Arlay

Last updated
Arlay
Commune

Chateau d'Arlay - Vue sur Arlay 1.jpg

View on Arlay
Blason ville fr Arlay (Jura).svg
Coat of arms
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Arlay
Location within Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region
Bourgogne-Franche-Comte region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Arlay
Coordinates: 46°45′44″N5°31′47″E / 46.7622°N 5.5297°E / 46.7622; 5.5297 Coordinates: 46°45′44″N5°31′47″E / 46.7622°N 5.5297°E / 46.7622; 5.5297
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Jura
Arrondissement Lons-le-Saunier
Canton Bletterans
Poligny
Intercommunality CC Bresse Haute Seille
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Christian Bruchon
Area1 20.31 km2 (7.84 sq mi)
Population (2015)2 1,234
  Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 39017 /39140
Elevation 212–325 m (696–1,066 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arlay is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. On 1 January 2016, the former commune of Saint-Germain-lès-Arlay was merged into Arlay. [1]

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany or comuni in Italy. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Jura (department) Department of France

Jura is a department of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in the east of France named after the Jura Mountains.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

History

Arlay's early importance lay in the fact that it was a station where the "Salt Road" forded the river Seille. It was refounded by the Romans as an oppidum and functioned as a Gallo-Roman city [2] until it was repeatedly laid waste from the third to the fifth century in the barbarian invasions. The presence of Burgundians at the site is testified to by their tombs. Waldalenus, Patrician of Burgundy, had his palatium here at the end of the sixth century, and his son, Donatus, abbot of Luxeuil, established a monastery here, dedicated to Saint Vincent; the abbey church was noted in 654. A hospital associated with the abbey was in existence in the twelfth century.

Seille (Moselle) river in France, tributary of the Moselle

The Seille is a river in north-eastern France. It is a right tributary of the Moselle. It is also known as the Seille lorraine or the Grande Seille, to distinguish it from another Seille, a small tributary of the Saône.

Oppidum Iron Age type of settlement

An oppidum is a large fortified Iron Age settlement. Oppida are associated with the Celtic late La Tène culture, emerging during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, spread across Europe, stretching from Britain and Iberia in the west to the edge of the Hungarian plain in the east. They continued to be used until the Romans conquered Southern and Western Europe. In regions north of the rivers Danube and Rhine, such as most of Germania, where the populations remained independent from Rome, oppida continued to be used into the 1st century AD.

Burgundians historical ethnical group

The Burgundians were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that lived in the area of what is now Poland in the time of the Roman Empire.

In the thirteenth century the barony of Arlay, on the borders with the Bresse region, passed into the dynasty of the counts of Châlons, the preeminent noblemen in the south of the Franche-Comté. They controlled the exploitation of salt mined at Salins. Their heirs became Princes of Orange in the early fifteenth century, when Jean III de Chalon-Arlay married the heiress of the Principality of Orange; the title baron of Arlay is still held by Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.

Bresse plain

Bresse is a former French province. It is located in the regions of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté of eastern France. The geographical term Bresse has two meanings: Bresse bourguignonne, which is situated in the east of the department of Saône-et-Loire, and Bresse, which is located in the department of Ain. The corresponding adjective is bressan, and the inhabitants are Bressans.

Salt mineral used as ingredient, composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl)

Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite. Salt is present in vast quantities in seawater, where it is the main mineral constituent. The open ocean has about 35 grams (1.2 oz) of solids per liter of sea water, a salinity of 3.5%.

Salins-les-Bains Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Salins-les-Bains is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

The castle of Arlay, rebuilt in stone in the ninth to eleventh centuries, was attacked by the French forces of Louis XI and of Henri IV and was fully destroyed in 1637 by troops of Louis XIII; though the château-fort was reduced to ruins, Arlay and the Franche-Comté did not definitively become French until 1674.

Louis XI of France king

Louis XI, called "Louis the Prudent", was King of France from 1461 to 1483, the sixth from the House of Valois. He succeeded his father Charles VII.

Henry IV of France first French monarch of the House of Bourbon

Henry IV, also known by the epithet Good King Henry or Henry the Great, was King of Navarre from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.

Louis XIII of France King of France and Navarra 1610-1643

Louis XIII was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who was King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,353    
18001,385+2.4%
18061,343−3.0%
18211,579+17.6%
18311,734+9.8%
18361,705−1.7%
18411,638−3.9%
18461,601−2.3%
18511,526−4.7%
18561,388−9.0%
18611,407+1.4%
18661,444+2.6%
18721,360−5.8%
18761,409+3.6%
18811,238−12.1%
18861,232−0.5%
18911,113−9.7%
18961,098−1.3%
19011,068−2.7%
19061,088+1.9%
19111,052−3.3%
1921890−15.4%
1926847−4.8%
1931824−2.7%
1936807−2.1%
1946704−12.8%
1954697−1.0%
1962687−1.4%
1968621−9.6%
1975610−1.8%
1982611+0.2%
1990664+8.7%
1999723+8.9%
2008711−1.7%
20151,234+73.6%

Vineyards

The vineyards that surround the ruins of the castle are among the oldest continuously-worked vineyards of France, though the label Château d'Arlay (Côtes du Jura AOC), on 30 hectares (74 acres) was only established in 1960, by comte R. de Laguiche. [3]

Château d'Arlay

The eighteenth-century Château d'Arlay [4] was built by the comtesse de Lauraguais, c 1770-80, on the former site of the convent of the Minimes near the foot of the small eminence occupied by the château-fort. Its contents were dispersed at the French Revolution and Mme de Lauraguais died under the guillotine in 1794, but in 1825 the property was assumed by prince Pierre d’Arenberg, grandson of Mme de Lauraguais, who refurnished it with the classical furniture in pale veneers and fruitwoods (bois clair) characteristic of the reign of Charles X, which remain in the house today; in addition to its interior decor, it preserves remains of its park and modern flower gardens.

French Revolution social and political revolution in France and its colonies occurring from 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

The caves called the Grottes de Saint-Vincent [5] contain marks of human presence in the Upper Paleolithic Magdalenian epoch.

See also

Related Research Articles

Doubs Department of France

Doubs is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France named after the Doubs River.

Côte-dOr Department of France

Côte-d'Or is a department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

Arbois Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Arbois is a commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France. The Cuisance River passes through the town, which has some pretty streets lined with ancient houses. The town centres on an arcaded central square where one can sample the local wines.

Pontarlier Subprefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Pontarlier is a commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France near the Swiss border.

Vin jaune

Vin jaune is a special and characteristic type of white wine made in the Jura region in eastern France. It is similar to dry fino Sherry and gets its character from being matured in a barrel under a film of yeast, known as the voile, on the wine's surface. Vin jaune shares many similarities with Sherry, including some aromas, but unlike Sherry, it is not a fortified wine. The wine is made from the Savagnin grape, with some of the most premium examples coming from the marl based vineyards in the Château-Chalon AOC. In other French wine regions, there has been experimentation in producing similar style wines from Chardonnay and other local grape varieties using cultured yeast such as the vin de voile wine produced in the Gaillac.

Nuits-Saint-Georges Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Nuits-Saint-Georges is a commune in the arrondissement of Beaune of the Côte-d'Or department in eastern France. It lies in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Sancerre Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Sancerre is a medieval hilltop town (ville), commune and canton in the Cher department of central France overlooking the Loire River. It is noted for its wine.

Arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier Arrondissement in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier is an arrondissement of France in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Jura, it has 255 communes.

Château-Chalon Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Château-Chalon is a commune in the Jura department in Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Abbans-Dessus Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Abbans-Dessus is a commune in the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

Les Hôpitaux-Neufs Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Les Hôpitaux-Neufs is a commune in the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

Pouilley-les-Vignes Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Pouilley-les-Vignes is a commune in the Doubs department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

Domblans Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Domblans is a commune in the Jura department in Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Présilly, Jura Commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Présilly is a commune in the Jura department in Franche-Comté in eastern France. It is known the ruins of a castle dating from the 11th and 14th centuries where every summer open air theatrical shows are organized in the summer. The castle is surrounded by a discovery trail to recall what castle life was like.

Saint-Germain-lès-Arlay Place in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Saint-Germain-lès-Arlay is a former commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in eastern France. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the commune of Arlay.

The Canton of Poligny is a canton within the department of Jura in the French region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

This page is a list of the lords of Chalon-Arlay and the principality of Orange. The lords of Chalons and Arlay were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of Burgundy, the Anscarids or House of Ivrea.

Gueuche noir is a red French wine grape variety that has been historically grown in the Franche-Comté of eastern France but is now close to being extinct. Though its exact relationship has not yet been determined by DNA analysis, ampelographers believe that the grape variety is closely related to the Hunnic grape Gouais blanc which is notable for being the mother vine to several grape varieties including Chardonnay and Gamay. There also might be a relationship between Gueuche noir and the Jura wine grape Enfariné noir.

References

  1. Arrêté préfectoral 28 October 2015
  2. Some remains of Roman paving, walls and trenches have been supplemented by crop marks revealed by aerial photography.
  3. "Castle of Arlay"
  4. The château d'Arlay is listed with the Monuments Historiques
  5. See Christianised sites.