Archie Dagg

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Archie Dagg (1899 – 1990) was a shepherd and traditional fiddler, piper and composer from central Northumberland. He was born at Linbriggs, in Upper Coquetdale, and except for his time in the Army at the end of the First World War, lived all his life in that region. [1] In the late 1930s, he was a member of the English Sheepdog Trials Team; when competing with them in Scotland, he would play Scottish tunes on the Northumbrian smallpipes, and found he would get a steady supply of free drams.

Contents

Musical career

Dagg learned the fiddle from his father, who forbade him to play anything but hymns on a Sunday; [2] later he led the Hillbillies Dance Band during the 1920s and early 1930s. He was also an early member of the Northumbrian Pipers' Society; [3] later he played as one of The Border Minstrels, along with Billy Pigg, John Armstrong (of Carrick), and Annie Snaith, from 1938. They did not play much during the war years, but restarted after the war. [4] In a taped interview, [5] another Border shepherd, Willie Scott, recalled that traditional musicians were rarely influenced by records or radio, Archie Dagg the piper certainly wasn't. he also stated that very few musicians could read music, one old piper, a cousin of his fathers, could "trace out an air" from scores, though it took him a long time before he could play it right, Archie Dagg couldn't, he needed to hear an air.

After retiring from farming, and settling first at Swindon, near Rothbury, and later at Rodsley Court, Rothbury, Dagg took to pipemaking, and particularly reedmaking, for which he became highly respected. Kathryn Tickell has stated that she learned on a set made by him; she still uses the bellows made by Archie Dagg with her current set. Francis Wood, himself a pipemaker, writes that "Dagg's best reeds were scraped relatively thin, giving a clear bright tone with a very rapid response, highly suitable for original Robert Reid chanters and others made after this pattern." Distinctively, he signed his reeds on the inside, in reverse, so his name is visible when the reed is held up to the light.

An Archie Dagg smallpipe chanter reed, showing the internal signature. Dagg reed.JPG
An Archie Dagg smallpipe chanter reed, showing the internal signature.

In the interview cited above, [6] Willie Scott referred to "a tremendous set of pipes

An extended ivory and silver set of smallpipes made by Archie Dagg. DaggPipes.jpg
An extended ivory and silver set of smallpipes made by Archie Dagg.

that Archie Dagg had recently made from ivory". He signed his name on these musically, with the notes A DAGG shown on a stave.

Archie Dagg's musical signature A DAGG, on the front of the chanter of his extended ivory and silver smallpipes. DaggPipessignature.jpg
Archie Dagg's musical signature A DAGG, on the front of the chanter of his extended ivory and silver smallpipes.

An image of Archie himself playing these pipes was the cover photograph of The Northumbrian Pipers' Society Magazine, vol. 7, 1986. [7]

His home at Rodsley Court was the venue for a regular weekly pipers' session for many years. [8] He also composed tunes - his tunebook, 'A Coquetdale Garland' published in 1978, was reissued in an expanded edition after his death, in 1995, with a foreword by Joe Hutton. It includes 19 tunes, many of which have since become standards, regularly played at sessions, having been reprinted by the Northumbrian Pipers' Society and the Alnwick Pipers' Society. A recording on the FARNE Archive, [9] by Joe Hutton includes three of these.

In taped interviews for a B.A. thesis, [10] Dagg discussed how he started with the pipes, learning with Billy Pigg. In another tape, he talked in detail about pipemaking, and in a third he recalled Tom Clough, Richard Mowat, G.G. Armstrong and 'Kielder Jock' Davison. The recordings also include some of his playing, including his own 'Foxglove Hornpipe'. In the 1986 interview he remembered these musicians, and stated that Mowat was one of the best pipers ever, recalling his playing of the air "Caller Herrin"; he also recalled the playing of Harry Clough and Tom Clough, whose special tune was the variation set on "Maggy Lauder". He noted that formerly, most pipers were ear players, while nowadays they tend to play from written music; he preferred a happy medium. He deplored the tendency of some pipers to play tunes too fast, holding that to do so was not music at all.

Compositions

The Northumbrian Pipers' Second Tune Book

Northumbrian Pipers Society Magazine, Vol. 7

The Coquetdale Garland

The Northumbrian Pipers' Third Tune Book

The Alnwick Pipers' Society, A Selection of Locally Composed Music

Unknown

Publications

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John Forster Charlton (1915–89), was an English traditional musician, originally from near Hexham, Northumberland, who later settled in Gateshead. He at first played fiddle, but later also took up the Northumbrian smallpipes. He was a major figure in the folk music revival during the 1950s and 1960s, and an active member of the Northumbrian Pipers' Society. He was a founder member of the High Level Ranters, playing fiddle and smallpipes on their first record, Northumberland for Ever, but he subsequently left the group. Later he played in a country dance band, The Borderers.

References

  1. Interview, Northumbrian Pipers' Society Magazine, vol. 7, p. 14, 1986.
  2. [ dead link ]
  3. "Collection Detail". Web.archive.org. January 30, 2018. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  4. Billy Pigg, The Border Minstrel, Northumbrian Pipers' Society, 2nd edition, 2 vols., C. Ross and J. Say, ISBN   978 0 902510 30 2, ISBN   978 0 902510 31 9.
  5. "Willie Scott interview, part 38 - Reg Hall English, Irish and Scottish Folk Music and Customs Collection - World and traditional music | British Library - Sounds". Sounds.bl.uk. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  6. "Willie Scott interview, part 39 - Reg Hall English, Irish and Scottish Folk Music and Customs Collection - World and traditional music | British Library - Sounds". Sounds.bl.uk. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  7. "The Northumbrian Pipers' Society Magazine". Northumbrianpipers.org.uk. 1986. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  8. Obituary, Graham Dixon, Northumbrian Pipers' Society Magazine, 1990.
  9. "FARNE Archive Search :: Results". Archive.today. Archived from the original on 2020-05-20.
  10. "LAVC-SRP-2-177 - Making and Playing the Northumbrian Small-Pipes: A Study of Joe Hutton and Archie Dagg". Archived from the original on 2020-05-20.