This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Arkady Ilyich Ostashev
September 30, 1925
|Died||12 July 1998 72) (aged|
Moscow, Russian Federation
|Occupation||Soviet and Russian rocket scientist and engineer|
|Known for||Leading test pilot missile complexes OKB-1|
Arkady Ilyich Ostashev (Russian : Аркадий Ильич Осташев), September 30, 1925 in village Maly Vasilyev, Noginsky District, Moscow Oblast, USSR – July 12, 1998 in Moscow, Russian Federation was an engineer-mechanic, Soviet, Russian scientist, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite and the first cosmonaut, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent, laureate of the Lenin and state prizes of the, senior test pilot of missiles and space-rocket complexes of OKB-1, the disciple and companion of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.
Born on September 30, 1925 in the village of Maly Vasilyev. Mother – Ostasheva (nee Гирусова) Serafima Vasilievna, 1888 birth. Father – Ostashev Ilya Vasilevich, 1881 birth. In the school years Arkady together with his elder brother Yevgeny under the leadership of the magazine "Knowledge is power" built a Telescope with a 10-fold increase with the necessary bed and a mechanism of rotation in two planes, lenses for the eyepiece and the objective sent to the editorial Board of the journal free of charge. It observed the Moon , they dreamed of flying to the planets of the Solar system. A. I. Ostashev in 1942 graduated from 9 classes of Middle school № 32, Elektrougli, Noginsky District, Moscow region. After finishing school 2.5 months he studied at the preparatory courses at MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze and got a degree program of grade 10, the results of which had been enrolled in the MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze. In the fourth year of the Institute A.I. Ostashevu managed to learn German documents on rocketry, obtained by a group of specialists sent by the country's leadership in Germany after the war. After a careful study made by the German specialists in missile development of A.I. Ostashev finally decided on the theme of diploma project : «the Composite Rocket with a winged last stage", with спецчастью – stability of motion of the cruise stage. Diploma with this theme wrote under the direction of S. P. Korolev in Kaliningrad (city). After graduation in 1948 was working in the OKB-1 TsNIIMash under the guidance of S. P. Korolev. On this enterprise A.I. Ostashev worked for more than 50 years in positions from an engineer to the head of the complex. In 1952 he graduated from the VIC (higher engineering courses) in BMSTU, in the same year he graduated from the University of Marxism–Leninism in Mytishchi city Committee of the CPSU. In 1956 Arkady Ilyich joined the ranks of the CPSU. In 1975, A.I. Ostashev was the head of testing of the rocket-space systems according to the Russian-American program "ASTP" . All the scientific and engineering activities A. I. Ostasheva since 1948 connected with development and introduction of the system of tests of missiles and rocket-space complexes. At the preliminary design of a famous "SEVEN" R-7, under the guidance of A. I. Ostasheva was created volume № 14 fully dedicated to the testing of missiles. Arkady Ilyich author and co-author of over 200 scientific papers, articles and inventions. In addition to engineering and scientific work he was leading and teaching. Being since 1964, Associate Professor (Department "Integrated system for measurement of aircraft") MAI them. S. Ordzhonikidze, lectured at the Department № 308. A. I. Ostashev died on July 12, 1998 in Moscow. Personal bequest Arcadia Ilyich Ostasheva he was cremated for burial in the grave of the elder brother Ostasheva Yevgeny Ilyich. In December 1998, after obtaining the relevant approvals and permits from the leadership of Kazakhstan dust A. I. Ostasheva was moved by his wife and son in Baikonur (city) and buried in the grave of his older brother Ostasheva Yevgeny Ilyich, who died on October 24, 1960 41 site the Baikonur cosmodrome in preparation for the launch of Intercontinental ballistic missile R-16.
Wife-Ostasheva (before Vasilyev's marriage) Lyudmila Vasilyevna (1924-2003). Children - Olga (1951), Mikhail (1956). Grandsons - Nikita (1977), Julia (1979), Anna (1982), Ilya (1984). Great-grandchildren - Alena (2007), Alexandra (2009), Nikita (2014), Liam Alexander Ostashev (2018), Mia Juliana Ostashev (2020).
For the achieved results in professional activities A. I. Ostashev awarded:
In 1959, A. I. Осташеву was awarded the degree of candidate of technical Sciences. For the achieved results in professional activity A. I. Ostashev was assigned a personal pension of national importance (characteristics for the purpose of personal pension). In 1996, for great personal contribution to the development of Russian cosmonautics A. I. Осташеву gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation. Name A. I. Осташева name a star (Arkadia) in the constellation Libra.
A. I. Ostashev has publications in books, ("Academician S. P. Korolyov scientist, engineer, man", "the Beginning of the space era", "an Unforgettable Baikonur", "Soyuz-Apollo" and others), magazines (The magazine "Russian space No. 10 2015, Our heritage 97/2011, Science and life № 1 1997 and others) and the papers on the following topics: test RKT, the history of the development of cosmonautics history of development SKB-3, OKB-1, TsKBEM, NPO "Energy" and RSC "Energia". In the early 1990s Arkady Ilyich was a frequent guest at the Memorial house-Museum of academician Korolev. He came to "tell" your memories on a tape recorder. From the memoirs of the Director of the Memorial house-Museum of academician Korolev L. A. Филиной:
...Arkady Ilyich leads the whole Deposit of episodes from the life of S. P. Korolev, Moscow and Baikonur, but in the stories he never emphasizes its role, sometimes leading, as if he was there and only. This ability to look from the side, being in the center of events, the wilful detachment allows to him, like the custodian of the great MYSTERIES of TIME, keep it to once share the secret, tell you first hand...
In 1997, the American writer J.. Harford published the book «Korolev», (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1997.) materials for which the author collected a few years. J.. Harford met with A.I. Осташевым and interviews were used in the book, but with a minimum of mistakes. Having received from the author instance and translating it into Russian, A.I. Ostashev wrote a letter of protest to the j. Харфорду. After the death of A. I. Ostasheva in 2001 and 2005 there were published two editions of his book «the Test of rocket and space technology business of my life. Events and facts». In 2010 published the book "Sergei Pavlovich Korolev is the Genius of the twentieth century" lifetime personal memoirs about academician S. P. Korolev (M. GOU VPO MSFU ISBN 978-5-8135-0510-2), materials for which A. I. Ostashev collected from the moment of the enterprise, headed by S. P. Korolev, and until 1998. A veteran of cosmonautics, resident of the city of Korolev, Moscow region, and colleague of Arcadia Ilyich Gennady Nikolaevich Artamonov wrote poems about Arcadia Ilyich Ostashevu:
Rocket fire tried to get away,
But could not, and she froze...
In granite black
Memory we still have to go
In the Park of silence, the silence of the plates.
October the Baikonur not forgotten.
And now here without unnecessary big words
"Come" and lay down Arkady Осташев.
He came to his brother, ro relax,
Maybe with him to pass the eternal path.
Burning steppes, and melt concrete...
October he will not forget the polygon.
PAO S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, also known as RSC Energia, is a Russian manufacturer of ballistic missile, spacecraft and space station components. The company is the prime developer and contractor of the Russian manned spaceflight program; it also owns a majority of Sea Launch. Its name is derived from Sergei Korolev, the first chief of its design bureau, and the Russian word for energy.
The R-7 Semyorka was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-7 made 28 launches between 1957 and 1961, but was never deployed operationally. A derivative, the R-7A, was deployed from 1959 to 1968. To the West it was known by the NATO reporting name SS-6 Sapwood and within the Soviet Union by the GRAU index 8K71. In modified form, it launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit, and became the basis for the R-7 family which includes Sputnik, Luna, Molniya, Vostok, and Voskhod space launchers, as well as later Soyuz variants.
Gherman Stepanovich Titov was a Soviet cosmonaut who, on 6 August 1961, became the second human to orbit the Earth, aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1. He was the fourth person in space, counting suborbital voyages of US astronauts Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom.
Andriyan Grigoryevich Nikolayev was a Soviet cosmonaut. In 1962, aboard Vostok 3, he became the third Soviet cosmonaut to fly into space. Nikolayev was an ethnic Chuvash.
Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov was a Soviet cosmonaut and an eminent space engineer. As a cosmonaut Feoktistov flew on Voskhod 1, the first spacecraft to carry three crew members. Feoktistov also wrote several books on space technology and exploration. The Feoktistov crater on the far side of the Moon is named in his honor.
Boris Borisovich Yegorov was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight.
Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov was a Soviet cosmonaut.
Georgy Nikolayevich Babakin was a Soviet engineer working in the space program. He was Chief Designer at the Lavochkin Design Bureau from 1965 until his death.
Valentin Petrovich Glushko, was a Soviet engineer and designer of rocket engines during the Soviet/American Space Race.
Viktor Petrovich Makeyev was the founder of the Soviet-Russian school of sea missiles production.
Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel, was a Soviet engineer and the leading missile designer in the Soviet Union.
Vasily Pavlovich Mishin was a Soviet engineer and a prominent rocketry pioneer, best remembered for the failures in the Soviet Space program that took place under his leadership.
Sergey Alexandrovich Afanasyev was a prominent Soviet engineer, space and defence industry executive, and the Minister of General Machine Building (1965–1983).
Nikolay Alekseyevich Pilyugin was Soviet chief designer of rocket guidance systems.
Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a Russian electrical engineer and the control systems designer in the Soviet Union's space program, and later found employment in the Russian Roscosmos in Russia.
Dmitry Ilyich Kozlov was a Russian aerospace engineer who founded the Progress State Research and Production Rocket Space Center.
Andranik Gevondovich Iosifyan was a Soviet Armenian scientist in the field of electrical engineering.
Yevgeny Ilyich Ostashev, 22 March 1924 – 24 October 1960, was the test pilot of rocket and space complexes, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer-podpolkovnik.
Site 41 was a complex of three launch pads at the Baikonur Cosmodrome originally built for flight testing of Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBMs) using storable propellant. The need to develop such missiles was determined by low-tactical-technical and operational characteristics of the first Soviet ICBM R-7 created by the OKB-1 under the guidance of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. May 13, 1959 by a special decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the CM of the design Bureau «Yuzhnoye» assigned to develop an Intercontinental ballistic missile on storable components of propellant, which has received designation R-16 and index – 8К64. Together with 41 platform built platform No. 42 – technical and No. 43 – for residing of serving military personnel and representatives of the industry.
Konstantin Vasilyevich Gerchik was a Soviet military leader, Colonel-General of the Soviet Army, Professor of the Academy of Military Sciences of Russia, a veteran of the Great Patriotic War, the second head of the world's first cosmodrome — "Baikonur" (1958-1961).
About A. I. Ostasheve written in books: