Arild Rosenkrantz

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Arild Rosenkrantz
Born(1870-04-09)April 9, 1870
Frederiksborg Castle, Denmark
DiedSeptember 28, 1964(1964-09-28) (aged 94)
Kaløvig Hvilehjem nursery, Denmark
NationalityDanish
EducationModesto Faustini, Académie Julian
Known forPainter and stained glass artist
Notable work
Stained glass, paintings, illustrations and sculpture
Spouse(s)Louise Augusta (Tessa) Mackenzie

Arild Rosenkrantz (9 April 1870 – 28 September 1964) was a Danish nobleman painter, sculptor, stained glass artist and illustrator. [1] [2]

Contents

Early life

The coat of arm of the noble Danish Rosenkrantz family Rosenkrantz.jpg
The coat of arm of the noble Danish Rosenkrantz family

Arild Rosenkrantz was born in 1870 to Baron Iver Holger Rosenkrantz, a Danish diplomat, and Julia Louise Mackenzie, a Scottish woman, at Frederiksborg Castle. His father died when Rosenkrantz was only three years old. He accompanied his mother on her journeys to Italy, Scotland and England. She moved to Italy permanently in 1891 and was a spiritual medium. [1] [2]

Scottish people ethnic inhabitants of Scotland

The Scottish people or Scots, are a nation and Celtic ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation.

Frederiksborg County county of Denmark

Frederiksborg Amt is a former county in the north of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. Effective January 1, 2007, the county was abolished and merged into Region Hovedstaden.

He married Louise Augusta (Tessa) Mackenzie, a Scottish cousin, in 1901. [2]

Education and career

In Rome he studied art under Professor Modesto Faustini in 1887; Faustini imparted an appreciation for the Italian masters that influenced Rosenkranktz's work. There was a dreamy, emotional quality to his work throughout his artistic career as a painter and stained glass artist. Two years later he studied under Jean-Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant at the Académie Julian in Paris. [1] [2] He was also influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites, painters of the French salon, Romantic artists J.M.W. Turner and William Blake and Impressionist artist Claude Monet. [2]

Modesto Faustini was an Italian painter.

Italian art

Since ancient times, Greeks, Etruscans and Celts have inhabited the south, centre and north of the Italian peninsula respectively. The very numerous Rock Drawings in Valcamonica go back to 8,000 BC, and there are rich remains of Etruscan art from thousands of tombs, as well as rich remains from the Greek colonies at Paestum, Agrigento and elsewhere. Ancient Rome finally emerged as the dominant Italian and European power. The Roman remains in Italy are of extraordinary richness, from the grand Imperial monuments of Rome itself to the survival of exceptionally preserved ordinary buildings in Pompeii and neighbouring sites. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, in the Middle Ages Italy, especially the north, remained an important centre, not only of the Carolingian art and Ottonian art of the Holy Roman Emperors, but for the Byzantine art of Ravenna and other sites.

Jean-Paul Laurens French painter

Jean-Paul Laurens was a French painter and sculptor, and one of the last major exponents of the French Academic style.

He was studying in the United States in 1894 and 1895 and made glasswork for Tiffany. Later he made stained glass windows in a wide range of English churches and mansions. [2] [3]

From 1898 he stayed in London, where he developed his reputation as an artist. In London, Rosenkrantz joined the Anthroposophic Society. In 1912 he met Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner personally. Two years later he and his wife moved to Dornach, Switzerland to participate in the decoration of the anthroposophical center Goetheanum with other artists. Steiner, who taught Rosenkrantz of colors intrinsic properties, [2] said: "Colours are the soul of nature and the entire cosmos – and we become part of that soul when we live with the colours". [4] [5]

Anthroposophical Society

The General Anthroposophical Society is an "association of people whose will it is to nurture the life of the soul, both in the individual and in human society, on the basis of a true knowledge of the spiritual world." As an organization, it is dedicated to supporting the community of those interested in the inner path of schooling known as anthroposophy, developed by Rudolf Steiner.

Rudolf Steiner Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect, economist and esotericist

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect, economist and esotericist. Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom. At the beginning of the twentieth century he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, anthroposophy, with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy; other influences include Goethean science and Rosicrucianism.

Switzerland federal republic in Central Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.

Rosenkrantz returned to London with his wife after Steiner died in 1925. He then took up several artistic pursuits for Anthroposophic theatres: he designed costumes, created stage decorations and decorated the interior of 2 theatres. He also worked as a teacher and held annual exhibitions. [2]

Rosenkrantz is

one of those versatile, highly-trained artistic personalities that turns readily to the plastic arts and find in almost any one of them a means for self-expression. In the case of Baron Rosenkrantz an instinctive feeling for design, a power of selection and arrangement of form that naturally ensure interesting composition, are supplemented by a gift for colour and a love of it in rich forms. This latter trait has to some extent shaped his artistic destiny and led him to the designing of stained-glass windows. In this form of art he also finds a legitimate channel for expressing the sentiment of religious tradition... He reverences the traditional sentiment of this art which has voiced Christianity; he carefully studies its methods and its crafts, but he is willing to benefit by the processes of modern glass manufacturer and that appreciation of harmonised colour which in modern years has been evolved in the art.

H. Field, The International Studio. [6]

Later years

Rosenkrantz came to Denmark in the fall of 1939 to organize an exhibition in Copenhagen for his 70th birthday on 9 April 1940. However, German troops crossed over the Danish border and returning to London was impossible. His relatives at Rosenholm Castle in Jutland offered their home to Rosenkrantz and his wife, who then died in 1944. After that, he decided to stay in Denmark at the East Jutland castle. He worked more than 20 additional years creating works, exhibiting them, and lecturing. [2]

Influenced by anthroposophy through Rudolf Steiner and theories by Goethe, Rosenkrantz's works reflected a bold use of color. The Rosenholm Castle holds a number of his oil paintings and pastels. [2]

He died in September 1964. [2]

Works

Stained Glass

He made stained glass windows for churches, houses and castles while he lived in England. [2]

Paintings and illustrations

Examples of his works include: [2] [7]

Sculpture

Publications

Exhibitions

His exhibitions included: [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Charles Holme; Guy Eglinton; Peyton Boswell. (1907). The International studio . Offices of the International Studio. p. 122. [cited 13 September 2012].
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Arild Rosenkrantz Biography. Arild Rosenkrantz site. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  3. Charles Holme; Guy Eglinton; Peyton Boswell. (1907). The International studio . Offices of the International Studio. p. 123. [cited 13 September 2012].
  4. Arild Rosenkrantz. Rudolf Steiner Archive. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  5. Arild Rosenkrantz Biography. Rudolf Steiner Archive. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  6. Charles Holme; Guy Eglinton; Peyton Boswell. (1907). The International studio . Offices of the International Studio. pp. 122–123. [cited 13 September 2012].
  7. Arild Rosenkrantz’s symbolistic paintings re-installed in the Entrance Hall of the Royal Academy of Music in London. Arild Rosenkrantz site. Retrieved 13 September 2012.

Further reading