1995
1984 to late 80s
Operating [121]
[122]
[123]
Cyclone Wildcat 54m Sandspit Cavendish Beach
Rocky Point Park
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada1996
1984 to 1995
Operating [124]
[125]
Silberpfeil Katapult Skyline Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany1997Removed [126]
Nightmare at Crack Axle Canyon
Formerly Nightmare at Phantom Cave
Formerly Starchaser
Jet Star Great Escape
Six Flags Darien Lake
Kentucky Kingdom
Beech Bend
Flag of the United States.svg United States1999
1996 to 1998
1987 to 1995
Unknown
Removed [127]
[128]
[129]
[130]
Katapul
Formerly Thunderlooper
Formerly King Kobra
Shuttle Loop Hopi Hari
Alton Towers
Jolly Roger Amusement Park
Kings Dominion
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1999
1990 to 1996
1987 to 1989
1977 to 1986
Operating [131]
[132]
[133]
[134]
Montaña Rusa
Formerly Zambezi Zinger
Speed Racer / Extended Jumbo Jet Parque Del Café
Worlds of Fun
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia1999
1973 to 1997
Operating [135]
[136]
Comet II
Formerly Montagnes Russes
Wildcat 65m State Fair of Texas
Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park
La Ronde
Flag of the United States.svg United States1999
1985 to 1996
1967 to 1984
Removed [137]
[138]
[139]
Nostalgische Achterbahn
Formerly Achterbahn
Wildcat 65m Skyline Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany1999Operating [140] & [141]
Jet Star Jet Star Luna Park La Palmyre
Morey's Piers
Knoebels Amusement Park & Resort
Flag of France.svg France2000
1993 to 1999
1977 to 1992
Operating [142]
[143]
[144]
Tornado
Formerly Glissade
Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Selva Mágica
La Feria Chapultepec Magico
Busch Gardens Williamsburg
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico2002
1993 to 2001
1975 to 1985
Operating [145]
[146]
[147]
Jet Star 2 Jet Star 2 Vaikų Pasaulis
Gorky Park
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania2002Closed [148]
[149]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Xinghai Square Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2003Removed [150]
Greezed Lightnin'
Formerly Viper
Formerly Tidal Wave
Shuttle Loop Kentucky Kingdom
Six Flags Over Georgia
Six Flags Great America
Flag of the United States.svg United States2003
1995 to 2001
1978 to 1991
Removed [151]
[152]
[153]
Alpina Bobs
Formerly Cortina Bob
Jet Star Holly Park
Wiener Prater
Flag of France.svg France2003
1969 to 1993
Removed [154]
[155]
Big Roller Coaster
Formerly Andalusia Railroad
Unknown Wonder Island
Kure Portopialand
Flag of Russia.svg Russia2004
1991 to 1997
Operating [156]
[157]
Jet Star Jet Star Luna Park Flag of Poland.svg Poland2004Removed [158]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Amigoland
Walibi Belgium
Flag of France.svg France2005
1978 to 1991
Operating [159]
[160]
UnknownWildcat Unknown Fun Park Fyn Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark2005In storage [161]
Unknown
Formerly Greezed Lightnin'
Shuttle Loop Joyland Amusement Park
Six Flags AstroWorld
Flag of the United States.svg United States2006
1978 to 2005
In storage [162]
[163]
Wildcat
Wild Cat
Formerly Die Wildkatze
Wildcat 54m Adventure Park USA
Williams Grove Amusement Park
Steel Pier
Playland Park
Busch Gardens Williamsburg
Flag of the United States.svg United States2007
2001 to 2005
1994 to 1999
1984 to 1991
1976 to 1983
Operating [164]
[165]
[166]
[167]
[168]
Knightmare
Formerly BMRX
Formerly Bavarian Mountain Railroad
Unknown Camelot Theme Park
Kobe Portopialand
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom2007
1987 to 2006
Removed [169]
[170]
Alpen Blitz Alpenblitz II Queens Land Flag of India.svg India2007Operating [171]
Avalanche
Formerly Wildcat
Wildcat 54m Jolly Roger Amusement Park
Bell's Amusement Park
Flag of the United States.svg United States2008
1974 to 1997
Removed [172]
[173]
Roller Coaster
Formerly Ripper
Formerly Jet Star
Jet Star Lazarevskoye Park
Thrill-Ville USA
Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk
Flag of Russia.svg Russia2008
1993 to 2007
1972 to 1991
Operating [174]
[175]
[176]
Tsunami
Formerly Zonga
Formerly Texas Tornado
Formerly Taz's Texas Tornado
Formerly Thriller
Unknown Isla San Marcos Parque Temático
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Six Flags AstroWorld
Gröna Lund
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico2008
2003 to 2004
1998 to 2000
1996
In storage [177]
[178]
[179]
[180]
Jet Star Jet Star Aventura Park
Aventura Park
Spreepark
Flag of Peru.svg Peru2009
2002 to 2008
1970 to 2001
Removed [181]
[182]
[183]
Jet Star 3 Jet Star 2 Lunapark Robland
Parken Zoo
Flag of Poland.svg Poland2009
2001 to 2008
Operating [184]
[185]
Tornado
Formerly Space Mountain
Formerly New Beast
Formerly Alton Beast
Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Salitre Magico
Divertido
Alton Towers
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia2010
1998 to 2004
1992 to 1997
Removed [186]
[187]
[188]
Vertigo
Formerly Looping Star
Looping Star Zoomarine
Luneur Park
Plutón Park
Parque de Atracciones de Madrid
OK Corral
Southport Pleasureland
Freizeitpark Kirchhorst
Flag of Italy.svg Italy2010
2002 to 2007
2000 to 2001
1992 to 1998
1988 to 1991
1985 to 1987
1979 to 1984
Operating [189]
[190]
[191]
[192]
[193]
[194]
[195]
Brontojet
Formerly Slitherin'
Formerly Viper
City Jet / Jet 400 Movieland Park
Loudoun Castle
Lightwater Valley
Flag of Italy.svg Italy2010
2002 to 2004
1996 to 2001
Closed [196]
[197]
[198]
Gwazi
Formerly Looping Star
Formerly Thunder Loop Express
Looping Star Lion Park Resort
Holnemvolt Park
Loudoun Castle
Dreamland
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana2011
2001 to 2009
1995 to 1998
Operating [199]
[200]
[201]
[202]
Wildcat Wildcat 65m North Georgia State Fair Flag of the United States.svg United States2011Operating [203]
Rocket
Formerly Black Hole
Formerly Black Hole II
Formerly New Black Hole
Jet Star 2 Furuvik
Alton Towers
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden2011
1983 to 2005
Operating [204]
[205]
Looping Star Silverarrow Rand Show Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa2012Operating [206]
Frozen City Jet / Jet 400 Attrapark
Attrapark
Sokolniki Park
Flag of Russia.svg Russia2013
2010 to 2013
2003 to 20110
Removed [207]
[208]
[209]
Roller Coaster
Formerly Super 8
Wildcat 54m Central Park
Chelyuskintsev Park
Chelyuskintsev Park
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan2013
2009 to 2012
1974 to 2008
Operating [210]
[211]
[212]
Bullet
Formerly Wiener Looping
Shuttle Loop Selva Mágica
Flamingo Land
Boardwalk and Baseball
Wiener Prater
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico2013
1991 to 2005
1984 to 1990
1982
Operating [213]
[214]
[215]
[216]
UnknownWildcat 54m City Games Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq2013Operating [217]
Death Train
Formerly Katapult
Katapult Marah Land
Mirabilandia
Flag of Oman.svg Oman2016
2006
Closed [218]
[219]
Jumbo Jet Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet Chelyuskintsev Park
Dreamland
Beoland
Malmö Folkets Park
Palace Playland
Cedar Point
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus2015
2010 to 2014
2003 to 2006
1985 to 1989
Unknown
1972 to 1978
Operating [220]
[221]
[222]
[223]
[224]
[225]
Wildcat
Formerly Rails
Formerly Wild Rails
Wildcat 65m Jolly Roger Amusement Park
Valleyfair
Cedar Point
Flag of the United States.svg United States2015
1999 to 2001
1979 to 1998
1970 to 1978
Operating [226] & [227]
[228]
[229]
Looping Star
Formerly Lisebergs Loopen
Looping Star Ita Park
Playcenter São Paulo
Liseberg
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil2016
1996 to 2012
1980 to 1995
Operating [230]
[231]
[232]
Big Blue
Formerly Twist and Shout
Formerly Looping Star
Formerly Tower of Terror
Silberpfeil
Silverarrow Fun Park Mirnovec
Loudoun Castle
Dreamland
Camelot Theme Park
Ocean Beach Amusement Park
OK Corral
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia2017
2003 to 2010
2001 to 2002
1989 to 2000
1986 to 1988
1980 to 1985
Operating [233]
[234]
[235]
[236]
[237]
[238]
Bobsleigh
Formerly Course De Bobsleigh
Formerly Jumbo Jet
City Jet / Jet 400 Parc de la Vallée
Nigloland
Drayton Manor
Flag of France.svg France2018
1995 to 2017
1981 to 1983
Operating [239]
[240]
[241]
Alpen-Coaster
Formerly Himalayabahn
Wildcat 54m Zoo Safaripark Stukenbrock
Schwaben Park
Flag of Germany.svg Germany2018
1989 to 2015
Removed [242]
[243]
Olympia Looping Unknown Wiener Prater
Wiener Prater
Flag of Austria.svg Austria2018
2016
Removed [244]
[245]
Looping Star
Formerly Thunder Loop
Formerly Looping Star
Formerly Superachtbaan Looping Star
Looping Star Parko Paliatso Luna Park
Attractiepark Slagharen
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus2018
1979 to 2016
Operating [246]
[247]
Jet Jet Star Babyland-Amiland Flag of France.svg France2019Closed [248]
Teststrecke
Formerly Laser
Formerly Colossus
Double Looping Wiener Prater
Dorney Park
Playcenter São Paulo
Flag of Austria.svg Austria2019
1986 to 2008
1981 to 1986
Removed [249]
[250]
[251]
Unknown
Formerly Quimera
Formerly Montaña Triple Loop
Formerly Montaña Infinitum
Formerly Magnum Force
Formerly Triple Loop Coaster
Unknown Indiana Beach
La Feria Chapultepec Magico
Flamingo Land
Sunway Lagoon
Flag of the United States.svg United States2021
2007 to 2019
2000 to 2005
1997 to 1999
Under construction [252]
[253] & [254]
[255]
[256]
[257]

List of other attractions

Related Research Articles

Wooden roller coaster Type of roller coaster

A wooden roller coaster is most often classified as a roller coaster with running rails made of flattened steel strips mounted on laminated wooden track. Occasionally, the support structure may be made out of a steel lattice or truss, but the ride remains classified as a wooden roller coaster due to the track design. The type of wood typically used in the construction of wooden coasters is Southern Yellow Pine, usually grown in the US and the rest of North America.

Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters

Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters (PTC) is one of the oldest existing roller coaster manufacturing companies in the world. Based in Hatfield, Pennsylvania, it was established in 1904 by Henry Auchey and Chester Albright under the name Philadelphia Toboggan Company. The company manufactured carousels, wooden roller coasters, toboggans and later, roller coaster trains.

Batman: The Ride Series of roller coasters at Six Flags parks

Batman: The Ride is an inverted roller coaster based on the DC Comics character Batman and found at seven Six Flags theme parks in the United States. Built by consulting engineers Bolliger & Mabillard, it rises to a height of between 100 and 105 feet and reaches top speeds of 50 mph (80 km/h). The original roller coaster at Six Flags Great America was partially devised by the park's general manager Jim Wintrode. Batman: The Ride was the world's first inverted roller coaster when it opened in 1992, and has since been awarded Coaster Landmark status by the American Coaster Enthusiasts. Clones of the ride exist at amusement parks around the world.

Boomerang (roller coaster) Steel roller coaster

Boomerang is a model of roller coaster manufactured and designed by Vekoma, a Dutch manufacturer. The roller coaster model name is from the hunting implement based on the traditions of the Indigenous Australians. As of February 2021 there are 55 Boomerangs operating.

TOGO Former Japanese amusement ride company

TOGO was a Japanese amusement ride company that built roller coasters, giant wheels, carousels, flumes, dark rides, sky cycles and other amusement rides.

Suspended Looping Coaster Type of roller coaster

The Suspended Looping Coaster is a model of steel inverted roller coaster built by Vekoma. There are at least 39 different installations across the world. The minimum rider height requirement is 130 centimetres. Vekoma is now marketing a Suspended Thrill Coaster to replace the Suspended Looping Coaster. The Odyssey is the largest, fastest and tallest SLC ever built at Fantasy Island in the UK.

Zamperla

Antonio Zamperla S.p.A. is an Italian design and manufacturing company founded in 1966. It is best known for creating family rides, thrill rides and roller coasters worldwide. The company also makes smaller coin-operated rides commonly found inside shopping malls.

Zierer German maker of roller coasters and other amusements

Zierer Karussell- und Spezialmaschinenbau GmbH & Co. KG is a German company located close to Deggendorf. Zierer manufactures Tivoli and Force line of roller coasters, as well as panoramic wheels, wave swingers, flying carpets, Hexentanz, and Kontiki rides. The company also has partnered with Schwarzkopf to build Lisebergbanan at Liseberg and Knightmare at Camelot Theme Park.

Maurer AG German amusement ride manufacturer

Maurer AG, formerly known as Maurer Söhne GmbH & Co. KG, is a steel construction company and roller coaster manufacturer. Founded in 1876 in Munich, Germany, the company has built many styles of steel buildings, ranging from bridges, industrial buildings, and even art structures. While known for building a variety of wild mouse coasters, its subsidiary Maurer Rides GmbH has branched out into spinning, looping, and launching coasters. The company also produces a free-fall tower ride. On December 15, 2014, the company changed its name to Maurer AG.

Pinfari

F.lli Pinfari S.r.l was an Italian amusement ride manufacturing company based in Suzzara, Italy. Pinfari was liquidated on 15 July 2004, due to the early 2000s recession and the weakness of the United States dollar. In 2007, its brand and intellectual property were acquired by Interpark Amusements Srl, based in Modena.

Gerstlauer

Gerstlauer Amusement Rides GmbH is a German manufacturer of stationary and transportable amusement rides and roller coasters, located in Münsterhausen, Germany.

Reverchon Industries was a developer, designer and manufacturer of amusement park attractions that were sold all over the world. The company went into liquidation in September 2008, filing for bankruptcy and closing down their manufacturing and operations plant.

Shuttle Loop Steel roller coaster

Shuttle Loop is a type of steel launched shuttle roller coaster designed by Reinhold Spieldiener of Intamin and manufactured by Anton Schwarzkopf. A total of 12 installations were produced between 1977 and 1982. These 12 installations have been located in a total of 22 different amusement parks.

Mack Rides

Mack Rides GmbH & Co KG, also known simply as Mack Rides, is a German company that designs and constructs amusement rides, based in Waldkirch, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is one of the world's oldest amusement industry suppliers, and builds many types of rides, including flat rides, dark rides, log flumes, tow boat rides and roller coasters. The family that owns Mack Rides also owns Europa-Park.

Jumbo Jet (Six Flags Great Adventure)

Jumbo Jet was a prefabricated steel roller coaster located within the Fun Fair section of Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey. Erected in 1975, the attraction was an example of the Jet Star 3 / Jumbo Jet model line designed by Werner Stengel and manufactured by Anton Schwarzkopf.

Martin & Vleminckx

Martin & Vleminckx is a roller coaster manufacturing and construction company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with an affiliated office and manufacturing facility in Haines City, Florida, United States, and two subsidiaries, including a warehouse, in China.

Jet Star (Casino Pier)

Jet Star, sometimes stylized as Jet-Star, was a steel roller coaster which operated between 1970 and 2000 at Casino Pier in Seaside Heights, New Jersey. It was replaced by—and sometimes confused with—Star Jet, the coaster which was swept into the Atlantic Ocean by Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

References

  1. 1 2 Pantenburg, Michael. "Schwarzkopf Coaster Net" . Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  2. Schwarzkopf - rcdb.com
  3. Marden, Duane. "JetStar  (Parque de la Ciudad)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  4. Marden, Duane. "Katapulta  (Selva Mágica)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  5. Marden, Duane. "Super 8  (Fyns Tivoli)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  6. Marden, Duane. "Rollercoaster  (Future World)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  7. Marden, Duane. "Traumlandbahn  (Movie Park Germany)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  8. Marden, Duane. "Münchner Bahn  (Beekse Bergen)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  9. Marden, Duane. "Jet-Star II  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  10. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  11. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Canadian National Exhibition)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  12. Marden, Duane. "Big Bend  (Six Flags St. Louis)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  13. Marden, Duane. "Big Bend  (Six Flags Over Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  14. Marden, Duane. "Greased Lightnin'  (Six Flags Discovery Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  15. Marden, Duane. "Greased Lightnin'  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  16. Marden, Duane. "Runaway Train  (Ocean Beach Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  17. Marden, Duane. "Alpenblitz  (Gorky Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  18. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (Shaheen's Fun-O-Rama Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  19. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Serengeti Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  20. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (All Star Adventures)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  21. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (Gillian's Wonderland Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  22. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (Steel Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  23. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Beto Carrero World)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  24. Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Playcenter São Paulo)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  25. Marden, Duane. "Düsenspirale  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  26. Marden, Duane. "Super 8  (Liseberg)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  27. Marden, Duane. "WildCat  (Six Flags New England)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  28. Marden, Duane. "Skovtrolden  (Tivoli Gardens)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  29. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Palisades Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  30. Marden, Duane. "7 Picos  (Parque de Atracciones de Madrid)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  31. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Casino Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  32. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Drievliet)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  33. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Parque de Atracciones de Madrid)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  34. Marden, Duane. "Wild Cat  (Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  35. Marden, Duane. "Achterbahn  (Spreepark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  36. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Great Adventure Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  37. Marden, Duane. "Super 8  (Kölner Tivoli)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  38. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Fantasy Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  39. Marden, Duane. "Super Big Gulp  (Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  40. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Great Adventure Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  41. Marden, Duane. "Schussboomer  (Worlds of Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  42. Marden, Duane. "Gebirgsbahn  (Phantasialand)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  43. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  44. Marden, Duane. "Jet 400  (Jolly Roger at the Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  45. Marden, Duane. "Whizzer  (Six Flags Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  46. Marden, Duane. "Whizzer  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  47. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 2  (Lagoon)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  48. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 2  (Riverfront Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  49. Marden, Duane. "Achtbaan  (Bobbejaanland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  50. Marden, Duane. "Alpen Blitz  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  51. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  52. Marden, Duane. "New Revolution  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  53. Marden, Duane. "Jet Set  (Funtown Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  54. Marden, Duane. "Sooperdooperlooper  (Hersheypark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  55. Marden, Duane. "Grand Canyon Bahn  (Phantasialand)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  56. Marden, Duane. "Screamin' Demon  (Poconos' Magic Valley and Winona Five Falls)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  57. Marden, Duane. "Wild Rider  (Six Flags Great Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  58. Marden, Duane. "Mind Bender  (Six Flags Over Georgia)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  59. Marden, Duane. "Shock Wave  (Six Flags Over Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  60. Marden, Duane. "Montezooma's Revenege  (Knott's Berry Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  61. Marden, Duane. "City Jet  (Kid's World)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  62. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  63. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Bobbejaanland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  64. Marden, Duane. "Alpenblitz  (Bobbejaanland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  65. Marden, Duane. "Shuttle Loop  (Yokohama Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  66. Marden, Duane. "Achterbahn  (Spreepark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  67. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Coney Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  68. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Steeplechase Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  69. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Särkänniemi Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  70. Marden, Duane. "Shuttle Loop  (Nagashima Spa Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  71. Marden, Duane. "Katapult  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  72. Marden, Duane. "Nessie Superrollercoaster  (Hansa Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  73. Marden, Duane. "Scorpion  (Busch Gardens Tampa)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  74. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Ölands Djur & Nöjespark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  75. Marden, Duane. "Radar  (Gröna Lund)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  76. Marden, Duane. "Oasis Express  (Kuwait Entertainment City)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  77. Marden, Duane. "Double Loop  (Kobe Portopialand)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  78. Marden, Duane. "Psyké Underground  (Walibi Belgium)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  79. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Nagashima Spa Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  80. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star II  (Gröna Lund)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  81. Marden, Duane. "Zyklon  (Gardaland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  82. Marden, Duane. "Wild Cat  (Parque de la Ciudad)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  83. Marden, Duane. "Aconcagua  (Parque de la Ciudad)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  84. Marden, Duane. "Alpen Blitz  (Parque de la Ciudad)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  85. Marden, Duane. "Colossus the Fire Dragon  (Lagoon)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  86. Marden, Duane. "Tig'rr Coaster  (Indiana Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  87. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Holiday Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  88. Marden, Duane. "Wild Cat  (Keansburg Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  89. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Atlas Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  90. Marden, Duane. "Mindbender  (Galaxyland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  91. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Washington State Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  92. Marden, Duane. "Silver Bullet  (Frontier City)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  93. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  94. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (State Fair of Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  95. Marden, Duane. "Alpenblitz  (Movie Park Germany)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  96. Marden, Duane. "Black Hole  (Avonturenpark Helendoorn)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  97. Marden, Duane. "Raptor Attack  (Lightwater Valley)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  98. Marden, Duane. "Lisebergbanan  (Liseberg)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  99. Marden, Duane. "Jetline  (Gröna Lund)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  100. Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  101. Marden, Duane. "Jet Scream  (Six Flags St. Louis)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  102. Marden, Duane. "Golden Loop  (Gold Reef City)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  103. Marden, Duane. "White Lightnin'  (Carowinds)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  104. Marden, Duane. "Alpen Blitz  (Playcenter São Paulo)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  105. Marden, Duane. "Shuttle Loop  (Oyama Yuenchi)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  106. Marden, Duane. "Turbo Mountain  (Adventure World)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  107. Marden, Duane. "Geronimo  (Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  108. Marden, Duane. "Speed Bobsleigh  (Nasu Highland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  109. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star II  (Hanshin Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  110. Marden, Duane. "Katapult  (Linnanmäki)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  111. Marden, Duane. "Lasso Loop  (OK Corral)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  112. Marden, Duane. "Katapult  (Parque de Atracciones de Madrid)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  113. Marden, Duane. "Katapult  (Splash Zone Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  114. Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Bosque Mágico)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  115. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Magic Landing)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  116. Marden, Duane. "Mountain Express  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  117. Marden, Duane. "Cascabel 2.0  (La Feria Chapultepec Magico)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  118. Marden, Duane. "Laser Loop  (Kennywood)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  119. Marden, Duane. "Coleoz'Arbres  (Bagatelle)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  120. Marden, Duane. "Montanha Russa  (Mirabilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  121. Marden, Duane. "Cannonball Express  (Pleasurewood Hills)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  122. Marden, Duane. "Super Figure Eight  (Funland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  123. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo 5  (Meli Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  124. Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Sandspit Cavendish Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  125. Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Rocky Point Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  126. Marden, Duane. "Silberpfeil  (Skyline Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  127. Marden, Duane. "Nightmare at Crack Axle Canyon  (Great Escape)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  128. Marden, Duane. "Nightmare at Phantom Cave  (Six Flags Darien Lake)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  129. Marden, Duane. "Starchaser  (Kentucky Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  130. Marden, Duane. "Starchaser  (Beech Bend)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  131. Marden, Duane. "Katapul  (Hopi Hari)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  132. Marden, Duane. "Thunderlooper  (Alton Towers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  133. Marden, Duane. "King Kobra  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  134. Marden, Duane. "King Kobra  (Kings Dominion)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  135. Marden, Duane. "Montaña Rusa  (Parque Del Café)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  136. Marden, Duane. "Zambezi Zinger  (Worlds of Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  137. Marden, Duane. "Comet II  (State Fair of Texas)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  138. Marden, Duane. "Montagnes Russes  (Old Indiana Fun-n-Water Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  139. Marden, Duane. "Montagnes Russes  (La Ronde)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  140. Marden, Duane. "Nostalgische Achterbahn  (Skyline Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  141. Marden, Duane. "Achterbahn  (Skyline Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  142. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Luna Park La Palmyre)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  143. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Morey's Piers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  144. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Knoebels Amusement Park & Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  145. Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Selvia Mágica)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  146. Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (La Feria Chapultepec Magico)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  147. Marden, Duane. "Glissade  (Busch Gardens Williamsburg)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  148. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 2  (Vaikų Pasaulis)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  149. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 2  (Gorky Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  150. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Xinghai Square)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  151. Marden, Duane. "Greezed Lightnin'  (Kentucky Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  152. Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Six Flags Over Georgia)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  153. Marden, Duane. "Tidal Wave  (Six Flags Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  154. Marden, Duane. "Alpina Bobs  (Holly Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  155. Marden, Duane. "Cortina Bob  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  156. Marden, Duane. "Big Roller Coaster  (Wonder Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  157. Marden, Duane. "Andalusia Railroad  (Kure Portopialand)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  158. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  159. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Amigoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  160. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Walibi Belgium)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  161. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Fun Park Fyn)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  162. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Joyland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  163. Marden, Duane. "Greezed Lightnin'  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  164. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Adventure Park USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  165. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Williams Grove Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  166. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Steel Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  167. Marden, Duane. "Wild Cat  (Playland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  168. Marden, Duane. "Die Wildkatze  (Busch Gardens Williamsburg)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  169. Marden, Duane. "Knightmare  (Camelot Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  170. Marden, Duane. "BMRX  (Kobe Portopialand)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  171. Marden, Duane. "Alpen Blitz  (Queens Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  172. Marden, Duane. "Avalanche  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  173. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Bell's Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  174. Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Lazarevskoye Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  175. Marden, Duane. "Ripper  (Thrill-Ville USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  176. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  177. Marden, Duane. "Tsunami  (Isla San Marcos Parque Temático)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  178. Marden, Duane. "Zonga  (Six Flags Discovery Kingdom)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  179. Marden, Duane. "Texas Tornado  (Six Flags AstroWorld)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  180. Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (Gröna Lund)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  181. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Aventura Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  182. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Aventura Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  183. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star  (Spreepark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  184. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 3  (Lunapark Robland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  185. Marden, Duane. "Jet Star 3  (Parken Zoo)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  186. Marden, Duane. "Tornado  (Salitre Magico)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  187. Marden, Duane. "Space Mountain  (Divertido)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  188. Marden, Duane. "New Beast  (Alton Towers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  189. Marden, Duane. "Vertigo  (Zoomarine)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  190. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Luneur Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  191. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Plutón Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  192. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Parque de Atracciones de Madrid)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  193. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (OK Corral)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  194. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Southport Pleasureland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  195. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Freizeitpark Kirchhorst)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  196. Marden, Duane. "Brontojet  (Movieland Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  197. Marden, Duane. "Slitherin'  (Loudoun Castle)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  198. Marden, Duane. "Viper  (Lightwater Valley)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  199. Marden, Duane. "Gwazi  (Lion Park Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  200. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Holnemvolt Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  201. Marden, Duane. "Thunder Loop Express  (Loudoun Castle)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  202. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  203. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (North Georgia State Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  204. Marden, Duane. "Rocket  (Furuvik)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  205. Marden, Duane. "Black Hole  (Alton Towers)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  206. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Rand Show)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  207. Marden, Duane. "Frozen  (Attrapark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  208. Marden, Duane. "Frozen  (Attrapark)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  209. Marden, Duane. "Frozen  (Sokolniki Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  210. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Central Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  211. Marden, Duane. "Super 8  (Chelyuskintsev)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  212. Marden, Duane. "Super 8  (Chelyuskintsev)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  213. Marden, Duane. "Bullet  (Selva Mágica)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  214. Marden, Duane. "Bullet  (Flamingo Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  215. Marden, Duane. "Wiener Looping  (Boardwalk and Baseball)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  216. Marden, Duane. "Wiener Looping  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  217. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (City Games)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  218. Marden, Duane. "Death Train  (Marah Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  219. Marden, Duane. "Katapult  (Mirabilandia)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  220. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Chelyuskintsev)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  221. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  222. Marden, Duane. "Unknown  (Beoland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  223. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Malmö Folkets Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  224. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Palace Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  225. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  226. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  227. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Jolly Roger Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  228. Marden, Duane. "Rails  (Valleyfair)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  229. Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Cedar Point)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  230. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Ita Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  231. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Playcenter São Paulo)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  232. Marden, Duane. "Lisebergs Loopen  (Liseberg)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  233. Marden, Duane. "Big Blue  (Fun Park Mirnovec)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  234. Marden, Duane. "Twist and Shout  (Loudoun Castle)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  235. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Dreamland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  236. Marden, Duane. "Tower of Terror  (Camelot Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  237. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Ocean Beach Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  238. Marden, Duane. "Silberpfeil  (OK Corral)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  239. Marden, Duane. "Circuit Bobsleigh  (Parc de la Vallée)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  240. Marden, Duane. "Bobsleigh  (Nigloland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  241. Marden, Duane. "Jumbo Jet  (Drayton Manor)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  242. Marden, Duane. "Alpen-Coaster  (Zoo Safaripark Stukenbrock)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  243. Marden, Duane. "Himalayabahn  (Schwaben Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  244. Marden, Duane. "Olympia Looping  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  245. Marden, Duane. "Olympia Looping  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  246. Marden, Duane. "Looping Star  (Parko Paliatso Luna Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  247. Marden, Duane. "Thunder Loop  (Attractiepark Slagharen)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  248. Marden, Duane. "Jet  (Babyland-Amiland)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  249. Marden, Duane. "Teststrecke  (Wiener Prater)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  250. Marden, Duane. "Laser  (Dorney Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  251. Marden, Duane. "Colossus  (Playcenter São Paulo)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  252. Johnson, Michael (November 24, 2020). "Indiana Beach adding 2 new rides for 2021". Newsbug. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  253. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-49868179
  254. https://edition.cnn.com/2019/09/29/world/mexico-roller-coaster-derails-two-dead/index.html
  255. Marden, Duane. "Quimera  (La Feria Chapultepec Magico)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  256. Marden, Duane. "Magnum Force  (Flamingo Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase.
  257. Marden, Duane. "Triple Loop Coaster  (Sunway Lagoon)". Roller Coaster DataBase.