Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria

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Archduke Peter Ferdinand
Prince of Tuscany
Peterferdinandosterrtosk.jpg
Head of the House of Habsburg-Tuscany
Reign1921 – 8 November 1948
Predecessor Archduke Josef Ferdinand
Successor Archduke Gottfried
Born(1874-05-12)12 May 1874
Salzburg, Austria-Hungary
Died8 November 1948(1948-11-08) (aged 74)
St. Gilgen, Salzburg, Austria
Spouse Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Issue Archduke Gottfried
Helena, Duchess of Württemberg
Archduke Georg
Rosa, Duchess of Württemberg
Full name
German: Peter Ferdinand Salvator Karl Ludwig Maria Joseph Leopold Anton Rupert Pius Pancraz
Italian: Pietro Ferdinando Salvatore Carlo Lodovico Maria Gieuseppe Leopoldo Antonio Roberto Pio Pancrazio
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Mother Alice of Bourbon-Parma

Archduke Peter Ferdinand Salvator Karl Ludwig Maria Joseph Leopold Anton Rupert Pius Pancraz of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Prince of Tuscany [1] [2] ) (12 May 1874, Salzburg, Austria-Hungary [1] [2] – 8 November 1948, St. Gilgen, Salzburg, Austria [1] [2] ) was an Austro-Hungarian archduke and an army commander in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. He was also the titular Grand Duke of Tuscany from 2 May 1921 to 8 November 1948.

Salzburg City in Austria

Salzburg, literally "salt castle", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the Federal State of Salzburg.

Austria-Hungary Constitutional monarchic union between 1867 and 1918

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy in Central and Eastern Europe between 1867 and 1918. It was formed when the Austrian Empire adopted a new constitution; as a result Austria (Cisleithania) and Hungary (Transleithania) were placed on equal footing. It dissolved into several new states at the end of the First World War.

St. Gilgen Place in Salzburg, Austria

Sankt Gilgen is a village by the Wolfgangsee in the Austrian state of Salzburg, in the "Salzkammergut" region.

Contents

Family

Peter Ferdinand was the fourth child and third-eldest son of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his wife Alice of Bourbon-Parma. [1] [2] His two elder brothers married morganatically.

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany was the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I.

Life

Peter Ferdinand had a career in the army. In 1908 he was a colonel, in 1911 major general and on 23 April 1914 he was promoted to Feldmarschall-Leutnant . At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, he was commander of the 25th Infantry Division, with which he fought against Russia in Galicia and southern Poland, as part of the Austro-Hungarian II Corps. General Moritz von Auffenberg later blamed Peter Ferdinand's actions for preventing the encirclement of the entire 5th Russian army during the Battle of Komarów. In June 1915, Peter Ferdinand was relieved of command and the 25th Division was taken over by Major General Joseph Poleschensky.

Galicia (Eastern Europe) Historical region in Eastern Europe

Galicia is a historical and geographic region between Central and Eastern Europe. It was once the small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, which straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine. The area, named after the medieval city of Halych, was first mentioned in Hungarian historical chronicles in the year 1206 as Galiciæ. In 1253 Prince Daniel of Galicia was crowned the King of Rus or King of Ruthenia following the Mongol invasion in Ruthenia. In 1352 the Kingdom of Poland annexed the Kingdom of Galicia and Volhynia as the Ruthenian Voivodeship.

Moritz von Auffenberg Austrian-Hungarian General and Minister of War

Moritz Auffenberg, from 1869 Ritter von Auffenberg, from 1915 Freiherr Auffenberg von Komarów was a Austro-Hungarian Military officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army and Minister of War. At the outbreak of World War I, he took command of the Fourth Army.

Battle of Komarów

The Battle of Komarów, or the Zamość Ring, was one of the most important battles of the Polish-Soviet War. It took place between 30 August and 2 September 1920, near the village of Komarowo near Zamość. It was the last large battle which cavalry was used as such and not as mounted infantry.

On 17 April 1917 he was reinstated and, as a General of the Infantry, put in command of an army corps on the Italian front. His troops first defended the Ortler Range and then covered the flank of the 14th German Army during its advance in the Battle of Caporetto. On August 15, 1918 his Corps, now stationed in Trentino, was renamed to V Army Corps. From 26 October 1918, in the last days of the war, he commanded the 10th Army in Trento on behalf of Field Marshal Alexander von Krobatin. [3]

Ortler Alps mountain range

The Ortler Alps are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps mountain group in the Central Eastern Alps, in Italy and Switzerland.

14th Army (German Empire) army level command of the German Army in World War I

The 14th Army was an army level command of the German Army in World War I formed in September 1917 in Krainburg for use against Italy. Its Headquarters was located at Vittorio Veneto from 10 November 1917 until the army was disbanded on 22 January 1918. The 14th Army served on the Italian Front throughout its existence.

Battle of Caporetto battle

The Battle of Caporetto was a battle on the Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid. The battle was named after the Italian name of the town.

Marriage and issue

Marriage foto Marriage of Pietro Ferdinando of Tuscany and Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies.jpg
Marriage foto

Peter Ferdinand married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and his wife Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, on 8 November 1900 in Cannes, France. [1] [2] They had issue: [1] [2]

Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Archduchess of Ausrtia

Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was the titular Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 28 February 1942 to 4 October 1947 as wife of Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria, Prince of Tuscany, the titular Grand Duke.

Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta Count of Caserta

Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta was the third son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria.

Cannes Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Cannes is a city located on the French Riviera. It is a commune located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, and host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity. The city is known for its association with the rich and famous, its luxury hotels and restaurants, and for several conferences. On 3 November 2011 it also played host to the G20 organisation of industrialised nations.

Archduke Gottfried of Austria Austrian archduke

Archduke Gottfried of Austria was a member of the Tuscan line of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany by birth. Gottfried was the titular Grand Duke of Tuscany from 8 November 1948 to 21 January 1984.

married Princess Dorothea of Bavaria on 3 August 1938 in Sárvár, Hungary; and had issue:
Archduchess Elisabeth (born 2 October 1939) married Friedrich Elder von Braun on 26 April 1965 and has issue.
Archduchess Alice (born 29 April 1941) married Baron Vittorio Manno on 7 May 1970 and has issue.
Archduke Leopold Franz (born 25 October 1942)
Archduchess Maria Antoinette (born 16 September 1950)
married Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg on 24 October 1923 at Altshausen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany; and they had issue.
  • Archduke Guntram (19 August 1937 – 21 April 1944)
  • Archduke Radbot (born 23 September 1938) married Caroline Proust
    • Archduke Leopold (17 June 1973) married Nina Lenhart-Backhaus on 8 June 2002
      • Archduchess Chiara (9 March 2004)
      • Archduke Felix (2007)
      • Archduke Georg (2009)
    • Archduke Maximilian (12 August 1976)
    • Archduchess Eleonore (6 October 1979) married Marquess Francesco Pelagallo in 2005 and has issue
  • Archduchess Marie Christine (8 April 1941 – 4 January 1942)
  • Archduchess Walburga (born 23 July 1942) married Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburg e Bragança (born 16 July 1931) son of Princess Teresa of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha on 19 February 1969 and has issue.
  • Archduchess Verena (21 June 1944 – 5 January 1945)
  • Archduke Johann (born and died 27 December 1946)
  • Archduchess Katharina (born 24 April 1948) married Roland Huber on 22 May 1983 with no issue.
  • Archduchess Agnes (born 20 April 1950) married Baron Peter von Furstenberg and has issue.
  • Archduke Georg (born 28 August 1952)
married Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg on 1 August 1928 at Friedrichshafen; and they had issue.

Ancestry

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Archduchess Rosa Maria Antonie Roberta Josepha Anna Walburga Carmela Ignazia Rita de Cascia of Austria, full German name: Rosa Maria Antonie Roberta Josepha Anna Walburga Carmela Ignazia Rita de Cascia, Erzherzogin von Österreich was a member of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg, Rosa was also a member of the House of Württemberg and Duchess consort of Württemberg.

Archduchess Helena of Austria Austrian archduchess

Archduchess Helena of Austria was a member of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Philipp Albrecht, Hereditary Duke of Württemberg, Helena was also a member of the House of Württemberg and Hereditary Duchess consort of Württemberg.

Princess Dorothea of Bavaria was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a princess of Bavaria by birth. Through her marriage to Archduke Gottfried of Austria, Dorothea was a member of the Tuscan line of the House of Habsburg. Dorothea was by marriage the titular Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 8 November 1948 to 21 January 1984. She died in 2015.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Peter Ferdinand Erzherzog von Österreich". thePeerage.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Paul Theroff. "TUSCANY". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Archived from the original on 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  3. "Archduke Peter Ferdinand von Österreich-Toskana". Austrian Commanders.
Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 12 May 1874 Died: 8 November 1948
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Archduke Josef Ferdinand
 TITULAR 
Grand Duke of Tuscany
2 May 1921 – 8 November 1948
Reason for succession failure:
Italian Unification under the House of Savoy
Succeeded by
Archduke Gottfried