Antonio Bernocchi

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Antonio Bernocchi

Antonio Bernocchi.JPG

Antonio Bernocchi in 1885
Born(1859-01-17)17 January 1859
Castellanza, Varese, Italy
Died 8 December 1930(1930-12-08) (aged 71)
Milan, Italy
Burial place Cimitero Monumentale di Milano, Milan, Italy
Occupation Textile industry
Parent(s) Rodolfo Bernocchi
Angela Colombo [1]

Antonio Bernocchi was an Italian industrialist, who built up a successful textile factory at Legnano, in Lombardy in northern Italy.

Legnano Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Legnano is an Italian town and comune with 60,282 inhabitants in the north-westernmost part of the Metropolitan City of Milan, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from central Milan. It is crossed by the Olona river, and it is the 13th most populous town in Lombardy.

Lombardy Region of Italy

Lombardy is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres (9,206 sq mi). About 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy.

Contents

Life

The Bernocchi factory at Legnano Cotonificio Bernocchi Legnano.JPG
The Bernocchi factory at Legnano
Tomb of Antonio Bernocchi in the Cimitero Monumentale di Milano, 1936 Monumentale di Milano Edicola Antonio Bernocchi (1936) Arch. Alessandro Minali, scultore Giannino Castiglioni.jpg
Tomb of Antonio Bernocchi in the Cimitero Monumentale di Milano, 1936

Bernocchi was born on 17 January 1859 at Castellanza in the province of Varese, in Lombardy in northern Italy. He was one of three sons of Rodolfo Bernocchi and Angela Colombo. [1]

Castellanza Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Castellanza is a town and comune located in the province of Varese, along the boundary of the province of Milan, in the Lombardy region of northern Italy.

Provinces of Italy

In Italy, a province (provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between a municipality (comune) and a region (regione). From 2015, the provinces were reorganized into "institutional bodies of second level", with the birth of 10 special Metropolitan cities. A further 4 such cities were added later.

Province of Varese Province of Italy

The province of Varese is a province in the Lombardy region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Varese, but its largest city is Busto Arsizio. The headquarters of the AgustaWestland, the company merged into Leonardo since 2016, the world's largest producer of helicopters, is based in Samarate, a comune of the province. As of 2015, it has a population of 889,410 inhabitants over an area of 1,198.11 square kilometres (462.59 sq mi). The provincial president is Nicola Gunnar Vincenzi.

Bernocchi attended the Scuola Tecnica of Busto Arsizio, but did not complete his education. By the age of fifteen he was working for his father in a small textile bleaching works at Legnano. [2] In 1898 the family started a textile business at Legnano, which was successful and grew substantially. Factories were opened at Nerviano, Cerro Maggiore and Angera. Bernocchi became sindaco (mayor) of Legnano. In 1929 he was made a Grande Ufficiale ("grand officer") of the Order of the Crown of Italy. [3] In the same year he was made a Senator of the Kingdom of Italy. He died in Milan in the following year, on 8 December 1930. [3] He is buried in the Cimitero Monumentale di Milano, in a large monumental tomb by the architect Alessandro Minali and the sculptor Giannino Castiglioni.

Busto Arsizio Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Busto Arsizio is a city and comune, in the province of Varese, in the region of Lombardy, in northern Italy, 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Milan. The economy of Busto Arsizio is mainly based on industry and commerce. It is the fifth municipality in the region by population and the first in the province.

Textile bleaching is one of the stages in the manufacture of textiles. All raw textile materials, when they are in natural form, are known as 'greige' material. This greige material will have its natural color, odor and impurities that are not suitable for clothing materials. Not only the natural impurities will remain on the greige material but also the add-ons that were made during its cultivation, growth and manufacture in the form of pesticides, fungicides, worm killers, sizes, lubricants, etc. The removal of these natural coloring matters and add-ons during the previous state of manufacturing is called scouring and bleaching.

Textile industry economic sector

The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry.

Patronage and donations

Commemorative plaque on the Palazzo dell'Arte Antonio Bernocchi lapide a suo ricordo in Triennale.jpg
Commemorative plaque on the Palazzo dell'Arte

Bernocchi made several charitable donations. After the demoralising Italian defeat at Caporetto in November 1917 he was the first to donate to a new charitable organisation for the benefit of war veterans, La Patria Riconoscente, which would later become the Opera Nazionale Combattenti. [4] :169 He gave funds for the establishment or expansion of schools and hospitals in Legnano, where two schools are named after him. He was a benefactor of La Scala in Milan. [5] :56 His most substantial donation was a bequest of five million lire to the city of Milan for the construction of the Palazzo dell'Arte, home of the Triennale exhibition, in the Parco Sempione. [6] :24 The pavilion, also known as Palazzo Bernocchi, was designed by Giovanni Muzio and built between 1931 and 1933; construction was financed by Bernocchi and by his brothers Andrea and Michele. [7] :1948

The Opera Nazionale Combattenti was an Italian charitable organisation set up to provide assistance to veterans of the First World War. It was established in December 1917, in the immediate aftermath of the disastrous Italian defeat at the Battle of Caporetto, and was intended both to improve the morale of soldiers in the army and to provide for their eventual return to civilian life. Francesco Saverio Nitti and Alberto Beneduce were influential in its establishment, and Beneduce was the first president.

La Scala Opera house in Milan, Italy

La Scala is an opera house in Milan, Italy. The theatre was inaugurated on 3 August 1778 and was originally known as the Nuovo Regio Ducale Teatro alla Scala. The premiere performance was Antonio Salieri's Europa riconosciuta.

A bequest is property given by will. Historically, the term bequest was used for personal property given by will and deviser for real property. Today, the two words are used interchangeably.

The Coppa Bernocchi, a bicycle race held at Legnano since 1919, is dedicated to Bernocchi. [2]

Coppa Bernocchi European cycling race

The Coppa Bernocchi is a European bicycle race held in Legnano, Italy. Since 2005, the race has been organised as a 1.1 event on the UCI Europe Tour.

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References

  1. 1 2 Senatori d'Italia: Senatori dell'Italia fascista: Scheda Senatore: Bernocchi Antonio (in Italian). Senato della Repubblica. Archived 7 January 2016.
  2. 1 2 Franco Tettamanti (20 October 2010). 1930, addio a Bernocchi industriale col cuore grande (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. Archived 30 May 2014.
  3. 1 2 Francesca Bonazzoli (9 May 2013). L'industriale Bernocchi: esempio puro di mecenatismo (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. Archived 14 July 2014.
  4. Emanuela Scarpellini (2000). Il Teatro del popolo: la stagione artistica dell'Umanitaria fra cultura e società, 1911-1943 (in Italian). Milano: Franco Angeli. ISBN   9788846423450.
  5. Gianni Long (1982). La Scala: vita di un teatro (in Italian). Milano: A. Mondadori.
  6. Marco Albini, Luciana Baldrighi (editors) (2000). “I musei lombardi: le prospettive, i progetti, la sicurezza” (in Italian). Milano: Lybra Immagine. ISBN   9788882230449.
  7. Dario Marchesoni, Luisa Giussani (1985). La Triennale di Milano e il Palazzo dell'arte. Milan: Electra. ISBN   9788843511723.