Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria

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Archduchess Maria Dorothea
Duchess of Orléans
Marie-Dorothee-duchesse-d'Orleans.jpg
Consort of the Head of the House of Orléans
Tenure8 September 1894 – 3 April 1919 (abolition of Austrian monarchy)
Predecessor Marie Isabelle of Orléans
Successor Isabelle of Orléans
Born(1867-06-14)14 June 1867
Alcsút, Austria–Hungary
Died6 April 1932(1932-04-06) (aged 64)
Alcsút, Hungary
Burial
Habsburg castle chapel's crypt, Alcsút, Hungary
Spouse Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Full name
German: Maria Dorothea Amalie
French: Marie Dorothée Amélie
House Habsburg-Lorraine
House of Orléans
Father Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria
Mother Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria, full German name: Maria Dorothea Amalie, Erzherzogin von Österreich (Maria Dorothea Amelia; 14 June 1867 6 April 1932) was a member of the Hungarian line of the House of Habsburg and an Archduchess of Austria by birth. Through her marriage to Philippe, Duke of Orléans, Maria Dorothea was also a member of the House of Orléans. Philippe was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France from 1894 to 1926 and known to Orléanist monarchists as "Philippe VIII of France." Thus, to Orléanist monarchists, Maria Dorothea was titular Queen of France from 1896 to 1926, and Dowager Queen of France until her death in 1932.

Contents

Family

Maria Dorothea was the second-eldest daughter and child of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria and his wife Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Through her father Joseph Karl, Maria Dorothea was the great-granddaughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her mother, she was the great-granddaughter of Louis Philippe I.

Marriage

Maria Dorothea married Philippe, Duke of Orléans, eldest son of Philippe, Count of Paris and his wife Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans, on 5 November 1896 in Vienna.

After several years of marriage, the couple's marriage deteriorated and Maria Dorothea began to spend more and more time each year at her family's estate in Alcsút. Nevertheless, in 1906, Philippe attempted to reconnect with his wife and went to Alcsút to convince her to settle with him at the Manoir d'Anjou near Brussels. Maria Dorothea resisted the living arrangement and remained at Alcsút.

Titles and styles

Ancestry

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References

    Archduchess Maria Dorothea of Austria
    Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
    Born: 14 June 1867 Died: 6 April 1932
    Titles in pretence
    Preceded by
    Marie Isabelle d'Orléans
     TITULAR 
    Queen consort of the French
    Orléanist pretender to the French throne
    5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926
    Succeeded by
    Isabelle d'Orléans
     TITULAR 
    Queen consort of France and Navarre
    Unionist pretender to the French throne
    5 November 1896 – 28 March 1926