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The arlabecca (Old Occitan  [aɾlaˈbɛka] ) was a genre of Old Occitan lyric poetry. First mentioned in an ensenhamen by Peire Lunel, the genre was supposed by François Raynouard to be a lament or dirge, and Emil Levy thought it a "kind of poetry". It may derive from the Galician-Portuguese term for a rebec, arrabecca. The term rebec (plural rebecz) can be found in Old Occitan references to both an instrument and a genre (as in the Leys d'amors , where it is undefined). Possibly the rebec is the same genre as the arlabecca. Lunel defined his arlabecca by its metre, and thus his ensenhamen was an arlabecca as well.


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