Appletreewick

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Appletreewick
Village street, Appletreewick - geograph.org.uk - 687169.jpg
Village street, Appletreewick
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Appletreewick
Location within North Yorkshire
Population218 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE049601
  London 190 miles (306 km)
Civil parish
  • Appletreewick
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SKIPTON
Postcode district BD23
Dialling code 01756
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°02′15″N1°55′31″W / 54.03758°N 1.92518°W / 54.03758; -1.92518 Coordinates: 54°02′15″N1°55′31″W / 54.03758°N 1.92518°W / 54.03758; -1.92518

Appletreewick is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, 12 miles (19 km) north-east of Skipton, 7 miles (11 km) from Skipton railway station and 16 miles (25.7 km) from Leeds Bradford International Airport.

Contents

Appletreewick is in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales, a popular place for visitors, especially in the summer months, on the banks of the River Wharfe. [2]

The civil parish includes the hamlet of Skyreholme and the western end of the village of Greenhow. [3] The parish also includes Parcevall Hall, Stump Cross Caverns, the eastern part of Grimwith Reservoir and extensive areas of moorland north and east of the village. Barden Fell is a grouse moor belonging to the Bolton Abbey Estate, and Simon's Seat is a prominent rock outcrop to the north of Barden Fell. The civil parish had a population of 218 at the 2011 Census. [1]

History

Mock Beggar Hall in Appletreewick Mock Beggar Hall.jpg
Mock Beggar Hall in Appletreewick

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book and its name is derived from the Old English of æppel-trēow wīc, which means the Apple-tree specialised farm (or hamlet). [4] [5] [6] The old dialectal pronunciation of the village name is a shortened 'Ap-trick', which is sometimes still heard being used by the locals. [7] [8]

The village prospered from the year 1300 when Bolton Priory acquired its manor with its extensive sheep ranges and valuable lead mines. Charters for markets and a fair were granted and the latter remained important until the impact of the railways in the mid-19th century. [9] [10] The Ap-trick Onion Fair celebrated all manner of things, but given its name, it was chiefly remembered for being avenue to sell lots of onions that were brought into the village especially for the fair. [11] Records show that fight broke out between the Lord Clifford's of Skipton Castle and the Nortons of Rylstone Manor. This reinforces the belief that Appletreewick was more important than Burnsall at that time, as both noble families were in attendance. [7]

Stone houses line the steep, main street between High Hall at the top and Low Hall at the bottom. The Tudor-style grade II* listed High Hall [12] was restored by Sir William Craven (known as Appletreewick's own "Dick Whittington") [13] who became Sheriff and Lord Mayor of London at the beginning of the 17th century. [14] Craven was born in a cottage almost opposite High Hall, one of a pair converted into St. Johns church. [15] Lower down is Monks Hall, largely rebuilt in 1697 on the site of Bolton Priory's grange. The pub, the Craven Arms, was also owned by William and has much of the village history on display including a fully heather-thatched cruck barn to look round. The cruck barn was the first one to be built in Upper Wharfedale in over 300 years and used original materials such as lime and horsehair to line the walls and sheep's wool for insulation. [16] [17]

A 2009 study of rural driving within England led to Appletreewick attaining the title of 'Britain's Friendliest Town to Drive Through'. The study was based upon data collected around Britain, monitoring levels of road rage, driver communication, average speeds and hand wave acknowledgments of friendly driving. [18]

Related Research Articles

Bolton Abbey estate in Wharfedale in North Yorkshire, England

Bolton Abbey in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England, takes its name from the ruins of the 12th-century Augustinian monastery now known as Bolton Priory. The priory, closed in the 1539 Dissolution of the Monasteries ordered by King Henry VIII, is in the Yorkshire Dales, next to the village of Bolton Abbey.

River Wharfe river in the United Kingdom

The River Wharfe is a river in Yorkshire, England. For much of its length it is the county boundary between West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire.

Wharfedale Valley in Yorkshire, England

Wharfedale is one of the Yorkshire Dales. It is situated within the boroughs of Craven and Harrogate in North Yorkshire, and the cities of Leeds and Bradford in West Yorkshire. It is the upper valley of the River Wharfe. Towns and villages in Wharfedale include Buckden, Kettlewell, Conistone, Grassington, Hebden, Bolton Abbey, Addingham, Ilkley, Burley-in-Wharfedale, Otley, Pool-in-Wharfedale, Arthington, Collingham and Wetherby. Beyond Wetherby, the valley opens out and becomes part of the Vale of York.

Craven Non-metropolitan district in England

Craven is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England centred on the market town of Skipton. In 1974, Craven district was formed as the merger of Skipton urban district, Settle Rural District and most of Skipton Rural District, all in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The population of the Local Authority at the 2011 Census was 55,409. It comprises the upper reaches of Airedale, Wharfedale, Ribblesdale, and includes most of the Aire Gap and Craven Basin.

Grassington market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England

Grassington is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The population at the 2011 Census was 1,126. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town is situated in Wharfedale, about 8 miles (10 km) north-west from Bolton Abbey, and is surrounded by limestone scenery. Nearby villages include Linton, Threshfield, Hebden, Conistone and Kilnsey.

Kilnsey Village in North Yorkshire, England

Kilnsey is a small village in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the B6160 road, between the villages of Grassington and Kettlewell, near Arncliffe and just across the River Wharfe from Conistone. The village is 12 miles (19 km) north of Skipton and 3 miles (5 km) south of Kettlewell.

Barden, Craven civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England

Barden is a civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It consists of the hamlet of Drebley and a few scattered houses in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales. The parish also includes two areas of moorland, Barden Fell to the east of the River Wharfe and Barden Moor to the west of the river. Both moorlands are access land, and are popular with walkers. Barden Fell rises to the prominent peak of Simon's Seat, and Barden Moor includes two scenic 19th century reservoirs. Much of the parish is on the Bolton Abbey estate.

Burnsall Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Burnsall is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated on the River Wharfe in Wharfedale, and is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park.

Conistone Village in North Yorkshire, England

Conistone is a small village in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies 3 miles (5 km) north of Grassington, 3 miles (5 km) south of Kettlewell and 12 miles (19 km) north of Skipton beside the River Wharfe, in Upper Wharfedale.

Embsay Village in North Yorkshire, England

Embsay is a village in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, and together with the neighbouring village of Eastby, form the civil parish of Embsay with Eastby, which had a population of 1,758 in 2001. Embsay is approximately 2 miles (3 km) northeast of Skipton.

Cracoe Village in North Yorkshire, England

Cracoe is a small village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near to Rylstone and about 6 miles south-west of Grassington. Cracoe has an estimated population of 160 residents, measured at 178 in the 2011 census. Cracoe is a village which is also situated near Rylstone beneath Barden Fell and the twin skyline landmarks of Rylstone Cross and Cracoe Pinnacle in the Yorkshire Dales.

Yockenthwaite Hamlet in North Yorkshire, England

Yockenthwaite is a hamlet in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Langstrothdale valley in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Yockenthwaite is 20 miles (32 km) north of Skipton and 8 miles (13 km) south of Hawes. The name of the hamlet is said to derive from Eoghan's clearing in a wood.

Hebden, North Yorkshire Village in North Yorkshire, England

Hebden is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, and one of four villages in the ecclesiastical parish of Linton. It lies near Grimwith Reservoir and Grassington, in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. In 2011 it had a population of 246.

Linton, North Yorkshire village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England

Linton is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The population as of the 2011 census was 176. It is to the immediate south, and across the River Wharfe, from Grassington, near Threshfield and eight miles north of the market town Skipton. The green of this small village is set among an old Vanbrugh almshouse, a pub and three stone bridges over its beck. Not far to its north-east, Linton Beck runs down to the River Wharfe at the limestone Linton Falls, there bridged for walkers on a path up the Wharfe's north bank to Grassington.

Otterburn, North Yorkshire village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, UK

Otterburn is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is at OS Grid Reference SD8857, near Airton, Calton and the A65. The village is 9 miles (14 km) north west of Skipton and 1.9 miles (3 km) east of Hellifield.

Langstrothdale Valley in North Yorkshire, England

Langstrothdale is a scenic valley in the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England. The uppermost course of the River Wharfe runs through it, but Wharfedale does not begin until the Wharfe meets Cray Gill, downstream of Hubberholme. The name Langstrothdale derives from Old English and translates as 'long marsh' or 'marshy ground'.

Trollers Gill

Troller's Gill is a limestone gorge in North Yorkshire, England, close to the village of Skyreholme and 4.7 miles (7.5 km) south east of Grassington in the Yorkshire Dales. The gorge, which is 0.5 miles (0.8 km) in length, is also known as Trollerdale.

Skyreholme Village in North Yorkshire, England

Skyreholme is a hamlet in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales, North Yorkshire, England. It lies 1-mile (1.6 km) east of Appletreewick, in the small side valleys formed by Skyreholme Beck and Blands Beck, which meet in the hamlet to form Fir Beck, a short tributary of the River Wharfe. Parcevall Hall is at the north end of the hamlet, and Skyreholme Beck flows through the limestone gorge of Trollers Gill just to the north.

Barden Tower Medieval building in North Yorkshire, England

Barden Tower is a ruined building in the Parish of Barden, in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England. The tower was used as a hunting lodge in the 15th and 16th centuries, and despite a renovation in the 1650s, it fell into disrepair in the 18th century. The tower is now part of the Bolton Estate and is listed as a medieval fortified tower. Along with other buildings on the Bolton Estate, it is a focal point and many people visit the tower. It is also a way marker on the 100-mile (160 km) Lady Anne's Way long distance path.

Lady Annes Way Long-distance path in Northern England

Lady Anne's Way is a 100-mile (160 km) hiking route between Skipton and Penrith in Northern England. The trail is punctuated by houses and towers once owned by the clifford family, but is named after Lady Anne Clifford who renovated and repaired the buildings in the 17th century. The route goes through Grassington, Buckden, Askrigg, Garsdale Head, Kirkby Stephen, Great Ormside Appleby-in-Westmorland and Penrith.

References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Appletreewick Parish (1170216719)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  2. Start, Daniel (28 May 2016). "Hidden beauty spots in the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  3. "History of Appletreewick, in Craven and West Riding | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  4. Powell-Smith, Anna. "Appletreewick | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  5. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 11. ISBN   0-19-869103-3.
  6. Mills, A.D. (2011). A dictionary of British place-names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN   9780199609086.
  7. 1 2 "Appletreewick - Yorkshire Dales". yorkshiredales.co.uk. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  8. Speight 1900, p. 374.
  9. Speight 1900, p. 369.
  10. Yorkshire Dales, p. 32. Automobile Association/Ordnance Survey ISBN   0-86145-233-X
  11. Speight 1900, p. 368.
  12. Historic England. "High Hall  (Grade II*) (1131792)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  13. Yorkshire Dales, p. 32. Automobile Association/Ordnance Survey ISBN   0-86145-233-X
  14. Speight 1900, p. 370.
  15. Buckley, Norman (1995). Yorkshire Dales walking : on the level. Wilmslow: Sigma Leisure. p. 8. ISBN   1-85058-439-7.
  16. Jowsey, Ed (2015). "The Craven Arms, Yorkshire Dales, pub review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  17. Jenkins, Simon (1 November 2012). "Pub review: The Craven Arms, Appletreewick". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire; Cities, Towns, Villages, Hills, Rivers and Dales - Some Pubs too, in Praise of Yorkshire Ales. Catrine: Stenlake Pub. p. 12. ISBN   9781840337532.

Sources