Antonio Aguilar

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Antonio Aguilar
Antonio Aguilar in The Undefeated.jpg
Antonio Aguilar in The Undefeated (1969)
Born(1919-05-17)17 May 1919
Died19 June 2007(2007-06-19) (aged 88)
Mexico City, Mexico
Cause of death Pneumonia
Resting placeCerro de San Cayetano, El Soyate, Zacatecas, Mexico [1]
Other namesEl Charro de México
Tony Aguilar
Pascual Barraza
The Godfather of Banda Music
OccupationSinger, actor, songwriter, equestrian, film producer, screenwriter
Years active19502005 (singing)
19521993 (acting)
Spouse(s)
Children
Relatives Leonardo Aguilar (grandson)
Ángela Aguilar (granddaughter)
Guadalupe Pineda (niece)
Dalia Inés (stepdaughter)
Francisco Rubiales (stepson)
Marcela Rubiales (stepdaughter)
La Prieta Linda (sister-in-law)
Mary Jiménez (sister-in-law)
Awards Golden Ariel (1997)
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Labels
Associated acts
Website antonioaguilaroficial.com

Antonio Aguilar Barraza (born José Pascual Antonio Aguilar Márquez Barraza; [2] 17 May 1919 19 June 2007) was a Mexican singer, actor, songwriter, equestrian, film producer, and screenwriter. He was a man standing at 6'1 with a dominating career in music. During his career, he recorded over 150 albums, which sold 25 million copies, [3] and acted in more than 120 films. [4] He was given the honorific nickname "El Charro de México" (Mexico's Horseman) because he is credited with popularizing the Mexican equestrian sport la charrería to international audiences. [3]

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Charreada Mexican rodeo

The charreada or charrería is a competitive event similar to rodeo and was developed from animal husbandry practices used on the haciendas of old Mexico. The sport has been described as "living history," or as an art form drawn from the demands of working life. In 2016, charrería was inscribed in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

Contents

Aguilar began his career singing on the Mexican radio station XEW in 1950. That same year, he signed a contract with the Mexican independent label Musart Records and became one of its best-selling artists. [5] He made his acting debut with Pedro Infante in the drama Un rincón cerca del cielo (1952). [3] After appearing in gentleman roles in several films, he achieved popularity as a film star with his performance as lawman Mauricio Rosales in a series of seven films in the mid-1950s. His success increased with his tours throughout Latin America and his studio albums, which included Mexican folk songs ( rancheras ) and ballads ( corridos ). A corridor is not a slow romantic song ballad, as it is used in modern US to refer to slow songs of romance, but rather to a story for e.g The ballad of the Alamo by Marty Robbins. it is 2 different meanings per the dictionary )meaning 1 and 2). In the 1960s, he focused on producing and starring in films set in the Mexican Revolution. In 1970, he won Latin ACE Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Emiliano Zapata in the 1970 epic film of the same name. [6] He also portrayed Pancho Villa twice in film. In 1997, Aguilar was awarded the Golden Ariel for his "invaluable contribution and spreading of Mexican cinema". [6] To this day, he has been the only Hispanic artist to sell out the Madison Square Garden of New York City for six consecutive nights in 1997. [7] [8]

XEW-AM radio station in Mexico City, Mexico, which serves as the originating station for other "W-Radio" stations around Mexico

XEW-AM is a radio station in Mexico City, Mexico, broadcasting on the AM frequency of 900 kHz; it is branded as W Radio. XEW-AM serves as the originating station for other "W-Radio" stations around Mexico that carry some of its programs. The programming on XEW-AM is also simulcast on Mexico City FM radio station 96.9 XEW-FM.

Musart Records Mexican record label

Discos Musart is a Mexican record label founded in 1948. It is headquartered in Mexico City and remains one of the country's biggest labels, focusing on Mexican music, as well as international releases licensed from various labels around the world. Over the years it has had several imprints such as Trebol, Oasis and Balboa Records. During the 1950s, Musart distributed albums by Cuban label Panart in Mexico.

Pedro Infante Mexican actor and singer

Pedro Infante Cruz was a Mexican actor and singer. Hailed as one of the greatest actors of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, he is considered an idol among Latin American people. He along with Jorge Negrete and Javier Solís were styled as the Tres Gallos Mexicanos. Infante was born in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, but raised in nearby Guamúchil. He died on 15 April 1957 in Mérida, Yucatán, in a plane crash during a flight en route to Mexico City, after an engine failed on takeoff. His remains were later identified by a bracelet found.

His second wife was famous singer and actress Flor Silvestre. They had two sons, Antonio Aguilar Hijo and Pepe Aguilar, who also became singers and actors. His family is known as "La Dinastía Aguilar" (The Aguilar Dynasty).

Flor Silvestre Mexican singer and actress

Guillermina Jiménez Chabolla, known by her stage name Flor Silvestre, is a Mexican singer, actress, and equestrienne. She is one of the most prominent and successful performers of Mexican and Latin American music, and is a star of classic Mexican films. Her more than 70-year career includes stage productions, radio programs, records, films, television programs, comics, and rodeo shows.

José Jesús Antonio Aguilar Jiménez, known as Antonio Aguilar, Hijo, is a Mexican singer and actor. He is the eldest son of singers and actors Antonio Aguilar and Flor Silvestre.

Pepe Aguilar American musician

José Antonio Aguilar Jiménez, better known as Pepe Aguilar, is a Mexican-American singer-songwriter and actor.

Early life

Aguilar was born in Villanueva, Zacatecas, the son of Jesús Aguilar Aguilar [2] and Ángela Márquez Barraza Valle, both of Villanueva. [9] His parents had six other children: José Roque, Salvador (deceased), Guadalupe (deceased), Luis Tomás (deceased), Mariano (deceased) and Josefina. He spent his early childhood in La Casa Grande de Tayahua, an hacienda first built in 1596 in the town of Tayahua, about 35 km from Villanueva. Aguilar's ancestors acquired this property in the early 19th century.

Villanueva is a town in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico. It is the administrative seat of the municipality of Villanueva.

Zacatecas State of Mexico

Zacatecas, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Zacatecas, is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 58 municipalities and its capital city is Zacatecas City.

A hacienda, in the colonies of the Spanish Empire, is an estate, similar in form to a Roman villa. Some haciendas were plantations, mines or factories. Many haciendas combined these activities. The word is derived from the Spanish word "hacer" or "haciendo", which means: to make or be making, respectively; and were largely business enterprises consisting of various money making ventures including raising farm animals and maintaining orchards.

Career

Aguilar began his recording career in 1950, eventually making over 150 albums and selling more than 25 million records. He was known for his corridos, with some of his best known songs including "Gabino Barrera", "Caballo prieto azabache", "Albur de amor", and "Un puño de tierra". [3] He was the first Mexican performer to mix rodeos and concerts while touring his show in Latin America and the United States. [10] He has been compared to American actors like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, and Ronald Reagan.

Corrido Musical genre

The corrido is a popular narrative song and poetry that form a ballad. The songs are often about oppression, history, daily life for peasants, and other socially relevant topics. It is still a popular form today in Mexico and was widely popular during the Mexican Revolutions of the 20th century. The corrido derives largely from the romance, and in its most known form consists of a salutation from the singer and prologue to the story, the story itself, and a moral and farewell from the singer.

Rodeo competitive sport

Rodeo is a competitive sport that arose out of the working practices of cattle herding in Spain, Mexico, and later Central America, South America, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It was based on the skills required of the working vaqueros and later, cowboys, in what today is the western United States, western Canada, and northern Mexico. Today, it is a sporting event that involves horses and other livestock, designed to test the skill and speed of the cowboys and cowgirls. American style professional rodeos generally comprise the following events: tie-down roping, team roping, steer wrestling, saddle bronc riding, bareback bronc riding, bull riding and barrel racing. The events are divided into two basic categories: the rough stock events and the timed events. Depending on sanctioning organization and region, other events such as breakaway roping, goat tying, and pole bending may also be a part of some rodeos.

Latin America Region of the Americas where Romance languages are primarily spoken

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America. The term "Latin America" was first used in an 1856 conference with the title "Initiative of the America. Idea for a Federal Congress of the Republics", by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao. The term was used also by Napoleon III's French government in the 1860s as Amérique latine to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas, along with the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed, including the Spanish-speaking portions of the United States Today, areas of Canada and the United States where Spanish, Portuguese and French are predominant are typically not included in definitions of Latin America.

He began his acting career in 1952 during the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. In the 1950s, Aguilar was cast in aseries of films centered on rural hero "Mauricio Rosales" in El rayo justiciero (1955), La barranca de muerte (1955), La sierra del terror (1956), La huella del chacal (1956), La pantera negra (1957), La guarida del buitre (1958), and Los muertos no hablan (1958). A total of seven low-budget ranchera films produced by Rosas Films S.A. Aguilar gained cinematic notice when cast in Ismael Rodríguez's Tierra de hombres in 1956. Other collaborations with Rodríguez include La Cucaracha (1959) and Ánimas Trujano (1962), where he received starring roles. Amongst his best ranchera films are Yo... el aventurero (1959), Caballo prieto azabache (1968), El ojo de vidrio (1969), and Valente Quintero (1973). Aguilar appeared in American western films like 1969's The Undefeated starring John Wayne. [3] He also made a memorable starring role alongside his wife Flor Silvestre in Triste recuerdo (1991).

Golden Age of Mexican cinema

The Golden Age of Mexican cinema is a period in the history of the Cinema of Mexico between 1933 and 1964 when the Mexican film industry reached high levels of production, quality and economic success of its films, besides having gained recognition internationally. The Mexican film industry became the center of commercial films in Latin America.

Ismael Rodríguez Mexican film director, screenwriter

Ismael Rodríguez was a Mexican film director.

<i>The Soldiers of Pancho Villa</i> 1959 film by Ismael Rodríguez

The Soldiers of Pancho Villa is a 1959 Mexican epic historical drama film co-written, produced, and directed by Ismael Rodríguez, inspired by the popular Mexican Revolution corrido "La Cucaracha". It stars María Félix and Dolores del Río in the lead roles, and features Emilio Fernández, Antonio Aguilar, Flor Silvestre, and Pedro Armendáriz in supporting roles.

Aguilar was also largely responsible for the renewed popularity of the tambora music in the mid-1980s, when he single-handedly resuscitated the genre with the hit "Triste recuerdo".

Family

Aguilar was married to singer and actress Flor Silvestre (the stage name of Guillermina Jiménez Chabolla), and one of their children, José "Pepe" Aguilar, is among Mexico's most popular modern singers. In addition to Pepe Aguilar, he had another child with Flor Silvestre who is the eldest, Antonio Aguilar, Jr. Aguilar's grandchildren include Emiliano, Aneliz, Leonardo, Ángela, María José and Flor Susana: Emiliano, Aneliz, Leonardo, and Ángela are Pepe Aguilar's children; María José and Flor Susana are Antonio Aguilar Jr.'s. children.

Death

On 18 June 2007, doctors announced that Aguilar was no longer responding to treatment and was expected to pass away before the end of the night. On 19 June 2007, the doctor spoke out to the media that Aguilar was still alive, and his body was responding to the medication, but was still in critical condition. While there, the family received visits from many famous people including Vicente Fernández.

Aguilar died on 19 June 2007 at 11:45 p.m. from pneumonia. His coffin was carried through the streets of Zacatecas, the state capital, and was honored at a memorial service attended by hundreds at a church there.

His body was then taken to the hamlet of Tayahua, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) to the south, where residents waited in the streets to bid Aguilar a final farewell before he was buried at his family's "El Soyate" ranch nearby, the government news agency Notimex reported.

Obituaries appeared in many newspapers, including Los Angeles Times (US), The New York Times (US), The Washington Post (US), The Guardian (UK) and The Independent (UK). News of Antonio's death were reported in newspapers of many Spanish-speaking countries, including Guatemala ( El Periódico ), Honduras ( La Tribuna ), El Salvador ( El Diario de Hoy ), Nicaragua ( El Nuevo Diario ), Costa Rica (Diario Extra), Venezuela (Correo del Caroní), Peru (Crónica Viva), Colombia (El Tiempo), Ecuador (El Diario) and Chile (El Mercurio).

Awards and honors

Aguilar's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Antonio Aguilar.jpg
Aguilar's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In 2000, for his contributions to the recording industry, Aguilar was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7056 Hollywood Boulevard. [11] He was similarly honored with his handprints and star on the Paseo de las Luminarias in Mexico City for his work in movies and in the recording industry.

Discography

Studio albums
EPs

Track listings

Information
Antonio Aguilar º3 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "Heraclio Bernal"
    • "Aunque llegues a odiarme"
    • "Pajarillo de la sierra"
    • "Adorado tormento"
Antonio Aguilar º4 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "Yo el aventurero"
    • "Laguna de pesares"
    • "Que bonito es el amor"
    • "Carta perdida"
Antonio Aguilar º5 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "La mariposa"
    • "Copitas, copotas"
    • "Amor en trocitos"
    • "El alazán y el rocío"
Antonio Aguilar º6 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "A boca de jarro"
    • "Si no me quieres, no me martirices"
    • "Estoy contigo"
    • "La canelera"
A grito abierto º7 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "Bala perdida"
    • "El revolucionario"
    • "Sonaron cuatro balazos"
    • "China de los ojos negros"
A grito abierto º8 (album)| Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1958
  • Track Listing
    • "Las mañanitas"
    • "Mi lupita"
    • "Alta y delgadita"
    • "Día venturoso"
A grito abierto º9 (album) | Antonio Aguilar (Discos Odeón)
  • Released: 1960
  • Track Listing
    • "El chivo"
    • "La elisa"
    • "Al pie del cañón"
    • "Dos palomas"

Filmography

Related Research Articles

Ranchera, or canción ranchera is a genre of the traditional music of Mexico. It dates before the years of the Mexican Revolution. It later became closely associated with the mariachi groups which evolved in Jalisco. Ranchera today is also played by norteño or banda and Tamborazo. Drawing on rural traditional folk music, ranchera developed as a symbol of a new national consciousness in reaction to the aristocratic tastes of the period. Some well-known interpreters of the genre are the following singers: Amalia Mendoza, Antonio Aguilar, Chelo, Cuco Sánchez, Flor Silvestre, Irma Serrano, Javier Solís, Jorge Negrete, José Alfredo Jiménez, Lola Beltrán, Lucha Villa, Pedro Infante, Rocío Dúrcal, Vicente Fernández, and presently: Pedro Fernández and Pepe Aguilar.

Norteño (music) genre of Mexican music related to polka and corridos

Norteño, also called música norteña, is a genre of Mexican music related to polka and corridos. As its names indicates, Norteño is a musical expression from Northern Mexico. The accordion and the bajo sexto are norteño's most characteristic instruments. Norteño music developed in the late 19th century, as a mixture between German folk music, and local Northern Mexican music.

Tayahua is a small provincial town in the central Mexican state of Zacatecas. The town has less than 12,000 inhabitants. Tayahua is a municipality of the city Villanueva. It is located West of Villanueva and East of the City Tabasco. This town was once inhabited by the famous actor/singer Antonio Aguilar before he built his own ranch "El Soyate" approximately 30 km (19 mi) east of Tayahua off the main highway road. Antonio Aguilar and family once lived in La Hacienda by the Catholic Church in Tayahua.

Ernesto Pérez better known by his stage name El Chapo de Sinaloa, is a Mexican norteño/banda singer and actor.

Lorenzo de Monteclaro is a singer of Mexican ranchera music. He was born with the name of Lorenzo Hernández en Cuencamé de Ceniceros, Durango, and sang for the first time on radio in the late 1950s on a Sunday talent contest called "Aficionados de los Ejidos" on XEDN. He has sung on more than 90 albums and acted in almost 50 films and continues singing even after 5 decades. His youngest son, Ricardo de Monteclaro, is also the drummer, who plays in the band.

<i>Valente Quintero</i> (film) 1973 film by Mario Hernández

Valente Quintero is a 1973 Mexican historical drama film directed by Mario Hernández and starring Antonio Aguilar in the title role. Saby Kamalich, Narciso Busquets, Sara García, Eleazar García, and Cornelio Reyna also star. The supporting cast includes Enriqueta Jiménez and Alejandro Reyna, among others. Flor Silvestre appears in a special musical performance.

"Guadalajara" is a well-known [mariachi] song written and composed by Pepe Guízar in 1937. Guízar wrote the song in honor of his hometown, the city of the same name and state capital of the Mexican state of Jalisco.

David Záizar Mexican singer

David Záizar was a Mexican ranchera singer and actor who appeared in many Mexican films. He was active from the 1940s up until his death in 1982 due to a respiratory infection. What earned him the title of the "Rey del Falsete" or "King of the Falsetto" was the fact that he displaced Miguel Aceves Mejía, who had the title until Záizar's appearance on the ranchera music scene. His voice is known today as having had beauty, interpretative quality, tone, and plenty of feeling and emotion. Initially, he joined forces with his brother, Juan Záizar, with whom he formed a duo. Prior to this, they had both been working on individual projects, especially Juan, who was a renowned composer and singer. They had only sung together for very special occasions, like their tribute to honor the famous ranchera composer, also from Jalisco, Pepe Guízar. Out of this union came the famous duo, Miguel Aceves Mejía[ the Záizar brothers). Like most Mexican folk songs, the majority of those interpreted by David that we have left today are about lost loves, unfaithful women, Mexico and its people, and several other topics commonly present throughout ranchera music.

<i>El ojo de vidrio</i> (film) 1969 film by René Cardona Jr.

El ojo de vidrio is a 1969 Mexican revolution-epic film directed by René Cardona Jr., starring Antonio Aguilar, Flor Silvestre, Manuel Capetillo, Eleazar García, Alejandro Reyna and Guillermo Rivas. With a backdrop of the Mexican Revolution, the film recounts the story of former horse wrangler and bandit Porfirio Alcalá y Buenavista who becomes the subject of a popularly known corrido along with his four cousins, after being notoriously heroic for raiding rich landlords and helping the poor. Being each notable for having one eye as the result of an injustice, the five heroes meet two townswomen and a theater actor who helps them disguise for their various raids. As their last raid attack, they take vengeance to the man who caused their tragedy, and evade revolutionary troops who call for peace after Porfirio Díaz resigns and is exiled.

Mexiscope was a cinematic process used in various Mexican film productions, specifically by Producciones Rosas Priego and Rosas Films, intended to widen the screen format. This process' color was provided by Eastmancolor.

<i>Flor Silvestre con el Mariachi México</i> studio album by Flor Silvestre

Flor Silvestre con el Mariachi México is a studio album by Mexican singer Flor Silvestre, released by Musart Records. It is Flor Silvestre's second Musart album and contains her 1961 version of "Cielo rojo", one of her signature songs.

Dalia Inés Nieto Jiménez, known simply as Dalia Inés, is a Mexican singer, dancer, actress, and writer. The eldest of the five children of singer and actress Flor Silvestre, she is known for creating and performing in Mi México, a revue featuring Mexican folk music and dances.

Irma Gloria Ochoa Salinas, commonly known as Lucha Moreno, is a Mexican singer and actress.

Leonardo Antonio Aguilar Álvarez, known simply as Leonardo Aguilar is a Mexican singer of Banda and Norteño music. As of 2017, Aguilar has been nominated for two Latin Grammy Awards.

Ángela Aguilar Álvarez, known as Ángela Aguilar is a Mexican-American singer of mariachi and ranchera music. She has been nominated for a Grammy Award and two Latin Grammy Awards, becoming one of the youngest artists nominated for both awards.

<i>Primero Soy Mexicana</i> 2018 studio album by Ángela Aguilar

Primero Soy Mexicana is the second studio album by Mexican singer Ángela Aguilar, released on March 2, 2018, by Machin Records. The album was produced by Aguilar’s father, Pepe Aguilar and features ranchera and mariachi music.

References

  1. "Sepultan a Tony Aguilar en su rancho "El Soyate", en Zacatecas". Proceso. 22 June 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Registro Civil de Villanueva: Nacimientos, matrimonios 1913-1936". FamilySearch . Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mariachi Icon Antonio Aguilar Dies at 88". Billboard . 20 June 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  4. "Antonio Aguilar - Actor: Movie (125 credits)". Internet Movie Database . Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  5. Cruz Bárcenas, Arturo (28 April 2000). "Antonio Aguilar celebró 50 años de charro cantor". Jornada. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  6. 1 2 "Internet Movie Database - Awards for Antonio Aguilar" . Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  7. "Una Vida de Corrido. Antonio Aguilar". Somos (195 - special issue). Mexico City: Editorial Televisa (published 1 May 2000). 2000. p. 104.
  8. Ankeny, Jason. "Antonio Aguilar Biography". All Music Guide. Rovi Corporation . Retrieved 2010-01-05.
  9. "Angela Barraza de Aguilar, 'United States Border Crossings from Mexico to United States, 1903-1957'". FamilySearch .
  10. AP via The Guardian, "Mexican Mariachi Singer Dies at 89", 19 June 2007
  11. "Hollywood Walk of Fame database". HWOF.com.