Arlington, Texas

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Arlington, Texas
City of Arlington
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Tarrant County Texas Incorporated Areas Arlington highlighted.svg
Location of Arlington in Tarrant County
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Arlington
Location within Texas
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Arlington
Location within the United States
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Arlington
Arlington (North America)
Coordinates: 32°42′18″N97°07′22″W / 32.70500°N 97.12278°W / 32.70500; -97.12278 Coordinates: 32°42′18″N97°07′22″W / 32.70500°N 97.12278°W / 32.70500; -97.12278
Country United States
State Texas
County Tarrant
Government
  Type Council–Manager [1]
   Mayor Jeff Williams (R)
   City Manager Trey Yelverton [2]
Area
   City 99.7 sq mi (258.2 km2)
  Land96.5 sq mi (249.9 km2)
  Water3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)
Elevation
604 ft (184 m)
Population
   City 365,438
  Estimate 
(2017) [4]
396,394
  Rank(US: 48th)
  Density3,810/sq mi (1,472/km2)
   Urban
5,121,892 (6th)(DFW Metroplex)
   Metro
6,810,913 (4th)(DFW Metroplex)
  CSA
7,206,144 (7th)(DFW Metroplex)
Demonym(s) Arlingtonite
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
76000-76099 (76029 is exclusive to UT-Arlington)
Area codes 817, 214, 972
FIPS code 48-04000 [5]
GNIS feature ID1372320 [6]
Website www.arlingtontx.gov

Arlington is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles (32 km) west of downtown Dallas.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

Tarrant County, Texas County in the United States

Tarrant County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,054,475. It is Texas' third-most populous county and the 16th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth.

Contents

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's estimate, the city had a population of 396,394 in 2017, [7] making it the second-largest city in the county (after Fort Worth) and the third-largest in the metropolitan area. Arlington is the forty-eighth-most populous city in the United States, the seventh-most populous city in the state of Texas, [8] and the largest city in the state that is not a county seat.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Arlington is home to the University of Texas at Arlington, a major urban research university, the Arlington Assembly plant used by General Motors, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region IV, Texas Health Resources, American Mensa, and D. R. Horton. Additionally, Arlington hosts the Texas Rangers at the Globe Life Park, the Dallas Cowboys at the AT&T Stadium, the Dallas Wings at the College Park Center, the International Bowling Campus (which houses the United States Bowling Congress, International Bowling Museum and the International Bowling Hall of Fame), and the theme parks Six Flags Over Texas (the original Six Flags) and Hurricane Harbor.

University of Texas at Arlington public research university located in Arlington, Texas, USA

The University of Texas at Arlington is a public research university located in Arlington, Texas, midway between Dallas and Fort Worth. The spring 2017 campus enrollment consisted of 41,933 students making it the largest university in North Texas and fourth largest in Texas. UT Arlington is the third largest producer of college graduates in Texas and offers over 180 baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral degree programs.

Arlington Assembly is a General Motors automobile factory in Arlington, Texas. The plant has operated for more than 60 years and today manufactures large SUVs from GM's Chevrolet, GMC and Cadillac divisions.

General Motors American automotive manufacturing company

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services, with global headquarters in Detroit's Renaissance Center. It was originally founded by William C. Durant on September 16, 1908 as a holding company. The company is the largest American automobile manufacturer, and one of the world's largest. As of 2018, General Motors is ranked #10 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

Arlington borders Kennedale, Grand Prairie, Mansfield and Fort Worth, and surrounds the smaller communities of Dalworthington Gardens and Pantego.

Kennedale, Texas City in Texas, United States

Kennedale is a city in Tarrant County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,763 at the 2010 census.

Grand Prairie, Texas City in Texas

Grand Prairie is a city in Dallas County, Tarrant County, and Ellis County, Texas, in the United States. It is part of the Mid-Cities region in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. It has a population of 175,396 according to the 2010 census, making it the fifteenth most populous city in the state.

Mansfield, Texas City in Texas, United States

Mansfield is a suburban city in the U.S. state of Texas, and is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex area. The city is located mostly in Tarrant county, with small parts in Ellis and Johnson counties. Its location is almost equidistant to Dallas and Fort Worth, and is adjacent to Arlington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,368, up from 28,031 in 2000. The estimated population in 2018 was 69,340.

History

European settlement in the Arlington area dates back at least to the 1840s. After the May 24, 1841 battle between Texas General Edward H. Tarrant (Tarrant County is named after him) and Native Americans of the Village Creek settlement, a trading post was established at Marrow Bone Spring in present-day Arlington (historical marker at 32°42.136′N97°6.772′W / 32.702267°N 97.112867°W / 32.702267; -97.112867 ). The rich soil of the area attracted farmers, and several agriculture-related businesses were well established by the late nineteenth century.

Edward H. Tarrant general who served in the Republic of Texas Militia

Edward H. Tarrant, for whom Tarrant County was named, served the Republic of Texas and the State of Texas by fighting hostile Indians for two decades. He also served in the Texas House of Representatives during both periods.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pre-Columbian inhabitants of North, Central and South America and their descendants

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the Pre-Columbian peoples of North, Central and South America and their descendants.

Agriculture Cultivation of plants and animals to provide useful products

Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first.

Arlington was founded in 1876 along the Texas and Pacific Railway. [9] The city was named after General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House in Arlington County, Virginia. Arlington grew as a cotton-ginning and farming center, and incorporated on April 21, 1884. [10] The city could boast of water, electricity, natural gas, and telephone services by 1910, along with a public school system. By 1925 the population was estimated at 3,031, and it grew to over 4,000 before World War II.

Texas and Pacific Railway

The Texas and Pacific Railway Company was created by federal charter in 1871 with the purpose of building a southern transcontinental railroad between Marshall, Texas, and San Diego, California.

Robert E. Lee General in Chief of the Armies of the Confederate States

Robert Edward Lee was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army. He commanded the Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865. A son of Revolutionary War officer Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Lee was a top graduate of the United States Military Academy and an exceptional officer and military engineer in the United States Army for 32 years. During this time, he served throughout the United States, distinguished himself during the Mexican–American War, and served as Superintendent of the United States Military Academy.

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial, formerly named the Custis-Lee Mansion, is a Greek revival style mansion located in Arlington, Virginia, United States that was once the home of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. It overlooks the Potomac River and the National Mall in Washington, D.C. During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, in part to ensure that Lee would never again be able to return to his home. The United States has since designated the mansion as a National Memorial. Although the United States Department of the Army controls Arlington National Cemetery, the National Park Service, a component of the United States Department of the Interior, administers Arlington House.

Large-scale industrialization began in 1954 with the arrival of a General Motors assembly plant. Automotive and aerospace development gave the city one of the nation's greatest population growth rates between 1950 and 1990. Arlington became one of the "boomburbs", the extremely fast-growing suburbs of the post-World War II era. U.S. Census Bureau population figures for the city tell the story: 7,692 (1950), 90,229 (1970), 261,721 (1990), 365,438 (2010) [11] and almost 374,000 by 2011. [7] Tom Vandergriff served as mayor from 1951 to 1977 during this period of robust economic development. Six Flags Over Texas opened in Arlington in 1961. In 1972 the Washington Senators baseball team relocated to Arlington and began play as the Texas Rangers and in 2009 the Dallas Cowboys also began to play at the newly constructed Cowboys Stadium, now AT&T Stadium.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Arlington has a total area of 99.7 square miles (258 km2); 96.5 square miles (250 km2) of it was land, and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) of it is water.

Johnson Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, and the Trinity River itself, flow through Arlington.

Climate

Arlington falls in the Cfa (humid subtropical) region of the Köppen climate classification system which is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. [12]

Climate data for Arlington, Texas
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)93
(34)
96
(36)
100
(38)
101
(38)
107
(42)
113
(45)
110
(43)
112
(44)
111
(44)
106
(41)
89
(32)
90
(32)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C)54.7
(12.6)
59.1
(15.1)
66.1
(18.9)
73.9
(23.3)
81.6
(27.6)
89.2
(31.8)
94.1
(34.5)
94.4
(34.7)
86.6
(30.3)
76.5
(24.7)
65.0
(18.3)
56.3
(13.5)
74.8
(23.8)
Daily mean °F (°C)44.9
(7.2)
48.7
(9.3)
56.1
(13.4)
64.4
(18.0)
73.6
(23.1)
80.9
(27.2)
85.1
(29.5)
85.4
(29.7)
77.2
(25.1)
66.1
(18.9)
55.4
(13.0)
46.4
(8.0)
65.4
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C)35.1
(1.7)
38.3
(3.5)
46.2
(7.9)
54.8
(12.7)
65.6
(18.7)
72.6
(22.6)
76.1
(24.5)
76.3
(24.6)
67.8
(19.9)
55.6
(13.1)
45.7
(7.6)
36.4
(2.4)
55.9
(13.3)
Record low °F (°C)−2
(−19)
−8
(−22)
10
(−12)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
48
(9)
56
(13)
55
(13)
40
(4)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
−1
(−18)
−8
(−22)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.41
(61)
2.91
(74)
3.54
(90)
3.01
(76)
5.41
(137)
4.32
(110)
2.66
(68)
2.23
(57)
3.17
(81)
4.49
(114)
2.66
(68)
2.79
(71)
39.6
(1,007)
Average snowfall inches (cm)0.3
(0.76)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.0
(2.5)
Source: NWS Dallas/Fort Worth [13] [14]

2012 Tornado

During the April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak a severe thunderstorm produced an EF-2 tornado in Eastern Kennedale which moved North East across 287 near Stagetrail Drive and continued in a North North-Eastern direction. The tornado contained winds up to 135 MPH and damaged over 200 homes and businesses, including severe damage suffered by the Green Oaks Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, and injured seven people before the tornado lifted on the shores of Lake Arlington. [15] [16]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 163
1890 664307.4%
1900 1,07962.5%
1910 1,79466.3%
1920 3,03169.0%
1930 3,66120.8%
1940 4,24015.8%
1950 7,69281.4%
1960 44,775482.1%
1970 90,643102.4%
1980 160,11376.6%
1990 261,72163.5%
2000 332,96927.2%
2010 365,4389.8%
Est. 2017396,394 [17] 8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [18]

As of the census of 2010, there were 365,438 people, 133,072 households, and 90,099 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,811 people per square mile (1,472/km²). There were 144,805 housing units at an average density of 1,510 per square mile (5,833/km²). [19] The 2011 estimated racial makeup of the city (based on the 2010 census) was 59% White, 18.8% Black or African American, 6.8% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.4% of the population. [20]

There were 133,072 households out of which 40% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.3. [21]

In the city, the 2010 population was spread out with 31% under the age of 20, 8% from 20 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, and 8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 104 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94 males 18 and over. [22]

The median income for a household in the city was estimated to be $50,655 in 2011. Individual males working full-time year-round had a median income of $41,059 versus $35,265 for females. [23] The per capita income for the city was $25,317. [19]

About 16% of Arlington families in general and 31% of female-headed families with no husband present were living below the poverty line. 20% of the Arlington population as a whole, including 28% of individuals under age 18 and 8% of those age 65 or over were living in poverty. [23]

43% of Arlington renters and 28% of homeowners were paying 35% or more of their household income for housing costs in 2011. [24]

Arts and entertainment

Tornado at Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Tornado water slide at Hurricane Harbor in Texas.jpg
Tornado at Six Flags Hurricane Harbor

Arlington is home to Six Flags Over Texas, a nationwide theme park that includes many notable attractions. Six Flags also opened Six Flags Hurricane Harbor, a waterpark, after the previous location, Wet 'n Wild, was sold to them in the mid-1990s.

With the relocation of the U.S. Bowling Congress, and the Bowling Proprietors Association of America and the International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame, Arlington became the world headquarters for bowling. [25] The International Bowling Museum and International Bowling Hall of Fame are located on the International Bowling Campus in Arlington.

For retail shopping, Arlington is home to the Parks Mall at Arlington, which houses numerous stores, eateries, an ice skating rink, and a movie theatre. In addition, the Arlington Highlands was completed in mid-2007, serving as a shopping and entertainment hotspot with places such as Bar Louie, BJ's Restaurant & Brewhouse, Chuy's, Dave & Buster's, Improv Comedy Club, Piranha Killer Ramen, Pluckers Wing Bar, Studio Movie Grill, and World Market, among others. The Arlington Highlands is located on I-20 at Matlock Rd. The Lincoln Square located near the AT&T Stadium also houses several stores, restaurants, and a Studio Movie Grill. [26]

Arlington is also home to Theatre Arlington, one of the largest community theatres in the nation, which produces quality live theatre year-round and offers theater classes for all ages. The Mainstage Theatre at UT Arlington is another well-known venue for live theatre in Arlington.

The Arlington Museum of Art in downtown and the Gallery at UT Arlington are the city's designated art venues. The Art Museum is currently host to a public art project called "The Star of Texas" to promote Arlington's newest slogan of being the "American Dream City". Twenty community artists were chosen to paint a large star sculpture with a unique interpretation of what it means to live the American dream in Arlington. From 2016 until 2019, these stars are available to discover all over Arlington. From the TCC campuses to the Arlington Highlands shopping center, to all over downtown and other various locations, every star will lead visitors to a significant location in the city. [27] In 2014, a community mural was created along the wall of Park Plaza Shopping Center, an east Arlington location that was the target of graffiti tagging for a long time. [28]

The Planetarium Dome Theater at UT Arlington is one of the largest in Texas. [29]

Levitt Pavilion Arlington opened in 2009 and offers 50 free concerts per year in downtown Arlington featuring a diverse range of music genres. Notable performers have included Asleep at the Wheel, the Band of Heathens, the Killdares, Pentatonix, the Polyphonic Spree, the Quebe Sisters, and Ray Wylie Hubbard. The Texas Hall and AT&T Stadium are also destinations for live concerts in Arlington.

On July 4, the all-volunteer non-profit Arlington 4 July Parade Association puts on the annual parade through Downtown Arlington and UT Arlington’s College Park District, featuring floats and entries from local schools, businesses, and organizations. The parade is broadcast on local radio stations as well as on the AISD TV station and website. The parade began in 1965 as decorated bicycles ridden through Randol Mill Park organized by citizen Dottie Lynn and Church Women United. It has grown to around 75,000 spectators a year enjoying the festivities. [30]

Texas Live! is a $250 million mixed-use district featuring dining, entertainment, and a 302-room hotel with a convention center. [31] The new 200,000-square-foot district is located immediately outside the Texas Ranger stadium and is set to open in phases beginning in 2018 until completion in 2020. [32] [33]

Arlington Convention & Visitors Bureau

The Arlington Convention & Visitors Bureau is the official tourism identity for the city of Arlington, Texas. The Arlington Convention & Visitors Bureau (ACVB) is tasked with pursuing conventions, meetings, tour groups, reunions, and individual leisure travelers to increase city revenues from sale and lodging taxes. The Arlington CVB also supports local stakeholders that pursue high-profile special events and sporting events to fill hotels, Arlington Convention Center, AT&T Stadium, College Park Center, Rangers Ballpark in Arlington, and other venues around the city.

Visitors Information Center

The Arlington Visitors Welcome Center is located next to Rangers Ballpark in Arlington and adjacent to AT&T Stadium.

Sports

Globe Life Park in Arlington Tbia.jpg
Globe Life Park in Arlington
AT&T Stadium Cowboys Stadium, a domed stadium with a retractable roof in Arlington, Texas LCCN2013650777.tif
AT&T Stadium

Professional sports

Arlington has long been the home of the Texas Rangers baseball team, who made Arlington Stadium their first home upon moving to Dallas/Fort Worth from Washington, D.C. in 1972. In 1994, the Rangers built a new stadium, Globe Life Park in Arlington. The Rangers made trips to both the 2010 World Series and 2011 World Series both of which they lost, the first to the San Francisco Giants in 5 games, and the second to the St. Louis Cardinals in 7 games. In 2017, construction began on the $1.1 billion Globe Life Field across the street from Globe Life Park which will serve as the new home of the Texas Rangers upon completion in 2020.

The Dallas Cowboys football team moved from Texas Stadium in Irving, Texas, in 2009 to the $1.3 billion AT&T Stadium, which is within walking distance of the Rangers Ballpark. Completed in 2009, it has attracted high-profile sporting events to Arlington, including the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, Super Bowl XLV in 2011, the 2013 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball South Regional Championships, and the 2014 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Final Four; the stadium was also the site of the first College Football Championship Game in January 2015 (covering the 2014 season). The Dallas Cowboys rent AT&T Stadium from the City of Arlington for $167,500 per month over a thirty-year period, a sum far less than market value; in the exchange the Cowboys have complete control over the facility's calendar and the revenues collected therefrom, including naming rights, billboard advertising, concession sales and most of the surrounding parking.

The Dallas Wings became the first Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) franchise in North Texas in 2015. They were known as the Tulsa Shock while based in Tulsa, Oklahoma, but reinvented their brand after relocating to North Texas. [34] The Wings play home games at the College Park Center in Arlington.

College sports

The UT Arlington Mavericks are the athletic teams representing The University of Texas at Arlington. The Mavericks compete in the NCAA Division I Sun Belt Conference in 15 varsity sports; [35]

UTA was a founding member of the Southland Conference in 1963 and participated in the league until the end of the 2011-12 athletic year. They joined the Western Athletic Conference for one year before moving to the Sun Belt Conference.

A new arena called the College Park Center is now the host facility for basketball and volleyball home games as well as other university activities. The arena opened February 1, 2012 and seats approximately 7,000 people. Baseball home games are held at the Clay Gould Ballpark and softball home games are at the Allan Saxe Field; both facilities completed $5.5 million in upgrade cost in early 2015. [36]

The Mavericks' team name selection was made in 1971, predating the National Basketball Association's expansion franchise Dallas Mavericks' starting choice in 1980.

For the fifth year (2018) in a row the UTA Maverick Cheerleaders are NCA Collegiate National Champions. [37] [38]

Arlington Baptist College also competes in a number of sports. They are known as the Patriots and is an active member in the National Christian College Athletic Association, Southwest Region, Division II, and is a member of the Association of Christian College Athletics. The sports Arlington Baptist competes in range from: basketball (men and women's), golf (men and women's), cross country (men and women's), Track & Field (men), volleyball (women), softball (women), and baseball (men).

High School sports

Every high school in Arlington is home to a variety of sport programs, some ranking among the state and nation best.

Arlington High School and The Oakridge School own the city's only state football championships, having won it in 1951 and in 2011.[ citation needed ] Lamar High School was state runner up in 1990.[ citation needed ]

Arlington High and Bowie High School play football home games at UT Arlington's Maverick Stadium. Cravens Field, on the campus of Lamar but funded by Martin High School, and Wilemon Field, on the campus of Sam Houston, are home to the other four teams in the city.

Mansfield Timberview High School's boys basketball 2017 5A state title is the city's most recent boys basketball state title victory. [39] Bowie High School's 2005 girls basketball 5A state title is the city's most recent girls state title victory. [40]

Notable Arlington athletes

Arlington is the home of several notable athletes. 1998 American League Rookie of the Year Ben Grieve graduated from Martin High School in 1994. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim outfielder Vernon Wells grew up in Arlington and attended Bowie High School, Texas Rangers outfielder Hunter Pence attended Arlington High School and played collegiate baseball at The University of Texas at Arlington, and St. Louis Cardinals pitcher John Lackey also played for UTA. Lamar High School alumnus Jeremy Wariner won two gold medals in the 2004 Athens Olympics, and the 2005 world championship in the 400 meters in Rome. UTA also produced Doug Russell, who won two gold medals in swimming at the Mexico City Olympics in 1968 and for whom a park on campus is named. Champion bodybuilder (Mr. Olympia 1998–2005) Ronnie Coleman resides in Arlington. Houston Comets Guard Erin Grant grew up in Arlington and attended Mansfield high school. NFL wide receiver Mark Clayton, now with the St. Louis Rams, graduated from Sam Houston High School in 2000 and was part of the University of Oklahoma's 2001 national championship team. Jared Connaughton, sprinter for the 2008 Canada olympic team, was a sprinter for the UT Arlington team. Myles Garrett, defensive end for the Cleveland Browns and 1st overall pick in the 2017 NFL Draft, graduated from Martin High School in 2014.

Government

Local

Arlington City Council Chamber Arlington April 2019 17 (Arlington City Council Chamber).jpg
Arlington City Council Chamber

The Arlington City Council has been presided over by Mayor Jeff Williams since May, 2015, following the 12-year incumbency of Mayor Robert Cluck. [41] The Arlington City Council is composed of the Mayor and eight City Council members. [42] Elections are conducted every spring in May. Even though City Officials are officially elected Non Partisan. It is known they are Republicans based on voting in the Republican Primary every 2 years

City Council Members as of February 2019

On August 15, 2018, a Tarrant County district court judge ordered the City of Arlington to temporarily remove Proposition E from the November 2018 ballot. Proposition E, backed by the mayor and city council, grants an additional year on turn limits currently at 2 years. The proposition would also allow the mayor and city council to serve three consecutive term limits. The city backed Proposition E follows shortly after the approval on the November 2018 ballot of the citizen's backed Proposition F. Proposition F calls for stricter term limits on the number of terms the mayor and city council can serve as well as including a component that would retroactively count time previously served on the council. [44]

On August 17, 2018, Mayor Jeff Williams called for emergency city council meetings to be held on Sunday, August 18 and Monday, August 19 to vote for the suspension of two items in the city charter relating to the introduction of proposals to election ballots. Under current city charter rules for proposals to make it onto the ballot a minimum of 72 hours must pass between the first and second readings. The deadline for introducing ballot proposals for the November 2018 elections is August 20, 2018. [45]

As of the November 6, 2018 successful Term Limit referendum election. *For the 2019 Election Council Districts 4,5,8 are officially open seats due to the term limit ordinance and in 2020 Council District Seats 2&7 will officially be open seats as the incumbents have exceeded 6 years. In 2021 Mayor Jeff Williams seat will officially be an open seat in case he gets a 3rd and final term. In 2022 Victoria Farrar-Myer will be the 2nd current incumbent to meet the 6 year max allow in office In 2023 Current Council member Roxanne Thalman seat officially opens as she would be the 3rd person to meet the 6 year max. In 2024 Council District 1 seat will offically be an open seat upon the end of the 6 year term of 1st term Councilwoman Helen Moise who would the 4th person to meet the 6 year max.

According to Arlington's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the fiscal year ended in September 2016, the city's various funds had $553.8 million in revenues, $479.0 million in expenditures, $2.925 billion in total assets, $1.024 billion in total liabilities, and $382.5 million in cash in investments. [46]

Fire protection is provided by the Arlington Fire Department, and emergency medical services are provided by American Medical Response, which also provides medical support to AT&T Stadium.

The city of Arlington is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

Federal representation

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service maintains the Arlington Ecological Services Field Office (ARLES) on Northeast Green Oaks Boulevard in far northeastern Arlington; while it is one of the oldest Ecological Services Field Stations in the United States, today its activities are focused primarily on the illegal trafficking in exotic species through Dallas/Fort-Worth International Airport. The office is not staffed or funded for nor active on the protection and enhancement of local urban-area endangered species habitat, nor on the enforcement of the related provisions of the Endangered Species Act. [47]

The United States Postal Service (USPS) operates the Arlington Main Post Office. [48] [49] Other post offices operated by the USPS include Bardin Road, [50] East Arlington, [51] Great Southwest, [52] Oakwood, [53] Pantego, [54] and Watson Community. [55]

The National Transportation Safety Board operates the Arlington Aviation field office in Arlington. [56]

Education

Colleges and universities

Arlington is home to several public and private colleges and universities.

Public institutions

The University of Texas at Arlington (UTA or UT Arlington) is the largest university in North Texas. The university has a diverse student body of approximately 40,000 students as of fall 2016, [57] and is a valuable asset to the city of Arlington and its economy. Buildings within the academic core of the UT Arlington campus are among the oldest structures in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, including Preston Hall, Ransom Hall, College Hall, and the original Arlington High School. UT Arlington also has a smaller branch campus in downtown Fort Worth. [58]

The Southeast Campus of Tarrant County College is located in Arlington.

Private institutions

Arlington Baptist College (ABC) is a private 4-year Bible college affiliated with the World Baptist Fellowship that offers undergraduate and graduate degrees. ABC traces its founding to J. Frank Norris, the controversial Independent Baptist minister.

Kaplan College, along with a branch of University of Phoenix is located in Arlington as well. The flagship campus of Ogle School (a cosmetology school) is located in Arlington.

Primary and secondary schools

Arlington's residents live in five independent school districts (or ISDs): Arlington ISD, Mansfield ISD, Grand Prairie ISD, Hurst-Euless-Bedford ISD, and Kennedale ISD. In Texas, school district boundaries do not always follow city and county boundaries because all aspects of school district government apparatus, including district boundaries, are separated from city and county governments. Not all city of Arlington residents are in the AISD, and not all AISD students are residents of Arlington. There are currently ten AISD high schools. [59]

Arlington has dozens of private and public charter schools not affiliated with any ISDs. [60] [61]

Economy

Top employers

According to Arlingon's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [62] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Texas Health Resources 8,252
2 Arlington Independent School District 8,000
3 University of Texas at Arlington 5,300
4 Six Flags Over Texas 3,800
5 The Parks at Arlington 3,500
6 General Motors Arlington Assembly 2,900
7City of Arlington2,315
8 JPMorgan Chase 1,965
9 Texas Rangers 1,881
10 GM Financial 1,591

Transportation

On July 2, 1902 the first Dallas/Fort-Worth "Interurban" electric trolley came to Arlington; this popular service ran between those three cities and points in between until Christmas Eve, 1934, providing easy transportation for both business and pleasure. The track ran through Arlington along what is now Abram Street.

In the era of private operation of passenger trains prior to the Amtrak era, Texas and Pacific Railway trains such as the Texas Eagle and the Louisiana Eagle made stops in Arlington, on trips between Fort Worth and Dallas. [63] [64]

On February 16, 2006, I-20 in Arlington was dedicated as 'Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway' (signs are visible at mile markers 447 and 452) RonaldReaganMemorialHwy ArlingtonTX.jpg
On February 16, 2006, I-20 in Arlington was dedicated as 'Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway' (signs are visible at mile markers 447 and 452)

Arlington Municipal Airport (GKY) is located entirely within Arlington and is a public use airport owned by the City of Arlington. It serves as a reliever airport for Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Dallas Love Field (though it lacks scheduled airline service) and is currently used for general aviation purposes. Several companies operate aircraft services on the airport property, including the Bell Helicopter division of Textron.

For many years, Arlington had the notorious distinction of being the largest city in the United States that was not served by a public transportation system. [65] Between 1980 and 2013, voters rejected three separate ballot proposals to bring public transportation to the city, though certain political and economic realities particular to North Texas made successful passage of those measures arguably more difficult in Arlington than in other parts of the state or country. [65] [66] On August 19, 2013, the two-year pilot project known as the Metro Arlington Xpress (MAX) bus began offering weekday bus service between College Park Center (on the campus of The University of Texas at Arlington) and the Trinity Railway Express (TRE) CentrePort Station near DFW Airport, with a single stop near the Arlington Entertainment District. From the TRE station, riders could take the TRE to Fort Worth, Dallas and points in between, all of which are served by comprehensive public transit systems. [67] The MAX program was funded primarily by the City of Arlington and The University of Texas at Arlington, with contributions from local businesses. [68] The service was run through a tri-party agreement between the City of Arlington, the Fort Worth Transportation Authority and the Dallas Area Rapid Transit. City Council extended the MAX bus service beyond the original two-year pilot timeframe through annual contracts until Dec. 31, 2017. The City of Arlington has a lower than average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, just 4.7 percent of Arlington households lacked a car, which dropped to 3.7 percent in 2016. The national average is 8.7 percent in 2016. Arlington averaged 1.89 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. [69]

In January 2017, Arlington was part of a Texas state-wide designation as an Automated Vehicle Proving Ground by the U.S. Department of Transportation. [70] In August 2017, Arlington launched the first autonomous vehicle shuttle service in the United States offered by a municipal government to the general public on a continuous basis. [71] Named Milo, the autonomous electric shuttles provide service during major events at Globe Life Park and AT&T Stadium, connecting remote parking areas to the stadiums.

Arlington also offers an on-demand rideshare service, in partnership with the company Via, which began in December 2017. [72] Riders can request a pickup from a six-passenger van within a designated service area, which covers key destinations within Arlington as well as connecting to the Trinity Railway Express CentrePort Station.

Additionally, Arlington has four transit services targeting individual demographic groups: "Handitran" serves senior citizens and the disabled; Arlington hotels pay for a tourist-oriented shuttle-bus system for their guests; The University of Texas at Arlington runs a limited shuttle service for college students; and lastly Mission Arlington, an Arlington-run charity serving the severely indigent, has a bus service that circulates people needing social services or transportation to employment.

The city is served by two Interstate Highways, I-20, also known as Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway, and I-30, also named Tom Landry Memorial Highway. Other limited-access freeways include State Highway 360, which is named for the founder of Six Flags Over Texas, Angus G. Wynne, running along the eastern border, and U.S. Highway 287, which traverses the southwestern portion of the city. In most cases, the memorial names are not used in reference to these roadways.

The Union Pacific Railroad now owns and operates the original Texas and Pacific (later Missouri Pacific) transcontinental right-of-way and rail route though Arlington (parallel to which the Interurban originally ran); it offers no passenger stops in Arlington, its Arlington freight service is primarily to the local General Motors assembly plant, and most of its lengthy and numerous freight trains are merely passing through town to and from points far away. [73] [74]

Notable people

Sister cities

Arlington and Bad Königshofen, Germany have been sister cities since 1952. Arlington operates the Bad Königshofen outdoor family aquatic center, named after its sister city. In return, Bad Königshofen has a recreational park named after Arlington. The relationship between the two cities dates to 1951, when the German town manager, Kurt Zuhlke, visited Arlington as part of a study tour in the U.S.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

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