|Army Group South|
Briefing at the headquarters of Army Group South at Poltava on 1 June 1942
|Active||1 September - 26 October 1939|
22 June 1941 - 3 April 1944
23 September 1944 - 1 April 1945
|Branch||German Army Group|
|Engagements|| World War II |
|Gerd von Rundstedt Fedor von Bock|
Army Group South (German : Heeresgruppe Süd) was the name of three German Army Groups during World War II.
It was first used in the 1939 September Campaign, along with Army Group North to invade Poland. In the invasion of Poland Army Group South was led by Gerd von Rundstedt and his chief of staff Erich von Manstein.
Two years later, Army Group South became one of three army groups into which Germany organised their forces for Operation Barbarossa. Army Group South's principal objective was to capture Soviet Ukraine and its capital Kiev.
In September 1944, the Army Group South Ukraine was renamed Army Group South in Eastern Hungary. She fought in Western Hungary until March 1945 and retired to Austria at the end of the Second World War, where it was renamed Army Group Ostmark on 2 April 1945.
Ukraine was a major center of Soviet industry and mining and had the good farmland required for Hitler's plans for the Lebensraum ('living space'). Army Group South was to advance up to the Volga River, engaging a part of the Red Army and thus clearing the way for the Army Group North and the Army Group Center on their approach to Leningrad and Moscow respectively.
To carry out these initial tasks its battle order included the First Panzer Group (Gen. Kleist) and the German Sixth (Gen. Reichenau), Seventeenth (Gen. Stulpagel) and Eleventh Armies (Gen. Shobert), Luftlotte 1 (Keller) and the Romanian Third and Fourth Armies.
In preparation for Operation Blue, the 1942 campaign in southern Russia and the Caucasus, Army Group South was split into two army groups: Army Group A and Army Group B.
In February 1943, Army Group Don and the existing Army Group B were combined and re-designated Army Group South. A new Army Group B became a major formation elsewhere. The German Sixth Army, which was destroyed in the destructive Battle of Stalingrad, was re-constituted and later made part of Army Group South in March 1943. On 4 April 1944, Army Group South was re-designated Army Group North Ukraine. Army Group North Ukraine existed from 4 April to 28 September.
In September 1944, Army Group South Ukraine was again re-designated Army Group South. At the end of World War II in Europe, Army Group South was again renamed; as Army Group Ostmark, the remnants of Army Group South ended the war fighting in and around Austria and Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Army Group Ostmark was one of the last major German military formations to surrender to the Allies.
| IV Panzer Corps |
| 24th Panzer Division |
| LXXII Army Corps |
| 76th Infantry Division |
VII Army Corps
8th Reserve Division
12th Reserve Division
| III Panzer Corps |
| 1st Panzer Division |
| 13th Panzer Division |
| 23rd Panzer Division |
| Feldherrnhalle |
| 22nd SS Cavalry Division |
| 46th Infantry Division |
| 503rd Heavy Tank Battalion |
XVII Army Corps
8th 8th Jäger Division
27th Infantry Division
9th Frontier Brigade
IX Army Corps
3rd Mountain Division
2nd Replacement Division
XXIX Army Corps
8th SS Cavalry Division
4th Mountain Division
LtGen von Dalnoki
II Army Corps
2nd Armored Division
25th Infantry Division
15th Infantry Division
7th Replacement Division
LtGen von Dalnoki
9th Replacement Division
VIII Army Corps
23rd Reserve Division
5th Replacement Division
8th Replacement Division
1st Armored Division
LVII Panzer Corps
| 4th SS |
20th Infantry Division
1st Cavalry Division
|No.||Commander||Took office||Left office||Time in office|
Gerd von Rundstedt
|1 September 1939||26 October 1939||55 days|
Gerd von Rundstedt
|22 June 1941||1 December 1941||162 days|
Walter von Reichenau
|1 December 1941||12 January 1942 †||42 days|
Fedor von Bock
|12 January 1942||9 July 1942||178 days|
Erich von Manstein
|12 February 1943||30 March 1944||1 year, 47 days|
|23 September 1944||28 December 1944||96 days|
|7||General der Infanterie|
|28 December 1944||6 April 1945||99 days|
|7 April 1945||30 April 1945||23 days|
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