Army Group South

Last updated
Army Group South
Heeresgruppe Süd
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B24543, Hauptquartier Heeresgruppe Sud, Lagebesprechung.jpg
Briefing at the headquarters of Army Group South at Poltava on 1 June 1942
Active1 September - 26 October 1939
22 June 1941 - 3 April 1944
23 September 1944 - 1 April 1945
CountryFlag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Branch German Army Group
Engagements World War II
Gerd von Rundstedt

Erich von Manstein

Fedor von Bock

Army Group South (German : Heeresgruppe Süd) was the name of three German Army Groups during World War II.


It was first used in the 1939 September Campaign, along with Army Group North to invade Poland. In the invasion of Poland Army Group South was led by Gerd von Rundstedt and his chief of staff Erich von Manstein.

Two years later, Army Group South became one of three army groups into which Germany organised their forces for Operation Barbarossa. Army Group South's principal objective was to capture Soviet Ukraine and its capital Kiev. [1]

In September 1944, the Army Group South Ukraine was renamed Army Group South in Eastern Hungary. She fought in Western Hungary until March 1945 and retired to Austria at the end of the Second World War, where it was renamed Army Group Ostmark on 2 April 1945.

Operation Barbarossa

Ukraine was a major center of Soviet industry and mining and had the good farmland required for Hitler's plans for the Lebensraum ('living space'). Army Group South was to advance up to the Volga River, engaging a part of the Red Army and thus clearing the way for the Army Group North and the Army Group Center on their approach to Leningrad and Moscow respectively.

To carry out these initial tasks its battle order included the First Panzer Group (Gen. Kleist) and the German Sixth (Gen. Reichenau), Seventeenth (Gen. Stulpagel) and Eleventh Armies (Gen. Shobert), Luftlotte 1 (Keller) and the Romanian Third and Fourth Armies.

In preparation for Operation Blue, the 1942 campaign in southern Russia and the Caucasus, Army Group South was split into two army groups: Army Group A and Army Group B. [2]

In February 1943, Army Group Don and the existing Army Group B were combined and re-designated Army Group South. A new Army Group B became a major formation elsewhere. The German Sixth Army, which was destroyed in the destructive Battle of Stalingrad, was re-constituted and later made part of Army Group South in March 1943. On 4 April 1944, Army Group South was re-designated Army Group North Ukraine. Army Group North Ukraine existed from 4 April to 28 September.

In September 1944, Army Group South Ukraine was again re-designated Army Group South. At the end of World War II in Europe, Army Group South was again renamed; as Army Group Ostmark, the remnants of Army Group South ended the war fighting in and around Austria and Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Army Group Ostmark was one of the last major German military formations to surrender to the Allies.

Order of Battle for Army Group South, October 1944

Army GroupArmyCorpsDivisionRemarks
Gen Friessner
Sixth Army
Gen Fretter-Pico
IV Panzer Corps
LtGen Kleeman
24th Panzer Division
LXXII Army Corps
LtGen Schmidt
76th Infantry Division
VII Army Corps
MajGen Vörös
8th Reserve Division
12th Reserve Division
III Panzer Corps
LtGen Breith
1st Panzer Division
13th Panzer Division
23rd Panzer Division
Panzergrenadier Division
22nd SS Cavalry Division
Maria Theresa
46th Infantry Division
503rd Heavy Tank Battalion
Eighth Army
Gen Wöhler
XVII Army Corps
LtGen Kreysing
8th 8th Jäger Division
27th Infantry Division
9th Frontier Brigade
IX Army Corps
BrigGen Kovács
3rd Mountain Division
2nd Replacement Division
XXIX Army Corps
LtGen Röpke
8th SS Cavalry Division
Florian Geyer
4th Mountain Division
Second Army
LtGen von Dalnoki
(Attached to
Sixth Army)
II Army Corps
MajGen Kiss
2nd Armored Division
25th Infantry Division
15th Infantry Division
Group Finta
BrigGen Finta
7th Replacement Division
1st Replacement
Mountain Brigade
2nd Replacement
Mountain Brigade
Army Reserve
LtGen von Dalnoki
9th Replacement Division
Third Army
LtGen Heszlényi
VIII Army Corps
MajGen Lengyel
23rd Reserve Division
5th Replacement Division
8th Replacement Division
1st Armored Division
LVII Panzer Corps
LtGen Kirchner
4th SS
Panzergrenadier Division
20th Infantry Division
1st Cavalry Division
Army Reserve
LtGen Heszlényi
Szent László
Infantry Division


No.CommanderTook officeLeft officeTime in office
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S37772, Gerd v. Rundstedt.jpg
Rundstedt, Gerd Generalfeldmarschall
Gerd von Rundstedt
1 September 193926 October 193955 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S37772, Gerd v. Rundstedt.jpg
Rundstedt, GerdGeneralfeldmarschall
Gerd von Rundstedt
22 June 19411 December 1941162 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B05284, Walter v. Reichenau.jpg
Reichenau, WalterGeneralfeldmarschall
Walter von Reichenau
1 December 194112 January 1942 42 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1977-120-11, Fedor von Bock.jpg
Bock, FedorGeneralfeldmarschall
Fedor von Bock
12 January 19429 July 1942178 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H01758, Erich v. Manstein.jpg
Manstein, ErichGeneralfeldmarschall
Erich von Manstein
12 February 194330 March 19441 year, 47 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-018-27A, Johannes Friessner.jpg
Frießner, JohannesGeneraloberst
Johannes Frießner
23 September 194428 December 194496 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-0313-500, Rumanien, Otto Wohler bei Lagebesprechung.jpg
Wöhler, OttoGeneral der Infanterie
Otto Wöhler
28 December 19446 April 194599 days
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1995-027-32A, Lothar Rendulic.jpg
Rendulic, LotharGeneraloberst
Lothar Rendulic
7 April 194530 April 194523 days

See also

Related Research Articles

Army Group Centre was the name of two distinct strategic German Army Groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. The first Army Group Centre was created on 22 June 1941, as one of three German Army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union. On 25 January 1945, after it was encircled in the Königsberg pocket, Army Group Centre was renamed Army Group North, and Army Group A became Army Group Centre. The latter formation retained its name until the end of the war in Europe.

Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist German general during World War II

Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist was a German field marshal during World War II. Kleist was the commander of Panzer Group Kleist, the first operational formation of several Panzer corps in the Wehrmacht during the Battle of France, the Battle of Belgium, the Invasion of Yugoslavia and Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union.

6th Army (Wehrmacht) German field army during World War II

The 6th Army was a field army unit of the German Wehrmacht during World War II (1939–1945). It became widely remembered for its destruction by the Red Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942–1943. It also acquired a reputation for the war crimes that it committed under the command of Field Marshal Walther von Reichenau during Operation Barbarossa.

Fyodor Tolbukhin Soviet military commander

Fedor Ivanovich Tolbukhin was a Soviet military commander.

Andrey Yeryomenko Marshal of the Soviet Union

Andrey (Andrei) Ivanovich Yeryomenko was a Ukrainian-Soviet general during World War II and, subsequently, a Marshal of the Soviet Union. During the war, Yeryomenko commanded the Southeastern Front during the Battle of Stalingrad in summer 1942 and planned the successful defense of the city. He later commanded the armies responsible for the liberation of Western Hungary and Czechslovakia in 1945.

Below is the timeline of the events of the Eastern Front of World War II, the conflict between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1945.

Case Blue German summer offensive of 1942 in southern Russia

Case Blue was the German Armed Forces' name for its plan for the 1942 strategic summer offensive in southern Russia between 28 June and 24 November 1942, during World War II.

13th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht) German army division during World War II

The 13th Panzer Division was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.

2nd Guards Army

The 2nd Guards Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army that fought in World War II, most notably at Stalingrad.

3rd Mountain Division (Wehrmacht) division

The 3rd Mountain Division was a formation of the German Wehrmacht during World War II. It was created from the Austrian Army's 5th and 7th Divisions following the Anschluss in 1938.

The 1st Panzer Army was a German tank army that was a large armoured formation of the Wehrmacht during World War II.

5th SS Panzer Division Wiking division

The 5th SS Panzer Division "Wiking" was a Panzer division among the thirty eight Waffen-SS divisions of Nazi Germany. It was recruited from foreign volunteers in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, the Netherlands and Belgium under the command of German officers. During the course of World War II, the division served on the Eastern Front. It surrendered in May 1945 to the American forces in Austria.

XXXXVIII Panzer Corps, was a corps-level formation of the German Army which saw extensive action on both the eastern and western fronts during World War II.

III Army Corps (Wehrmacht) corps of the Wehrmacht

III Army Corps was a corps level formation of the German Army during World War II.

1st Ukrainian Front front

The 1st Ukrainian Front' was a major formation of the Soviet Army during World War II, being equivalent to a Western army group.

Second Army (Hungary) 1940-1944 army-level field formation of the Hungarian Army

The Hungarian Second Army was one of three field armies (hadsereg) raised by the Kingdom of Hungary which saw action during World War II. All three armies were formed on March 1, 1940. The Second Army was the best-equipped Hungarian formation at the beginning of the war, but was virtually eliminated as an effective fighting unit by overwhelming Soviet force during the Battle of Stalingrad, suffering 84% casualties. Towards the end of the war, a reformed Second Army fought more successfully at the Battle of Debrecen, but, during the ensuing Siege of Budapest, it was destroyed completely and absorbed into the Hungarian Third Army.

297th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht) division

The 297th Infantry Division was an Infantry Division within the German Army, active during the Second World War. It was one of the components of the 6th Army during its failed attack on Stalingrad.

The 40th Guards Rifle Division was one of a series of ten Guards rifle divisions of the Red Army formed from airborne troops in the spring and summer of 1942 in preparation for, or in response to, the German summer offensive. It fought in the Stalingrad area during that battle, eventually in the operations that encircled German 6th Army, and then continued to serve in the several campaigns in the south sector of the front, helping to liberate Ukraine and the Balkans, and ending the war at Vienna.

The 6th Rifle Corps was a rifle corps of the Soviet Union's Red Army and later the Soviet Army, formed three different times.


  1. Robert Kirchubel (2012). Operation Barbarossa 1941 (1): Army Group South. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 3–10. ISBN   1846036518. Illustrated.
  2. Adam, Wilhelm; Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. p. 25. ISBN   9781473833869.