Ar-Rutba District

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Ar Rutba District
District

Rutbah.jpg

Street scene in Ar Rutba town (2004)

Ar Rutba is the largest, southernmost and westernmost of the districts in Al Anbar Governorate
Al Anbar-English.svg
Coordinates: 33°2′17″N40°17′4″E / 33.03806°N 40.28444°E / 33.03806; 40.28444 Coordinates: 33°2′17″N40°17′4″E / 33.03806°N 40.28444°E / 33.03806; 40.28444
Country Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq
Governorates Al Anbar Governorate
Seat Ar Rutba
Area
  Total 93,445 km2 (36,079 sq mi)
Population 2003-01 (est.)
  Total 24,813
  Density 0.27/km2 (0.7/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Ar Rutba (Arabic : قضاء_الرطبة) is the largest district by area in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq, covering 93,445 km², and the least populated in relative and absolute terms, with a population of 24,813 (estimate January 2003), or 0.27 per km². [1] It is also the southernmost district of Al Anbar Governorate, the westernmost of the whole country, and the only district nationwide bordering Jordan. It is centred on the town of Ar Rutba.

Al Anbar Governorate Governorate in Iraq

Al Anbar Governorate, or Anbar Province, is the largest governorate in Iraq by area. Encompassing much of the country's western territory, it shares borders with Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia. The provincial capital is Ramadi; other important cities include Fallujah and Haditha.

Iraq republic in Western Asia

Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Shabakis, Yazidis, Armenians, Mandeans, Circassians and Kawliya. Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish.

Jordan Arab country in Western Asia

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and Israel and Palestine to the west. The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a small coastline to the Red Sea in its extreme south-west, but is otherwise landlocked. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan's most populous city as well as the country's economic, political and cultural centre.

Cities

Ar-Rutbah Town in Al-Anbar, Iraq

Ar-Rutbah is an Iraqi town in western Al Anbar province, completely inhabited with Sunni Muslims. The population is approximately 22,000. It occupies a strategic location on the Amman-Baghdad road, and the Mosul–Haifa oil pipeline. Considered a "wet spot", it receives 114.3 mm (4.5 inches) of rain annually, and is located on a high plateau. It has been described as "the most isolated town of any size in Iraq."

Nukhayb Place in Anbar Governorate, Iraq

An Nukhayb is a town in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq. Prior to the 1940s and during a short period in the 1970s, the town was administered by the Karbala Governorate. There has been conflict regarding to which governorate the town should belong.

Akashat Place in Al-Anbar, Iraq

Akashat is a small town in the northwest of the Ar-Rutba District of the Al Anbar province of Iraq, on the road between the towns of Ar-Rutbah and Al-Qa'im. It has a population of around 5,000. It was built as an industrial village in 1985, attached to the local phosphate quarry and administered by the ministry of industry. The Phosphate Plant in the town employs roughly 50-60 permanent workers. Production there was seriously disrupted by the UN sanctions after 1991 and the 2003 war, essentially stopped it from working. It is now operating at around 10%.

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Al Waleed border crossing, known in Syria as al-Tanf, is one of three official border crossings between Syria and Iraq. Al Waleed is located in the Ar-Rutba District of the Al Anbar Governorate, close to the westernmost point of Iraq and the northeasternmost point of Jordan, in the desert Badia region. It serves as the main border checkpoint on the highway between Damascus and Baghdad. The al-Tanf checkpoint is on the Syrian side of the border, in Homs province. The Al-Waleed Palestinian refugee camp is nearby.

Freeway 1 (Iraq) road in Iraq

Freeway 1 is the first and longest freeway in Iraq. It is 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) long. It extends from Umm Qasr Port in Basra to Ar Rutba in Anbar, where it spreads into a new freeway with same number towards Syria and Jordan.

Operation al-Shabah military operation

Operation al-Shabah was launched in May 2013 by the Iraqi Army, with the stated aim of severing contact between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and the al-Nusra Front in Syria by clearing militants from the border area with Syria and Jordan.

Ahmad Khalaf al-Dulaimi is an Iraqi politician and was the Governor of Al Anbar province from August 2013 to December 2014.

Ali Hatem al-Suleiman

Ali Hatem Abd al-Razzaq Ali al-Suleiman al-Assafi al-Dulaimi is a Sunni sheikh in Anbar province. He is the former Emir of the Dulaim tribe, a position now held by his brother, Abdulrazzaq Hatem Abd al-Razzaq Ali al-Suleiman al-Assafi al-Dulaimi.

Abu Waheeb IS Field Commander

Shaker Wahib al-Fahdawi al-Dulaimi, better known as Abu Waheeb, was a leader of the militant group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in Anbar, Iraq. He was known for killing three Syrian truck drivers in Iraq in the summer of 2013. He and three others were killed in a United States-led coalition airstrike in May 2016, according to the US Department of Defense.

Al-Qaim border crossing

Al-Qa'im border crossing between Syria and Iraq is one of the major supply routes across the Middle East. It connects the town of Abu Kamal in Syria's Deir ez-Zor Governorate to the city of Husaybah, in the Al-Qa'im District of Iraq's Anbar Governorate. The border crossing is about 450 km from Syria's capital Damascus and 340 km from the Iraqi capital Baghdad.

Wadi Hauran

Wadi Hauran is the longest Wadi in Iraq. Located in Al Anbar Governorate west of Iraq, at Latitude33.0333°, Longitude40.2500° Wādī Ḩawrān is roughly midway between Damascus and Baghdad near the town of Rutba, it stretches for 350 kilometres (220 mi) from the Iraq-Saudi border to the Euphrates river near Haditha.

Anbar campaign (2015–16)

The Anbar campaign (2015–16) was a military campaign launched by the Iraqi Armed Forces and their allies aimed at recapturing areas of the Anbar Governorate held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the city of Ramadi, which ISIL seized earlier in 2015. The United States and other nations are aiding Iraq with airstrikes.

The Battle of Hit (2016), also known as Operation Desert Lynx, was an offensive launched by the Iraqi Government during the Anbar offensive, with the goal of recapturing the town of Hīt and the Hīt District from ISIL. After the Iraqi forces recaptured the city of Ramadi, Hīt and Fallujah were the only cities still under the control of ISIL in the Al Anbar Governorate. Iraqi Forces fully recaptured of Hīt and the rest of the Hīt District on 14 April 2016.

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Ar-Rutbah offensive (2016)

The Ar-Rutbah offensive (2016) was a military offensive in Iraq launched by the Iraqi Army to recapture the strategic town of Ar-Rutbah from ISIL, along with the rest of the Ar-Rutba District.

References