Arthur Drewry

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Arthur Drewry
Arthur Drewry.jpg
5th President of FIFA
In office
7 October 1955 25 March 1961
Preceded by Rodolphe Seeldrayers
Succeeded by Stanley Rous
Personal details
Born(1891-03-03)3 March 1891
Grimsby, England
Died 25 March 1961(1961-03-25) (aged 70)
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Ida May (m. 1919)
Children 2
Occupation Football administrator

Arthur Drewry, CBE (3 March 1891 – 25 March 1961) was an English football administrator who served as the fifth president of FIFA, the world governing body of association football, from 1955 to 1961. Drewry had held several football administration posts in his native England, serving as chairman of The Football Association and president of The Football League.

Order of the British Empire order of chivalry of British constitutional monarchy

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

The Football Association governing body of association football in England

The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.

Contents

Biography

Drewry was born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire, and educated at the Grimsby Collegiate School. [1]

In 1911 Drewry joined the Lincolnshire Yeomanry and served in the First World War with the 1/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry in Palestine. [1] Drewry reached the rank of quartermaster sergeant with his squadron in the Yeomanry. [1] After the war, in 1919, Drewry married the daughter of a Grimsby fish merchant, and Drewry would run his father-in-law's business until his retirement in 1953. [2] [1] In the Second World War Drewry served as North Lincolnshire's head warden and chief fire guard. [1] Drewry held several civic roles in his native Grimsby, serving both as a borough councillor and a Justice of the Peace. [1]

Quartermaster sergeant (QMS) is a class of rank or appointment in some armed forces, especially those of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, and formerly also in the United States.

English football administration

Drewry's career in football administration began with his serving as a director of Grimsby Town, the chairman of the club was Drewry's father-in-law, and Drewry himself would also become chairman of the club. [2] Drewry later served as President of the Football League from 1949 to 1955. [1] Drewry served on the Football Association's International Selection Committee from 1944, and after his presidency of the Football League served as chairman of The Football Association (FA) from 1955 to 1961. [2] Drewry succeeded Amos Brook Hirst as chairman of the FA; Hirst had resigned due to ill health. [3] As chair of the FA Drewry once proposed awarding a point to league teams for every goal scored to encourage offensive football. [4] Drewry's proposals were rejected by the teams. [5]

Grimsby Town F.C. association football club

Grimsby Town Football Club is a professional football club based in Cleethorpes, North East Lincolnshire, England, that competes in League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system. Nicknamed "the Mariners", the club was founded as Grimsby Pelham in 1878, changed its name to Grimsby Town a year later and moved to its current stadium, Blundell Park, in 1898.

Sir Amos Brook Hirst, OBE was an English football administrator and legal professional most associated with Huddersfield Town F.C., who served as chairman of The Football Association (FA) from 1941 to 1955.

Drewry played a significant role in the 1950 game between England and the United States in which the English lost 1–0 to the rank outsiders in the 1950 FIFA World Cup in Belo Horizonte. [6] The English national coach, Walter Winterbottom, had wanted to rest some players for the next game against Spain, but was over-ruled by Drewry, acting as sole selector, who chose an unchanged team from their last game, a 2–0 win against Chile. [6] Stanley Rous, Drewry's secretary at the FA, visited him and urged him to include Stanley Matthews and make other changes to the team, but Drewry was adamant in his desire to keep an unchanged team. [7] After the loss against the United States, Drewry acquiesced to four changes to the team, but England lost their next game to Spain 1–0, and as a result were eliminated from the tournament. [7] [8]

The United States defeated England 1–0 on 29 June 1950, in a group match of the 1950 FIFA World Cup at Estádio Independência in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The result is notable as one of the biggest shocks in the tournament's history.

1950 FIFA World Cup 1950 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July 1950, was the fourth FIFA World Cup. It was the first World Cup since 1938, the planned 1942 and 1946 competitions having been cancelled due to World War II. It was won by Uruguay, who had won the inaugural competition in 1930. They clinched the cup by beating the hosts Brazil 2–1 in the deciding match of the four-team final group. This was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final. It was also the first tournament where the trophy was referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup, to mark the 25th anniversary of Jules Rimet's presidency of FIFA.

Belo Horizonte Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Belo Horizonte is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, ranked as the third most populous metropolitan area in Brazil and the seventeenth most populous in the Americas. Belo Horizonte is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil's second most populous state. It is the first planned modern city in Brazil.

In 1953 Coronation Honours, Drewry appointed a Commander of Order of the British Empire (CBE).

1953 Coronation Honours

The 1953 Coronation Honours were appointments by Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours on the occasion of her coronation on 2 June 1953. The honours were published in The London Gazette on 1 June 1953.

Following the Munich air disaster on 6 February 1958 which claimed the lives of a number of Manchester United staff and personnel, Drewry was appointed chairman in March of the fundraising committee for dependents of those involved in the disaster. [9] The funds raised had reached £52,000 (equivalent to £1,110,000in 2016) by the time of their disbursement in October 1958. [10] [11]

In his capacity as chair of the FA, Drewry was one of six football officials sued by five Sunderland players who were suspended in 1957 for refusing to answer questions about possible illegal payments. [12] Stanley Rous served as Drewry's secretary at the FA. [13] Drewry and Rous travelled to Switzerland in 1945, to the headquarters of FIFA to successfully negotiate for the re-admittance of the British Home Nations to FIFA. [2]

President of FIFA

Drewry had been appointed the vice-president of FIFA by Jules Rimet, [2] and served as the interim president for the six months following the death of Rimet's presidential successor, Belgian Rodolphe William Seeldrayers. [14] At the 30th FIFA Congress in Lisbon, Portugal, Drewry defeated France's M. Larfarge by 38 votes to 16 for the presidency. [13] Drewry oversaw the 1958 FIFA World Cup during his term in office, and ultimately served as president for five years before his death from a year-long illness in 1961. [13] Drewry was the third FIFA president to die in office.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Our Association Football Correspondent. "Mr. Arthur Drewry." The Times, London, 27 March 1961, pg 19.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Alan Tomlinson (2005). Sport and Leisure Cultures. U of Minnesota Press. p. 55. ISBN   978-0-8166-3383-8.
  3. Our Association Football Correspondent. "Hazards of the Cup Final.", The Times, London, 7 May 1955, pg. 6
  4. Geoffrey Green Football Correspondent. "Football" The Times , London, 23 August 1975, pg. 21
  5. Geoffrey Green, Football Correspondent. "Bonus points for goals in new U.S. league." The Times, London, 22 March 1967, pg. 8
  6. 1 2 The Guardian, London, 20 March 2003, pg 63.
  7. 1 2 Graham Morse (4 March 2013). Sir Walter Winterbottom – The Father of Modern English Football. John Blake Publishing, Limited. p. 106. ISBN   978-1-78219-377-7.
  8. Mary Vincent (6 December 2007). Spain, 1833–2002: People and State. Oxford University Press. pp. 308–. ISBN   978-0-19-160701-1.
  9. The Manchester Guardian , Manchester, 1 April 1958, pg. 12
  10. Our own Reporter, The Manchester Guardian, Manchester, 11 October 1958, 1
  11. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  12. The Guardian, London, 10 October 1959, pg. 2
  13. 1 2 3 Alan Tomlinson (3 April 2014). FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association): The Men, the Myths and the Money. Routledge. p. 55. ISBN   978-1-134-44438-0.
  14. "FIFA Presidents". FIFA Presidents. FIFA. Retrieved 13 September 2014.