Arkady Ostashev

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Arkady Ostashev
Arkady Ostashev.jpeg
Born
Arkady Ilyich Ostashev

September 30, 1925
Died12 July 1998(1998-07-12) (aged 72)
ResidenceFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
NationalityRussian
OccupationSoviet and Russian rocket scientist and engineer
Known forLeading test pilot missile complexes OKB-1

Arkady Ilyich Ostashev (Russian : Аркадий Ильич Осташев); September 30, 1925, village Maly Vasilyev, Noginsky District, Moscow Oblast, USSRJuly 12, 1998, Moscow, Russian Federation was an engineer-mechanic, Soviet, Russian scientist, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite and the first cosmonaut, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent, laureate of the Lenin and state prizes of the, senior test pilot of missiles and space-rocket complexes of OKB-1, the disciple and companion of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

September 30 is the 273rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 92 days remain until the end of the year.

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Contents

Biography.

Born on September 30, 1925 in the village of Maly Vasilyev. Mother – Ostasheva (nee Гирусова) Serafima Vasilievna, 1888 birth. Father – Ostashev Ilya Vasilevich, 1881 birth. In the school years Arkady together with his elder brother Yevgeny under the leadership of the magazine "Knowledge is power" built a Telescope with a 10-fold increase with the necessary bed and a mechanism of rotation in two planes, lenses for the eyepiece and the objective sent to the editorial Board of the journal free of charge. It observed the Moon , raved about the flights to the planets of the Solar System. A. I. Ostashev in 1942 graduated from 9 classes of Middle school № 32, Elektrougli, Noginsky District, Moscow region. After finishing school 2.5 months he studied at the preparatory courses at MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze and got a degree program of grade 10, the results of which had been enrolled in the MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze. In the fourth year of the Institute A.I. Ostashevu managed to learn German documents on rocketry, obtained by a group of specialists sent by the country's leadership in Germany after the war. After a careful study made by the German specialists in missile development of A.I. Ostashev finally decided on the theme of diploma project  : «the Composite Rocket with a winged last stage", with спецчастью – stability of motion of the cruise stage. Diploma with this theme wrote under the direction of S. P. Korolev in Kaliningrad (city). After graduation in 1948 was working in the OKB-1 TsNIIMash under the guidance of S. P. Korolev. On this enterprise A.I. Ostashev worked for more than 50 years in positions from an engineer to the head of the complex. In 1952 he graduated from the VIC (higher engineering courses) in BMSTU,in the same year he graduated from the University of Marxism–Leninism in Mytishchi city Committee of the CPSU. In 1956 Arkady Ilyich joined the ranks of the CPSU. In 1975, A.I. Ostashev was the head of testing of the rocket-space systems according to the Russian-American program "ASTP" . All the scientific and engineering activities A. I. Ostasheva since 1948 connected with development and introduction of the system of tests of missiles and rocket-space complexes. At the preliminary design of a famous "SEVEN" R-7, under the guidance of A. I. Ostasheva was created volume № 14 fully dedicated to the testing of missiles. Arkady Ilyich author and co-author of over 200 scientific papers, articles and inventions. In addition to engineering and scientific work he was leading and teaching. Being since 1964, Associate Professor (Department "Integrated system for measurement of aircraft") MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze, lectured at the Department № 308. A. I. Ostashev died on July 12, 1998 in Moscow. Personal bequest Arcadia Ilyich Ostasheva he was cremated for burial in the grave of the elder brother Ostasheva Yevgeny Ilyich. In December 1998, after obtaining the relevant approvals and permits from the leadership of Kazakhstan dust A. I. Ostasheva was moved by his wife and son in Baikonur (city) and buried in the grave of his older brother Ostasheva Yevgeny Ilyich, who died on October 24, 1960 41 site the Baikonur cosmodrome in preparation for the launch of Intercontinental ballistic missile R-16.

Yevgeny Ostashev Russian engineer

Yevgeny Ilyich Ostashev, 22 March 1924 – 24 October 1960, was the test pilot of rocket and space complexes, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer-podpolkovnik.

A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published. Magazines are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content. They are generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by prepaid subscriptions, or a combination of the three.

Telescope Optical instrument that makes distant objects appear magnified

A telescope is an optical instrument that makes distant objects appear magnified by using an arrangement of lenses or curved mirrors and lenses, or various devices used to observe distant objects by their emission, absorption, or reflection of electromagnetic radiation. The first known practical telescopes were refracting telescopes invented in the Netherlands at the beginning of the 17th century, by using glass lenses. They were used for both terrestrial applications and astronomy.

Awards

Gratitude of the President Blagodarnost' Prezidenta.JPG
Gratitude of the President

For the achieved results in professional activities A. I. Ostashev awarded:

Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" World War II civilian labour award of the Soviet Union

The Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" was a World War II civilian labour award of the Soviet Union established on June 6, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to recognise the valiant and selfless labour of Soviet citizens in the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War. Its statute was later amended by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on July 18, 1980.

Order of the Red Banner of Labour Soviet award

The Order of the Red Banner of Labour was an order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities. It is the labour counterpart of the military Order of the Red Banner. A few institutions and factories, being the pride of Soviet Union, also received the order. The Order of the Red Banner of Labour began solely as an award of the Russian SFSR on December 28, 1920. The all-Union equivalent was established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on September 7, 1928 and approved by another decree on September 15, 1928. The Order's statute and regulations were modified by multiple successive decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, on May 7, 1936, on June 19, 1943, on March 28, 1980, and on July 18, 1980.

Order of Lenin Soviet Union award

The Order of Lenin, named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930. The order was the highest civilian decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. The order was awarded to:

In 1959, A. I. Осташеву was awarded the degree of candidate of technical Sciences. For the achieved results in professional activity A. I. Ostashev was assigned a personal pension of national importance (characteristics for the purpose of personal pension). In 1996, for great personal contribution to the development of Russian cosmonautics A. I. Осташеву gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation. Name A. I. Осташева name a star (Arkadia) in the constellation Libra.

Candidate of Sciences junior scientific degree in Soviet Union and post-sovetic countries

Kandidat nauk is the first of two doctoral level scientific degrees in some former Soviet countries. It is formally classified as UNESCO ISCED level 8, 'doctoral or equivalent', and is thus officially translated into English and other languages as Doctor of Philosophy and recognised as such.

President of Russia head of state of the RSFSR (office established in 1991) and Russia

The President of Russia, officially the President of the Russian Federation, is the head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.

Libra (constellation) Zodiac constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere

Libra is a constellation of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for weighing scales, and its symbol is . It is fairly faint, with no first magnitude stars, and lies between Virgo to the west and Scorpius to the east. Beta Librae, also known as Zubeneschamali, is the brightest star in the constellation. Three star systems are known to have planets.

Memory

In the Museum at the site No.  2 of the Baikonur cosmodrome V muzee ploshchadki No.  2 kosmodroma Baikonur.jpg
In the Museum at the site № 2 of the Baikonur cosmodrome
In the Museum at the site № 2 of the Baikonur cosmodrome organized an exposition dedicated to A. I. Ostashevu. In Elektrougli, Noginsky District, Moscow region at the local history Museum has a booth dedicated to the brothers Осташевым. At house number 17 in the village of Small Vasilyev, where they lived in childhood brothers Осташевы, a memorial plaque. In Moscow memorial Museum of cosmonautics stored documents from the personal archives of A. I. Ostasheva.In the Museum of the enterprise, where A. I. Ostashev worked for more than 50 years, there is material, dedicated to him.In 1993 in the Russian state archive for scientific-technical documentation placed documents from the personal archives of A. I. Ostasheva.

Publications

A. I. Ostashev has publications in books, ("Academician S. P. Korolyov scientist, engineer, man", "the Beginning of the space era", "an Unforgettable Baikonur", "Soyuz-Apollo" and others), magazines (The magazine "Russian space No. 10 2015, Our heritage 97/2011, Science and life № 1, 1997, and others) and the papers on the following topics: test RKT, the history of the development of cosmonautics history of development SKB-3, OKB-1, TsKBEM, NPO "Energy" and RSC "Energia". In the early 90's Arkady Ilyich was a frequent guest at the Memorial house-Museum of academician Korolev. He came to "tell" your memories on a tape recorder. From the memoirs of the Director of the Memorial house-Museum of academician Korolev L. A. Филиной:

<i>Nauka i Zhizn</i> Russian and Soviet science magazine

Nauka i Zhizn is a science magazine first issued during the years 1890-1900 in Imperial Russia, and then since 1934 in the Soviet Union.

Astronautics theory and practice of navigation beyond the Earths atmosphere

Astronautics is the theory and practice of navigation beyond Earth's atmosphere.

Memoir type of autobiographical or biographical writing

A memoir is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's/person’s life. The assertions made in the work are understood to be factual. While memoir has historically been defined as a subcategory of biography or autobiography since the late 20th century, the genre is differentiated in form, presenting a narrowed focus. A biography or autobiography tells the story "of a life", while a memoir often tells a story "from a life", such as touchstone events and turning points from the author's life. The author of a memoir may be referred to as a memoirist or a memorialist.

...Arkady Ilyich leads the whole Deposit of episodes from the life of S. P. Korolev, Moscow and Baikonur, but in the stories he never emphasizes its role, sometimes leading, as if he was there and only. This ability to look from the side, being in the center of events, the wilful detachment allows to him, like the custodian of the great MYSTERIES of TIME, keep it to once share the secret, tell you first hand... [1]

Moscow Capital city of Russia

Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities.

Baikonur Cosmodrome Rocket launch complex in Kazakhstan, used by Russia

The Baikonur Cosmodrome is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.

In 1997, the American writer J.. Harford published the book «Korolev», (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1997.) materials for which the author collected a few years. J.. Harford met with A.I. Осташевым and interviews were used in the book, but with a minimum of mistakes. Having received from the author instance and translating it into Russian, A.I. Ostashev wrote a letter of protest to the j. Харфорду. After the death of A. I. Ostasheva in 2001 and 2005 there were published two editions of his book «the Test of rocket and space technology business of my life. Events and facts». In 2010 published the book "Sergei Pavlovich Korolev is the Genius of the twentieth century" lifetime personal memoirs about academician S. P. Korolev (M. GOU VPO MSFU ISBN   978-5-8135-0510-2), materials for which A. I. Ostashev collected from the moment of the enterprise, headed by S. P. Korolev, and until 1998. A veteran of cosmonautics, resident of the city of Korolev, Moscow region, and colleague of Arcadia Ilyich Gennady Nikolaevich Artamonov wrote poems about Arcadia Ilyich Ostashevu:

Baikonur, soldier's Park, tombstone of the grave of the Ostashev brothers Mogila brat'ev Ostashevykh.jpg
Baikonur, soldier's Park, tombstone of the grave of the Ostashev brothers

Rocket fire tried to get away,
But could not, and she froze...
In granite black
Memory we still have to go
In the Park of silence, the silence of the plates.
October the Baikonur not forgotten.
And now here without unnecessary big words
"Come" and lay down Arkady Осташев.
He came to his brother, ro relax,
Maybe with him to pass the eternal path.
Burning steppes, and melt concrete...
October he will not forget the polygon.

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References

  1. (A.I. Ostashev, Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov - The Genius of the 20th Century — 2010 M. of Public Educational Institution of Higher Professional Training MGUL ISBN   978-5-8135-0510-2, p. 6)

Further reading

About A. I. Ostasheve written in books: